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A comprehensive guide to writing a nursing research paper, rachel r.n..

  • March 7, 2024
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A Comprehensive Guide to Writing a Nursing Research Paper: A Step-by-step guide

Writing a nursing research paper is an essential skill for nursing students and professionals alike. It serves as a platform to contribute to the ever-expanding body of knowledge in the field, fostering evidence-based practice and promoting advancements in healthcare. This comprehensive guide aims to provide step-by-step instructions on how to craft a well-structured and impactful nursing research paper.

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The Research Paper Outline

Here are the steps to writing a research nursing paper

1. Choosing a Relevant Topic

Selecting a pertinent and engaging topic is the first crucial step in writing a nursing research paper. Consider the following factors when choosing a topic:

  • Personal Interest : Opt for a subject that sparks your interest or relates to your clinical experiences. For example, if you have a passion for pediatric nursing, you might choose a topic related to childhood obesity interventions.
  • Relevance : Ensure the topic addresses current issues or gaps in knowledge within the nursing field. This could involve exploring emerging healthcare technologies, examining disparities in healthcare access, or evaluating the effectiveness of nursing interventions in specific patient populations.
  • Feasibility: Assess the availability of resources and data needed to conduct a thorough investigation. Consider factors such as access to patient populations , research facilities, and funding opportunities when evaluating the feasibility of your chosen topic.

2. Conducting a Literature Review:

Before delving into your research, it is essential to review existing literature to identify gaps and establish the context for your study.

  • Utilize academic databases: Search platforms like PubMed, CINAHL, and others to gather relevant articles.
  • Critically analyze literature: Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of previous studies to identify areas for further exploration. Look for patterns, inconsistencies, or gaps in the existing research that your study can address.
  • Synthesize findings: Summarize key themes, methodologies, and gaps in the literature to guide your research question. This synthesis serves as the foundation for framing the significance of your study within the broader context of nursing research.

3. Formulating a Clear Research Question or Hypothesis:

A well-defined research question or hypothesis provides direction for your study and guides the development of your nursing research paper.

Clarity and specificity: Clearly state the problem you aim to address and be specific in your research question or hypothesis. For instance, if your topic revolves around improving patient adherence to medication regimens, your research question might be, “What factors influence medication adherence among patients with chronic illnesses?”

Align with literature: Ensure your research question builds upon existing knowledge and addresses identified gaps. Reference the findings from your literature review to demonstrate the relevance of your study and its potential contributions to the field.

4. Designing the Research Methodology:

Selecting an appropriate research methodology is crucial to gather valid and reliable data. Consider methodologies such as:

a. Quantitative or qualitative: Decide whether your study will involve quantitative measurements, qualitative analysis, or a combination of both. If your research question involves exploring patient experiences, qualitative methods such as interviews or focus groups may be appropriate.

b. Sampling: Define your target population and choose a representative sample size. Consider factors like age, gender, and medical history that align with your research objectives.

c. Data collection: Outline the methods and tools you will use to collect data, ensuring they align with your research question. Whether it’s surveys, interviews, observations, or a review of medical records, justify your choices based on the nature of your study.

5. Ethical Considerations:

Nursing research must adhere to ethical standards to protect participants and maintain the integrity of the study.

Informed consent: Clearly explain the study to participants and obtain their informed consent. Clearly outline the purpose, procedures, potential risks, and benefits of participation.

Confidentiality: Ensure the privacy and anonymity of participants throughout the research process. Safeguarding their identities and sensitive information is crucial to maintain trust and ethical standards.

6. Data Analysis and Interpretation:

Once data collection is complete, analyze the information using appropriate statistical or qualitative methods. a. Statistical analysis: Use statistical software to analyze quantitative data and draw meaningful conclusions. b. Thematic analysis: Identify themes and patterns in qualitative data, providing rich insights into your research question.

7. Writing the Nursing Research Paper:

Structure your paper following the typical components of a scientific research paper.

In nursing research papers, we usually use APA or Harvard formats because they are scientific. The title page is super important because it helps your professor quickly understand your paper. If it’s not done well, you might lose marks. T he title page , also called the cover page, should have your paper’s title, your names, course code and name, university names, your professor’s name, and the date of submission. Check out our examples to see how to set up this important part of your research paper.

The abstract is a short summary of your nursing research paper. It’s important, just like the title page, because it gives readers a quick overview. Keep it short, around 200-250 words, and focus on the main points. Don’t use acronyms or citations. Follow the guidelines for APA or Harvard formatting. It doesn’t count in the word limit unless the Rubric says it does. Include the purpose, contents, results, conclusions, and recommendations.


The introduction is the first part of your nursing research paper, taking up about 10% of the word count. Start with an interesting hook for your topic. Provide background information, talk about the nursing issue, and state the main aim or thesis. Clearly outline what your paper will cover, and if it’s a PICO research paper, introduce the PICOT question here.

Literature Review

This section explores what other nursing scholars have said about your thesis statement or topic. Look at various sources about nursing theory, frameworks, and concepts. Develop your paragraphs well, cite ideas, and approach this section critically. For example, if your paper is about managing obesity, you can discuss how the Theory of Planned Behavior is used in interventions. Show good research, organization, and writing skills.

Research Methodology

Here, explain the methods you used to collect data, like qualitative, quantitative, or mixed-methods approaches. For qualitative research in nursing, consider ethnography, historical research, phenomenology, symbiotic interactionism, or grounded theory. Quantitative research involves crunching numbers. If you used secondary sources, mention them and explain your inclusion/exclusion criteria. If it’s a statistical paper, detail your analyses and the tools used (like R or SPSS).

Results and Discussion

Present your findings in this section without making definitive statements. The results should suggest whether something is true or not, especially when testing hypotheses. Discuss your findings using concepts and information from your literature review. Mention any limitations and include graphs, tables, or concept maps.

Conclusions and Recommendations

Summarize the research problem, methodology, and findings. Restate the thesis differently from the introduction. This part should be about 10% of the total word count. Connect your findings to the literature review and suggest future research directions.

Organize your references alphabetically in A-Z format following APA or Harvard guidelines. Make sure each reference is scholarly and used in your paper. Include links if needed. Double-check everything to meet the Rubric requirements.

8. Revision and Peer Review:

Before submitting your nursing research paper, thoroughly review and revise the content for clarity, coherence, and accuracy. Share your draft with peers, mentors, or colleagues to gather constructive feedback. Address any feedback received and revise your paper for clarity, grammar, and style.

9. Submission and Publication:

Once satisfied with the final draft, submit your nursing research paper to a reputable journal or conference for peer review and potential publication.

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50 Potential Nursing Research Topics

  • The impact of nurse-patient communication on patient satisfaction and outcomes.
  • Exploring the effectiveness of telehealth in nursing care delivery.
  • Assessing the prevalence and management of nurse burnout in different healthcare settings.
  • The role of advanced practice nurses in improving primary care access and outcomes.
  • Examining the effectiveness of simulation-based training in nursing education.
  • Investigating the influence of cultural competence on patient care and health disparities.
  • Exploring the use of artificial intelligence in nursing practice and patient care.
  • Assessing the impact of nurse-led interventions on chronic disease management.
  • Examining the challenges and opportunities of transitioning from paper to electronic health records in nursing.
  • The role of mindfulness-based interventions in reducing stress among nursing professionals.
  • Investigating the relationship between nurse staffing levels and patient outcomes.
  • Assessing the effectiveness of pain management protocols in postoperative care.
  • Exploring the experiences and challenges of male nurses in the nursing profession.
  • The impact of continuing education on nursing practice and patient outcomes.
  • Examining the role of nurses in promoting vaccination and preventing infectious diseases.
  • Investigating the factors influencing nurse retention and turnover in healthcare organizations.
  • The effectiveness of nursing interventions in managing patients with mental health disorders.
  • Exploring the role of nurses in promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing chronic diseases.
  • Assessing the implementation and outcomes of evidence-based practice in nursing.
  • Investigating the ethical challenges in end-of-life care decision-making by nurses.
  • The role of nursing in addressing the opioid epidemic and substance abuse.
  • Examining the impact of nurse-led clinics on community health and access to care.
  • Assessing the effectiveness of nurse-managed programs in improving maternal and child health.
  • Exploring the perceptions and experiences of patients receiving care from nurse practitioners.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of nurse-led interventions in preventing hospital-acquired infections.
  • The impact of interprofessional collaboration on patient outcomes in healthcare.
  • Examining the relationship between nurse leadership styles and organizational culture.
  • Assessing the effectiveness of nursing interventions in reducing falls among elderly patients.
  • Exploring the challenges and opportunities of nursing care in rural and underserved communities.
  • Investigating the role of nursing in promoting mental health and well-being.
  • The impact of technology on communication and collaboration among nursing teams.
  • Assessing the knowledge and attitudes of nurses towards LGBTQ+ patients in healthcare.
  • Examining the role of nursing in disaster preparedness and response.
  • Investigating the effectiveness of nursing interventions in preventing pressure ulcers.
  • Exploring the impact of nurse empowerment on patient safety and quality of care.
  • Assessing the use of patient-centered care models in nursing practice.
  • The role of nursing in addressing health disparities among diverse populations.
  • Examining the impact of nurse-led health promotion programs in schools.
  • Investigating the role of nurses in promoting ethical decision-making in healthcare.
  • Assessing the effectiveness of nursing interventions in managing chronic pain.
  • Exploring the impact of nurse-led education programs on patient outcomes.
  • The role of nursing in addressing the mental health needs of pediatric patients.
  • Examining the effectiveness of nurse-managed transitional care programs.
  • Assessing the impact of cultural competence training on nursing practice.
  • Investigating the relationship between nurse staffing ratios and medication errors.
  • The role of nursing in promoting a culture of safety in healthcare organizations.
  • Exploring the experiences of immigrant nurses in the healthcare workforce.
  • Assessing the impact of nurse-led interventions in promoting healthy aging.
  • Examining the effectiveness of nursing interventions in preventing hospital readmissions.
  • Investigating the role of nursing in promoting health equity and social justice.

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nursing research sample essay

Writing a Nursing Research Paper that Meets Professor's Requirements

nursing research sample essay

As a nursing student, you will spend much time researching, reading, and writing papers. Many students find the entire process of writing research papers challenging.

Imagine on top of spending many hours in clinical practice shifts only to find yourself sparing more time researching and writing, not to mention the overwhelming information condensed in a few hours of in-class lecture sessions. Working shifts and studying while having family duties and obligations worsens it, and when done in a rush, you end up with subpar papers and average grades.

Even though many student nurses find writing research papers tricky and daunting, you can write a perfect paper that ticks all the checkboxes your professor uses to mark them and be sure to get an A+ grade on your nursing paper.

Our expert nursing research writers, who have written thousands of BSN, MSN, DNP, and Ph.D. papers, have compiled this comprehensive guide to help you write a strong nursing research paper that leaves a lasting impression on your professor.

Having marked many papers and supervised many theses, capstone projects, and dissertations, you can trust that the information herein is valuable and timely in your pursuit of nursing career success.

What is a Nursing Research Paper?

A nursing research paper is a scholarly and thesis-driven paper that a nursing student (at ADN, BSN, MSN, DNP, or Ph.D. level) writes to comprehensively explore a specific nursing research topic either of their choice or one that the professor assigns.

To write a perfect research paper, the student has to provide concrete, reliable, and trustworthy evidence. In most cases, even professionals such as RNs undertaking clinical practice, nursing education training, clinical studies and evaluations, and nursing research can also write research papers published in journals or conferences to advance and disseminate nursing knowledge. The typical length of most nursing papers ranges from 5 pages to 20 pages, depending mainly on the complexity of the subject, the word count limits, and the requirements. Nurses and nursing students write research papers to share their insights as they learn more about nursing processes and practices. Nursing research papers are used to: document research, organize information, advance nursing scholarship, and improve the writing skills of nurses. Students in the USA, Australia, Japan, and Canada write their research papers in the American Psychological Association (APA) format, while those in Australia and the UK write them in Harvard formats. The research papers fall under three main categories:

  • Analytical research papers. These papers present an analysis of the topic using evidence, facts, and examples.
  • Argumentative research papers. These research papers are analytical but with a twist where the writer uses evidence to reinforce their opinion and persuade the reader.
  • Expository research papers. This category of nursing research papers explains the subject matter using credible evidence such as examples, facts, statistics, and other pieces of evidence.

Structure and Format of a Nursing Research Paper

A simple nursing research paper, especially an expository or informative type, can have 5 paragraphs, like a typical essay. However, longer research papers have additional sections.

Scientific Nursing Research Paper Structure

Here is a breakdown of how a well-formatted and scientific nursing research paper should look like.

  • Title Page. The title page comprises the research paper title, details of the student or professional writer, course details, details of the school or institution, and the date. The cover page is the first contact point with the reader. It is brief.
  • Abstract. The abstract summarizes the nursing research paper. It is 200-250 words long and should be focused on what the reader expects. It is a condensed version of the paper, which is critical to help professors know what your paper is about. It should not have acronyms. Note that the word count of the abstract is not considered part of the research paper.
  • The Introduction. The introduction should have an attention-getter or a hook that can be a statement, statistic, or fact. It should be 10% of the entire word count. It also has background information that details the nursing issue or topic you are exploring. It also comprises a well-thought-out thesis statement related to the topic. If you have a long paper, ensure that your problem and purpose statements are part of the introduction. It should also list your PICOT question .
  • Literature Review. This is a critical section of the research paper. Here, you should explore other nursing scholars' thoughts and scholarly findings. Focus on peer-reviewed scholarly articles that address the same issue as your thesis statement or topic. Explore your topic's theories, theoretical frameworks, and other facts. Do it so well that your professor marvels at your research, organization, and writing prowess. Consider the levels of evidence as you choose selection criteria for the papers to include in your nursing literature review.
  • Research Methodology. This section of the research paper details the data collection methods, such as ethnographic studies, secondary data collection, literature review, quasi-experimental research, correlational studies, descriptive research, ethnography, phenomenology, grounded theory, meta-analyses, systematic reviews, or experiments. Ensure that you state and give a rationale for your research design (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed-methods). If you are writing a quantitative paper, explain how you tested the hypotheses. Also, report the sampling frame and the sampling strategy.
  • Results and Discussion. This section of the paper presents the findings. You can use visual aids such as charts and graphs for a quantitative research paper. If you are writing a qualitative research paper, present the evidence chronologically. When presenting the findings, avoid making definitive facts. Instead, ensure that the results suggest something is true or false, even when testing a hypothesis.
  • Conclusion and Recommendations. The conclusion should be 10% of the entire word count. You should restate the thesis and give a summary of your entire paper. Explore the recommendations for future research on the topic.
  • Ensure that your reference list is arranged alphabetically. The list should adhere to the formatting requirements (Harvard, ASA, or APA formats). Only use scholarly peer-reviewed references.

Format for a General Nursing Research Paper

If you are writing a non-scientific nursing research paper, you will only have three sections as follows:

  • Introduction. The introduction paragraph should introduce the topic by providing an attention-getter, background information, and a thesis statement.
  • Body of the paper . The body paragraphs should have strong topic sentences, supporting details (examples, evidence, and explanation), and concluding sentences. It should also portray a good use of transition words. You should analyze the topic and use evidence to support the arguments, and give enough explanation. Use in-text citations within the body paragraphs.
  • Conclusion. End the paper by recapping the main points, reasserting the thesis statement, and signaling the end of the paper to give your readers good closure.

An excellent nursing research paper follows this structure as long as it is not research-based. The three-part approach is super recommended if you did not conduct any study. In most cases, when assigned to write those 5-12 pages of nursing school research papers, you will be using this format.

So, what are the steps for writing a good nursing research paper? Let’s find out in the next section.

The 6 Main Steps for Writing a Nursing Research Paper

Writing assignments are an essential training aspect for nursing students. No wonder professors will stress that you write essays, discussion posts, responses, or proposals well. They are doing so to prepare you for research roles somewhere in your nursing career.

According to our most successful research paper writers, writing a top-grade research paper involves decoding the instructions, selecting a good topic, planning, researching, writing, and polishing the paper.

Here is a breakdown of each step for clarity and deeper understanding.

Step #1: Understand the Prompt or Instructions

You can only perfect what you know! Therefore, you can begin the research writing process by reading, analyzing, and understanding the instructions. It is an essential pre-writing stage process where you carefully read the instructions.

Although it sounds obvious, most nursing students who write off-topic and subpar research papers jump into writing without reading to understand the instructions.

You need to skim through the instructions on the first attempt, then read keenly and critically as you take note of the scope of the assignment, the topic, and other things you must fulfill in the paper. Take note of the:

  • The number of words.
  • Type of research paper (argumentative, analytical, exploratory, or persuasive).
  • The structure of the paper (thesis-driven or research/study-based (scientific) research paper.
  • The deadline.
  • Whether you need to draft an outline.
  • Reading materials.
  • Whether you need external sources.
  • Which sources to use and how many?
  • The theoretical constructions or conceptual frameworks.
  • The age limit of the scholarly sources.

If you need further clarification, ensure that you ask your peers, professor, or a professional writer in time.

Step #2: Select a Good Nursing Research Topic

Compared to average students, top nursing students always remember to select a research topic they are comfortable handling. When you are confident with a topic, you can develop it without procrastinating.

Sometimes you are given a list of nursing research paper topics, issues, and ideas to consider. Other times, you come up with the topic and consult your professor/educator for approval.  

Choose topics related to patient safety, nursing processes, nurse staffing, nursing policies, nurse privileges, nursing legislations, nursing ethics, mental health, health promotion, chronic disease management, healthcare systems, health informatics, changes in healthcare, and working conditions.

Choose any nursing topic that resonates with your specialization interests. It should be manageable, relevant, and explorable.

Related Readings:

  • Nursing informatics research topics
  • Capstone project ideas and topics for BSN, MSN, and DNP students
  • Mental health nursing topics
  • Epidemiology nursing topics
  • List of the best nursing research paper topics
  • Evidence-based nursing topics and ideas
  • Nursing ethical dilemmas

Step #3: Plan your Paper

Create a thesis statement for your research paper if it is thesis-driven rather than study-based or scientific (experimental). After writing the thesis, like any of our nursing assignment slayers, write a good outline using Roman numbers and numbers.

List the ideas you wish to have in your paper in chronological order, starting with the introduction, body, and concluding paragraphs. As you outline, do some preliminary research so that you develop arguments the right way.

Include the in-text citations in your nursing research paper outline to simplify the writing process.

Step #4: Research and Organize Resources

Doing in-depth research as you refine the draft would be appropriate because you know what you want the paper to look like. Use scholarly nursing databases for research and limit yourself to topic-related scholarly articles published within the last 5 years.

You can read the abstracts of the articles to determine if they are fit to use in your paper. If you find the best articles, list them using online citation management tools such as RefWorks, Zotero, EndNote, Citefast, or any of your choice.

Ensure to list them in the most appropriate formatting styles. Take notes and list the points and ideas in your outline. Do your research meticulously and ensure that you organize the process to avoid any confusion.

Step #5: Write the First Draft

With the research, synthesis, and outline, you are now left with the chance to put rubber on the road. Use the Pomodoro technique, where you spend stretches of 25 minutes of focused work and have minor 5-minute breaks.

Ensure you cover as much ground in your research paper as possible before three-quarters of the deadline. When writing the paper, and considering that you have the outline, you can start chronologically from the introduction to the appendices.

Most research paper writing pros prefer working on the body section and conclusion before writing the introduction and finalizing the abstract. Whatever works best for you, adopt it. When writing the first draft, focus on piecing together the information rather than perfection.

Ensure you research lightly as you write and assert your voice while giving the right in-text citations for every idea you paraphrase from a source to avoid plagiarism. Each body paragraph should only have one idea.

Step #6: Edit, Proofread, and Polish the Paper

The final step towards completing your nursing research paper is ensuring everything is in its rightful place. A polished research paper scores 90% and above, which is an A. Begin by reading the paper aloud to identify areas that do not make sense.

If there is a need, do not hesitate to rewrite an entire section so that you have the right flow of information.

Check the grammatical, spelling, and syntax errors and make necessary corrections. You should also check the tenses used in the paper. If you feel like polishing the essay is too much work, you are better off hiring a nursing paper proofreader/editor.

When you receive feedback from your educator or professor, address the changes and resend the paper for grading.

Related Reading: How to write an evidence-based nursing paper.

Valuable Tips to Consider as You Write Your Nursing Research Paper

Nursing schools and educators have their standards and guidelines for writing a research paper. Therefore, ensure that before everything else, you familiarize yourself and adhere to these instructions, which include word count and citation styles.

Do not assume anything when writing a paper. You should also access and understand suggestions from your school’s writing lab. Apart from these essential tips, also ensure that you follow the insights we give below:

  • Write your paper using a formal tone. Do not use passive voice when writing the paper. Instead, use active voice.
  • Your paper should have a good organization from the introduction to the conclusion.
  • Whenever you borrow ideas from a scholarly source, ensure you cite them correctly.
  • Have a well-thought-out thesis statement that clarifies your arguments.
  • Create a complete outline during the early stages of writing. It gives you a roadmap to follow as you write the paper. Organize the ideas chronologically based on their strength and weaknesses.
  • Have a plan and schedule to trace your progress with the paper.
  • If you have a more extended deadline, contribute to your research paper daily.
  • When writing the paper, start with the body, the conclusion, and the introduction last.
  • If you are writing a study-based research paper, include the literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion sections per the IMRAD format. A general nursing research paper follows the essay structure: introduction, body section, and conclusion.
  • Use peer-reviewed scholarly sources from CINAHL, PubMed, Nursing Reference Center, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and other nursing research databases with peer-reviewed articles. Credible sources mean your research paper has rigor since you have strong points.
  • Proofread and edit the paper thoroughly to remove any mistakes to signal your seriousness to your professor. If possible, use professional editing services.
  • Have a compelling conclusion that is elaborate, clear, and concise.
  • Read your paper aloud to identify mistakes.
  • Revise the paper, and do not fear rewriting an entire section.

When writing a research paper, adhere to the writing conventions. You should also read well and understand how to communicate through academic writing effectively. Your paper should document evidence that supports your arguments and topic.

Write concisely, coherently, and accurately. It is not all in vain; you are training for your future role as a nurse when you will write conference papers, white papers, essays, policy documents, letters, blog posts, and professional nursing articles.

Checklist for a Great Research Paper in Nursing

Now that you have written your paper, you must align a few things to make it the best your professor will read. Most nursing classes, especially at the graduate levels (MSN, DNP, and Ph.D. levels), have small class sizes, and the professors spend time reading the papers from start to end. This means that you should leave nothing to chance.

Nursing research asserts professional identity, ensures accountability in nursing decision-making, and expands nursing practice. You have to be meticulous when writing a research paper in nursing.

A good research paper demonstrates a complete understanding of nursing knowledge, topic exploration, advanced organization, proper formatting, and mature academic writing skills. The following checklist enlists some main aspects to countercheck before hitting the submit button.

  • Have I followed all the instructions outlined in the assignment prompt or rubric?
  • Does my paper have the right title page?
  • Does the paper have a written title that resonates with the thesis and the research question?
  • Is the introduction presenting an attention grabber, background information, and a signpost of the ideas in the paper?
  • Is the thesis statement well-thought-out, clear, concise, and elaborate?
  • Is the problem statement clearly stated?
  • If it is a PICOT-based research paper, is the PICO question well-outlined?
  • Does the paper touch well on the nursing issue that the topic needs it to address?
  • Is there a logical flow of the paragraphs?
  • Are the words in each paragraph balanced?
  • Does the paper have correctly formatted headings and subheadings?
  • Are the in-text citations done correctly and consistently?
  • Does every paragraph in the body of the paper build on the thesis?
  • Does the paper demonstrate a mature choice of words and uses nursing lingo?
  • Is the literature review section comprehensive? Does it have a theoretical and conceptual framework or constructs?
  • Are the data and information presented in the literature review current?
  • Has the methodology section listed the sample, sampling strategy, data collection and analyses, and rationale for each?
  • Does the discussion section interlink the concepts from the literature review with the findings?
  • Does the conclusion offer good closure to the readers? Does it restate the thesis? Does it summarize the recommendations?
  • Is the entire paper formatted correctly? Does it follow the formatting guidelines?
  • Is the paper devoid of spelling, syntax, and mechanical mistakes?

If your answer to all these questions is a resounding YES, you are sure it will fetch your professor a good grade. Our nursing writers, most of whom are alumni from top nursing universities and colleges such as Chamberlain, Capella, Herzing, Vanderbilt, SFU, Rutgers, Yale, Duke, NYU, UCLA, University of Pennsylvania, University of Toronto, McGill, Ottawa, Queens, and other best colleges in the USA, UK, Canada, and many other places. Besides, they are nursing educators in different capacities, and a couple are nursing professors with big titles; you can trust the checklist to guarantee you an excellent grade.

Where to Get Help When Writing Research Paper

As a nursing student, writing a research paper is something you will most likely enjoy doing. However, unforeseen things happen, prompting you to search the internet for sites to help you do your nursing research paper. NurseMyGrade.com is one such place to pay a nursing writer to do your paper.

Expect a paper that meets all the requirements, is written by a human rather than AI software, and is uniquely tailored to your requirements.  Our rates are affordable, and our writers cover diverse fields. Apart from offering advice about research, writing, and formatting papers, we have resourceful writers whom we allow you to communicate directly with via our platform.

We also maintain high levels of secrecy because we care more about your privacy and confidentiality of your details. Not even your professor can tell you got help from our website because we advise on specific strategies to use the paper. We have assisted students in various levels of nursing education with their writing, and we can do yours too.

Get affordable, well-researched, formatted, and organized nursing research papers done for you today by filling out the order form. Nursing research papers are a chance to stand out. Let our professionals help you achieve your nursing school goals.

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Best Nursing Research Topics for Students

What is a nursing research paper.

  • What They Include
  • Choosing a Topic
  • Best Nursing Research Topics
  • Research Paper Writing Tips

Best Nursing Research Topics for Students

Writing a research paper is a massive task that involves careful organization, critical analysis, and a lot of time. Some nursing students are natural writers, while others struggle to select a nursing research topic, let alone write about it.

If you're a nursing student who dreads writing research papers, this article may help ease your anxiety. We'll cover everything you need to know about writing nursing school research papers and the top topics for nursing research.  

Continue reading to make your paper-writing jitters a thing of the past.

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A nursing research paper is a work of academic writing composed by a nurse or nursing student. The paper may present information on a specific topic or answer a question.

During LPN/LVN and RN programs, most papers you write focus on learning to use research databases, evaluate appropriate resources, and format your writing with APA style. You'll then synthesize your research information to answer a question or analyze a topic.

BSN , MSN , Ph.D., and DNP programs also write nursing research papers. Students in these programs may also participate in conducting original research studies.

Writing papers during your academic program improves and develops many skills, including the ability to:

  • Select nursing topics for research
  • Conduct effective research
  • Analyze published academic literature
  • Format and cite sources
  • Synthesize data
  • Organize and articulate findings

About Nursing Research Papers

When do nursing students write research papers.

You may need to write a research paper for any of the nursing courses you take. Research papers help develop critical thinking and communication skills. They allow you to learn how to conduct research and critically review publications.

That said, not every class will require in-depth, 10-20-page papers. The more advanced your degree path, the more you can expect to write and conduct research. If you're in an associate or bachelor's program, you'll probably write a few papers each semester or term.

Do Nursing Students Conduct Original Research?

Most of the time, you won't be designing, conducting, and evaluating new research. Instead, your projects will focus on learning the research process and the scientific method. You'll achieve these objectives by evaluating existing nursing literature and sources and defending a thesis.

However, many nursing faculty members do conduct original research. So, you may get opportunities to participate in, and publish, research articles.

Example Research Project Scenario:

In your maternal child nursing class, the professor assigns the class a research paper regarding developmentally appropriate nursing interventions for the pediatric population. While that may sound specific, you have almost endless opportunities to narrow down the focus of your writing. 

You could choose pain intervention measures in toddlers. Conversely, you can research the effects of prolonged hospitalization on adolescents' social-emotional development.

What Does a Nursing Research Paper Include?

Your professor should provide a thorough guideline of the scope of the paper. In general, an undergraduate nursing research paper will consist of:

Introduction : A brief overview of the research question/thesis statement your paper will discuss. You can include why the topic is relevant.

Body : This section presents your research findings and allows you to synthesize the information and data you collected. You'll have a chance to articulate your evaluation and answer your research question. The length of this section depends on your assignment.

Conclusion : A brief review of the information and analysis you presented throughout the body of the paper. This section is a recap of your paper and another chance to reassert your thesis.

The best advice is to follow your instructor's rubric and guidelines. Remember to ask for help whenever needed, and avoid overcomplicating the assignment!

How to Choose a Nursing Research Topic

The sheer volume of prospective nursing research topics can become overwhelming for students. Additionally, you may get the misconception that all the 'good' research ideas are exhausted. However, a personal approach may help you narrow down a research topic and find a unique angle.

Writing your research paper about a topic you value or connect with makes the task easier. Additionally, you should consider the material's breadth. Topics with plenty of existing literature will make developing a research question and thesis smoother.

Finally, feel free to shift gears if necessary, especially if you're still early in the research process. If you start down one path and have trouble finding published information, ask your professor if you can choose another topic.

The Best Research Topics for Nursing Students

You have endless subject choices for nursing research papers. This non-exhaustive list just scratches the surface of some of the best nursing research topics.

1. Clinical Nursing Research Topics

  • Analyze the use of telehealth/virtual nursing to reduce inpatient nurse duties.
  • Discuss the impact of evidence-based respiratory interventions on patient outcomes in critical care settings.
  • Explore the effectiveness of pain management protocols in pediatric patients.

2. Community Health Nursing Research Topics

  • Assess the impact of nurse-led diabetes education in Type II Diabetics.
  • Analyze the relationship between socioeconomic status and access to healthcare services.

3. Nurse Education Research Topics

  • Review the effectiveness of simulation-based learning to improve nursing students' clinical skills.
  • Identify methods that best prepare pre-licensure students for clinical practice.
  • Investigate factors that influence nurses to pursue advanced degrees.
  • Evaluate education methods that enhance cultural competence among nurses.
  • Describe the role of mindfulness interventions in reducing stress and burnout among nurses.

4. Mental Health Nursing Research Topics

  • Explore patient outcomes related to nurse staffing levels in acute behavioral health settings.
  • Assess the effectiveness of mental health education among emergency room nurses .
  • Explore de-escalation techniques that result in improved patient outcomes.
  • Review the effectiveness of therapeutic communication in improving patient outcomes.

5. Pediatric Nursing Research Topics

  • Assess the impact of parental involvement in pediatric asthma treatment adherence.
  • Explore challenges related to chronic illness management in pediatric patients.
  • Review the role of play therapy and other therapeutic interventions that alleviate anxiety among hospitalized children.

6. The Nursing Profession Research Topics

  • Analyze the effects of short staffing on nurse burnout .
  • Evaluate factors that facilitate resiliency among nursing professionals.
  • Examine predictors of nurse dissatisfaction and burnout.
  • Posit how nursing theories influence modern nursing practice.

Tips for Writing a Nursing Research Paper

The best nursing research advice we can provide is to follow your professor's rubric and instructions. However, here are a few study tips for nursing students to make paper writing less painful:

Avoid procrastination: Everyone says it, but few follow this advice. You can significantly lower your stress levels if you avoid procrastinating and start working on your project immediately.

Plan Ahead: Break down the writing process into smaller sections, especially if it seems overwhelming. Give yourself time for each step in the process.

Research: Use your resources and ask for help from the librarian or instructor. The rest should come together quickly once you find high-quality studies to analyze.

Outline: Create an outline to help you organize your thoughts. Then, you can plug in information throughout the research process. 

Clear Language: Use plain language as much as possible to get your point across. Jargon is inevitable when writing academic nursing papers, but keep it to a minimum.

Cite Properly: Accurately cite all sources using the appropriate citation style. Nursing research papers will almost always implement APA style. Check out the resources below for some excellent reference management options.

Revise and Edit: Once you finish your first draft, put it away for one to two hours or, preferably, a whole day. Once you've placed some space between you and your paper, read through and edit for clarity, coherence, and grammatical errors. Reading your essay out loud is an excellent way to check for the 'flow' of the paper.

Helpful Nursing Research Writing Resources:

Purdue OWL (Online writing lab) has a robust APA guide covering everything you need about APA style and rules.

Grammarly helps you edit grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Upgrading to a paid plan will get you plagiarism detection, formatting, and engagement suggestions. This tool is excellent to help you simplify complicated sentences.

Mendeley is a free reference management software. It stores, organizes, and cites references. It has a Microsoft plug-in that inserts and correctly formats APA citations.

Don't let nursing research papers scare you away from starting nursing school or furthering your education. Their purpose is to develop skills you'll need to be an effective nurse: critical thinking, communication, and the ability to review published information critically.

Choose a great topic and follow your teacher's instructions; you'll finish that paper in no time.

Joleen Sams

Joleen Sams is a certified Family Nurse Practitioner based in the Kansas City metro area. During her 10-year RN career, Joleen worked in NICU, inpatient pediatrics, and regulatory compliance. Since graduating with her MSN-FNP in 2019, she has worked in urgent care and nursing administration. Connect with Joleen on LinkedIn or see more of her writing on her website.

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Nursing Essay Examples

Cathy A.

Nursing Essay Examples That Will Help You Write a Stellar Paper

Published on: May 6, 2023

Last updated on: Jan 29, 2024

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Many nursing students struggle with writing effective nursing essays, which are an essential part of their education and professional development.

Poor essay writing skills can lead to low grades and an inability to effectively communicate important information.

This blog provides a comprehensive guide to writing nursing essays with examples and tips for effective writing. Whether you are a nursing student or a professional looking to improve your writing skills, this blog has something for you. 

By following the tips and examples provided, you can write compelling nursing essays that showcase your dedication to the field.

Let’s get started.

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What is a Nursing Essay?

A nursing essay is a type of academic writing that aims to explore a particular topic related to nursing. It also presents a clear and concise argument or viewpoint supported by evidence. 

Nursing essays can take many forms, including:

  • Descriptive essays
  • Reflective essays
  • Analytical essays
  • Persuasive essays

What is the Importance of the Nursing Essay?

Nursing essays are important for several reasons. First, they help nursing students develop critical thinking skills by requiring them to analyze and evaluate information.

Second, they help students develop research skills by requiring them to locate and use credible sources to support their arguments. 

Third, nursing essays help students develop communication skills by requiring them to present their ideas clearly and concisely in writing. Finally, nursing essays are important for nursing education because they prepare students for the types of writing.

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To help students better understand how to write nursing essays, it can be helpful to review examples.

Below are some examples of nursing essays.

Nursing School Essay Examples

College Nursing Essay Examples

Graduate Nursing Essay Examples

Nursing Scholarship Essay Examples

Nursing Essay Conclusion Examples

Nursing Essay Examples of Different Fields

Nursing is a diverse field with many different specialties and areas of focus. As a result, nursing essays can take many different forms and cover a wide range of topics. 

Given below are some examples of different types of nursing essays:

Personal Philosophy Of Nursing - Essay Examples

Cal State Fullerton Nursing Essay Examples

Evidence Based Practice Nursing In Medical Field - Essay Examples

Leadership In Nursing And Healthcare Professionals - Essay Examples

Principles Of Professional Practice Of Nursing Professionals And Pharmacists

If you're seeking additional examples of nursing essays, you're in luck! 

Below are some more examples that can help you gain a better understanding of nursing essays:

Health Care And Reflective Models For Nursing - Essay Examples

History Of Nursing Essay Examples

Ethical Dilemma In Nurses Work - Essay Examples

Mental Health Nursing Essay Examples

Why I Want To Be A Nurse Essay

Working In A Team And Collaboration In Nursing

How to Write a Nursing Essay

Writing a nursing essay can seem daunting, but with the right approach, it can be a rewarding experience.

Here are the key steps involved in writing a nursing essay:

Understanding the Topic and Question

The first step in writing a nursing essay is to carefully read and understand the topic and question. 

This will help you determine what information you need to research and include in your essay. Make sure you understand any key terms or concepts related to the topic. Consider different perspectives or viewpoints that may be relevant.

Researching the Topic

Once you have a clear understanding of the topic and question, it's time to research. 

Start by gathering information from credible sources such as academic journals, textbooks, and government websites. 

Consider both primary and secondary sources, and make sure to take detailed notes as you read.

Organizing and Outlining the Essay

Once you have completed your research, it's time to organize your ideas and create an outline for your essay. 

Start by identifying the main points or arguments you want to make, and then organize them into a logical order that flows well. 

Your outline should include an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Writing the Essay

With your outline in place, it's time to start writing your essay. Make sure to follow your outline closely, and use clear and concise language that effectively communicates your ideas. 

Use evidence from your research to support your arguments, and cite your sources appropriately.

Editing and Revising the Essay

Once you have completed a first draft of your essay, take some time to edit and revise it. Look for any errors in grammar, spelling, or punctuation, and make sure your essay is well-organized and flows well. 

Consider asking a peer or instructor to review your essay and provide feedback.

What To Include In Your Nursing Essay

When writing a nursing essay, there are several key elements that you should include. Here are some important things to keep in mind:

  • Introduction

Your introduction should provide a brief overview of the topic and purpose of your essay. It should also include a clear thesis statement that presents your main argument or point of view.

  • Background Information

Provide some background information on the topic to help the reader better understand the context of your essay. This can include relevant statistics, historical information, or other contextual details.

  • Evidence and Examples

Use evidence and examples from your research to support your arguments and demonstrate your knowledge of the topic. Make sure to cite your sources appropriately and use a variety of sources to strengthen your argument.

  • Analysis and Evaluation

Provide analysis and evaluation of the evidence and examples you've presented. This can include discussing strengths and weaknesses, comparing and contrasting different viewpoints, or offering your own perspective on the topic.

Your conclusion should summarize the main points of your essay and restate your thesis statement. It should also offer some final thoughts or suggestions for further research or action.

Nursing Essay Topic Ideas

Choosing a topic for your nursing essay can be challenging, but there are many areas in the field that you can explore. Here are some nursing essay topic ideas to consider:

  • The role of technology in nursing practice
  • The impact of cultural diversity on healthcare delivery
  • Nursing leadership and management in healthcare organizations
  • Ethical issues in nursing practice
  • The importance of patient-centered care in nursing practice
  • The impact of evidence-based practice on nursing care
  • The role of nursing in promoting public health
  • Nursing education and the importance of lifelong learning
  • The impact of nursing shortages on healthcare delivery
  • The importance of communication in nursing practice

These are just a few ideas to get you started. You can also explore other topics related to nursing that interest you or align with your academic or professional goals. 

Remember to choose a topic that is relevant, interesting, and feasible to research and write about.

Tips for Writing an Effective Nursing Essay

Writing a successful nursing essay requires careful planning, research, and attention to detail. Here are some tips to help you write an effective nursing essay:

  • Writing Concisely and Clearly

Nursing essays should be written in clear and concise language, avoiding unnecessary jargon or technical terms. Use simple language and short sentences to help ensure that your ideas are communicated clearly and effectively.

  • Stating a Clear Thesis Statement

Your thesis statement should clearly state your main argument and provide a roadmap for the rest of your essay. It should be clear, concise, and located at the end of your introduction.

  • Using Proper Citation and Referencing

Citing and referencing your sources is crucial in any academic writing, including nursing essays. Make sure to use proper citation and referencing styles, such as APA or MLA. Include a reference list or bibliography at the end of your essay.

  • Seeking Feedback and Revising

Before submitting your nursing essay, seek feedback from peers, professors, or writing tutors. Use their feedback to revise and improve your essay. Make sure that it is well-structured, coherent, and effectively communicates your point of view.

By following these tips, you can write a nursing essay that demonstrates your knowledge and skills in the field.

In conclusion, writing a successful nursing essay requires careful planning, research, and attention to detail. 

To showcase your knowledge in the field of nursing, it is important to have a clear understanding of the topic at hand. When writing your nursing essay, be sure to include relevant examples, incorporate current research, and use proper citation and referencing. 

And remember , seeking feedback and revising your essay is key to ensuring that it effectively communicates your ideas and arguments.

If you need help with your nursing essay or any other type of academic writing, consider using our AI essay writer . 

Our nursing essay writing service can provide personalized support to help you succeed in your academic goals.

So, why wait? Contact us to get college essay writing help today! 

Cathy A. (Literature)

For more than five years now, Cathy has been one of our most hardworking authors on the platform. With a Masters degree in mass communication, she knows the ins and outs of professional writing. Clients often leave her glowing reviews for being an amazing writer who takes her work very seriously.

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Free nursing essay examples database on any topic

Nursing essay examples: popular subjects & topics, trending nursing essay examples.

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nursing research sample essay

Look at a relevant sample nursing essay on any topic you need

Welcome to a unique top-rated database of nursing college essay examples. For years, we’ve collected the most successful samples by students to help others create their own pieces of work. You’re free to find an example related to your topic in your subject. Doubting the legality of the examples we post here? All samples of a nursing essay are uploaded by authors voluntarily and may be used for informational purposes only, not for copying.

When writing your nursing essay, you might be required to present examples of both pro and con arguments before reiterating your main points in the conclusion. You can see from the samples we offer how, in a nursing essay, you can communicate the insight you obtained from a thorough analysis of instances related to your issue.

We also have college nursing essay examples of a persuasive nature. Here you can see examples of how to use critical thinking and arguments to prove to the reader that you’re right, and convince them of your viewpoint. Free expository samples are available too. From them, you can learn to research ideas for a nursing essay, assess evidence, and formulate an argument regarding this in a coherent manner from the examples we have.

If you check out nursing student essay examples on the subject of health, you’ll find that the academic discussion will center on examples of recent discoveries or potential risks. As the main character in such a nursing essay is a person, samples will show you how to cover many aspects of their health, for example, from straightforward cold-healing to complex COVID-19 avoidance.

Should you have the opportunity to receive specialized funding for your studies, our nursing scholarship essay examples could help you. These free samples of a nursing essay demonstrate how you can advertise your candidacy, including examples of your skills and attainments, and persuade the committee to choose you over other applicants.

And that’s not all that our free samples could give you. You may also find nursing entrance essay examples to help you with the admission process and much more. Our platform provides you with a complete selection of samples, so whatever nursing essay you’re working on, you’ll get a free example to follow.

Insights you might get from a nursing essay sample

A nursing essay involves differences in this kind of text, even if they may seem comparable. Some examples you might find on this platform could teach you to focus more on discussing systemic issues. Other samples help you learn to solve problems in an individual way and deal with examples of poor health instances. There are even free samples of an essay with concrete examples of promoting public preventative medicine or new laws.

Our nursing essay writing examples will show you how to include each component: the problem and tone, as well as the topic, style, and particular aim. Some of the samples of an essay can give you an understanding of how to explain the idea to the audience using examples of arguments and verified facts. From these free samples, you won’t get the author’s personal examples, viewpoints, or opinions on a nursing issue. Only pure research into available examples of sources is required for this kind of nursing essay. These free samples demonstrate how to inform the audience through logic, not examples of generalizations.

Other nursing essay examples are mostly used in universities or colleges. From these samples, you’ll know how to convey arguments, as the goal is to persuade the reader that your viewpoint is the only valid one. As required in these types of nursing essays, you’ll be able to make emotional arguments, give concrete examples, or apply them to reason. Such samples are compelling no matter what topic they are about. Examples of topics in this category will explain to you how to present the query that is hotly debated in academic or social circles.

The primary objective of one more nursing essay sample type is to convey to the reader the substance of any fact or example in an understandable language. In these examples, you may notice that the author doesn’t seek justifications. So, from such samples of an essay, you’ll simply understand how to research the subject appropriately and then retell it using your own words. Similar examples of tasks are required for another kind of nursing essay, but you’ll also learn to develop a plot and provide samples of information on specific cases. These free examples will teach you to imply the key point rather than state it explicitly.

Quality sample essay nursing is our database priority

Any sample nursing school essay from this platform is frequently regarded by students as a useful example and source of inspiration due to its quality. You should carefully consider the free examples and pick the ones that will be the most helpful to cover the areas of knowledge you wish to employ when writing your nursing paper .

Here’s what every sample nursing essay on our site includes:

  • Examples for an essay to sound credible.
  • Resources of literature samples and online sources.
  • Conclusions that support the author’s statements.
  • Both theory and practice.

Finding ideas for a nursing essay is also simpler with successful examples published in the database. Moreover, due to clear essay frameworks and thesis statements in free samples from the database, you will see how you can captivate the reader and guarantee yourself a high result. Whether you need a nursing entrance essay sample or any other example, it doesn’t matter.

Why you should use our nursing essay writing examples

When you’re writing your nursing essay , examples are quite helpful since they provide a visual representation of how this piece of writing should be formatted. With a sample essay, nursing students are more aware of the format, examples of key components, and objectives. Using a sample as a guide is essential, because failing to do so could result in you making certain common errors that can affect your grade.

Free samples of a nursing essay provides you with an easier way of writing. By using these free samples, you can evaluate the standard expected from these types of essays, so carefully review the examples you come across and pay attention to details. This website can provide you with examples of a nursing essay written in all essay formats – not a single style missing.

Examples on the platform include all the details required to write a top performing nursing essay: the thesis, motivation, arguments, supporting points, samples of relevant literature, appropriate style, and referencing. The key notion of examples is the thesis. From examples, you’ll learn how to make it debatable, acknowledged at the outset of the essay, and constantly controlled by samples of nursing academic material. Motivation in samples can teach you to highlight the significance of the essay and supports the author’s personal interest in investigating the topic.

Since one example of argumentation in a nursing essay won’t suffice to persuade the reader, from examples, you’ll get to know how to provide specific references or citations as proof. Finally, you’ll learn how to examine relevant examples of nursing evidence and write using the many samples as they combine to create a complete picture that was previously hidden.

Don’t hesitate to follow our examples of a nursing essay – that’s your key to excellence!

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Nursing Research Studies Essays

Empowering nursing practice: exploring the role of self-efficacy theory by albert bandura, popular essay topics.

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120+ Fresh Nursing Essay Topics (With FAQs and Essay Writing Tips)

nursing essay topics

Be it writing a nursing assignment or preparing an essay to get admission to a nursing school, choosing the right nursing essay topic is of utmost importance.

An essay can make or break your chance of getting into that school or your chances of scoring the highest in the assignment.

Considering the importance of nursing essays, we have got you some handpicked nursing essay topics that will help you ace the exams.

The article is divided into 3 sections according to the difficulty level. You can opt for them according to your convenience.

You’ll also find an interesting list of topics in the miscellaneous section. So make sure to check that as well.

The following part of the article includes some tips on framing a well-structured essay.

 Basic Level Nursing Essay Topics

  • Describe the role of nurses in society.
  • What are nursing ethics?
  • According to you, what are the challenges associated with nursing?
  • Discuss nursing ethics.
  • Importance of nursing care for infants.
  • What are the possible reasons behind a fewer number of male nurses?
  • Throw some light on nurses’ practice act.
  • Why is there a need for significant leadership in nursing?
  • What are the steps you need to take to cure minor wounds?
  • What are the steps you need to take to cure severe wounds?
  • Discuss the steps that nurses should take to deal with hyperactive patients and their relatives?
  • Are there any differences faced by nurses as compared to doctors when it comes to respect and value?
  • What measures can nurses take to cure serious wounds when not having any instruments?
  • What steps can nurses take to deal with patients in backward regions, where there is a lack of medical infrastructure?
  • Analyze the problems with medical infrastructure.
  • How to strengthen medical infrastructure?
  • How to perform home nursing?
  • Steps to improve mental health.
  • Discuss the pitfalls of dieting.
  • Importance of technology in nursing.

Moderate Level Nursing Essay Topics

  • Throw some light on holistic nursing.
  • Should we allow nurses to prescribe medication or antibiotics?
  • Discuss the risks associated with nurses prescribing medication?
  • Discuss the problems associated with the compensation of nursing jobs.
  • How should nurses deal with abusive or rude patients?
  • How can civilians be helpful to nurses in treating their patients?
  • Infant mortality and its possible causes.
  • How to prepare a nursing resume to apply for a job?
  • Mental impact on nurses.
  • Basic theories to apply in nursing.
  • Nursing in India: from struggle to victory.
  • Soft skills required in nursing.
  • Reasons to choose nursing as a profession.
  • How to teach nursing?
  • How to deal with depression being a nurse.
  • How to deal with patients with dementia initially?
  • What efforts should be made to make patients’ stay in neonatal units more pleasant?
  • Legalizing euthanasia.
  • Importance of midwifery. Is it underestimated?
  • How can we help pharmacies strike a balance between helping the patients and earning a profit?

Advanced Level Nursing Essay Topics

  • Significance of psychological training to ensure efficient medical working.
  • Has covid-19 impacted the chances of nursing being a chosen profession?
  • How to avoid hospitalization in covid-19?
  • Measure to enhance the efficiency of nurses as assistants of doctors.
  • What can nurses do to treat patients with Alzheimer’s disease?
  • Express your views on applying Henderson’s principles in the nursing area.
  • How to convince people to donate organs?
  • Chronic diseases and covid-19 pandemic.
  • Discuss pediatric ethics.
  • Explain acute coronary syndrome.
  • Explain the cause behind anxiety disorders.
  • Write on obesity and weight management programs.
  • What precautions should be taken in the postnatal period?
  • Dealing with gestational weight gain challenges.
  • Precautions to be taken pre and post-delivery.
  • Joint disorders study in elderly people.
  • What are geriatrics ethics?
  • Menarche and menopause challenges and symptoms.
  • Explain reproductive endocrinology.
  • Therapeutic injections: pros and cons.

List of Nursing Argumentative Essay Topics

  • Are nurses more vulnerable to health risks than doctors?
  • How does the increased number of working hours impact the working of nurses?
  • Is nursing a female-centric profession?
  • How important is the role of a nurse when compared with that of a doctor?
  • Difference in the salary paid to day shift nurses vs. night shift nurses
  • What should be the adequate amount of nursing staff to have in a hospital?
  • Should more emphasis be laid on home nursing?
  • How is racial discrimination a problem in nursing?
  • Are nurses more empathetic than doctors?
  • How important is it for a nurse to work on her emotions?

Miscellaneous Topics for Students Nursing Research

  • Nursing Theory: 
  • Nursing theory history and significance
  • Strategies for theory construction in nursing
  • Nursing theory vs. nursing practice
  • Person-centered nursing: theory and practice
  • Areas of agreement in nursing theory development
  • Nursing Education:
  • Critical thinking in nursing education : Literature review
  • Future challenges for nursing education
  • Curriculum development in nursing education
  • New nursing education structure in US/UK/Asia
  • Creating innovative models of clinical nursing education
  • Nursing Care: 
  • Transcultural concepts in nursing care
  • Basic principles of nursing care
  • Factors influencing why nursing care is missed
  • Measuring patients’ satisfaction with nursing care
  • Spiritual nursing care: state of the art
  • Pharmacology for nursing care
  • Nursing Interventions:
  • The systematic development of nursing interventions
  • The impact of nursing interventions
  • Nursing interventions for smoking cessation
  • Nursing interventions for patients with chronic conditions
  • Nursing interventions for premature infants
  • Nursing interventions to promote functional feeding
  • Nursing Homes:
  • Nursing homes in developed and developing nations: a comparison
  • Characteristics of nursing homes that affect resident outcomes
  • Infections among patients in nursing homes
  • Nursing homes and COVID‐19: What has changed?
  • Abuse of patients in nursing homes
  • Family involvement in nursing homes
  • Nursing Leadership 
  • Factors contributing to nursing leadership
  • Nursing leadership and patient outcomes
  • Leadership and management in nursing
  • Transformational leadership in nursing
  • ethical leadership in nursing
  • Nursing Diagnosis:
  • Nursing diagnosis process and it’s relation with critical thinking skills
  • Application of nursing process and nursing diagnosis
  • Do staff nurses use nursing diagnosis effectively?
  • Methods to validate nursing diagnoses
  • Accuracy of nursing diagnoses: How effective are they?
  • Nurse Burnout:
  • Nurse burnout and quality of care
  • Nurse burnout: personal and environmental factors
  • Impact of nurse burnout on organization
  • Predictors of burnout among nurses in US, UK, India
  • Pediatric nurse burnout
  • Nurse Staffing: 
  • Nurse staffing and inpatient hospital mortality
  • Hospital nurse staffing and quality of care
  • Nurse Patient Ratios
  • The effects of nurse staffing on medical costs
  • Nurse staffing in critical care and how it affects patient outcome
  • Nurse Practitioner Role
  • Barriers to developing nurse practitioner role
  • Analyze nurse practitioner role in acute care settings
  • How case-study research can better implement nurse practitioner role
  • Practice and clinical leadership: The core role of the nurse practitioner
  • Neonatal nurse practitioner role
  • 200+ Great Ideas of Nursing Research Topics to Get Started

Frequently Asked Questions

1. how do you start writing a nursing essay.

The following section includes some tips on how to write a well-curated nursing essay.

  • Plan your essay- you need to have a well-planned outline of the essay to write an outstanding one.

Spend a good amount of time in research and shortlist the things that you would want to include, things that you would want to highlight or your personal story if any.

  • Start writing- Start your essay with a statement that is catchy and strong. Include an adequate amount of research and evidence to support your point in the body. End it with a conclusion stating a summary of the essay.
  • Revision- go through the content and look for grammatical or spelling errors, if any. Focus on the structure of the essay.

2. List tips on how to write a nursing school application essay.

  • Focus on being informative- while framing the essay, be mindful of the information you include. Make sure it is backed by some evidence.
  • Select the best essay topic- go for such a topic that makes the officers remember you after they have read the essay. At the same time, make sure you are comfortable writing on it.
  • Check the structure- the essay should be divided into 3 parts- introduction, body and conclusion. Make it readable and easy to understand.

To sum it up, when you kick-start writing a research paper, make sure you move ahead step-by-step.

Since research is the first step in writing the essay, you first have to gather all the essential list of information that is relevant to your nursing essay topic.

Next, handpick the information and come up with an essay that is well-curated and backed by evidence.


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Digital Commons @ USF > USF Health > College of Nursing > Theses and Dissertations

Nursing Theses and Dissertations

Theses/dissertations from 2023 2023.

Psychological Distress, Resilience, and the Impact on Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors With Taxane-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy , Lauren Schwab

Theses/Dissertations from 2022 2022

Medication-Assisted Treatment Versus 12-Step Group Therapy: A Comparative Analysis of Adherence and Abstinence In Patients With Opioid Use Disorder , Derrick C. Glymph

Theses/Dissertations from 2021 2021

Quality of Life of Older Adults with Complicated Grief Receiving Accelerated Resolution Therapy: A Mixed Methods Study , Tina M. Mason

Theses/Dissertations from 2020 2020

In Post-Extubated Patients What are the Preferred Methods of Communication During Their Experience of Endotracheal Intubation with Mechanical Ventilation , Lanette Dumas

The Effect of Hope on the Relationship between Personal and Disease Characteristics and Anxiety and Depression in Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer , Sharon B. McNeil

Predictors of Nonadherence to Radiation Therapy Schedules Among Head and Neck Cancer Patients , Jennifer Lynn Miller

Theses/Dissertations from 2019 2019

Perceived Discrimination and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Blacks: A Secondary Data Analysis of the Heart SCORE Study , Marilyn Aluoch

Exploration of Gratitude in Cardiovascular Health: Mediators, Medication Adherence and Psychometrics , Lakeshia A. Cousin

Theses/Dissertations from 2018 2018

Fatigue-related Symptom Clusters and their Relationship with Depression, and Functional Status in Older Adults Hospice Patients with Cancer. , Suzan Fouad Abduljawad

Genetic Moderation of Pain and Fatigue Symptoms Resulting from the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Breast Cancer Program , Carissa Bea Alinat

The Moderating Effect of Religion on Death Distress and Quality of Life between Christian Cancer patients in the United States with Muslim cancer patients in Saudi Arabia , Doaa Almostadi

Prevention of Post Intensive Care Syndrome-Family with Sensation Awareness Focused Training Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot Study , Paula L. Cairns

Assessing Abstinence in Infants Greater Than 28 Days Old , Genieveve J. Cline

The Relationship Between Sleep Quality and Motor Function in Hospitalized Older Adult Survivors of Critical Illness , Maya N. Elías

The Role of Migration-Related Stress in Depression Among Haitian Immigrants in Florida: A Mixed Method Sequential Explanatory Approach , Dany Amanda C. Fanfan

The Effect of Depression, Inflammation and Sleep Quality on Risk for Cardiovascular Disease , Catherine L. O'Neil

Adapting SafeMedicate (Medication Dosage Calculation Skills software) For Use In Brazil , Samia Valeria Ozorio Dutra

Theses/Dissertations from 2017 2017

The Relationship Between Total Neuropathy Score-reduced, Neuropathy Symptoms and Function. , Ashraf Abulhaija

Validation of the Electronic Kids Dietary Index (E-KINDEX) Screening Tool for Early Identification of Risk for Overweight/Obesity (OW/OB) in a Pediatric Population: Associations with Quality of Life Perceptions , Patricia A. Hall

Theses/Dissertations from 2016 2016

The Effectiveness of an Intervention Designed to Improve Chlorhexidine (CHG) Bathing Technique in Adults Hospitalized in Medical Surgical Units , Janette Echemendia Denny

Levels of Distress Among Women Veterans Attending a Women’s Health Specialty Clinic in the VA Healthcare System , Debbie T. Devine

Examination of the Use of Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART) in the Treatment of Symptoms of PTSD and Sleep Dysfunction in Veterans and Civilians , Marian Jevone Hardwick

Investigating the Mutual Effects of Depression and Spiritual Well-being on Quality of Life in Hospice Patients with Cancer and Family Caregivers Using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model , Li-Ting Huang

The Change in Nutritional Status in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients: A Retrospective Descriptive A Retrospective Descriptive Study , Dina A. Masha'al

Exploring the Relationship Between Severity of Illness and Human Milk Volume in Very Low Birth Weight and Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants Over Six Weeks , Shannon Leigh Morse

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Scores and Novel Risk Factors in Relation to Race and Gender , Johanna Wilson

Theses/Dissertations from 2015 2015

A Comparative Evaluation of the Learner Centered Grading Debriefing Method in Nursing Education , Marisa J. Belote

Sleep, Depressive Symptoms and Cognition in Older Adults and Caregivers of Persons with Dementia , Glenna Shemida Brewster

The Relationship between Hearing Status and Cognitive Performance and the Influence of Depressive Symptoms in the Older Adult , Julie A. Daugherty

Basal Salivary Oxytocin and Skin to Skin Contact among Lactating Mothers of Premature Infants , Jessica Marie Gordon

The Relationship Between Nurses' Emotional Intelligence and Patient Outcomes , Mary Kutash

Sexual Functioning and Body Image in Younger Breast Cancer Survivors , Carly Lynn Paterson

Cognitive Load of Registered Nurses During Medication Administration , Sarah Faith Perron

A Comparison of Quality of Life between Intense and Non-Intense Treatment for Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia and High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome , Sara Marie Tinsley

Theses/Dissertations from 2014 2014

Acculturation, Self-Efficacy and Breastfeeding Behavior in a Sample of Hispanic Women , Ivonne F. Hernandez

Knowledge and Acceptance of HPV and the HPV Vaccine in Young Men and Their Intention to be Vaccinated , Brenda Renee Jasper

The Relationships Between Sleep Disturbances, Depression, Inflammatory Markers, and Sexual Trauma in Female Veterans , Ellen Marcolongo

Examination of Possible Protective Effect of Rhesus D Positive Blood Factor on Toxoplasma-related Depressive Symptoms in Pregnancy , Lisa Lynn Parnell

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Primary Care Nurse Practitioners Regarding Skin Cancer Assessmnets: Validity and Reliability of a New Instrument , Debra Michelle Shelby

Theses/Dissertations from 2013 2013

Knowledge and Practice of Reproductive Health among Mothers and their Impact on Fetal Birth Outcomes: A Case of Eritrea , Winta Negusse Araya

Race/Ethnicity, Subjective and Objective Sleep Quality, Physical and Psychological Symptoms in Breast Cancer Survivors , Pinky H. Budhrani

Factors Predicting Pap Smear Adherence in HIV-infected Women: Using the Health Belief Model , Crystal L. Chapman Lambert

The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status and Body Mass Index on Vitamin D Levels in African American Women with and without Diabetes Living in Areas with Abundant Sunshine , Shani Vann Davis

Predictors of Quality of Life in Patients with Cutaneous T cell Lymphoma , Darcie Marie Deaver

Relationship between dysphoric moods, risk-taking behaviors, and Toxoplasma gondii antibody titers in female veterans , Allyson Radford Duffy

Prenatal Stress, Depression, and Herpes Viral Titers , Pao-Chu Hsu

Factors Associated with Fear of Breast Cancer Recurrence Among Survivors , Jean Marie Lucas

Sickle Cell Disease: The Role of Self-Care Management , Nadine Matthie

Factors Influencing Vaccination Decisions in African American Mothers of Preschool Age Children , Chauntel Mckenzie Mcnair

The Strong Black Woman, Depression, and Emotional Eating , Michelle Renee Offutt

Development of an Investigator-designed Questionnaire Concerning Childbirth Delivery Options based on the Theory of Planned Behavior , Chun-Yi Tai

Theses/Dissertations from 2012 2012

The Mediating Effect of Distress Caused by Constipation on Predictors of Quality of Life of Hospice Patients with Cancer. , Abdel Alkhalouf

Testing a Model of Bacterial Vaginosis among Black Women , Jessica Brumley

The Effect of Tight Glycemic Control on Surgical Site Infection Rates in Patients Undergoing Open Heart Surgery , Sierra Gower

Development of a Tool for Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment and Preventive Interventions in Ancillary Services Patients , Monica Shutts Messer

Hospice Nurses- Attitudes and Knowledge about Pain Management , Amie Jacqueline Miller

Theses/Dissertations from 2011 2011

Literacy and Hazard Communication Comprehension of Employees Presenting to an Occupational Health Clinic , Christine Bouchard

A Meta-Analysis of Cultural Competence Education in Professional Nurses and Nursing Students , Ruth Wilmer Gallagher

Relationship Between Cancer-Related Fatigue and Depression: A Pilot Study , Gloria Michelle Guess

A Comparison of Oncology and Non-Oncology Nurses in Their Knowledge of Cancer Pain Management , Nicole Houle

Evaluating Knowledge and Attitudes of Graduate Nursing Students Regarding Pain , Eric Bartholomew Jackson

Bone Marrow Transplant Nurses' Attitudes about Caring for Patients Who are Near the End of Life: A Quality Improvement Project , Leslie Lauersdorf

Translation and Adaptation of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale Into Tigrigna Language for Tigrigna Speaking Eritrean Immigrants in the United States , Mulubrhan Fisseha Mogos

Nurse Manager Emotional Intelligence as a Predictor to Registered Nurse Job Satisfaction and RN Perceptions of the Practice Environment and the Relationship to Patient, Nursing and Hospital Outcomes , Jacqueline Cecilia Munro

The Relationship of Mid-Pregnancy Levels of Cytokines, Stress, and Depression with Gestational Age at Delivery , Melissa Molinari Shelton

Prophylactic, Risk-Reducing Surgery in Unaffected BRCA-Positive Women: Quality Of Life, Sexual Functioning and Psychological Well-Being , Sharon Tollin

Theses/Dissertations from 2010 2010

The Relationship Between FAM5C SNP (rs10920501) Variability, Metabolic Syndrome, and Inflammation, in Women with Coronary Heart Disease , Jennifer L. Cline

Women’s Perceptions of Postpartum Stress: A Narrative Analysis , Nancy Gilbert Crist

Lived Experience: Near-Fatal Adolescent Suicide Attempt , Phyllis Ann Dougherty

Exploring the Relationships among Work-Related Stress, Quality of Life, Job Satisfaction, and Anticipated Turnover on Nursing Units with Clinical Nurse Leaders , Mary Kohler

A Comparative Study of Knowledge of Pain Management in Certified and Non-Certified Oncology Nurses , Sherrie A. LaLande

Evaluating Knowledge and Attitudes of Undergraduate Nursing Students Regarding Pain Management , Jessica Latchman

Evaluation of Oncology Nurses' Knowledge, Practice Behaviors, and Confidence Specific to Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy , Rebecca Denise McAllister

Moderating the Effectiveness of Messages to Promote Physical Activity in Type 2 Diabetes , Rachel E. Myers

Factors Affecting the Process of Clinical Decision-Making in Pediatric Pain Management by Emergency Department Nurses , Teresa A. Russo

The Correlation Between Neuropathy Limitations and Depression in Chemotherapy Patients , Melissa Thebeau

Theses/Dissertations from 2009 2009

Fatigue Symptom Distress and Its Relationship with Quality Of Life in Adult Stem Cell Transplant Survivors , Suzan Fouad Abduljawad R.N., B.S.N.

Nursing Advocacy and the Accuracy of Intravenous to Oral Opioid Conversion at Discharge in the Cancer Patient , Maria L. Gallo R.N., O.C.N.

Transitional Care for Adolescents with HIV: Characteristics and Current Practices of the Adolescent Trials Network Systems of Care , Patricia Gilliam

The Effect of Ethical Ideology and Professional Values on Registered Nurses’ Intentions to Act Accountably , Susan R. Hartranft

Falls in Bone Marrow Transplant Patients: A Retrospective Study , Lura Henderson R.N., B.S.N.

Predictors of cancer caregiver depression symptomatology , Henry R. Rivera

Psychosocial outcomes of weight stigma among college students , Sabrina Joann Robinson

The Experience of Fatigue and Quality of Life in Patients with Advanced Lung Cancer , Andrea Shaffer

The Relationship Between Uncertainty in Illness and Anxiety in Patients With Cancer , Naima Vera

Shifting Paradigms: The Development of Nursing Identity in Foreign-Educated Physicians Retrained as Nurses Practicing in the United States , Liwliwa Reyes Villagomeza

Theses/Dissertations from 2008 2008

Prostate Cancer Screening Intention Among African American Men: An Instrument Development Study , Susan Anita Baker

The Geriatric Cancer Experience in End of Life: Model Adaptation and Testing , Harleah G. Buck

Communication Systems and HIV/AIDS Sexual Decision Making in Older Adolescent and Young Adult Females , Rasheeta D. Chandler MS, ARNP, FNP-BC

Relationship of Anger Trait and Anger Expression to C-Reactive Protein in Post-Menopausal Women , Rosalyn Gross

Identifying Patients with Cancer at Risk of Experiencing a Fall While Hospitalized , Joann M. Heaton

Modulation of Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cell Maturation and Function by Cigarette Smoke Condensate in a Bronchial Epithelial Cell Co-Culture Model , Alison J. Montpetit

Cancer Patients with Pain: Examination of the Role of the Spouse/Partner Relationship In Mediating Quality of Life Outcomes for the Couple , Mary Ann Morgan

Development of an Ecological Model to Predict Risk for Acquisition of Clostridium difficile -Associated Diarrhea During Acute Care Hospitalization , Susan Elaine Steele

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Chemotherapy Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Assessment Tool , Cindy S. Tofthagen

Health Decision Behaviors: Appropriateness of Dietary Choice , Daryle Hermelin Wane

Theses/Dissertations from 2007 2007

The Relationship Between Sleep-Wake Disturbance and Pain in Cancer Patients Admitted to Hospice Home Care , Marjorie Acierno

Wheelchair Positioning and Pulmonary Function in Children with Cerebral Palsy , Lee Barks

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Nursing Education Topics, Ideas, and Research Paper Examples

James colson dnp, rn.

  • May 15, 2024
  • Nursing Topics and Ideas

Nursing education plays a pivotal role in shaping the future of healthcare by training competent and compassionate nurses who can provide high-quality care to patients. However, the field of nursing education faces a myriad of challenges that need to be addressed to ensure the continued success of nursing programs and the preparation of future nurses.

Nursing Education Topics

In this article, we will explore Nursing Education topics, ideas for capstone and EBP Projects and give Research Paper Examples. We also explore some of nursing education challenges, propose PICOT questions, suggest evidence-based practice (EBP) and nursing capstone project ideas on nursing education challenges, provide research paper topics and questions, as well as essay topic ideas, all aimed at advancing the field of nursing education.

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Nursing Education Challenges

Nursing education faces a host of challenges in the contemporary healthcare landscape. These challenges not only impact the quality of education but also influence the preparedness of future nurses to meet the complex demands of healthcare practice. Some of the key challenges include:

  • Faculty Shortages: Nursing programs often struggle to recruit and retain experienced faculty members. The shortage of nurse educators can limit program capacity and affect the quality of instruction.
  • Clinical Site Availability: Securing adequate clinical placement sites for nursing students can be a logistical challenge. Competition for clinical placements with other healthcare disciplines can further exacerbate this issue.
  • Technological Integration: While technology is essential in modern healthcare, integrating it effectively into nursing education programs can be challenging. Faculty and students need to adapt to rapidly evolving digital tools and resources.
  • Balancing Theory and Practice: Finding the right balance between classroom theory and hands-on clinical practice is a perpetual challenge. Nursing educators must ensure that students receive both the knowledge and practical skills necessary for safe and effective patient care.
  • Diversity and Inclusion: Nursing education programs must address diversity and inclusion to prepare graduates to care for an increasingly diverse patient population. This includes fostering cultural competence among students.
  • Workplace Realities: Preparing students for the realities of healthcare practice, including high patient loads, ethical dilemmas, and interprofessional teamwork, is crucial but can be challenging to simulate in an educational setting.
  • Changing Healthcare Landscape: As healthcare delivery models evolve, nursing education must adapt to prepare nurses for new roles and responsibilities, such as telehealth and population health management.
  • Evidence-Based Practice: Promoting evidence-based practice within nursing education programs and ensuring that graduates can apply research findings to clinical care is an ongoing challenge.
  • Student Diversity: Nursing students come from diverse backgrounds and may have varying learning needs and preferences. Meeting the individual needs of a diverse student body can be a complex undertaking.
  • Mental Health and Well-Being: The mental health and well-being of both nursing students and faculty are increasingly recognized as significant concerns. Addressing these issues within the educational environment is vital.

These challenges necessitate ongoing innovation, research, and collaboration within the nursing education community. Addressing these obstacles is essential to ensure that nursing education remains dynamic and responsive to the evolving healthcare landscape and that future nurses are well-equipped to provide safe and effective patient care.

PICOT Questions Examples on Nursing Education Challenges

  • In nursing education programs (P), how does the incorporation of virtual simulation (I) compared to traditional clinical experiences (C) affect student clinical competency (O) within a semester (T)?
  • In nurse educator training (P), what is the effect of incorporating mindfulness meditation (I) on reducing educator burnout (O) compared with standard training (C) within a year (T)?
  • In undergraduate nursing curricula (P), how does the inclusion of cultural competence training (I) compared to no training (C) impact nursing students’ ability to provide culturally sensitive care (O) during their clinical rotations (T)?
  • In nursing education programs (P), what is the effect of incorporating interprofessional education (I) on students’ teamwork and collaboration skills (O) compared to programs without such integration (C) within two semesters (T)?
  • In nursing faculty development programs (P), how does the use of technology-enhanced teaching strategies (I) compared to traditional teaching methods (C) affect faculty members’ ability to engage and educate students effectively (O) within a year (T)?
  • In nursing schools (P), what is the impact of increasing the clinical hours (I) compared to the standard clinical hours (C) on the clinical competence (O) of nursing graduates within their first year of practice (T)?
  • In nursing education (P), how does the use of flipped classrooms (I) compared to traditional lecture-based teaching (C) affect students’ critical thinking skills (O) within a semester (T)?
  • In graduate nursing programs (P), what is the effect of mentorship programs (I) on improving the transition from student to advanced practice nurse (O) compared to no mentorship (C) within six months (T)?
  • In nursing education (P), how does the implementation of evidence-based practice (I) compared to traditional teaching methods (C) influence students’ ability to apply research findings to clinical practice (O) within one academic year (T)?
  • In online nursing programs (P), what is the impact of increased faculty-student interaction (I) compared to minimal interaction (C) on student satisfaction and success (O) within a semester (T)?

You can also check out PICOT Questions Examples About Healthcare Technology Privacy and Security Concerns

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) Project Ideas on Nursing Education Challenges

  • Assess the effectiveness of virtual reality simulation in improving nursing students’ clinical skills.
  • Implement and evaluate the use of standardized patients to enhance nursing student communication skills.
  • Investigate the impact of debriefing techniques in simulation-based learning on students’ reflective practice and critical thinking.
  • Examine the effectiveness of flipped classroom approaches in promoting active learning in nursing education.
  • Develop and test strategies to address diversity and inclusion in nursing curricula.
  • Evaluate the integration of interprofessional education into nursing programs and its impact on collaborative practice.
  • Investigate the use of gamification in nursing education to enhance student engagement and learning outcomes.
  • Assess the impact of mentorship programs on the professional development and retention of nursing faculty.
  • Examine the role of technology-enhanced teaching methods in improving nursing faculty’s instructional effectiveness.
  • Evaluate the use of simulation-based education in preparing nursing students for high-acuity clinical settings.
  • Investigate the effects of cultural competence training on nursing students’ cultural awareness and competence.
  • Develop and implement strategies to reduce educator burnout in nursing faculty.
  • Assess the impact of telehealth education and training on nursing students’ readiness for telehealth practice.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of incorporating ethics education into nursing curricula on students’ ethical decision-making.
  • Investigate the use of peer mentoring programs to support nursing students’ academic success.
  • Examine the effects of incorporating resilience training into nursing education on students’ ability to cope with stress and adversity.
  • Assess the impact of increased clinical hours on nursing students’ clinical competency and confidence.
  • Investigate the influence of faculty-student interaction on online nursing students’ satisfaction and retention.
  • Examine the implementation of evidence-based practice principles in nursing education and its impact on students’ research utilization.
  • Evaluate the use of simulation-based education to improve nursing students’ leadership and teamwork skills.

Nursing Capstone Project Ideas on Nursing Education

Nursing Capstone Project Ideas on Nursing Education Challenges

  • Developing a cultural competence training program for nursing students and evaluating its impact on their practice.
  • Implementing and evaluating a peer mentoring program for new nursing students to enhance their transition to the clinical environment.
  • Designing a faculty development program focused on incorporating innovative teaching strategies in nursing education.
  • Investigating the use of technology-enhanced teaching methods in nursing education and their effects on student learning outcomes.
  • Assessing the effectiveness of a standardized patient program in improving nursing students’ communication skills.
  • Designing a resilience training program for nursing students and evaluating its impact on their ability to cope with stress.
  • Developing a telehealth education curriculum for nursing students and assessing its effectiveness in preparing them for telehealth practice.
  • Creating and evaluating an interprofessional education program for nursing and medical students to enhance collaborative practice.
  • Investigating the impact of increased clinical hours on nursing students’ clinical competence and confidence.
  • Designing and implementing a gamified learning module in nursing education and assessing its impact on student engagement and knowledge retention.
  • Developing and evaluating a mentorship program for nursing faculty to support their professional development and well-being.
  • Assessing the effects of incorporating ethics education into nursing curricula on students’ ethical decision-making.
  • Designing a simulation-based leadership development program for nursing students and evaluating its impact on their leadership skills.
  • Investigating the use of debriefing techniques in simulation-based learning and their effects on students’ reflective practice and critical thinking.
  • Developing a diversity and inclusion curriculum for nursing programs and assessing its impact on students’ cultural competence.
  • Creating and evaluating a flipped classroom approach in nursing education to promote active learning.
  • Designing and implementing a tele-ICU training program for critical care nursing students and assessing its effectiveness.
  • Investigating the impact of faculty-student interaction in online nursing programs on student satisfaction and retention.
  • Developing and evaluating a mentorship program for nursing students to support their academic and clinical success.
  • Assessing the influence of evidence-based practice principles in nursing education on students’ research utilization in clinical practice.

Other readers also checked out Nursing Research Paper Topics on Providing Care for LGBTQ Patients

Nursing Research Paper Topics on Nursing Education Challenges

  • The Impact of Simulation-Based Education on Nursing Student Clinical Competency.
  • Strategies for Enhancing Cultural Competence in Nursing Education.
  • Faculty Development in Nursing: Meeting the Challenges of Modern Education.
  • The Role of Technology in Nursing Education: Current Trends and Future Directions.
  • Interprofessional Education in Nursing: A Pathway to Collaborative Practice.
  • Mindfulness Meditation in Nurse Educator Training: Addressing Burnout and Promoting Well-Being.
  • Flipped Classrooms in Nursing Education: Advancing Critical Thinking and Engagement.
  • The Effects of Increased Clinical Hours on Nursing Student Preparedness for Practice.
  • Peer Mentoring Programs in Nursing Education: Impact on Transition and Success.
  • Gamification in Nursing Education: A Novel Approach to Learning.
  • Strategies for Reducing Educator Burnout in Nursing Faculty.
  • Telehealth Education for Nursing Students: Preparing for the Future of Healthcare.
  • Ethics Education in Nursing Curricula: Shaping Ethical Decision-Making.
  • The Use of Standardized Patients in Nursing Education: Improving Communication Skills.
  • Resilience Training for Nursing Students: Enhancing Coping Skills.
  • Incorporating Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing Education: Bridging the Research-Practice Gap.
  • Tele-ICU Training for Critical Care Nursing Students: Preparing for High-Acuity Settings.
  • Faculty-Student Interaction in Online Nursing Programs: Impact on Satisfaction and Retention.
  • Mentorship Programs in Nursing Education: Supporting Professional Growth and Development.
  • Diversity and Inclusion Initiatives in Nursing Curricula: Fostering Cultural Competence.

Nursing Research Questions on Nursing Education Challenges

  • What are the key factors that influence the effectiveness of virtual reality simulation in nursing education?
  • How does cultural competence training impact nursing students’ ability to provide culturally sensitive care?
  • What teaching strategies are most effective in reducing educator burnout in nursing faculty?
  • How can technology-enhanced teaching methods improve nursing faculty’s instructional effectiveness?
  • What is the role of standardized patients in enhancing nursing students’ communication skills?
  • How does interprofessional education influence collaborative practice among nursing and medical students?
  • What is the impact of peer mentoring programs on new nursing students’ transition to clinical practice?
  • How does the use of gamification affect student engagement and learning outcomes in nursing education?
  • What are the outcomes of resilience training programs for nursing students in terms of stress management and well-being?
  • How does telehealth education prepare nursing students for telehealth practice in different healthcare settings?
  • What ethical dilemmas do nursing students encounter, and how does ethics education influence their decision-making?
  • What are the advantages of flipped classrooms in promoting critical thinking and active learning among nursing students?
  • How do increased clinical hours affect nursing students’ clinical competence and confidence?
  • What is the impact of faculty-student interaction in online nursing programs on student satisfaction and retention?
  • How do mentorship programs benefit nursing faculty in terms of professional development and retention?
  • What is the relationship between evidence-based practice principles in nursing education and students’ research utilization in clinical practice?
  • How does the use of debriefing techniques in simulation-based learning influence students’ reflective practice and critical thinking?
  • What strategies can effectively address diversity and inclusion in nursing curricula to enhance cultural competence?
  • What are the outcomes of implementing tele-ICU training for critical care nursing students in terms of preparedness for high-acuity settings?
  • How do simulation-based leadership development programs impact nursing students’ leadership skills?

You can also check out Nurse-Patient Ratios Nursing Research Paper Topics Ideas

Nursing Essay Topic Ideas about Nursing Education Challenges

  • The Role of Simulation-Based Education in Nursing: Advantages and Challenges.
  • Cultural Competence Training in Nursing Education: Necessity and Impact.
  • Faculty Development in Nursing: Strategies for Meeting Modern Education Demands.
  • The Evolution of Technology in Nursing Education: Current Trends and Future Prospects.
  • Interprofessional Education: Fostering Collaboration Among Healthcare Professionals.
  • Mindfulness Meditation for Nurse Educators: Combating Burnout and Enhancing Teaching.
  • Flipped Classrooms in Nursing Education: A Paradigm Shift in Learning.
  • Clinical Competency of Nursing Graduates: The Debate on Increased Clinical Hours.
  • Peer Mentoring Programs: Supporting New Nursing Students’ Transition to Clinical Practice.
  • Gamification in Nursing Education: Enhancing Engagement and Learning.
  • The Burnout Epidemic: Addressing Faculty Burnout in Nursing Schools.
  • Telehealth Education: Preparing Nursing Students for the Digital Age of Healthcare.
  • Ethics Education in Nursing Curricula: Shaping Ethical Nurses of Tomorrow.
  • The Impact of Standardized Patients on Nursing Students’ Communication Skills.
  • Resilience Training for Nursing Students: Coping with Stress in the Healthcare Environment.
  • Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing Education: Bridging the Research-Practice Gap.
  • Debriefing in Simulation-Based Learning: Enhancing Reflective Practice and Critical Thinking.
  • Diversity and Inclusion Initiatives in Nursing Education: Fostering Cultural Competence.
  • The Flipped Classroom Experience: Student Perspectives and Outcomes.
  • Faculty-Student Interaction in Online Nursing Programs: A Catalyst for Success.
  • Mentorship Programs for Nursing Faculty: Nurturing Professional Growth.
  • The Impact of Increased Clinical Hours on Nursing Students’ Confidence and Competence.
  • Simulation-Based Leadership Development: Cultivating Nursing Leaders of Tomorrow.
  • Incorporating Mindfulness into Nursing Education: Promoting Well-Being and Resilience.
  • Addressing Ethical Challenges in Nursing Practice: The Role of Ethics Education.
  • Online Learning in Nursing Education: Advantages, Disadvantages, and Best Practices.
  • The Benefits of Interprofessional Education: A Collaborative Approach to Healthcare.
  • The Role of Technology in Enhancing Clinical Decision-Making Skills of Nursing Students.
  • Cultural Competence in Nursing: A Necessity for Quality Patient Care.

Nursing Education Research Paper Examples

  • Pros And Cons Of Mandatory Continuing Nursing Education 
  • Curriculum Development In Nursing Education 
  • Readiness as a DNP-Prepared Nurse Leader
  • Role of DNP Prepared Nurse as Project Manager
  • The Role of the DNP-Prepared Nurse Educator

Nursing education faces a multitude of challenges in preparing future nurses for the dynamic healthcare landscape. Addressing these challenges requires innovative approaches, evidence-based practices, and ongoing research efforts. The PICOT questions, EBP project ideas, capstone project ideas, research paper topics, research questions, and essay topic ideas presented in this article serve as a valuable resource for educators, researchers, and students in the field of nursing education. By focusing on these areas, we can advance nursing education, ultimately ensuring that nurses are well-equipped to provide the highest level of care to patients in an ever-evolving healthcare environment.

1. What is a critical challenge to nursing practice in the 21st century?

The National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice identifies the following critical challenges to nursing practice in the 21st century: A growing population of hospitalized patients who are older and more acutely ill and increasing health care costs.

2. What are the recent trends in nursing research?

Findings: Six themes reflecting the current trends in nursing research were extracted: (a) demographic alterations; (b) increasing diversities and globalization; (c) technology innovation; (d) individualized or personal care and population health initiatives; (e) health policies and regulations; 

3. What are the factors affecting nursing students?

Self-efficacy, gender, flipped learning education experience, learning satisfaction, age, and the analysis ability of the flipped learning class.

  • Billings, D. M., & Halstead, J. A. (2019). Teaching in nursing: A guide for faculty (6th ed.). Saunders.
  • Jeffries, P. R., & Rogers, K. J. (2020). Simulation in nursing education: From conceptualization to evaluation. National League for Nursing.
  • Bastable, S. B. (2019). Nurse as educator: Principles of teaching and learning for nursing practice (5th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
  • Harkreader, H., & Hogan, M. A. (2020). Fundamentals of nursing: Caring and clinical judgment (4th ed.). Elsevier.
  • Duchscher, J. E. B. (2019). Transition shock: The initial stage of role adaptation for newly graduated registered nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(5), 1103-1113.
  • Ironside, P. M., & McNelis, A. M. (2017). Clinical education in nursing: Current practices, dilemmas, and challenges. National League for

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  • DNP Capstone Project Proposal: Comprehensive Guide with 3 Examples

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nursing research sample essay

Get science-backed answers as you write with Paperpal's Research feature

How to Write an Abstract in Research Papers (with Examples)

How to write an abstract

An abstract in research papers is a keyword-rich summary usually not exceeding 200-350 words. It can be considered the “face” of research papers because it creates an initial impression on the readers. While searching databases (such as PubMed) for research papers, a title is usually the first selection criterion for readers. If the title matches their search criteria, then the readers read the abstract, which sets the tone of the paper. Titles and abstracts are often the only freely available parts of research papers on journal websites. The pdf versions of full articles need to be purchased. Journal reviewers are often provided with only the title and abstract before they agree to review the complete paper. [ 1]  

Abstracts in research papers provide readers with a quick insight into what the paper is about to help them decide whether they want to read it further or not. Abstracts are the main selling points of articles and therefore should be carefully drafted, accurately highlighting the important aspects. [ 2]  

This article will help you identify the important components and provide tips on how to write an abstract in research papers effectively

What is an Abstract?  

An abstract in research papers can be defined as a synopsis of the paper. It should be clear, direct, self-contained, specific, unbiased, and concise. These summaries are published along with the complete research paper and are also submitted to conferences for consideration for presentation.  

Abstracts are of four types and journals can follow any of these formats: [ 2]  

  • Structured  
  • Unstructured  
  • Descriptive  
  • Informative  

Structured abstracts are used by most journals because they are more organized and have clear sections, usually including introduction/background; objective; design, settings, and participants (or materials and methods); outcomes and measures; results; and conclusion. These headings may differ based on the journal or the type of paper. Clinical trial abstracts should include the essential items mentioned in the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials) guidelines.  

nursing research sample essay

Figure 1. Structured abstract example [3] 

Unstructured abstracts are common in social science, humanities, and physical science journals. They usually have one paragraph and no specific structure or subheadings. These abstracts are commonly used for research papers that don’t report original work and therefore have a more flexible and narrative style.  

nursing research sample essay

Figure 2. Unstructured abstract example [3] 

Descriptive abstracts are short (75–150 words) and provide an outline with only the most important points of research papers. They are used for shorter articles such as case reports, reviews, and opinions where space is at a premium, and rarely for original investigations. These abstracts don’t present the results but mainly list the topics covered.  

Here’s a sample abstract . [ 4]  

“Design of a Radio-Based System for Distribution Automation”  

A new survey by the Maryland Public Utilities Commission suggests that utilities have not effectively explained to consumers the benefits of smart meters. The two-year study of 86,000 consumers concludes that the long-term benefits of smart meters will not be realized until consumers understand the benefits of shifting some of their power usage to off-peak hours in response to the data they receive from their meters. The study presents recommendations for utilities and municipal governments to improve customer understanding of how to use the smart meters effectively.  

Keywords: smart meters, distribution systems, load, customer attitudes, power consumption, utilities  

Informative abstracts (structured or unstructured) give a complete detailed summary, including the main results, of the research paper and may or may not have subsections.   

nursing research sample essay

Figure 3. Informative abstract example [5] 

Purpose of Abstracts in Research    

Abstracts in research have two main purposes—selection and indexing. [ 6,7]  

  • Selection : Abstracts allow interested readers to quickly decide the relevance of a paper to gauge if they should read it completely.   
  • Indexing : Most academic journal databases accessed through libraries enable you to search abstracts, allowing for quick retrieval of relevant articles and avoiding unnecessary search results. Therefore, abstracts must necessarily include the keywords that researchers may use to search for articles.  

Thus, a well-written, keyword-rich abstract can p ique readers’ interest and curiosity and help them decide whether they want to read the complete paper. It can also direct readers to articles of potential clinical and research interest during an online search.  

nursing research sample essay

Contents of Abstracts in Research  

Abstracts in research papers summarize the main points of an article and are broadly categorized into four or five sections. Here are some details on how to write an abstract .   

Introduction/Background and/or Objectives  

This section should provide the following information:  

  • What is already known about the subject?  
  • What is not known about the subject or what does the study aim to investigate?  

The hypothesis or research question and objectives should be mentioned here. The Background sets the context for the rest of the paper and its length should be short so that the word count could be saved for the Results or other information directly pertaining to the study. The objective should be written in present or past simple tense.  


The antidepressant efficacy of desvenlafaxine (DV) has been established in 8-week, randomized controlled trials. The present study examined the continued efficacy of DV across 6 months of maintenance treatment . [ 1]  

Objective: To describe gastric and breast cancer risk estimates for individuals with CDH1 variants.  

Design, Setting, and Participants (or Materials and Methods)  

This section should provide information on the processes used and should be written in past simple tense because the process is already completed.  

A few important questions to be answered include:  

  • What was the research design and setting?  
  • What was the sample size and how were the participants sampled?  
  • What treatments did the participants receive?  
  • What were the data collection and data analysis dates?  
  • What was the primary outcome measure?  

Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated for each cancer type and used to calculate cumulative risks and risks per decade of life up to age 80 years.  

nursing research sample essay

This section, written in either present or past simple tense, should be the longest and should describe the main findings of the study. Here’s an example of how descriptive the sentences should be:  

Avoid: Response rates differed significantly between diabetic and nondiabetic patients.  

Better: The response rate was higher in nondiabetic than in diabetic patients (49% vs 30%, respectively; P<0.01).  

This section should include the following information:  

  • Total number of patients (included, excluded [exclusion criteria])  
  • Primary and secondary outcomes, expressed in words, and supported by numerical data  
  • Data on adverse outcomes  

Example: [ 8]  

In total, 10.9% of students were reported to have favorable study skills. The minimum score was found for preparation for examination domain. Also, a significantly positive correlation was observed between students’ study skills and their Grade Point Average (GPA) of previous term (P=0.001, r=0.269) and satisfaction with study skills (P=0.001, r=0.493).  


Here, authors should mention the importance of their findings and also the practical and theoretical implications, which would benefit readers referring to this paper for their own research. Present simple tense should be used here.  

Examples: [ 1,8]  

The 9.3% prevalence of bipolar spectrum disorders in students at an arts university is substantially higher than general population estimates. These findings strengthen the oft-expressed hypothesis linking creativity with affective psychopathology.  

The findings indicated that students’ study skills need to be improved. Given the significant relationship between study skills and GPA, as an index of academic achievement, and satisfaction, it is necessary to promote the students’ study skills. These skills are suggested to be reinforced, with more emphasis on weaker domains.  

nursing research sample essay

When to Write an Abstract  

In addition to knowing how to write an abstract , you should also know when to write an abstract . It’s best to write abstracts once the paper is completed because this would make it easier for authors to extract relevant parts from every section.  

Abstracts are usually required for: [ 7]    

  • submitting articles to journals  
  • applying for research grants   
  • writing book proposals  
  • completing and submitting dissertations  
  • submitting proposals for conference papers  

Mostly, the author of the entire work writes the abstract (the first author, in works with multiple authors). However, there are professional abstracting services that hire writers to draft abstracts of other people’s work.   

How to Write an Abstract (Step-by-Step Process)  

Here are some key steps on how to write an abstract in research papers: [ 9]  

  • Write the abstract after you’ve finished writing your paper.  
  • Select the major objectives/hypotheses and conclusions from your Introduction and Conclusion sections.  
  • Select key sentences from your Methods section.  
  • Identify the major results from the Results section.  
  • Paraphrase or re-write the sentences selected in steps 2, 3, and 4 in your own words into one or two paragraphs in the following sequence: Introduction/Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. The headings may differ among journals, but the content remains the same.  
  • Ensure that this draft does not contain: a.   new information that is not present in the paper b.   undefined abbreviations c.   a discussion of previous literature or reference citations d.   unnecessary details about the methods used  
  • Remove all extra information and connect your sentences to ensure that the information flows well, preferably in the following order: purpose; basic study design, methodology and techniques used; major findings; summary of your interpretations, conclusions, and implications. Use section headings for structured abstracts.  
  • Ensure consistency between the information presented in the abstract and the paper.  
  • Check to see if the final abstract meets the guidelines of the target journal (word limit, type of abstract, recommended subheadings, etc.) and if all the required information has been included.  

Choosing Keywords for Abstracts  

Keywords [ 2] are the important and repeatedly used words and phrases in research papers and can help indexers and search engines find papers relevant to your requirements. Easy retrieval would help in reaching a wider audience and eventually gain more citations. In the fields of medicine and health, keywords should preferably be chosen from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of the US National Library of Medicine because they are used for indexing. These keywords need to be different from the words in the main title (automatically used for indexing) but can be variants of the terms/phrases used in the title, abstract, and the main text. Keywords should represent the content of your manuscript and be specific to your subject area.  

Basic tips for authors [ 10,11]  

  • Read through your paper and highlight key terms or phrases that are most relevant and frequently used in your field, to ensure familiarity.  
  • Several journals provide instructions about the length (eg, 3 words in a keyword) and maximum number of keywords allowed and other related rules. Create a list of keywords based on these instructions and include specific phrases containing 2 to 4 words. A longer string of words would yield generic results irrelevant to your field.  
  • Use abbreviations, acronyms, and initializations if these would be more familiar.  
  • Search with your keywords to ensure the results fit with your article and assess how helpful they would be to readers.  
  • Narrow down your keywords to about five to ten, to ensure accuracy.  
  • Finalize your list based on the maximum number allowed.  

  Few examples: [ 12]  

Direct observation of nonlinear optics in an isolated carbon nanotube  molecule, optics, lasers, energy lifetime  single-molecule interaction, Kerr effect, carbon nanotube, energy level 
Region-specific neuronal degeneration after okadaic acid administration  neuron, brain, regional-specific neuronal degeneration, signaling  neurodegenerative diseases; CA1 region, hippocampal; okadaic acid; neurotoxins; MAP kinase signaling system; cell death 
Increases in levels of sediment transport at former glacial-interglacial transitions  climate change, erosion, plant effects  quaternary climate change, soil erosion, bioturbation 

Important Tips for Writing an Abstract  

Here are a few tips on how to write an abstract to ensure that your abstract is complete, concise, and accurate. [ 1,2]  

  • Write the abstract last.  
  • Follow journal-specific formatting guidelines or Instructions to Authors strictly to ensure acceptance for publication.  
  • Proofread the final draft meticulously to avoid grammatical or typographical errors.  
  • Ensure that the terms or data mentioned in the abstract are consistent with the main text.  
  • Include appropriate keywords at the end.

Do not include:  

  • New information  
  • Text citations to references  
  • Citations to tables and figures  
  • Generic statements  
  • Abbreviations unless necessary, like a trial or study name  

nursing research sample essay

Key Takeaways    

Here’s a quick snapshot of all the important aspects of how to write an abstract . [2]

  • An abstract in research is a summary of the paper and describes only the main aspects. Typically, abstracts are about 200-350 words long.  
  • Abstracts are of four types—structured, unstructured, descriptive, and informative.  
  • Abstracts should be simple, clear, concise, independent, and unbiased (present both favorable and adverse outcomes).  
  • They should adhere to the prescribed journal format, including word limits, section headings, number of keywords, fonts used, etc.  
  • The terminology should be consistent with the main text.   
  • Although the section heading names may differ for journals, every abstract should include a background and objective, analysis methods, primary results, and conclusions.  
  • Nonstandard abbreviations, references, and URLs shouldn’t be included.  
  • Only relevant and specific keywords should be used to ensure focused searches and higher citation frequency.  
  • Abstracts should be written last after completing the main paper.  

Frequently Asked Questions   

Q1. Do all journals have different guidelines for abstracts?  

A1. Yes, all journals have their own specific guidelines for writing abstracts; a few examples are given in the following table. [ 6,13,14,15]  

American Psychological Association           
American Society for Microbiology     
The Lancet     
Journal of the American Medical Association               

Q2. What are the common mistakes to avoid when writing an abstract?  

A2. Listed below are a few mistakes that authors may make inadvertently while writing abstracts.  

  • Copying sentences from the paper verbatim  

An abstract is a summary, which should be created by paraphrasing your own work or writing in your own words. Extracting sentences from every section and combining them into one paragraph cannot be considered summarizing.  

  • Not adhering to the formatting guidelines  

Journals have special instructions for writing abstracts, such as word limits and section headings. These should be followed strictly to avoid rejections.  

  • Not including the right amount of details in every section  

Both too little and too much information could discourage readers. For instance, if the Background has very little information, the readers may not get sufficient context to appreciate your research. Similarly, incomplete information in the Methods and a text-heavy Results section without supporting numerical data may affect the credibility of your research.  

  • Including citations, standard abbreviations, and detailed measurements  

Typically, abstracts shouldn’t include these elements—citations, URLs, and abbreviations. Only nonstandard abbreviations are allowed or those that would be more familiar to readers than the expansions.  

  • Including new information  

Abstracts should strictly include only the same information mentioned in the main text. Any new information should first be added to the text and then to the abstract only if necessary or if permitted by the word limit.  

  • Not including keywords  

Keywords are essential for indexing and searching and should be included to increase the frequency of retrieval and citation.  

Q3. What is the difference between abstracts in research papers and conference abstracts? [16]  

A3. The table summarizes the main differences between research and conference abstracts.  

Context  Concise summary of ongoing or completed research presented at conferences  Summary of full research paper published in a journal 
Length  Shorter (150-250 words)   Longer (150-350 words) 
Audience  Diverse conference attendees (both experts & people with general interest)  People or other researchers specifically interested in the subject 
Focus  Intended to quickly attract interest; provides just enough information to highlight the significance, objectives, and impact; may briefly state methods and results  Deeper insight into the study; more detailed sections on methodology, results, and broader implications 
Publication venue  Not published independently but included in conference schedules, booklets, etc.  Published with the full research paper in academic journals, conference proceedings, research databases, etc. 
Citations  Allowed  Not allowed 

  Thus, abstracts are essential “trailers” that can market your research to a wide audience. The better and more complete the abstract the more are the chances of your paper being read and cited. By following our checklist and ensuring that all key elements are included, you can create a well-structured abstract that summarizes your paper accurately.  


  • Andrade C. How to write a good abstract for a scientific paper or conference presentation. Indian J Psychiatry . 2011; 53(2):172-175. Accessed June 14, 2024. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3136027/  
  • Tullu MS. Writing the title and abstract for a research paper: Being concise, precise, and meticulous is the key. 2019; 13(Suppl 1): S12-S17. Accessed June 14, 2024. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398294/  
  • Zawia J. Writing an Academic Paper? Get to know Abstracts vs. Structured Abstracts. Medium. Published October 16, 2023. Accessed June 16, 2024. https://medium.com/@jamala.zawia/writing-an-academic-paper-get-to-know-abstracts-vs-structured-abstracts-11ed86888367  
  • Markel M and Selber S. Technical Communication, 12 th edition. 2018; pp. 482. Bedford/St Martin’s.  
  • Abstracts. Arkansas State University. Accessed June 17, 2024. https://www.astate.edu/a/global-initiatives/online/a-state-online-services/online-writing-center/resources/How%20to%20Write%20an%20Abstract1.pdf  
  • AMA Manual of Style. 11 th edition. Oxford University Press.  
  • Writing an Abstract. The University of Melbourne. Accessed June 16, 2024. https://services.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/471274/Writing_an_Abstract_Update_051112.pdf  
  • 10 Good Abstract Examples that will Kickstart Your Brain. Kibin Essay Writing Blog. Published April 5, 2017. Accessed June 17, 2024. https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/10-good-abstract-examples/  
  • A 10-step guide to make your research paper abstract more effective. Editage Insights. Published October 16, 2013. Accessed June 17, 2024. https://www.editage.com/insights/a-10-step-guide-to-make-your-research-paper-abstract-more-effective  
  • Using keywords to write your title and abstract. Taylor & Francis Author Services. Accessed June 15, 2024. https://authorservices.taylorandfrancis.com/publishing-your-research/writing-your-paper/using-keywords-to-write-title-and-abstract/  
  • How to choose and use keywords in research papers. Paperpal by Editage blog. Published March 10, 2023. Accessed June 17, 2024. https://paperpal.com/blog/researcher-resources/phd-pointers/how-to-choose-and-use-keywords-in-research-papers  
  • Title, abstract and keywords. Springer. Accessed June 16, 2024. https://www.springer.com/it/authors-editors/authorandreviewertutorials/writing-a-journal-manuscript/title-abstract-and-keywords/10285522  
  • Abstract and keywords guide. APA Style, 7 th edition. Accessed June 18, 2024. https://apastyle.apa.org/instructional-aids/abstract-keywords-guide.pdf  
  • Abstract guidelines. American Society for Microbiology. Accessed June 18, 2024. https://asm.org/events/asm-microbe/present/abstract-guidelines  
  • Guidelines for conference abstracts. The Lancet. Accessed June 16, 2024. https://www.thelancet.com/pb/assets/raw/Lancet/pdfs/Abstract_Guidelines_2013.pdf  
  • Is a conference abstract the same as a paper abstract? Global Conference Alliance, Inc. Accessed June 18, 2024. https://globalconference.ca/is-a-conference-abstract-the-same-as-a-paper-abstract/  

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  • Open access
  • Published: 28 June 2024

The role of Empathy in the relationship between emotional support and caring behavior towards patients among intern nursing students

  • Mohamed Hussein Ramadan Atta   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-5518-0892 1 , 2 ,
  • Heba Abdel-Hamid Hammad 3 &
  • Nadia Waheed Elzohairy 3  

BMC Nursing volume  23 , Article number:  443 ( 2024 ) Cite this article

259 Accesses

Metrics details

The empathic relationship between nursing students and patients allows them to understand and address caring behavior for patients. Appropriate emotional support equips them to overcome the complexities and difficulties inherent in patient care. This support cultivates resilience and self-awareness, enabling students to manage their emotions effectively and establish meaningful connections and caring with their patients.

To investigate the role of empathy in the association between emotional support and caring behavior toward patients among intern nursing students at Alexandria and Damanhur University.

The study subjects were 200 intern nursing students in their internship years of 2022–2023, randomly selected from an equal sample size from Alexandria and Damanhur University, Egypt.

A questionnaire of social information& academics from students, the Toronto Empathy Questionnaire, the Caring Dimension Inventory, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support are used to collect participants’ data.

Empathy was associated with caring behavior and emotional support among nursing students ( P  < 0.001), and higher levels of empathy indicated increased levels of caring behavior and emotional support. The caring behavior significantly increased when intern nursing students received more emotional support and among those who were not working in private hospitals ( p  < 0.001,& p  = 0.023 respectively). Empathy acts as a mediating role in the relationship between emotional support and caring behavior.


Implementing strategies to assist interns in navigating challenges and promoting a culture of support can facilitate the cultivation of caring behaviors. Shedding light on the interconnectedness of empathy, emotional support, and caring behavior can inform the design of interventions to strengthen empathy as a pathway to improving patient outcomes.

Empathy is a mediating factor in the relationship between emotional support and caring behavior. This suggests that interventions promoting empathy may serve as a pathway to enhancing caring behavior among nursing students and strategies for improving patient care outcomes by strengthening empathy skills among healthcare professionals.

Peer Review reports


Internship experience offers nursing students a valuable opportunity to enhance their professional development by gaining practical experience in a field that aligns with their academic pursuits or desired careers. In nursing, intern students play a significant role in delivering high-quality patient care [ 1 , 2 ]. In Egypt, intern nursing students are vital to the healthcare system as they provide patient care under the supervision of experienced nurses and clinical instructors. Their responsibilities include indispensable assisting with patient assessment, administering medications, monitoring vital signs, and providing essential care such as bathing and feeding. Additionally, nursing interns are crucial in patient education, offering information on health promotion and disease prevention [ 3 , 4 ].

Furthermore, intern nursing students in Egypt are essential members of the healthcare workforce, especially in University hospitals. They also have an invaluable impact on patient outcomes. As new entrants in the care field, intern nursing students should possess empathy and demonstrate caring behavior towards their patients. These factors greatly influence patients’ well-being and health outcomes [ 5 , 6 ]. Moreover, intern nursing students will be able to gradually improve their caring behavior and empathy toward patients by receiving emotional support from others [ 1 , 7 ]. Intern nursing students who receive emotional support and exhibit empathy are more likely to engage in caring behaviors. This enhances care quality, patient satisfaction, and improved health outcomes [ 8 , 9 ]. Nursing students can receive emotional support within a social context, be it from family, friends, or significant others, and form a crucial web of connections that sustains and nurtures individual well-being. Each relationship contributes a unique blend of understanding, empathy, and encouragement, creating a tapestry of support that strengthens the fabric of one’s emotional resilience. Significant others as clinical educators, their role extends beyond imparting clinical knowledge; they become trusted allies who understand the unique challenges of nursing education and offer empathetic support, fostering a sense of belonging and confidence in the student’s ability to navigate the complexities of their chosen profession [ 10 , 11 ].

Empathy stands out as an essential trait and a valuable asset to be possessed by graduate nurses. It is identified as the ability to comprehend and share the feelings of others. According to the American Nurses Association (2021), empathy is entering into, being sensitive to, and understanding another person’s feelings, thoughts, and experiences without having those feelings, thoughts, and experiences of oneself [ 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 ]. An empathic nurse can help establish a strong rapport with her patient, understand his unique needs and circumstances, and provide compassionate care. Empathizing with the patients can provide more personalized care and support, leading to better patient health outcomes and improved patient satisfaction [ 1 , 8 , 13 ].

In addition, empathy can also help intern nursing students manage their own emotions and cope with the stress and challenges of their profession, which in turn helps them provide emotional support to their patients. Empathy is critical for nurses to enhance the quality of care and strengthen the nurse-patient relationship [ 16 , 17 ]. In this respect, Korkmaz Doğdu et al. (2022) conducted a correlational study on nursing students’ empathy levels and caring behavior perceptions. This research reveals the significant influence of a student’s development on their empathy and caring behaviors. As students progress in their educational levels, there is a corresponding increase in both empathy and caring behaviors. It has been established that maintaining empathetic understanding and possessing practical communication skills positively contribute to caring behaviors. This study distinctly emphasizes the crucial role of nurturing ontological caring competencies in the development of nursing students [ 18 ].

Emotional support is of utmost importance for the well-being of nurses, particularly intern students, who often face high levels of stress and emotional exhaustion due to the demands of their professional careers. According to Kort-Butler (2017), emotional support perception is a term rooted in the broader concept of social support, encompassing receiving care, consideration, empathy, affection, and trust (19). Emotional support is crucial to address these challenges and promote mental health and job satisfaction. Recognizing and offering emotional support to nurses is essential, as it can significantly enhance their job performance and overall well-being. Creating a therapeutic environment through emotional support facilitates self-healing and promotes well-being. Intern nursing students may receive support from their families, colleagues, and academic supervisors. Previous research demonstrated that emotional support from colleagues and supervisors is a crucial predictor of new nurses’ job satisfaction, intention to remain in their profession, and ability to deliver compassionate care to their patients [ 11 , 19 , 20 , 21 ].

A study by Zhou et al., 2022 found an association between perceived emotional support and psychological well-being among nursing students. This is clarified through the mediating factors of self-compassion and professional self-concept. A positive association between heightened self-compassion and a more favorable professional self-concept is noted. This suggests that perceived emotional support can foster self-compassion and a positive professional self-concept, enhancing psychological well-being. These findings emphasize the need for emotional support to improve nursing students’ assets and improve nursing care [ 22 ].

Caring behavior is a fundamental aspect of nursing care, including actions and attitudes that demonstrate compassion, empathy, and respect toward patients and their families. The International Council of Nurses (2012) defines caring as the “essence of nursing,” emphasizing establishing therapeutic relationships that acknowledge individual patient needs and promote well-being. Caring behaviors manifest in various forms, including providing emotional support, administering medications, and advocating for patients’ rights and preferences [ 9 , 23 , 24 ].

Furthermore, caring behavior plays a critical role in patient-centered care. It prioritizes involving patients and their families in the care process and delivering personalized care tailored to their needs and circumstances. When intern nursing students exhibit caring behaviors, they enhance the quality of care and foster a nurturing environment that supports patients’ recovery and well-being. In summary, caring behavior improves patient outcomes and is vital to nursing care. The nurse’s perception of emotional support and empathy can influence patient caring behavior [ 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 ].

Despite the existing knowledge on empathy, emotional support, and caring behavior, a paucity of research explicitly articulates the intricate interplay between these variables, especially in the context of intern nursing students. Few studies may have explored empathy as a mediator between emotional support and caring behavior. Yet, the unique challenges and dynamics faced by intern nursing students during their training were not addressed [ 16 , 19 , 26 , 27 , 28 ].

In the context of intern nursing students, it is hypothesized that the emotional support they receive may influence their empathy towards patients, affecting their caring behavior. When nursing students receive emotional support from their educators, mentors, or peers, they may develop a greater capacity for empathy toward patients. Through guidance, encouragement, and constructive feedback, clinical educators and staff help alleviate the stress and anxiety often associated with rigorous training. This enhanced empathy can translate into more caring and compassionate behaviors when interacting with patients. Understanding the role of empathy in this relationship is crucial for nursing education and practice. By recognizing the impact of emotional support on empathy and subsequent caring behavior, educators and mentors can emphasize the importance of creating a supportive learning environment that nurtures empathy development in nursing students. This, in turn, can contribute to cultivating a caring and empathetic healthcare workforce that prioritizes patient well-being and satisfaction [ 1 , 2 , 28 ]. Therefore, this study aims to identify the role of empathy in the relationship between the perception of emotional support and caring behavior toward patients among intern nursing students.

The study objectives are to

Investigate how empathy plays a role in shaping the relationship between emotional support and caring behavior among intern nursing students.

Investigate the direction of correlation between empathy, emotional support, and caring behavior among intern nursing students.

Assess whether empathy mediates the association between emotional support and caring behavior in intern nursing students.

Study questions

How Does Empathy Influence the Relationship Between Emotional Support and Caring Behavior among Intern Nursing Students?

Investigate the degree to which empathy enhances or mediates the connection between emotional support from nursing students and the subsequent demonstration of caring behavior towards patients.

What factors impact the caring behavior of intern nursing students?

Methodology and materials

Study design.

The present study employed a descriptive correlational design.

Setting &participants

The research was conducted at Alexandria and Damanhur University’s College of Nursing. A total of 450 and 400 nursing students were in their internship years of 2022–2023 at Alexandria and Damanhur University, respectively.

The G*Power Windows software is employed for determining the sample size required for a study, explicitly using calculations based on F tests in the context of linear multiple regression with a fixed model and the R² deviation from zero. The analysis is a priori, aiming to compute the necessary sample size. In this case, the input parameters include an effect size of f² = 0.15, an alpha error probability (α) of 0.05, and a desired statistical power (1-β error probability) of 0.95. The analysis involves 10 predictors. The output from the program provides the noncentrality parameter (λ) as 25.8000000, the critical F value as 1.8899310, numerator degrees of freedom as 10, denominator degrees of freedom as 161, and the total sample size required for the study is calculated to be 195. The initial sample size was calculated as 206 intern nurses, but to account for potential attrition, the researchers opted to recruit a slightly larger sample, targeting 206 students.

The eligibility criteria for this study required participants to be novice intern nurses commencing their duties in September 2022, shaving completed three months of patient care as empathy depends on many factors, including the length of contact. Also, intern students should display consistent attendance and be willing to engage in research activities. Additionally, exclusion criteria were students with psychological illness, irregular attendance, and those over 30 years old to maintain a more homogeneous age group within the sample. This decision helps control for potential variations in life experiences and personal responsibilities while minimizing potential influences from diverse academic experiences or prior professional roles that may differ between younger and older nursing students.

The sample selection process utilized a blind approach, incorporating a systematic randomized technique to identify participants from the overall pool of intern nurses. The steps involved were as follows:

A comprehensive list containing all nursing interns’ names and relevant data was compiled and digitized into a computer-generated randomization list program (450, 400 for Alexandria, and Damnhour).

This randomization program selected 206 intern students from this list through a random sampling to ensure fairness and minimize bias.

Each randomly selected student was screened to identify those meeting the predetermined inclusion criteria and contacted to assess their willingness to participate.

Six nursing students declined to participate and didn’t match the inclusion criteria, leaving 200 intern students as the final sample size.

Participants were assigned to the Alexandria or Damanhur group (200), with an equal distribution of 100 students each for Alexandria and Damanhur University (Insert Figure: 1 ).

The data collection phase spanned two months, from the beginning of July 2023 to the end of August 2023, adhering to stringent guidelines to ensure the validity and reliability of the findings.

figure 1

Sample graph


This research utilized four distinct tools for data collection.

Tool I: The academic and social form survey comprised two sections. The first part gathered social information about the students, such as sex, age, place of residency, marital status, monthly expenses, and whether they had a job while studying. The other part gathered academic data, including the overall cumulative GPA and information about extracurricular activities.

Tool II: The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) by Spreng et al. (2009) for psychological assessment of an individual’s level of empathy. This scale captures cognitive empathy (the ability to understand others’ emotions) and affective empathy (the ability to share and experience others’ feelings). It consists of 16 items with 8 statements ( 2 , 4 , 7 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 14 , and 15 ) from the scale that are negatively stated and reversely scored. The responses to statements are rated on a five-point Likert scale that ranges from 0 (never) to 4 (always), with higher scores indicating greater levels of empathy [ 29 ]. Xu et al. (2020) found this tool valid and reliable among medical students [ 30 ]. Using the Pearson correlation coefficient in the current study, this tool proved to be trustworthy by test-retest (0.74).

Tool III: Caring Dimension Inventory (CDI) , developed by Watson & Lea (1997), consists of 25 items to measure different aspects of nursing caring behavior. Patient Responses were rated on a 5-point Likert scale, with higher scores indicating higher caring behavior [ 31 ]. The Caring Dimension Inventory is widely used among nursing students and has proven consistent with high reliability [ 32 , 33 ]. CDI was tested in the current study by test-retest and proved reliable (Pearson correlation coefficient = 0.8).

Tool IV: The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) is a widely used self-report questionnaire designed to assess how individuals perceive support in various aspects of their lives [ 34 ]. The MSPSS consists of 12 items that cover three subscales (family support, friend support, and significant other support), with each item rated on a 7-point Likert-type scale, ranging from 1 (very strongly disagree) to 7 (very strongly agree). Higher scores indicate higher levels of perceived social support from that source. The MSPSS has demonstrated good reliability and validity among nursing students [ 35 ]. In the present study, MSPSS proved valid and reliable by test-retest with a Pearson correlation coefficient 0.72.

The research received approval from the Alexandria Research Ethics Committee ( IRB:13,620 ). The study obtained further official authorization from the Vice Dean of Students’ Affairs at the Faculty of Nursing in Alexandria and Damanhur, Egypt, granting permission to conduct the research. The contact information of the nursing interns, including their academic email addresses and phone numbers, was obtained from the Internship Affairs unit of Alexandria and Damanhur University and kept confidential.

The researchers developed a tool following a thorough review of the existing literature. A panel of five experts assessed the TEQ, CDI, and MSPSS instruments for face validity and confirmed their validity. Tools II, III, and IV were assessed by conducting a test-retest reliability analysis on a subset of 20 nursing intern students. The results demonstrated high reliability for these instruments.

Before nursing students’ involvement in the study, all participants provided informed consent, with full knowledge that their participation was voluntary and they had the right to withdraw without facing any consequences. A pilot study evaluated the clarity, comprehensibility, and feasibility of the research tools. The findings indicated that the instruments were clear, understandable, and practical for the primary research study. It is important to note that the test-retest reliability assessment involving the intern nursing students and the pilot study were not included in the primary research analysis.

Each recruited subject was interviewed individually to establish rapport and apply tool I, followed by II, III, and IV. Twenty to thirty minutes were needed to complete the data. The collected data were inputted into a computer and analyzed using the IBM SPSS software package version 23.0.

VII. Statistical analysis

The normality of variable distributions was assessed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Group comparisons were conducted using the Chi-square test for categorical variables. When comparing more than two categories, the one-way ANOVA test was utilized. The Student t-test was employed to compare two categories of quantitative variables that followed a normal distribution. The Pearson coefficient was used to examine the correlation between customarily distributed quantitative variables. Linear regression was assessed to detect factors that affect the Caring Dimension Inventory. Path analysis was evaluated using AMOS 23. 0 software to detect H’s direct and indirect effects. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support on the Caring Dimension Inventory with the Toronto Empathy Questionnaire as a mediator.

Socio-demographic characteristics and relations with study variables

Table 1 presents participants’ social and academic data and differences in mean regarding empathy, caring behavior, and emotional support. It was observed that more than half of the participants were males. Regarding their age, approximately two-thirds of the participants fell within the age range of 23 to less than 25 years, with total Mean (SD) = 23.76 (3.6).

Table 1 also indicates a statistically significant relation between sex, age, residence, marital status, monthly expense, and private work and the mean of empathy ( p  < 0.001, p  = 0.004, p  < 0.001, p  = 0.035, p  = 0.025, and p  < 0.001, respectively). Regarding caring behavior, a statistically significant relationship was observed with sex, age, monthly expense, and private work ( p  < 0.001, p  = 0.049, p  = 0.013, and p  = 0.005, respectively). Finally, a statistically significant relationship was observed between sex, age, monthly expense, and private work about the mean of emotional support ( p  < 0.001, p  = 0.003, p  = 0.001, p  < 0.001, & p  < 0.001, respectively).

Table 2 shows participants’ academic characteristics and differences in mean regarding empathy, caring behavior, and emotional support. It was observed that intern nursing students affiliated with Alexandria University had a higher mean of empathy, caring behavior, and emotional support than those affiliated with Damanhur University. Participants’ affiliation revealed significant variations in caring behavior and emotional support ( p  < 0.001), while an insignificant relationship was noted between empathy and participants’ affiliation ( p  = 0.171). The results show that students who didn’t participate in social or academic activities had the highest mean of empathy, caring behavior, and emotional support, with a statistically significant difference ( p  = 0.001, p  = 0.021& p  < 0.001respectively. The table also illustrates that the studied students who obtained excellent or very good grades had the highest mean of empathy, caring behavior, and emotional support, with a statistically significant difference ( p  < 0.001).

Study measures and correlations

Table 3 reveals the association between empathy, caring behavior, and emotional support levels among the studied students. It can be noticed that a significant positive correlation was found between empathy, caring behavior, and emotional support ( P  < 0.001). This means that a high level of empathy indicates a higher level of caring behavior and emotional support.

Figure  2 ; Table  4 present the results of the standardized regression weights, standard error (SE), critical ratio (CR), and significance (p-value) for both the direct and indirect effects of emotional support on caring behavior mediated by empathy. These results were generated using SPSS-AMOS.

Regression analysis: predictors of caring behavior

Table  4 delineates the findings of a path analysis scrutinizing the direct and indirect effects of emotional support on caring behavior within the domain of intern nursing students, with empathy as a mediator. Significantly, a positive and statistically significant direct impact of emotional support on empathy is evident, underscoring the association between increased emotional support and heightened levels of empathy among intern nursing students. Moreover, a substantial direct effect of emotional support on caring behavior is highlighted, suggesting a strong link between augmented emotional support and intensified caring behavior towards patients during the internship.

However, while present, the indirect effect of empathy on caring behavior is quantitatively limited and lacks statistical significance at the conventional level. The modest impact of empathy in mediating the relationship between emotional support and caring behavior suggests that other factors may contribute more substantially to the observed caring behavior among intern nursing students.

The model demonstrates a commendable fit to the data, supported by Comparative Fit Index (CFI) and Incremental Fit Index (IFI) values close to 1.000 and a reasonable Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA).

figure 2

The path analysis of the standardized coefficients assessed emotional support’s direct and indirect effects on caring behavior, with empathy mediating

Table  5 presents factors predicting caring behavior among the studied subjects using multiple linear regression analysis. It can be noticed that caring behavior significantly increased with the increased intern nursing students’ emotional support and among those who were not working in private hospitals ( p  < 0.001,& p  = 0.023 respectively) with a regression coefficient of 0.644. Other sociodemographic characteristics and empathy were not significant predictors of caring behavior in the model.

As nursing students progress through their training, they encounter challenging and emotionally charged situations, such as witnessing patients’ suffering and dealing with family and patients’ grief and loss. During these moments, the value of receiving emotional support from peers, family, mentors, and faculty members becomes immense. This support creates safe and empathetic opportunities for nursing students to process their emotions, manage stress, and preserve their well-being. Consequently, it cultivates resilience, compassion, and empathy, which help them develop stronger connections with patients [ 36 ].

Intern nursing students receiving emotional support tend to exhibit caring behaviors, such as active listening, comforting touch, effective communication, and personalized care. They comprehend the significance of addressing not just the physical needs of patients but also their emotional and psychological well-being. Integrating emotional support into their practice prepares nursing students to deliver holistic care, fostering a therapeutic environment for healing and recovery [ 37 , 38 ]. Therefore, this study explored the association between empathy, emotional support, and caring behavior among intern nursing students.

The study findings revealed a significant positive correlation between empathy and caring behavior. This may be because empathy is one dimension of caring behavior, so intern nursing students with higher levels of empathy are more likely to exhibit more remarkable care development, leading to increased accountability, ethical problem-solving, and overall growth in providing care. These findings align with previous studies emphasizing the link between nursing students’ caring behaviors and empathy [ 39 , 40 , 41 ].

The study also found a significant association between emotional support and caring behavior. This result is supported by linear regression analysis in the present study, which showed that emotional support is one predictor of caring behavior toward the patient. This suggests that providing emotional support from families, peers, or others creates a nurturing and supportive environment that fosters a sense of concern, understanding, and appreciation among nursing students. Therefore, they can address patients’ emotional needs, utilizing active listening, offering reassurance, establishing meaningful connections, promoting trust, and delivering patient-centered care. This, in turn, enhances their caring behavior towards patients [ 42 ].

Moreover, the present study’s results revealed a statistically significant correlation between emotional support and empathy among intern nursing students. This suggests that individuals receiving higher emotional support tend to empathize more with their patients. Empathetic individuals are more attuned to others’ emotional states, better able to recognize when emotional support is needed, and more likely to respond in a caring and compassionate manner, alleviating distress and promoting well-being. Empathy creates a sense of connectedness, fostering trust and openness in relationships (27.42).

Furthermore, empathy is crucial in the relationship between emotional support and caring behavior toward patients among intern nursing students. Emotional support received by nursing students can profoundly impact their empathetic abilities. When students feel supported and understood by their educators, family members, and peers, they are more likely to develop a heightened empathy toward patients. Korkmaz Doğdu et al. (2022) concluded that increasing empathy among nursing students catalyzes demonstrating caring behaviors during patient interactions [ 18 ]. The mediating role of empathy is significant because it bridges the gap between the emotional support received by nursing students and their subsequent caring behavior towards patients. It has been proven that health professionals with high levels of empathy operate more efficiently to fulfill their role in eliciting therapeutic change [ 27 ]. .

Concerning the current nursing students’ social data and their relation to empathy, the present study found that younger nursing interns demonstrated significantly higher mean empathy than older nursing interns. This may be attributed to the influence of social environments, social prejudices, stereotypes, and racial bias, which can reduce empathic responses [ 43 , 44 ]. Regarding sex differences, female nursing students exhibited a higher mean of empathy compared to their male peers. This finding is consistent with previous studies attributing higher female empathy levels to their perceived emotional sensitivity and societal gender role norms [ 42 , 43 , 44 ]. Additionally, marital status impacted empathy, with married nursing students demonstrating the highest mean score. This may be related to the role of mothers in providing care, love, and support to their spouses and children. According to the author, the conflicting results could be due to the low percentage of married students (25.2%) in this study, which has resulted in biased results. This result aligns with a previous study that reported married nursing interns scored higher in the empathic concern subscale than unmarried nursing interns. This means that married nursing interns felt more sympathy and caring for others than unmarried nursing interns [ 1 ].

The study examined the academic characteristics of the studied students and their relation to empathy. It revealed a statistically significant positive association between empathy and the grade point average (GPA) of intern nursing students. This suggests that empathy is a skill that can be cultivated through educational processes, and higher-achieving students tend to exhibit higher levels of empathy [ 45 , 46 , 47 , 48 ]. However, some studies have reported no significant changes in empathy levels across different GPA points among nursing interns [ 49 , 50 , 51 ].

The study also examined the mean of empathy, emotional support, and caring behavior among intern nursing students related to University affiliation. Nursing students affiliated with Alexandria University had a higher mean compared to those affiliated with Damanhur University. These differences may be attributed to variations in the development of these competencies within each nursing program. The absence of a unified nursing curriculum between the two Universities highlights the need for a national unified nursing curriculum and standardized nursing education to ensure the consistent development of empathy and caring behavior among nursing interns (51,52).

In conclusion, emotional support is a crucial attribute for intern nursing students. This support helps them alleviate stress, boost their self-confidence, and contribute to their overall well-being. As a result, they are more likely to demonstrate caring behavior towards their patients and colleagues, resulting in improved patient outcomes and satisfaction.

The study underscores the considerable importance of emotional support received from others and empathy in promoting caring behavior among intern nursing students. Our findings emphasize the critical need for empathy training within nursing curricula. By investing in programs that enhance students’ ability to empathize with patients, educators can nurture a more compassionate approach to care. Additionally, our results highlight the importance of providing emotional support to nursing students, particularly during internships. Creating a supportive environment where students feel valued can foster empathy development and ultimately enhance patient care. Moreover, the study underscores the significance of tailoring support for interns, especially those working in non-private hospitals. Implementing strategies to assist interns in navigating challenges and promoting a culture of support can facilitate the cultivation of caring behaviors. Lastly, understanding the mediating role of empathy sheds light on the interconnectedness of empathy, emotional support, and caring behavior. This insight can inform the design of interventions to strengthen empathy as a pathway to improving patient outcomes. Our study underscores the vital role of empathy and emotional support in nursing education and practice, urging healthcare institutions to prioritize these aspects to cultivate a workforce of compassionate and empathetic nurses.


The study focused on intern nursing students, which limits the generalization of the findings to other healthcare professionals or individuals in different stages of their nursing education. Further research with a more diverse sample is needed to validate the findings in various contexts. The research relies on self-reported data, which may be subject to social desirability bias or inaccuracies due to subjective interpretations. Future studies could incorporate additional objective measures or observational data to strengthen the validity of the findings.

Our study sheds light on the intricate dynamics between empathy, emotional support, and caring behavior among intern nursing students. The findings underscore the significant association between empathy, caring behavior, and emotional support, highlighting the pivotal role of empathy in fostering compassionate care. Significantly, higher levels of empathy were correlated with increased levels of caring behavior and emotional support, emphasizing the importance of nurturing empathy skills within nursing education and practice.

Furthermore, our results reveal the nuanced influence of emotional support on caring behavior, particularly among intern nursing students. The study demonstrates that providing emotional support is associated with enhanced caring behavior, especially in environments outside private hospitals. This underscores the need for tailored support systems to assist interns, particularly in non-private hospital settings, to foster a culture of empathy and compassion.

Moreover, our findings indicate that empathy is a mediating factor in the relationship between emotional support and caring behavior. This suggests that interventions promoting empathy may serve as a pathway to enhancing caring behavior among nursing students. Understanding the mediating role of empathy offers valuable insights into strategies for improving patient care outcomes by strengthening empathy skills among healthcare professionals.

Data availability

No, I don’t have any research data outside the submitted manuscript file.

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Mohamed Hussein Ramadan Atta: Selection problem, Methodology, Ethical approval seeking, data collection, collecting data of participants, writing-original draft, and editing. Heba Abdel-Hamid Hammad: theoretical framework, blind data selection of the study, discussing the main results, and writing-review. Nadia Waheed Elzohairy: proposal revision, and data statistical analysis, collecting data of the study, table comments, writing-original draft, and editing. The authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Atta, M., Hammad, HH. & Elzohairy, N. The role of Empathy in the relationship between emotional support and caring behavior towards patients among intern nursing students. BMC Nurs 23 , 443 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-024-02074-w

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nursing research sample essay

An Expedition of Exploration: Insights and Discoveries

This essay about the enduring human spirit of exploration traces its evolution from early expeditions for trade and resources to modern scientific and space missions. It highlights the motivations behind exploration its impact on human knowledge and the technological advancements that enable it. The essay also addresses the ethical considerations and challenges that accompany exploration emphasizing its significance across various fields including literature philosophy and the arts.

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Their trips not only connected remote continents but and cultural exchanges sparkled and founded foundations for globalization.

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However exploration is not without its challenges and ethical considerations. Environmental impact cultural sensitivity and the ethical treatment of indigenous communities are crucial factors that must be carefully navigated to ensure that exploration benefits humanity as a whole.

In conclusion exploration is a fundamental human endeavor that spans across disciplines and epochs. It fuels our curiosity drives innovation and expands the horizons of human knowledge. Whether venturing into uncharted territories or probing the mysteries of the cosmos exploration remains a testament to the enduring spirit of discovery that defines us as a species.

This essay has been crafted to provide a nuanced perspective on exploration weaving together historical insights with contemporary examples to illustrate its multifaceted nature. By celebrating the achievements of explorers past and present we acknowledge the profound impact of their endeavors on shaping our collective understanding of the world.


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