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Essay on Global Warming

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  • Updated on  
  • Apr 27, 2024

essay on global warming for ssc cgl

Being able to write an essay is an integral part of mastering any language. Essays form an integral part of many academic and scholastic exams like the SAT , and UPSC amongst many others. It is a crucial evaluative part of English proficiency tests as well like IELTS , TOEFL , etc. Major essays are meant to emphasize public issues of concern that can have significant consequences on the world. To understand the concept of Global Warming and its causes and effects, we must first examine the many factors that influence the planet’s temperature and what this implies for the world’s future. Here’s an unbiased look at the essay on Global Warming and other essential related topics.

Short Essay on Global Warming and Climate Change?

Since the industrial and scientific revolutions, Earth’s resources have been gradually depleted. Furthermore, the start of the world’s population’s exponential expansion is particularly hard on the environment. Simply put, as the population’s need for consumption grows, so does the use of natural resources , as well as the waste generated by that consumption.

Climate change has been one of the most significant long-term consequences of this. Climate change is more than just the rise or fall of global temperatures; it also affects rain cycles, wind patterns, cyclone frequencies, sea levels, and other factors. It has an impact on all major life groupings on the planet.

Also Read: World Population Day

What is Global Warming?

Global warming is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century, primarily due to the greenhouse gases released by people burning fossil fuels . The greenhouse gases consist of methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, carbon dioxide, water vapour, and chlorofluorocarbons. The weather prediction has been becoming more complex with every passing year, with seasons more indistinguishable, and the general temperatures hotter.

The number of hurricanes, cyclones, droughts, floods, etc., has risen steadily since the onset of the 21st century. The supervillain behind all these changes is Global Warming. The name is quite self-explanatory; it means the rise in the temperature of the Earth.

Also Read: What is a Natural Disaster?

What are the Causes of Global Warming?

According to recent studies, many scientists believe the following are the primary four causes of global warming:

  • Deforestation 
  • Greenhouse emissions
  • Carbon emissions per capita

Extreme global warming is causing natural disasters , which can be seen all around us. One of the causes of global warming is the extreme release of greenhouse gases that become trapped on the earth’s surface, causing the temperature to rise. Similarly, volcanoes contribute to global warming by spewing excessive CO2 into the atmosphere.

The increase in population is one of the major causes of Global Warming. This increase in population also leads to increased air pollution . Automobiles emit a lot of CO2, which remains in the atmosphere. This increase in population is also causing deforestation, which contributes to global warming.

The earth’s surface emits energy into the atmosphere in the form of heat, keeping the balance with the incoming energy. Global warming depletes the ozone layer, bringing about the end of the world. There is a clear indication that increased global warming will result in the extinction of all life on Earth’s surface.

Also Read: Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation, and Wildlife Resources

Solutions for Global Warming

Of course, industries and multinational conglomerates emit more carbon than the average citizen. Nonetheless, activism and community effort are the only viable ways to slow the worsening effects of global warming. Furthermore, at the state or government level, world leaders must develop concrete plans and step-by-step programmes to ensure that no further harm is done to the environment in general.

Although we are almost too late to slow the rate of global warming, finding the right solution is critical. Everyone, from individuals to governments, must work together to find a solution to Global Warming. Some of the factors to consider are pollution control, population growth, and the use of natural resources.

One very important contribution you can make is to reduce your use of plastic. Plastic is the primary cause of global warming, and recycling it takes years. Another factor to consider is deforestation, which will aid in the control of global warming. More tree planting should be encouraged to green the environment. Certain rules should also govern industrialization. Building industries in green zones that affect plants and species should be prohibited.

Also Read: Essay on Pollution

Effects of Global Warming

Global warming is a real problem that many people want to disprove to gain political advantage. However, as global citizens, we must ensure that only the truth is presented in the media.

This decade has seen a significant impact from global warming. The two most common phenomena observed are glacier retreat and arctic shrinkage. Glaciers are rapidly melting. These are clear manifestations of climate change.

Another significant effect of global warming is the rise in sea level. Flooding is occurring in low-lying areas as a result of sea-level rise. Many countries have experienced extreme weather conditions. Every year, we have unusually heavy rain, extreme heat and cold, wildfires, and other natural disasters.

Similarly, as global warming continues, marine life is being severely impacted. This is causing the extinction of marine species as well as other problems. Furthermore, changes are expected in coral reefs, which will face extinction in the coming years. These effects will intensify in the coming years, effectively halting species expansion. Furthermore, humans will eventually feel the negative effects of Global Warming.

Also Read: Concept of Sustainable Development

Sample Essays on Global Warming

Here are some sample essays on Global Warming:

Essay on Global Warming Paragraph in 100 – 150 words

Global Warming is caused by the increase of carbon dioxide levels in the earth’s atmosphere and is a result of human activities that have been causing harm to our environment for the past few centuries now. Global Warming is something that can’t be ignored and steps have to be taken to tackle the situation globally. The average temperature is constantly rising by 1.5 degrees Celsius over the last few years.

The best method to prevent future damage to the earth, cutting down more forests should be banned and Afforestation should be encouraged. Start by planting trees near your homes and offices, participate in events, and teach the importance of planting trees. It is impossible to undo the damage but it is possible to stop further harm.

Also Read: Social Forestry

Essay on Global Warming in 250 Words

Over a long period, it is observed that the temperature of the earth is increasing. This affected wildlife, animals, humans, and every living organism on earth. Glaciers have been melting, and many countries have started water shortages, flooding, and erosion and all this is because of global warming. 

No one can be blamed for global warming except for humans. Human activities such as gases released from power plants, transportation, and deforestation have increased gases such as carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants in the earth’s atmosphere.                                              The main question is how can we control the current situation and build a better world for future generations. It starts with little steps by every individual. 

Start using cloth bags made from sustainable materials for all shopping purposes, instead of using high-watt lights use energy-efficient bulbs, switch off the electricity, don’t waste water, abolish deforestation and encourage planting more trees. Shift the use of energy from petroleum or other fossil fuels to wind and solar energy. Instead of throwing out the old clothes donate them to someone so that it is recycled. 

Donate old books, don’t waste paper.  Above all, spread awareness about global warming. Every little thing a person does towards saving the earth will contribute in big or small amounts. We must learn that 1% effort is better than no effort. Pledge to take care of Mother Nature and speak up about global warming.

Also Read: Types of Water Pollution

Essay on Global Warming in 500 Words

Global warming isn’t a prediction, it is happening! A person denying it or unaware of it is in the most simple terms complicit. Do we have another planet to live on? Unfortunately, we have been bestowed with this one planet only that can sustain life yet over the years we have turned a blind eye to the plight it is in. Global warming is not an abstract concept but a global phenomenon occurring ever so slowly even at this moment. Global Warming is a phenomenon that is occurring every minute resulting in a gradual increase in the Earth’s overall climate. Brought about by greenhouse gases that trap the solar radiation in the atmosphere, global warming can change the entire map of the earth, displacing areas, flooding many countries, and destroying multiple lifeforms. Extreme weather is a direct consequence of global warming but it is not an exhaustive consequence. There are virtually limitless effects of global warming which are all harmful to life on earth. The sea level is increasing by 0.12 inches per year worldwide. This is happening because of the melting of polar ice caps because of global warming. This has increased the frequency of floods in many lowland areas and has caused damage to coral reefs. The Arctic is one of the worst-hit areas affected by global warming. Air quality has been adversely affected and the acidity of the seawater has also increased causing severe damage to marine life forms. Severe natural disasters are brought about by global warming which has had dire effects on life and property. As long as mankind produces greenhouse gases, global warming will continue to accelerate. The consequences are felt at a much smaller scale which will increase to become drastic shortly. The power to save the day lies in the hands of humans, the need is to seize the day. Energy consumption should be reduced on an individual basis. Fuel-efficient cars and other electronics should be encouraged to reduce the wastage of energy sources. This will also improve air quality and reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Global warming is an evil that can only be defeated when fought together. It is better late than never. If we all take steps today, we will have a much brighter future tomorrow. Global warming is the bane of our existence and various policies have come up worldwide to fight it but that is not enough. The actual difference is made when we work at an individual level to fight it. Understanding its import now is crucial before it becomes an irrevocable mistake. Exterminating global warming is of utmost importance and each one of us is as responsible for it as the next.  

Also Read: Essay on Library: 100, 200 and 250 Words

Essay on Global Warming UPSC

Always hear about global warming everywhere, but do we know what it is? The evil of the worst form, global warming is a phenomenon that can affect life more fatally. Global warming refers to the increase in the earth’s temperature as a result of various human activities. The planet is gradually getting hotter and threatening the existence of lifeforms on it. Despite being relentlessly studied and researched, global warming for the majority of the population remains an abstract concept of science. It is this concept that over the years has culminated in making global warming a stark reality and not a concept covered in books. Global warming is not caused by one sole reason that can be curbed. Multifarious factors cause global warming most of which are a part of an individual’s daily existence. Burning of fuels for cooking, in vehicles, and for other conventional uses, a large amount of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, and methane amongst many others is produced which accelerates global warming. Rampant deforestation also results in global warming as lesser green cover results in an increased presence of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which is a greenhouse gas.  Finding a solution to global warming is of immediate importance. Global warming is a phenomenon that has to be fought unitedly. Planting more trees can be the first step that can be taken toward warding off the severe consequences of global warming. Increasing the green cover will result in regulating the carbon cycle. There should be a shift from using nonrenewable energy to renewable energy such as wind or solar energy which causes less pollution and thereby hinder the acceleration of global warming. Reducing energy needs at an individual level and not wasting energy in any form is the most important step to be taken against global warming. The warning bells are tolling to awaken us from the deep slumber of complacency we have slipped into. Humans can fight against nature and it is high time we acknowledged that. With all our scientific progress and technological inventions, fighting off the negative effects of global warming is implausible. We have to remember that we do not inherit the earth from our ancestors but borrow it from our future generations and the responsibility lies on our shoulders to bequeath them a healthy planet for life to exist. 

Also Read: Essay on Disaster Management

Climate Change and Global Warming Essay

Global Warming and Climate Change are two sides of the same coin. Both are interrelated with each other and are two issues of major concern worldwide. Greenhouse gases released such as carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants in the earth’s atmosphere cause Global Warming which leads to climate change. Black holes have started to form in the ozone layer that protects the earth from harmful ultraviolet rays. 

Human activities have created climate change and global warming. Industrial waste and fumes are the major contributors to global warming. 

Another factor affecting is the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and also one of the reasons for climate change.  Global warming has resulted in shrinking mountain glaciers in Antarctica, Greenland, and the Arctic and causing climate change. Switching from the use of fossil fuels to energy sources like wind and solar. 

When buying any electronic appliance buy the best quality with energy savings stars. Don’t waste water and encourage rainwater harvesting in your community. 

Also Read: Essay on Air Pollution

Tips to Write an Essay

Writing an effective essay needs skills that few people possess and even fewer know how to implement. While writing an essay can be an assiduous task that can be unnerving at times, some key pointers can be inculcated to draft a successful essay. These involve focusing on the structure of the essay, planning it out well, and emphasizing crucial details.

Mentioned below are some pointers that can help you write better structure and more thoughtful essays that will get across to your readers:

  • Prepare an outline for the essay to ensure continuity and relevance and no break in the structure of the essay
  • Decide on a thesis statement that will form the basis of your essay. It will be the point of your essay and help readers understand your contention
  • Follow the structure of an introduction, a detailed body followed by a conclusion so that the readers can comprehend the essay in a particular manner without any dissonance.
  • Make your beginning catchy and include solutions in your conclusion to make the essay insightful and lucrative to read
  • Reread before putting it out and add your flair to the essay to make it more personal and thereby unique and intriguing for readers  

Also Read: I Love My India Essay: 100 and 500+ Words in English for School Students

Ans. Both natural and man-made factors contribute to global warming. The natural one also contains methane gas, volcanic eruptions, and greenhouse gases. Deforestation, mining, livestock raising, burning fossil fuels, and other man-made causes are next.

Ans. The government and the general public can work together to stop global warming. Trees must be planted more often, and deforestation must be prohibited. Auto usage needs to be curbed, and recycling needs to be promoted.

Ans. Switching to renewable energy sources , adopting sustainable farming, transportation, and energy methods, and conserving water and other natural resources.

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Digvijay Singh

Having 2+ years of experience in educational content writing, withholding a Bachelor's in Physical Education and Sports Science and a strong interest in writing educational content for students enrolled in domestic and foreign study abroad programmes. I believe in offering a distinct viewpoint to the table, to help students deal with the complexities of both domestic and foreign educational systems. Through engaging storytelling and insightful analysis, I aim to inspire my readers to embark on their educational journeys, whether abroad or at home, and to make the most of every learning opportunity that comes their way.

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This was really a good essay on global warming… There has been used many unic words..and I really liked it!!!Seriously I had been looking for a essay about Global warming just like this…

Thank you for the comment!

I want to learn how to write essay writing so I joined this page.This page is very useful for everyone.

Hi, we are glad that we could help you to write essays. We have a beginner’s guide to write essays ( ) and we think this might help you.

It is not good , to have global warming in our earth .So we all have to afforestation program on all the world.

thank you so much

Very educative , helpful and it is really going to strength my English knowledge to structure my essay in future

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Global warming is the increase in 𝓽𝓱𝓮 ᴀᴠᴇʀᴀɢᴇ ᴛᴇᴍᴘᴇʀᴀᴛᴜʀᴇs ᴏғ ᴇᴀʀᴛʜ🌎 ᴀᴛᴍᴏsᴘʜᴇʀᴇ

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Essay on Consequences of Global Warming for Students and Children

500 words essay on consequences of global warming.

We all have been very well aware of the climate change that is happening these days. The wind patterns, temperature, atmospheric pressure, humidity and all determine our climate. The different part of the world has different climates, for instance, dry, moderate, tropical and more. The climate is what determines the seasons of that area. As we are human beings, our aspect of life depends on the environment around us. That is why we need a healthy and stable one to lead a normal life. However, global warming is disrupting this pattern.

essay on consequences of global warming

What is Global Warming?

Global warming processes in which the temperature of the earth rises steadily and constantly. It is a threatening problem which will bring great danger to all living beings. Similarly, there are many reasons for this phenomenon.

The enhanced levels of carbon dioxide , as well as greenhouse gases , contribute to it greatly. If we do not take measures to tackle this problem now, the living beings will soon face their doom. Moreover, we need to realize its harmful consequences so we can work on fixing it quickly.

Furthermore, everyone must be made aware of how they contribute to the increasing level of global warming. Most importantly, we must find an alternative that will help in tackling this issue at the very earliest to save earth and life on it.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Consequences of Global Warming

We must all know by now that the temperature of earth has gotten warmer by one degree Celsius . Although it looks small in number now but the consequences it has are massive. It is so because the amount of energy we need to augment this temperature even by one degree Celsius is huge. This extra energy is equivalent to force-feeding our climate system.

We are experiencing hotter and hotter days due to global warming only. Each year we are breaking the record for experience the hottest day, month or year. The worrying degree has gone as far as 54 degrees Celsius. Moreover, the frequent and intense extreme weather events we are facing are also due to that only. You see forest fires, droughts , floods , and more natural disasters becoming more and more common. For instance, the Amazon Rainforest fire being the latest one.

The melting of ice caps and glaciers is also a result of global warming only. All this melted ice just creates a rise in the water volume of the oceans. The sea levels are increasing due to this. Moreover, the warmer the temperature gets, the more the mass of the water expands. It poses a great threat to the low-lying islands and coastal cities.

Furthermore, our oceans are becoming warmer and acidifying. As these water bodies absorb most of the excess heat as well as Carbon Dioxide they have become more acidic. This, in turn, also results in coral bleaching. In addition, it also drives stronger storms. This rising acidity poses a great threat to aquatic life and disrupts their food chain. Thus, we need to soon get together to eliminate this problem to help our earth heal.

FAQs on the Consequences of Global Warming

Q.1 What is global warming?

A.1 Global warming is a process in which the earth’s temperature keeps increasing constantly. It is a great problem for the earth and its inhabitants. The higher levels of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases contribute to it.

Q.2 What are the consequences of global warming?

A.2 Global warming has severe consequences. It results in hotter days, rising sea levels, frequent and intense extreme weather events, acidifying oceans, coral bleaching and more. It also hampers the ecosystems, species, and damages homes.

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Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming

Last updated on March 29, 2024 by ClearIAS Team

global warming

Nowadays we are facing many climate-changing issues like the greenhouse effect and Global Warming.

The greenhouse effect is the way in which heat is trapped close to Earth’s surface by “greenhouse gases.” The greenhouse effect leads to global warming.

Table of Contents

What do you mean by the Greenhouse effect?

A greenhouse is a structure where plants that require controlled climate conditions are grown. Its roof and walls are mostly made of transparent material, like glass.

In a greenhouse what is the incident solar radiation?

Visible light and nearby infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths.

Passes through the glass walls and roof and is absorbed by the ground, the floor, and the contents. As the materials warm up, they release the energy as longer-wavelength infrared radiation (heat radiation).

What is the reason infrared radiation cannot escape through radiative transfer?

Because glass and other wall materials used in greenhouses do not transmit infrared energy.

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The building is not exposed to the atmosphere, so heat cannot escape through convection, causing the greenhouse’s interior temperature to rise. This is known as the ‘greenhouse effect ‘.

Natural Greenhouse Effect: Importance

The greenhouse effect is a natural occurrence that has been taking place on earth for millions of years.

How natural greenhouse effect caused?

The natural greenhouse effect caused by the presence of water vapour and small water particles in the atmosphere has made life on earth possible. Together, these produce more than 95 per cent of total greenhouse warming.

  • Average global temperatures are maintained at about 15°C due to the natural greenhouse effect.
  • Without this phenomenon, the world’s average temperature could have been as low as -17°C, where life would not have been able to develop.

Greenhouse Gases (GHGs)

There are multiple gases responsible for the greenhouse effect. They are listed below.

Which gases are responsible for the greenhouse effect?

It is a result of atmospheric gases like carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide (N2O), water vapour, and chlorofluorocarbons being able to trap the outgoing infrared radiation from the earth’s surface.

Hence these gases are known as greenhouse gases and the heating effect is known as the greenhouse effect.

Are all oxides of nitrogen greenhouse gas? No

Oxides of Nitrogen with the general formula NOx – NO, NO2 – Nitrogen oxide, Nitrogen dioxide, etc. are global cooling gasses while Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a greenhouse gas.

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  • If greenhouse gases are not checked, by the turn of the century the temperature may rise by 5°C.
  • According to scientists, this temperature increase will harm the environment and cause unusual climatic changes (like an increase in the frequency of El Nino), which will accelerate the melting of the polar ice caps as well as ice caps in other regions, such as the Himalayas.

Cryosphere: The cryosphere is the frozen water part of the Earth’s water system. Polar regions and snow caps of high mountain ranges are all part of the cryosphere.

How does this impact?

This will cause the sea level to rise over a long period, submerging many coastal areas and causing the loss of coastal habitats, including the most crucial ecosystems in terms of ecological services, such as marshes and swamps.

Gas V/S Sources and Causes

Carbon dioxide (CO2) : Burning of fossil fuels, deforestation

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) : Refrigeration, solvents, insulation foams, aero propellants, industrial and commercial uses

Methane (CH4) : Growing paddy, excreta of cattle and other livestock, termites, burning of fossil fuel, wood, landfills, wetlands, and fertilizer factories.

Nitrogen oxides (N2O) : Burning of fossil fuels, and fertilizers; burning of wood and crop residue.

Carbon Monoxide (CO) : Iron ore smelting, burning of fossil fuels, burning e-waste.

Carbon dioxide

  • In terms of meteorology, carbon dioxide is a very significant gas because it is transparent to solar radiation coming in but opaque to radiation leaving the earth.
  • A portion of the radiation from the earth’s surface is reflected toward the surface after being partially absorbed by it. The greenhouse effect can be largely attributed to it.
  • Its concentration is greater close to the earth’s surface as it is denser than air.
  • Ozone is another important greenhouse gas. But it is in very small proportions at the surface.
  • Most of it is confined to the stratosphere where it absorbs harmful UV radiation.
  • Pollutants such as NO2 react with volatile organic compounds at ground level in the presence of sunlight to produce ozone (tropospheric ozone).

Water vapour

Why does water vapour consider a unique greenhouse gas?

Because it absorbs both incoming (part of incoming) and outgoing solar radiation.

It may account for four per cent of the air by volume in the warm and wet tropics, while it may account for less than one per cent of the air in the dry and cold desert and polar regions.

  • Water vapour is also a variable gas in the atmosphere, which decreases with altitude.
  • Water vapour also decreases from the equator towards the poles.
  • Methane is the most important greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide.
  • It is produced from the decomposition of animal wastes and biological matter.
  • The emission of this gas can be restricted by producing gobar gas from animal waste and biological matter (methane).

Nitrous Oxide (N2O)

  • N2O or Nitrous Oxide is a greenhouse gas.
  • NO and NO2 (nitric oxide or nitrogen oxide and nitrogen dioxide) emissions cause global cooling by forming (OH) radicals that destroy methane molecules, thereby offsetting the effect of GHGs.

Carbon Monoxide

  • Carbon monoxide is a short-lived greenhouse gas (it is less dense than air).
  • It has an indirect radiative forcing effect by increasing methane and tropospheric ozone concentrations via chemical reactions with other atmospheric constituents (e.g., the hydroxyl radical, OH.) that would otherwise destroy them.
  • Through natural processes in the atmosphere, it is eventually oxidized to carbon dioxide.

Fluorinated gases

Chlorofluorocarbons (cfcs).

  • Because of their role in ozone depletion (explained in Geography > Climatology > Polar Vortex), CFCs were phased out through the Montreal Protocol.
  • This anthropogenic compound is also a greenhouse gas, with a much greater capacity to amplify the greenhouse effect than CO2.

Know more about Montreal Protocol and the Kigali agreement click here:


  • Hydrofluorocarbons are used as refrigerants, aerosol propellants, solvents, and fire retardants.
  • These chemicals were developed as a replacement for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
  • Unfortunately, HFCs are potent greenhouse gases with long atmospheric lifetimes.


  • Perfluorocarbons are compounds that are produced as a by-product of aluminum production and semiconductor manufacturing.
  • Like HFCs, PFCs generally have long atmospheric lifetimes and high global warming potential.

Sulfur hexafluoride

  • Sulfur hexafluoride is also a greenhouse gas.
  • It is used in the production of magnesium and semiconductors, as well as as a tracer gas for leak detection.
  • Sulfur hexafluoride is used in electrical transmission equipment, including circuit breakers.

Black Carbon

  • Black carbon (BC) is a solid particle or aerosol (though not a gas) that contributes to global warming.

Is Black carbon and soot are same? Yes

Soot is another name for black carbon. Soot is a form of particulate air pollutant, produced from incomplete combustion.

When deposited on snow and ice, black carbon warms the earth by absorbing heat in the atmosphere and decreasing albedo (the ability to reflect sunlight).

Black carbon is the strongest absorber of sunlight and heats the air directly.

  • Furthermore, it darkens snowpacks and glaciers through deposition and causes ice and snow to melt.
  • Regionally, Black carbon disrupts cloudiness and monsoon rainfall.
  • Black carbon stays in the atmosphere for only several days to weeks.
  • As a result, the effects of Black carbon on atmospheric warming and glacier retreat vanish within months of reducing emissions.

Brown Carbon

  • As a result, the effects of BC on atmospheric warming and glacier retreat vanish within months of reducing emissions.
  • Biomass burning (possibly domestic wood burning) has been identified as a significant source of brown carbon.
  • Brown carbon is commonly referred to as a greenhouse gas, while black carbon refers to particles produced by impure combustion, such as soot and dust.

GHG Protocol

  • GHG Protocol is creating standards, tools, and online training to assist countries, cities, and businesses in tracking their progress toward their climate goals.
  • The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) establishes frameworks for measuring and managing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from private and public sector operations, value chains, and mitigation actions.
  • The GHG Protocol arose in the late 1990s when the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) recognized the need for an international standard for corporate GHG accounting and reporting.

 Global Warming – Impacts

global warming

Melting of the ice caps refers to?

Melting of the ice caps and glaciers will lead to a rise in sea level.

The thermal expansion also contributes to sea level rise.

Fertile coastal agricultural lands will be submerged, and saline water intrusions will degrade neighbouring land. Groundwater in such areas will be rendered ineffective.

  • Populous cities lying on the coasts will be submerged under the sea.
  • Flooding in the Himalayas and Ganga plains during the wet season, and drought during the dry season will have a devastating impact on the country.
  • The amount of arable land in the high-latitude region is likely to increase as a result of the melting of snow and the reduction of frozen land.
  • At the same time, arable land along the coastlines are bound to be reduced as a result of rising sea level and saline water inundations.

Extreme Climatic Events

  • The increased likelihood of extreme events such as heat waves, flooding, hurricanes, and so on will cancel out all economic gains.
  • Changes in rainfall patterns (E.g. 2015 Chennai floods, and the 2018 Kerala floods) will severely impact agriculture.

Environmental Degradation

  • Reduced hydroelectric power generation due to glacier abnormal behaviour will increase reliance on fossil fuels.
  • The widespread extinction of animal populations due to habitat loss will add to the list of ‘threatened’ and ‘extinct’ species.

What are the Rising Health-Related Issues?

  • The spread of diseases (like malaria, etc.) in the tropics will put more pressure on the healthcare sector.
  • The increased frequency and severity of heat waves and other extreme weather events are expected to increase the number of deaths.
  • Lack of freshwater during droughts and contamination of freshwater supplies during floods jeopardize hygiene, increasing the prevalence of diseases such as cholera and diarrhea.

How Biodiversity Loss occurred?

  • The loss of plankton due to sea-level rise will harm the marine food chain.
  • The bleaching of coral reefs (ocean rainforests) will result in a significant loss of marine biodiversity.
  • Rising temperatures would necessitate more fertilizer for the same production targets, resulting in higher GHG emissions, ammonia volatilization, and crop production costs.
  • Rising temperatures will have an even greater impact on the physical, chemical, and biological properties of freshwater lakes and rivers, threatening many individual freshwater species.

No Food Security

  • Climate change affects crops by influencing irrigation, insolation, and pest prevalence.
  • Drought, flood, storm, and cyclone frequency are likely to increase agricultural production variability.
  • Crop yields in temperate regions are expected to benefit from moderate warming (an increase of 1 to 3°C in mean temperature), while crops in lower latitudes will suffer.
  • However, natural disasters caused by global warming may outweigh the benefits in temperature regions.
  • Sea level rise will exacerbate water resource constraints in coastal areas due to increased salinization of groundwater supplies.

Deterioration of Carbon sinks

  • High-latitude forests store more carbon than tropical rainforests.
  • One-third of the world’s soil-bound carbon is in taiga and tundra areas.
  • Permafrost melts as a result of global warming, releasing carbon in the form of carbon dioxide and methane.
  • The tundra was a carbon sink in the 1970s, but it is now a carbon source due to global warming. (Global warming causes even more global warming.)

Sea Level Change

  • Sea level change means the fluctuations in the mean sea level over a considerably long period.

Processes that cause Change in Sea Level

  • Eustatic changes happen when the amount of seawater changes as a result of things like
  • global warming and melting of ice sheets (rise in sea level) or ice ages (fall in sea level) and
  • changes in the volume of mid-oceanic ridges.

2. Tectonic changes occur due to a change in the level of the land.

  • The addition or removal of load causes isostatic changes. During the ice ages, the weight of the glacial ice caused the landmass to sag. On the other hand, as the glacial ice is melted, landmasses rise.
  • Epeirogenic movement is caused by the large-scale tilting of continents, which may cause one part of the continent to rise while the other part may sink, giving the appearance that the sea level is rising.
  • Orogenic movement (mountain building) results in the formation of lofty mountains and an apparent fall in sea level.

Importance of understanding Sea Level Changes

It provides key evidence regarding climate change in the past. It helps in estimating the rates of tectonic upliftment in the past geological periods.

  • to determine whether coastal areas are suitable for industrial and agricultural development.
  • To protect low-lying countries by building coastal dykes and embankments.
  • Only when we are aware of the areas that will likely be affected by future sea level rise can we map the areas that will likely experience storm surges and intermittent flooding.
  • It becomes possible to build tidal power generation facilities in suitable locations by identifying the areas that may soon be submerged.

Changes in Global Sea Level

  • Short-term changes occur during a year.
  • Commonly, seasonal variations of 5-6 cm in sea level are observed in a year.

Short-term sea level change may be due to a complex interaction of the following factors:

  • Marine water density:  Seawater density depends on temperature and salinity. Seawater has a high density due to low temperature and high salinity, which results in a falling sea level.
  • Atmospheric pressure: Low pressure results in higher local sea levels and vice versa. E.g. Storm surge.
  • The velocity of ocean currents:  The edges of fast-moving ocean currents that follow curved paths experience an increase in sea level.
  • Generally, a difference of 18 cm in sea level is observed between the two sides of a fast-flowing current.
  • Ice formation and fall in sea level:  Sea levels fall during the winter as a result of ocean water being trapped in the icecaps of the northern and southern hemispheres.
  • Piling up of water along windward coasts: As a result of an air mass pushing water toward the coast, the sea level rises locally in coastal areas. For instance, during the monsoon season, sea levels rise in south and east Asia as a result of the air mass moving inland.

The twentieth century has observed short-term global sea level rise due to the following factors.

  • Ocean water has expanded thermally in the past century as a result of anthropogenic global warming. In other words, in the last 100 years, the sea level has increased by 10 to 15 cm.
  • To some extent, the melting of Antarctica’s ice sheets, which account for about 3% of the world’s total ice mass, has contributed to the rise in sea level.
  • About 15% of the Greenland ice cap’s total volume melted during the 20th century.
  • Other glaciers are estimated to have contributed about 48% of the rise in sea level globally, in addition to these ice-melt regions.
  • Only if the major ice sheets melt or the volume of the world’s mid-oceanic ridge significantly changes are global sea level changes of more than 100 m possible.

Impact of Sea Level Fall

  • Coral reefs perish when the sea level drops because the continental shelves where they are formed become dry. Therefore, along the edge of the dead corals, new coral reefs appear.
  • The decrease in sea level causes more aridity in the continental hinterland where there are shallow continental shelves because there is less surface runoff.
  • Ice caps and glacial tongues spread out onto the continental shelves as a result of a decline in sea levels in temperate and high-latitude regions.

Impact of Possible Rise in Sea Level

If the atmosphere’s temperature rises further, Antarctica’s ice melt could become hazardous soon.

Low-lying, densely populated coastal areas, which make up a significant portion of the populated land, will be submerged. Even the tiny islands will perish.

A rise in sea levels will have an impact on the estimated one billion people living on the planet.

  • Immense damage may be caused to coastal structures like ports, industrial establishments, etc.
  • Nearly 33% of the world’s croplands may be submerged due to the rise in sea level (coastal plains and deltas are made up of very fertile soils).
  • Accelerated coastal erosion may cause damage to and destruction of beaches, coastal dunes, and bars.
  • As a consequence, a vast section of the coastal land will remain unprotected against the direct attack of sea waves.
  • Groundwater resources of the coastal regions will be severely affected by salinization due to marine water intrusion.

The destruction of the reefs, coral atolls, and deltas will cause significant harm to the ecosystem. On the periphery of the dead corals, new coral reefs will form.

The mouths of drainage basins will be submerged due to the rise in sea level. The long profiles of the rivers will need to be readjusted as a result, and they probably show a rise.

  • The recent rise in sea level has had the greatest impact on islands. The Carteret Islands, which are in the Pacific Ocean northeast of Papua New Guinea, and the Tuvalu Islands, which are in the South Pacific about 1000 km north of Fiji, are two of the islands that are impacted.

The United Nations Environment Programme ( UNEP ) established the “Oceans and Coastal Areas Programme Activity Centre” in 1987 to investigate the phenomenon of sea level rise and to determine which nations are most at risk of submersion.

Reducing Carbon in the Atmosphere to Fight Climate Change.

Half of the world’s electricity is generated by burning coal. Coal will remain a dominant energy source for years to come.

  • CO2 and CO (carbon monoxide) are the major greenhouse gas that is released during the burning of coal.
  • Along with the above gases, nitrogen oxides (destroys ozone) and sulphur oxides (acid rains) are also released.
  • Clean coal technology seeks to reduce harsh environmental effects by using multiple technologies to clean coal and contain its emissions.
  • Some clean coal technologies purify the coal before it burns.

One type of coal preparation, coal washing, removes unwanted minerals by mixing crushed coal with a liquid and allowing the impurities to separate and settle.

Other systems control the coal burn to minimize emissions of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates.

  • Electrostatic precipitators remove particulates by charging particles with an electrical field and then capturing them on collection plates.
  • Gasification avoids burning coal altogether. With gasification, steam and hot pressurized air or oxygen combine with coal in a reaction that forces carbon molecules apart.
  • The resulting syngas, a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, is then cleaned and burned in a gas turbine to make electricity.

Wet scrubbers, or flue gas desulfurization systems, remove sulphur dioxide, a major cause of acid rain, by spraying flue gas with limestone and water.

Low-NOx (nitrogen oxides) burners reduce the creation of nitrogen oxides, a cause of ground-level ozone, by restricting oxygen and manipulating the combustion process.

Carbon capture and storage

‘ Carbon capture and storage catches and sequesters (hides) carbon dioxide (CO2) from stationary sources like power plants.

  • Capture: Flue-gas separation removes CO2 and condenses it into a concentrated CO2 stream.
  • After capture, secure containers sequester the collected CO2 to prevent or stall its re-entry into the atmosphere.
  • The two storage options are geologic and oceanic (must hide the CO2 until peak emissions subside hundreds of years from now).
  • Due to this rise in atmospheric carbon, much emphasis has been placed on and hope placed on soil, plants, and trees’ capacity to temporarily store the carbon that burning fossil fuels releases into the atmosphere.
  • The Kyoto Protocol, the primary tool used by the international community to stop global warming, suggests that reducing carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels while also allowing trees and soil to absorb carbon dioxide is a valid strategy.

Read:  Black carbon emissions

Article Written by: Remya

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Global Warming Awareness Essay

essay on global warming for ssc cgl


While talking about environmental pollution , children might have heard how it leads to various problems like global warming and climate change. Whenever the topic is discussed, global warming takes centre stage. Despite the repetitive utterance of the word, children fail to understand its real meaning or importance. So, this global warming awareness essay is aimed at the young learners to better acquaint them with the problems faced due to global warming.

Global warming is a phenomenon where the temperature gradually increases in the atmosphere of Earth due to both natural and human-made causes. As global warming results in climate change and the melting of glaciers, which will have serious repercussions on Earth and the living beings on the planet, efforts should be made to control it. The short essay on global warming awareness will throw light on this aspect, thus highlighting the significance of creating awareness of the phenomenon.

Importance of Global Warming Awareness

Global warming will affect us today or tomorrow. Though its effect can only be seen in a few places now, it won’t be long before it hits other places too. So, it is not wise for us to sit calmly and think that we are not being affected. In the global warming awareness essay, we will be discussing the causes of global warming , thereby emphasising the need to address the concern.

It is said that the increase in greenhouse gases results in global warming, which, in turn, leads to severe consequences like the melting of ice as well as causing frequent droughts and floods. But people are not aware of these problems, and they believe that all these things are merely said for the sake of it. This is why we must educate them about global warming and its issues through the short essay on global warming awareness essay so that we can take one step at a time in protecting ourselves and our planet.

Ways to Raise Global Warming Awareness

Global warming is not a simple topic to make our children familiar with, but this global warming awareness essay will help you in making your task easier. Let us make them realise by connecting their feelings to that of a polar bear. We can simply ask our children how they would feel when their home is taken away and they are left to live without it. Then, we can link it to the situation of the polar bear, where its home (glaciers) is destroyed due to global warming.

Similarly, we can encourage them to show respect towards our planet through small yet impactful actions, like switching off lights when not in use, cleaning the surroundings etc. By teaching these actions, we are saving ourselves when we care for our Earth, and we can help them grow as conscientious individuals.

Let this short essay on global warming awareness essay be a guide for our children to realise the problems faced by us. You can also check out other essays on BYJU’S website that will make our children knowledgeable.

Frequently Asked Questions on Global Warming Awareness Essay

Why is it necessary to have awareness about global warming.

If people are not aware of global warming, we will not be able to stop our planet from destruction, and our lives will be impacted severely. Hence, it is necessary to create awareness about global warming.

How will the global warming awareness essay be useful for children?

The essay will be useful for children to understand more about global warming, its causes and effects. As they will be informed about it, they will be careful in their actions to not harm our planet.

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Global Warming: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

A newer edition of this book is available.

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10 (page 173) p. 173 Conclusion

  • Published: November 2008
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The ‘Conclusion’ confirms that global warming is the major challenge for our global society. There is very little doubt that global warming will change our climate in the next century. So what are the solutions to global warming? First, there must be an international political solution. Second, funding for developing cheap and clean energy production must be increased, as all economic development is based on increasing energy usage. We must not pin all our hopes on global politics and clean energy technology, so we must prepare for the worst and adapt. If implemented now, a lot of the costs and damage that could be caused by changing climate can be mitigated.

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SSC CGL Previous Year Question Paper PDF Download

To act as a helping hand in the preparation of the candidates, We have uploaded the SSC CGL Previous Year Question Paper PDF with Solutions. Direct link to download PDF.

SSC CGL Previous Year Question Paper

Table of Contents

SSC CGL Previous Year Question Paper

The Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level Examination commonly known as the SSC CGL examination is conducted to recruit for various posts in ministries and organizations of the Government of India. From now onwards SSC CGL will be conducted in 2 Tiers both are objective and there will be no descriptive paper.

Before appearing for the exam, you must go through the SSC CGL Syllabus and practice mock and previous years’ papers as much as you can. SSC CGL Previous year papers will boost your speed and accuracy as you would be known what kind of questions will be asked during the exam. Solving SSC CGL previous year question paper is really helpful to get an idea about the type of questions asked, the exam pattern, and the difficulty level of the questions. Go through the SSC CGL  previous year question paper provided  in this article and practice to make your preparation more strong and yourself confident about what you have learned.

SSC CGL Previous Year Question Paper With Solution

SSC CGL 2024  comprises Two Tiers . Besides, the exam pattern, the candidate should be aware of what type of questions the SSC CGL exam holds, and for this SSC CGL previous year’s question paper based on memory would be the best choice to go with. For your convenience, we have uploaded SSC CGL’s previous year’s question paper along with their solution pdfs so that you do not waste time exploring the internet for CGL’s previous year’s question papers.

SSC CGL Previous Year Papers PDF with Answers

You can find SSC CGL Tier 1 Previous Year Solved Question Papers PDFs in Hindi and English for Shift 1, Shift 2, and Shift 3 in the table provided below –

SSC CGL Exam Pattern 2024

A candidate should also be well-known for the exam pattern followed by SSC to recruit eligible candidates for grade-B and grade-C job posts. The selection procedure is followed by qualifying 2 stages of examination which are depicted below. The SSC CGL Tier 1 exam is qualifying in nature whereas the final selection is based on the SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam. You can get an idea of how the papers are to come.

SSC CGL Tier 1 Exam Pattern

The SSC CGL Tier I exam is conducted for a total of 200 marks which consists of 100 questions to answer-

SSC CGL Tier 2 Exam Pattern

Ssc cgl previous year vacancies.

Below are the SSC CGL Previous Year Papers Vacancies year-wise.

Benefits of SSC CGL Previous Year Paper

Here we have mentioned below pointers that will help the candidates understand the advantages and benefits of Practicing the SSC CGL Previous Year Paper. This way all the eligible candidates will be able to easily use the SSC CGL Previous Year Papers in the best way possible for their preparation.

  • Candidates will be able to figure out the style and format of the questions from each section.
  • It will help the candidates work out an appropriate approach to handle the questions in the SSC CGL Previous Year Paper.
  • They will release what type of questions they have to deal with in their SSC CGL Exam 2023.
  • This will boost their confidence and help them compose their mind.
  • Moreover, this will increase their speed, accuracy, and problem-solving skills.
  • They can eventually identify important and common topics that repeatedly appeared on the SSC CGL Old Question Papers.
  • They will gradually start to comprehend the style of questions formed from each question.
  • They will eventually get to know the pattern of questions asked in the SSC CGL Previous Year Paper.

Sharing is caring!

Is it possible that questions from SSC CGL Previous Year Question Papers will be asked again?

There's a probability that the same questions may be asked again.

Q. Is practicing SSC CGL Previous Year Question Paper Helpful?

Ans. Yes, practicing Previous Year Question Papers will help to understand the pattern followed by SSC in terms of difficulty level.

What are the required qualifications for the SSC exam?

You should hold a graduation degree in any discipline from a recognized University.

Q. From where can the candidates download  SSC CGL Previous Year Papers PDFs?

Ans. Candidates can download the SSC CGL Previous Year Papers PDFs from the article.

Does SSC follows the normalization process?

Yes, the normalization process is adopted only for the exam which is conducted in the multiple shifts for the SSC exam.

Is it a bilingual exam?

Except for the English language test, all the other tests are conducted bilingually, i.e. English and Hindi.

Q. Is there a chance of questions being repeated from SSC CGL Previous Year Question Papers?

Ans. There is very little chance that exact questions are repeated but the number and type of questions can surely be repeated from SSC CGL Previous Year Papers.

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Environmental Issues Essay

Climate change is happening because of human activity. We're releasing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, trapping heat and causing the Earth to warm up. This is called global warming, and it's a huge problem. Here are some sample essays on environmental issues.

  • 100 Words Essay On Environmental Issues

Our environment is changing due to disruption. These are small steps you can take on an individual level that together can have a huge impact on the environment. And if enough individuals start taking such steps, we could make huge strides towards preserving the environment for future generations. As an individual, you can:

200 Words Essay On Environmental Issues

500 words essay on environmental issues.

Environmental Issues Essay

Reduce your energy consumption by changing to LED or CFL light bulbs and unplugging electronic devices when not in use;

Use public transport or carpool instead of driving;

Buy locally produced food and products as much as possible;

Separate your waste for composting and recycling instead of sending it all to landfills; and

Plant trees in your yard.

In the past several centuries, humans have altered land use in order to accommodate growing populations and economic development needs. This has led to a range of environmental issues such as habitat destruction, soil erosion, pollution, species extinction and water scarcity.

How Changes in Land Use Can Lead to Environmental Issues

As a result of the disruption due to growing population, the global climate has been thrown off balance, leading to more frequent and intense natural disasters like floods, hurricanes and droughts.

One of the most pressing environmental issues caused by changes in land use is deforestation. Trees are vital for storing carbon dioxide, as well as providing habitats for wildlife. Unsustainable logging practices have led to extreme cases of deforestation that result in global warming and habitat loss. Additionally, when trees are removed from ecosystems it can lead to soil erosion which contributes to water pollution and scarce resources for the surrounding wildlife.

In addition to deforestation there are many other activities that can disrupt land use such as oil drilling, urbanization or different types of agriculture. It’s important for us to be aware of how our behaviors can cause harm to our environment so that we can take steps towards improving land management practices in order to ensure our planet remains healthy for future generations.

You sit down to dinner, and suddenly you're confronted with a difficult decision. You can either have a steak that's been raised on a factory farm, where the animal has been exposed to antibiotics and growth hormones, or you can choose something that's organic and humanely raised.

The same dilemma confronts us when we shop for groceries, clothes, or anything else. Do we want to buy something that's bad for the environment, or do we want to make a conscious choice to purchase something that will help sustain it?

It's not always easy to make the right decision, but it's important that we try. Why has the climate been changing, and why do people think it's a problem?

Examining the Effects of Pollution

Pollution is having a devastating effect on the environment. Pollution is causing irreversible damage to our planet, and it's happening on a scale that is unprecedented in human history.

The effects of pollution are far-reaching and complex. They can be felt in every corner of the globe, from the air we breathe to the water we drink. Pollution is making our planet uninhabitable, and if we don't take action now, we will be facing a very uncertain future.

Impact of Deforestation on the Environment

Deforestation is a major issue that is contributing to climate change and has a serious impact on the environment.

When trees are cut down, it not only reduces the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere, but it also leads to the release of carbon dioxide. This, in turn, accelerates climate change and contributes to the greenhouse effect. Deforestation also affects water systems, contributing to floods and droughts.

Exploring Lifestyle Changes to Reduce Environmental Impact

One of the biggest things you can do to reduce your environmental impact is to make lifestyle changes. This can mean anything from reducing your consumption to changing the way you travel and even altering your diet.

Reducing consumption means buying less, reusing and repurposing items, and recycling more. It also means being mindful of what you throw away.

When it comes to transportation, try switching to public transport or carpooling when possible. Or, if you’re looking for something a bit more sustainable, why not try walking or cycling?

Lastly, food is another area where you can make changes. Eating locally sourced food that’s in season reduces your carbon footprint and helps local farmers.

So, what do we need to do?

To start, it’s important to realize that individuals can make a difference. There is no single answer to this question; it will require action from all of us. But if we each take small steps in our own lives, we can make a big difference. Here are a few ideas to get started:

Reduce your consumption, and choose products that are environmentally friendly

Reuse and recycle whenever possible

Educate yourself and others about environmental issues

Support organizations that are working to protect the environment

Together, we can make a difference. Let's work together to create a more sustainable future for our planet.

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