1. (PDF) How to Write an Effective Discussion in a Research Paper; a Guide

    discussion in research paper pdf

  2. 💋 Sample results and discussion of a research paper. Guide on How to

    discussion in research paper pdf

  3. Results And Discussion In Research Example / Guidelines For Scientific

    discussion in research paper pdf

  4. Debate Report Writing

    discussion in research paper pdf

  5. 10 Tips: How to Write a Discussion Section in a Scientific Paper

    discussion in research paper pdf

  6. (PDF) How to write a discussion section?

    discussion in research paper pdf


  1. TOEFL Writing for an Academic Discussion (New Question Type)

  2. How to Review a Research Paper

  3. How to Write Discussion in Thesis in APA 7

  4. How to Write a Scientific Research Paper

  5. Writing discussion sections in a thesis

  6. Overview of a Discussion Chapter


  1. PDF Discussion Section for Research Papers

    The discussion section is one of the final parts of a research paper, in which an author describes, analyzes, and interprets their findings. They explain the significance of those results and tie everything back to the research question(s). In this handout, you will find a description of what a discussion section does, explanations of how to ...

  2. (PDF) How to Write an Effective Discussion in a Research Paper; a Guide

    Download full-text PDF Read full-text. ... it is commonly challenging for researchers to realize what should be covered in the discussion section of a research paper and how to write it to ensure ...

  3. PDF 7th Edition Discussion Phrases Guide

    Papers usually end with a concluding section, often called the "Discussion.". The Discussion is your opportunity to evaluate and interpret the results of your study or paper, draw inferences and conclusions from it, and communicate its contributions to science and/or society. Use the present tense when writing the Discussion section.

  4. PDF Discussion and Conclusion Sections for Empirical Research Papers

    In an empirical research paper, the purpose of the Discussion section is to interpret the results and discuss their implications, thereby establishing (and often qualifying) the practical and scholarly significance of the present study. It may be helpful to think of the Discussion section as the inverse of the introduction to an empirical ...

  5. How to Write a Discussion Section

    Table of contents. What not to include in your discussion section. Step 1: Summarize your key findings. Step 2: Give your interpretations. Step 3: Discuss the implications. Step 4: Acknowledge the limitations. Step 5: Share your recommendations. Discussion section example. Other interesting articles.

  6. PDF Writing a Good Discussion Section

    How to Write a Thoughtful Discussion for Your Scientific Paper Published December 7, 2016; Written by Sury Ghosh-Jha You have already written the results for your paper and formatted and put together the . figures, too. The next big step is to write the discussion. Let's accept this: Writing a paper is daunting, and sometimes the most ...

  7. (PDF) How to Write an Effective Discussion

    The discussion section, a systematic critical appraisal of results, is a key part of a research paper, wherein the authors define, critically examine, describe and interpret their findings ...

  8. How to Write Discussions and Conclusions

    Begin with a clear statement of the principal findings. This will reinforce the main take-away for the reader and set up the rest of the discussion. Explain why the outcomes of your study are important to the reader. Discuss the implications of your findings realistically based on previous literature, highlighting both the strengths and ...

  9. 8. The Discussion

    The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because it: Most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based upon a logical synthesis of the findings, and to formulate a deeper, more profound understanding of the research problem under investigation;

  10. PDF Chapter 4 Research Papers: Discussion, Conclusions, Review ...

    The Discussion is generally the hardest part of the paper to write. It is often subject to the most mistakes by the author. Most of these mistakes relate to i) not highlight-ing your key findings, ii) not differentiating your work from others, iii) writing long paragraphs, iv) not mentioning your limitations.

  11. (PDF) Writing the Discussion Section: Describing the Significance of

    The Discussion section is an important part of the research manuscript. that allows the authors to showcase the study. It is used to interpret. the results for readers, describe the virtues and ...

  12. Discussion

    Discussion Section. The overall purpose of a research paper's discussion section is to evaluate and interpret results, while explaining both the implications and limitations of your findings. Per APA (2020) guidelines, this section requires you to "examine, interpret, and qualify the results and draw inferences and conclusions from them ...

  13. PDF 200211a How to write a discussion section SLIDES

    Discussion is a framing section, like the Introduction, but w/ diff. structure Introduction='inverted pyramid' whereas Discussion='upright pyramid'. Introduction begins broadly & narrows to hypotheses/research questions. Discussion begins w/ main results and contextualizes them to the field. Fundamental Discussion goals. Review study findings.

  14. How to Write the Discussion?

    This should be followed by a review of the core research papers. The results should now be divided thematically and analyzed. The discussion should also contain why the study is new, why it is true, and why it is important for future clinical practice [4,5,6].

  15. How to Write a Discussion Section for a Research Paper

    Begin the Discussion section by restating your statement of the problem and briefly summarizing the major results. Do not simply repeat your findings. Rather, try to create a concise statement of the main results that directly answer the central research question that you stated in the Introduction section.

  16. PDF The Structure of an Academic Paper

    Not all academic papers include a roadmap, but many do. Usually following the thesis, a roadmap is a narrative table of contents that summarizes the flow of the rest of the paper. Below, see an example roadmap in which Cuevas (2019) succinctly outlines her argument. You may also see roadmaps that list

  17. (PDF) How to write a discussion section?

    The discussion section can be written in 3 part s: an introductor y paragraph, intermed iate para graphs and a conclusion parag raph. For inter mediate paragraphs, a "divide and conque r ...

  18. (PDF) Writing the Discussion Section/ Results ...

    The paper is designed to acquaint the researchers about how to write a research report. The paper intends to discuss the common format of research report. There can be several reasons for writing a research report. It can be written for publishing in scholarly journals, peer-reviewed journals, publications and books.

  19. PDF Thesis writing: Sample discussion

    Sample discussion BIOLOGY EXAMPLE In this thesis example, each chapter reports on a separate issue of the behavioural ecology of the yellow-bellied glider, and each chapter has a discussion section. This discussion section from one of the chapters combines the discussion with the conclusion. Example: discussion section of a thesis 2.4 DISCUSSION

  20. Organizing Academic Research Papers: 8. The Discussion

    Organization and Structure. Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. Use the ...

  21. (PDF) How to Write the Discussion?

    21.1 What Is the Importance of the Discussion? Many authors, and editors, think this is the most dif cult part of a paper to write. well and have described it variously to be the 'narrating the ...

  22. Characterizing Community Forests in the United States

    Thus, the goals of this paper are to (1) identify, inventory, and characterize CFs in the United States; (2) enhance understanding of their ownership and governance structures, management objectives, and sources of income; (3) extend the discussion of the variability in forms of CFs and build on previous work to refine a CF typology; and (4 ...

  23. (PDF) Results and Discussion

    This chapter 5 presents the results of the study. First, an outline of the informants included in the study and an overview of the statistical techniques employed in the data analyses are given ...


    A focus group discussion is a qualitative research tool ori ginated in sociology and. popular in business, marketing, and education (Sagoe, 2012). Focus group discussion is used. to gather data ...