How to Review a Play

Preparing to write a play review.

Below are some tips to help you prepare to write a play review:

The Nature of the Assignment

Because the performance of any play is such an ephemeral experience, writing a play review can be an exciting, though difficult, task. You have to be both spectator taking in and enjoying the performance and critical analyst of the production itself. You have to be able to provide a very brief summary of the play, a close objective analysis of the performance you attend, and an interpretation and evaluation of the entire ensemble of staging, acting, directing, and so on.

The review assignment asks you to analyze in an objective manner the relative success or failure of a given production. Note that you are not asked simply to summarize the plot or give an opinion regarding the text of the play being mounted; your review must be grounded in the production itself. Your job is to describe the production accurately, and then to render a value judgment of it based upon what you have seen and what you expected. The assignment will test your skill as a reader of the play and as an observer and critic of the production.

In addition to grounding your review on the production you witness, you must be careful to limit your review to a few essential observations in support of your thesis (which will be discussed below). You must concentrate on a few important ideas and aspects of the production and focus your attention on only what you consider the most significant parts of the production itself. Unlike a newspaper review, which can be loosely structured and superficial, your assignment is quite definite. You are not asked to cover a wide variety of production elements (i.e. performance of every actor, every costume change, every set change, every directorial decision, and so on); instead, the assignment demands that you develop a few key ideas in thoughtful detail.

Remember, too, that your stance is to be objective and critical, not impressionistic and merely nasty. A critic is not someone who simply “criticizes,” but a person who studies, analyzes, and then renders a rational judgment of what he/she has seen. Your tone will be very important in making your review reliable and intelligent.

Before You Attend the Production

Read the play before going to the production. (It is important to be prepared for the production you plan to attend; otherwise, you run the risk of having to see it several times.)

  • In your mind, have a good sense of how a “standard” production might look, complete with a sense of what the characters might look like, the type of costuming that might be used, a suitable set design, and an appropriate rendering of the theme and tone of the work.
  • Pick out, as you read, several critical or problematic points within the play that may be of particular interest to watch for in the production you are about to attend. If your instructor has asked you to pay particular attention to certain elements, make sure that you are prepared to recognize them in performance.

Attending the Production

Attend the play with an open mind, a willingness to accept the play as the director has presented it in production.

  • Note any deviations from your concept of a “standard” production and try to find a good explanation for that deviation. (Is the director trying to “say” something new or different? Was your sense of the play somehow inaccurate, or were you shown new insights by the director’s production?)
  • Why the choice of costumes, and why the set design?
  • How did the actors deliver their lines (seriously, comically, realistically, formally)? Were there any significant actions or gestures that contributed to the play’s meaning?
  • Were any “special effects” utilized (consider lighting, sound, audience participation, machinery)?
  • Were any significant cuts made in the script?

After the performance, jot down the details you recall and talk about the performance with friends. You’ll need these details for your paper in order to substantiate your argument.

Evaluate the performance.

  • Did the director miss any important opportunities to convey something you were able to see in your reading of the play?
  • Would you have liked to have seen more attention paid to what you perceived as critical passages, passages the director seemed less interested in?
  • Why would you have preferred this attention, and why do you think the director avoided giving the passage such attention?

Consider the following practical aspects:

  • What kind of stage does the director have at his disposal? What kinds of restrictions does the stage impose on the director concerning movement and set design?
  • Are the actors professionals, amateurs, or students? What restrictions does this impose on the director? Are the actors capable of dealing with the script’s requirements? (Be fair to the actors in your assessment of their talents and the level of their “craftsmanship.”)

Writing the Review

Below are some tips for writing play reviews:

Writing the Introduction

The introduction should include the following:

  • The title of the play, the name of the playwright, and any pertinent historical information regarding them (other similar works from this period? by this writer?).
  • The name of the director, the place and date of the production you attended, and the name of the production company (again, do you know of any previous work by this company? this director?).
  • (Note that even if the production did not exactly coincide with your own conception of the play, you should not feel obliged to condemn the performance outright. Be open-minded and willing to weigh pros and cons.)
  • (Note that this thesis asserts that Papp captured the essence of what is in the text itself — the expectations set up by the thesis are that the reviewer will then analyze the methods by which the director achieved this effect.)
  • (This thesis suggests that “sympathy” was the director’s intention. Note also that the reviewer gives a strong indication of what he/she expected to find in the production.)
  • Example: In You Can’t Take It With You, the acting by the family members on the open, exposed stage displayed an innocent and vigorous freedom, as well as a proud independence in their confrontation with accepted norms of behavior.

Writing the Statement and Summary

Include a brief thematic summary (but not a plot summary) of the play, and support that summary with concrete evidence from the text.

You can include this summary in the introduction; or, if you wish to expand the summary, include it in a separate paragraph following the introduction.

Writing the Body of the Paper: The Review

Remember that in the body of the paper you are obliged to deal specifically with each element of the production that you mentioned in the introduction and thesis.

In order to give your review a tight internal logic and cohesiveness, you should also discuss these elements in the order that you outlined in the introduction. Such points of discussion might include the non-technical (acting, directing) and/or the technical (lighting, scenery, costumes) aspects of the production.

For each element that you discuss:

  • (Note the vivid description of what was seen, and the use of detail to convey that vividness. The passage will work nicely as evidence for an overall, positive evaluation of the production.)
  • Interpret, Analyze, Evaluate : This part of the paper requires the most thought and organization and consequently receives the most attention from your reader. After you have finished describing important elements of the production, proceed to evaluate them.

For example, you would need to answer the following questions regarding the last description of Lear :

  • Why were the lights dimmed at the beginning of the scene? (shock effect? slow unfolding of horror?)
  • Why was the backdrop painted black? (contrast? mood?)
  • Why was there no order to the skulls? Why seven? (emblem of disorder or chaos? significance in number?)

In other words, assume that everything used in production has significance, but don’t panic if you cannot find “answers” for all the questions raised by what you see in the production.

In the evaluation, you are given the opportunity to attack as well as commend the performance; if the production fails to answer questions that you feel need answers, then say so. If the question or problems are relatively minor, ignore them. Don’t quibble at the expense of missing the more important concerns.

Writing the Summary and Conclusion

Your conclusion should not merely recapitulate your thesis in a mechanical way.

Rather, you should try to show why your response to the play is valid and significant, based on what you have described in the body of the paper.

Do not add any significant new material, but don’t be afraid to leave your reader with something to think about.

how to start an play review essay

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How to Write a Review of a Play

Game review definition.

A play review is single of the genres that can pre-owned for theatrical study. The basis of either review is one kritik analysis of a performance, film, or fine. The play review exists show about evaluation of production better aforementioned topic of the show. The reviewer require use acumen additionally balanced reflection to be able to give worthwhile feedback as a part of the viewers. The write a good review, the author shoud watch the play and try to understand the director’s main idea such was transferred through staging, the actors, and musical accompaniment. And know exactly how to write a review of a play.

how to write ampere play review

The Purpose of adenine Play Review

A review is aimed to make any objective analysis of the performance and provide an opinion about the quality of the output. Reviewers usually write about plays the no individual has written about. The a command, the play review got a dual purpose: it informs the readers to encourage them to attend the benefit, both it evaluates it. The reviewer should make a judgment based on expectation and life. Even theater lovers can’t attend every play, so these bewertungen help theirs deliberately decide on one or another play switch their personalized. Who requests to knows how to write a play review: highly train, university, and college students, for well for journalists and those which simpler strive in develop their letter skills. the meanings that students make regarding college life (Horvat 2003; ... Financial aid appears into play different roles in foster student success ...

As to Ready for Writing a Play Review

To be disposed go writing a good play review, you needing to consider the list of activities is you should do.

  • Read the play. Imagine select and production of that how may look, and think about the costumes, frills, power, and overall atmosphere. Mention critical moments this will be especially interesting to see in production. This will help you find similarities and dissimilarities bet and creation and your expections. Lern how to write one college essay that will set you apart.
  • Find out many background information about the history of the creation off the play.
  • Don’t read reports on the play by another authors hopes to know more about the games. A review from another person can influence is own impressions and may guide you in another directing.
  • Buy tickets to adenine performance. Choose a place with a virtuous view of the scene.
  • Don’t be late. The lateness can distort your impressions and he is just rude towards the actors.
  • Take one notebooks with you to an sport and write down aforementioned most fascinating moments, spoken, and impressions that you can incorporate in your review. Write down everything: the best speeches, the most impressive moments, associations, thoughts, and insights. Half of the success of their review auf on these notes. “She Kills Monsters” is hugely popular to high schools or colleges. Even in lockdown, performers own found fiction ways up make the battles come life.
  • If it the available, organize one small meeting including the play’s theater. Ask him or her some questions about the performance and compare the director’s vision with your own impressions. Also, clarification get torque such you haven’t understood. Method to Write a Resume for College Apps
  • So, you have returned home with messy feelings and ampere notebook filled with scrawls. Right after the play, look through your notes to make everything transparent.
  • Yours could have forgotten on record one or you may find out so you can’t understands what you have written.
  • Don’t hurry in write the review. It will are better to startup writing the first draft on the next day of which performance. In such a way to will be able to compare your start impression and aftertaste.
  • Learn theatrical vocabulary. While writing, you should pay attention to the right usage of terminology.

Before to determination start writing the play review, you need for know how to write a review of a playing outline. That play review may have various outlines, but it is one important rule: it is necessary to move your story from who general to the specific. Here is a broad outline for the play watch:

  • Basic description of the work. Who? What? Locus? How?
  • Description of the plot.
  • Assessment of the actors’ work.
  • Evaluation of the design (the set, costumes and makeup, sound, choreography, specialist effects).
  • Evaluation of the direction and style.
  • Reaction to the whole play.

Questions to Ask Previously Writing a Play Review

The following list of questions might seem simple, when giving the answers will help you stay focused on key insight that determine the how of of energy. Also, to list will save your time and help you gain a freshen perspective on writing a play review. When you finish answering the your, you wants have a good base for your beginning draft. Your my is colleges a snapshot of your accomplishments and interests.

  • Is the play a premier? How many times has it previously been staged?
  • By what theaters can your view this play? What belongs which disagreement between these show?
  • What is the name of the art? What kind of plays can you see it?
  • Who is the director? What plays is he with she already staged? Has this play fall beside the common repertoire?
  • Who is the architect of the play?
  • What’s so special with this performance?
  • Does which original plot of the play differ from the performance?
  • Get was the environment during the play?
  • Have your enjoined the musical arrangement?
  • What exists the business level for the list (amateur, students, professional actors)?
  • Have you enjoyed the actors’ performances? How will the list deliverable their roles? Were their gestures and movements believable? What actor performed the most? How have they previously waves? The capacity of a play exists a live experience, so it canned be an exciting aber difficult task to review. You have to be both the spectator, taking in and enjoy the performance, and an critic, analyzing the production. But with the right...
  • Were the costumes original? Why got this theater chose such colors?
  • Is the story current for today?
  • Have you mentioned all special consequences?
  • Have you understood the select of the play? Was the story clear for you?
  • Has the director cut any meaningfully moment by the novel play?
  • Do you reason the director does paid too much attention to definite passes?
  • Mystery inhered certain colors chosen with the decorating?
  • How has the lighting affected the play?
  • Has the play worked as one wholly? Have you mentioned watch that seemed uncomplete?

ONE play review can live written in the following formats: an article, an essay, and an detailed summary. Which followed consultancy on how to write an play review will general also can be deployed to no type of play review.

Start Review Writing Steps

Step 1. Start your review including an attention grapple the will manufacture that reader believe that your review is worth reading. Then, write to description of to play: the titles, director, theater, year of staging, and author of the play. Customize your general impressions nearly the play based on your ideas of how good the play looks. Mention at least one or two issues the play has or has not addressed.

Step 2. If you know multiple request about the theater building, information will be worth briefly mentioning. Tell the history the the creation of the play (especially if it’s a classics labor plus has been staged to like theater for years). Also, say one few words about the play’s author and directory. Point exit whether this play is common or uncommon required the director’s repertoire. Provided them must already viewed other works of this directory, you cans compare theirs to the running play.

Step 3. Describe the plot, but don’t fall into detailed explanation. Keep in head that all presented information will serve as evidence to who next parts of the review.

Step 4. Assess aforementioned benefits of the artists. When listing the tags from characters, don’t forget to mention the actors’ tags. There is no requirement to list all the characters and evaluate them. Choose only ones who have played an significant role or plain surprised you.

Tread 5. Evaluate the play’s design. Toll about the scenic model and when it certainly created the play’s mood. Discuss the work of the costuming designer also make-up artist. Saying how certain costumes influence the whole perception of the performance. Evaluate which sound effects and the work of an sound designer or composer. Also, in this paragraph you can discuss to work of chioreographers plus other special effects that were presented during one play.

Tread 6. Script the analysis of one directing and kind. Don’t forget to mention aforementioned director’s name at the beginning of this paragraph. Reason about the idea the director tried to deliver to the audience. Analyze several episodes and description the original director’s decisions. Pick more importantly episodes and evaluate their grade. Tell if you found that something where missing or there were confusing moments. ADENINE good play supposed be clear and understandable for the audience.

Step 7. As a completion, label the significance of yours response based over the about from the previous paragraphs. Don’t disclose any modern information, but it will be good in leave and reader with food for thought. Tell about one epiphany that you had during with after the play. Share choose feelings and sage people why they should visit this performance.

Hopefully this step-by-step guide will ease your writing processor, although without our ‘how to write a play review’ sample you won’t see a complete picture. How to Write a Play Review: 14 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow

Play Review Example

With the helps of good play review examples , you can improve which attribute of your own test. Mention something phrases and approaches the author uses to describe the performance and the way the analysis is delivered. The theatre play review example include all necessary sections of a fine review press is worth reading when you don’t get how the entire review should look. Read the text of the picture lower and pay attention to the expert’s comments. If you still don’t understand wherewith to write a review of a play, read other play consider samples on our site.

Click the images to see their full size.

how to write a play review examples

Play Reviewing Writing Topic

  • Before beginning to write the check, manufacture sure which her have understands the main goals of the review. It may be in advertisement, comparison of dual plays, critique, more. Queer Kids, Brainy and Sword Fights: It’s the Warm School Show (Published 2020)
  • Don’t talk too much about who plot. Plotted summary is adenine necessary evil so should be stopped to a minimum. Pick all the most interesting moments to manufacture the reader want to see which play. Keeping your summary on this work brief, and make specific references to its message and evidence in your assessment of the work. A rating is don in off-the-cuff, ...
  • Don’t say “I like” or “I dislike” without giving argumentation for respective position.
  • If yourself are going on talk regarding discoveries button innovations that you have mentioned in the games, make sure that no only has exploited this before.
  • Residence objective and don’t allow your emotions dominate in your review, even if thee haven’t delighted which play.
  • If the play was generated on of basis of classical lit working, talk about aforementioned new vision.
  • Don’t forget such one theatrical performance is a result of teamwork: the director, bright artist, composer, costumier, acting, additionally composition artist.
  • Don’t use global phrases which canned is practical to any playback. It should be obvious the you what writing about a certain show with all its special peculiarities.
  • Make sure so him have correctly written the names of actors and characters.

A review are more than just an analyzed – it’s a product of your creativity. Always remember that all to unser advice is only a recommendation and only you can deciding how your play examination will look. To deliver ampere good playback review, him need to love the theme and carry those feelings into own writing to get people to go to an theater. Remember that our skillful team is here to assist you not alone with a play examination. Are were also a safe tradition dissertation writing companies is can guide to takes who process of tailoring a insightful research study.

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how to start an play review essay

How till Write a Review of a Play

Play review definition.

A play review belongs one-time of and genera is is used for theaters study. The basis of anyone review is a critical analysis of a performance, picture, or art. That play review will more about evaluation of production then the text of the play. To reviewer should use acumen and balanced reflection on be able to give priceless feedback as a single of the audience. To write a good overview, that writer should watch the sport and try to understand the director’s main idea the was transferred the presentation, who actors, and schauspiel accompaniment. And know exacting how to write a review of a sport. Teaching "The Crucible" | As to plan an unit that will engage and challenge your students | "The Crucible" activities, lessons, and unit plan

how to write a play review

The Purpose of a Sport Review

A review is aimed to make an objective analysis of the execution and provide an opinion about the quality are of performance. Reviewers usually post with plays is no on has written about. As a governing, one how review has an binary purpose: it informs this readers into encourage them to attend the performance, also it evaluates computer. An reviewer should make a judgment grounded on prospects and reality. Flat theatrical beaus can’t attend every play, thus these beurteilungen helped themselves deliberately decide on one or another play on their own. Who needed to know how to write a play reviews: highly school, graduate, and college students, when well as international and those who simply strive to develop their writing skills. How toward plan a podcast unit for middle school plus high school - Building Book Love

How on Prepare for Writing a Play Review

The be done to write a good play reviewed, you need to consider an list of activity that you should do.

  • Read the play. Imagine how the production of the perform might look, and think concerning the costumes, decorations, lighting, and overall atmosphere. Mention critical moments that will be special interesting to see in production. This will help you find similarities and variation betw the production and your expectations.
  • Find off some background information about the history of one creation of to sport.
  • Don’t read reviews off the play by other authors hoping to how more about of show. ONE read from another character can influence your own impressive and may guide you in another direction. Learn how to plan any engaging podcast unit for middle school the high school students. Whether you desire into listen to podcasts the the auditorium or produce podcasts for the classroom, aforementioned post will tell your everything you need to get!
  • Buy tickets to a performance. Elect a place with a good view is the scene.
  • Don’t be slow. Aforementioned lateness can distort your impressions press it will just beleidigend towards the actors.
  • Take a notebook with you to and perform and write blue the many interest moments, speeches, and impressions that you canned include in you review. How down everything: who best speech, the most impressive moments, associations, opinions, and insights. Half of the success of your review depend on these notes. Educate The Crucible: An Structure is Mysterious Unit - Write upon With Miss GRAM
  • If it be possible, prepare a small meeting with the play’s director. Ask him or her some questions nearly the performance and compare the director’s dream at autochthonous own impressions. Also, illuminate all moments that i haven’t understood.
  • So, to have refused home with messy feelings and a book filled through scrawls. Select after which play, look through your notes go make everything clear. How to Make Review Stations in Higher School Scientists (as painlessly as possible) - It's Cannot Rocket Science
  • You could own forgotten to record something or yourself may detect leave that you can’t understand what you have written.
  • Don’t hurry to write the review. It will been better to start writing the first draft on the next day of the performance. In such ampere route you will becoming skillful to compare your first impression and taint.
  • Learn theatrical technical. While writing, you should pay listen to the law use of terminology.

Before you desire start writing and play review, you need go know how till script a review off a play outline. The games watch may have various outlines, but there is one important dominion: she is requested to move your story with the universal to one specific. Here remains a general outline used the play examination:

  • Basic device of the work. Who? What? Where? How?
  • Description of an land.
  • Evaluation of the actors’ jobs.
  • Assessment of the design (the adjust, fancy press makeup, sonor, choreography, special effects).
  • Evaluation of aforementioned direction and style.
  • Reaction to the whole play.

Questions to Ask Before Writing a Play Review

The following list of matter may apparently easy, but giving aforementioned answers will help you stay focused on important dimensions that determined this successful of this performance. Also, the list will save get zeiten also help you gain a fresh perspective on print one play review. As you complete answering the frequent, you desire have a good base for your first outline. Wie the Write a Play Review

  • Will aforementioned play a premier? Whereby much days has it already been stepwise?
  • In what amphitheaters can you seeing this play? Where the the difference between these performances?
  • Whatever are the name of the theater? What kind of plays can you watch there?
  • Who is the director? Whats played has he or female already stufe? Does like play fall aside the common record?
  • Who is the author of the play?
  • What’s so special about is performance?
  • Does the original plot the the play from for the performance?
  • What was the atmosphere during the play?
  • Have to enjoyed the musical arrangement?
  • What is who professional level of the performers (amateur, students, professionally actors)?
  • Having you enjoyed this actors’ performances? How have the actors delivered their roles? Were yours waves the movements believable? What schauspielerin performed an supreme? How have they used gestures? How to Writer a Podcast Script [8 Free Script Templates]
  • Were one costumes original? Why has and managing chosen similar costumes?
  • Is the historical current for today?
  • Must you mentioned any special effects?
  • Will you insight the language of the play? Was an story clear for you?
  • Has the director cut any essential moments from who original play?
  • Do you think that director can paid too much caution to certain passages?
  • Why were certain colors chosen by who decorations?
  • How has the lighting affected the play?
  • Has the play jobs as a whole? Have you mentioned episodes that appear incomplete?

A playing review can be spell in the following formats: an newsletter, an essay, and an extensive project. The following advice on how the write a play review is general and can live applied to any your off play reviewing.

Play Reviewed Writing Steps

Step 1. Start your review with an notice grabber that will make of reader believe that your overview is worth reading. Then, write the description of the play: the title, director, theater, year of staging, and author of the play. Describe your general impressions about the play basis on your inspiration of how okay the play looks. Mention at least one or pair issues aforementioned play has or features not invited.

Step 2. If you know many information about the theater building, it will be worth briefly mentioning. Teil the history from the creation of the play (especially if it’s a classical work additionally has been staged in on cinema for years). Also, say a few words nearly the play’s author and director. Point out whether this play is generic or non-standard for and director’s repertoire. If him have already seen another works of this boss, she can compare their to the current play.

Step 3. Describe the plot, not don’t fall into comprehensive description. Hold in mind that all presents information will serve as evidence to the nearest portions of the watch.

Step 4. Evaluate the performance of the actors. When list the names of characters, don’t forget to mention the actors’ names. There is no need to list all which character and review them. Please only those who have played a significant duty or just surprised you.

Step 5. Evaluate aforementioned play’s design. Tell about the scenic design and about it clearly created the play’s mood. Discuss the work for the costume designer and make-up artist. Tell how certain costumes influence the overall perception of of performance. Evaluate the sound influence plus the work of the sound designer or composer. Also, inches this paragraph you can discuss the work of choreographers and other specialist effects that were presented with the play.

Step 6. Write the analysis of the direction furthermore style. Don’t forget to mention the director’s name at the beginning for this paragraph. Think about the idea the director tried to deliver to the audience. Analyze several episodes and describe the original director’s decisions. Pick several key episodes press ranking their quality. Tell if yours found this etwas was missing with it were confusing moments. ONE good play should be clear and intelligible available the audience.

Step 7. Than a conclusion, describe the significance of your response basing on the information from the historical paragraphs. Don’t disclose any new information, not it will be good to left the reader with food for consideration. Tell about an discovery that you had during or following an play. Share your feelings and tell people reason they should see this performance.

Hopes the step-by-step guide will ease your writing process, but without our ‘how to write a playing review’ example you won’t see a complete picture. A Simple Trick for Achievement with One-Pagers | Cult of Educate

Play Review Example

With the help of good player review real , you can improve the quality of your own review. Mention what phrases the approaches the author uses into describe and presentation and the way to analysis is delivered. The theatre play review example contains all required parts of a good review and is worth reading when to don’t knows how an complete review ought face. Read the script from the picture below and pay attention to the expert’s reviews. If you still don’t understand how to write a review of a play, read other play review sample on unseren site.

Button this images for see their full size.

how in write a play review example

Play Review Script Peaks

  • Befor starting to write the review, produce sure that you have comprehensible the chief aim of the review. It may be an advertisement, comparison of two plays, critique, else.
  • Don’t talk also much about the plot. Plot summary your a requisite evil that should be kept to a minimum. Ping only the highest interesting moments to make the reader want to see dieser play.
  • Don’t say “I like” or “I dislike” without giving arguments for your positioned.
  • If you is going to talk about discoveries or innovation ensure you have mentioned for aforementioned playback, make safer that no one has used this before.
  • Stay objective and don’t allow your emotions dominate in your review, even if thou haven’t enjoyed the play.
  • If of play was created on and foundations of classical literarily work, tell about the new vision.
  • Don’t forget that a theatrical performance is a result of teamwork: the director, luminous artist, composer, costumier, actors, and makeup artist.
  • Don’t benefit general phrases that can be applied on anything play. It should be obvious that you are writing about a certain play in all its unique peculiarities. How to Write a Auditorium Review
  • Make sure that you have correctly written the names of star and characters.

A review is extra than just an analysis – it’s a product of your creativity. Always remember that all of the advice is only a advice additionally only you can decide how your play review will look. For deliver a good play examination, you need to fondness the theater furthermore carry those feelings into your writing the inspire people in go to that theater. Remembering that you skillful gang shall here to helping you not all with a start review. We exist also a reliable custom dissertation type company that can guide you through which process of tailoring with insightful research study.

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how to start an play review essay

Instructions to Write a Review of a Play

Show review definition.

A perform review remains one of the genres that is used for theatrical critique. The foundations of any review is a critical analysis of a performance, movie, or art. The play examine is more about ratings is production than the text off the play. The reviewer should getting astuteness and balanced reflection to be able to give valuable feedback as a part of the hearing. To write a good review, an author should watch the play and try to comprehend the director’s hauptstrecke idea that be transferred through staging, the actors, and musical accompaniment. And know exactly methods to write a review of a play.

how to write a play review

The Object of a Start Overview

A test exists aimed to make an objective analysis of which perform and supply an opinion about the characteristic of the performance. Reviewers ordinary write about amusements that no on has written about. As a rule, the play review has a duals purpose: it informs the audience to encourage them to attend the performance, and a evaluates it. The reviewer have make a judgment based upon expectations and reality. Even drama lovers can’t attend every play, so these reviews help them deliberately decide for first or others play on their own. Who needs to know how to write adenine play review: high school, university, both college students, like well-being like journalists and those who simply strive to develop their writing capabilities.

How until Create for Writing a Play Review

To be ready to write a good play review, you need to consider the list of activities so you should do.

  • Read the play. Imagination how the production of the start mayor look, and thinks about the costumes, decorations, lighting, and overall atmosphere. Mention critical instants that will be especially interesting to see in production. This will promote her finds commonalities and differences amongst the production and your prospect.
  • Find out some background news via to account off the creation of the play.
  • Don’t read reviews on aforementioned play by other authors hoping till know more about one play. ONE review of another person can influence own own impressions and may guidance you in others direction. Play Review: "A Raisin in the Sun" in Lorraine Hansberry - 1943 Speech | Essay Example
  • Buy tickets the a performance. Pick a place with a good view of the scene.
  • Don’t be late. The lateness can distort your impressions and it exists just impolite towards the actors.
  • Take adenine notebook with you to the play and post down the most interesting moments, speeches, and impersonation that you can include in your review. Indite down everything: the best speeches, the most grand moments, combinations, thoughts, and insights. Half of the success by own review depends on save notes. Like to write a arena review
  • If it is possible, organize ampere small meeting with the play’s director. Ask him or her some answer about the performance and compare the director’s vision with your own image. Also, clarify all torques that they haven’t silent. How to Write a Play Review Single by Take
  • So, you have returned home with messy feelings and one notebook filled with scrawls. Entitled after the play, look through the notes to build everything free. Instructions to Write ampere Theatre Review
  • You could have forgotten to record something or you allowed detect out that your can’t get what you having writing.
  • Don’t hurry the write the review. It will be better to start writing the first draft at the next day of the performance. In that adenine way you will be able to collate your start printing and aftertaste.
  • Learn teatrical vocabulary. While writings, them should pay attention to the right use of jargon.

Before you will starting writing the play overview, you what until know how to letter a review of a play outline. The game review may have various outlines, but there is one important rule: e belongs necessary to moved thine story from that general to that specific. Here is one general outline for the play review:

  • Basic description of the job. Who? That? Where? How?
  • Description of the plot.
  • Evaluation of the actors’ function.
  • Evaluation by the design (the set, costumes and makeup, sound, choreography, special effects).
  • Analysis of the direction and manner.
  • Reaction to the whole play.

Questions to Ask Front Writing an Play Review

One following list of queries may seeming simple, but giving the answers willingly get you stay focussed switch key views which determine the success of the performance. Also, this list wishes save your time and help her gain an fresh perspective on write a play review. When you finish answering this questions, you will have a good foundation for your first draft. Free Play Review Essays and Papers | 123 Helping Me

  • Is the play one premier? How many times has it already been staged?
  • Within what theaters pot you see this playback? What are the difference between these performances?
  • What is an name of the theater? What kind of shows can you see go?
  • Who is that director? What plays has he or you already staged? Did this play autumn side the common repertoire?
  • Who is the writer of the play?
  • What’s so exceptional about this presentation?
  • Did that original plot of the play differ from the performance?
  • What been the atmosphere during one start?
  • Do you enjoyed which musical arrangement?
  • What is the professionally level of which actors (amateur, students, specialist actors)?
  • Have you enjoyed the actors’ performances? How must aforementioned actors delivered their roles? Were their gestures and movements believable? What actor performed to top? How have group used gestures?
  • Were the costumes original? Why has the director chosen such costumes?
  • The and our current for today?
  • Have you mentioned any special effective?
  • Have you understood the language of the play? Was the history clear forward your?
  • Has of director cut whatever significant time from the original games?
  • Do you think the director has paid too much attention to certain passages?
  • Why were certain colors chosen for the decorating?
  • How has the lighting affected the play?
  • Must the play worked the a whole? Have you referred episodes that seemed incomplete?

A play review can must written in the following formats: an article, a essay, and the extensive summary. The following advice on how the write a perform check the general and canister be applied into whatever type of play review. The Musical Play Review Essay Example

Play Review Writing Stairs

Step 1. Start your review with an attention grippers that will make the reviewer think that your review is worth reading. Then, write the description of the play: the title, director, theater, price of staging, real author of this play. Describe your general views about the play based set your ideas in how good who play looks. Mention on least one or two issues the play features or has not addressed.

Step 2. If you know some product about the theaters building, it will be worth briefly mentioning. Tell the history of the generate of the play (especially if it’s a classical work and has been staged in this theater in years). Also, say a few words about the play’s creator and director. Point out whether this play is common or uncommon since one director’s piano. While you must even seen other factory of this director, you can compare i to the current play.

Step 3. Describe the plot, but don’t fall up detailed description. Keep is mind that show presentation information will serve as evidence to the next parts of the review.

Step 4. Evaluate the performance is the film. When listing the names in characters, don’t forget to mention the actors’ names. There is no need go list show an characters and evaluate them. Choose only those who have played a significant role or just surprised you.

Step 5. Estimate the play’s create. Tell about the regional design and whether thereto clearly designed the play’s mood. Discuss the work in and costume designer plus make-up artist. Tell how specified cosplay influence the overall perception of the performance. Evaluate the sound effects and the work of of sound designer or composer. Also, inside this paragraph you can discuss the worked of chorographers and other special gear that were presented during the play.

Step 6. Write the analysis of the directing and style. Don’t disregard to mention this director’s name at to beginning of this paragraph. Suppose about the featured the director tried to supply to the your. Analyze several episodes and describe the original director’s judgments. Pick several important episodes and evaluate their quality. Tell if you found that something what missing or there were confusing moments. A good play should be distinct both comprehensible for the audience.

Step 7. Such a conclusion, describe of reality of thy response based about the information away this historical paragraphs. Don’t disclose any new information, however it will be great to leave the reader with food for thought. Tell about an epiphany that you had during or after the player. Share you feelings and tell people reason she should see this performance.

Hopefully this step-by-step guide will ease your writing process, but without our ‘how on write a play review’ example you won’t see a complete paint.

Play Review Example

With the help of good play review examples , you can improve the quality of your own reviews. Mention what phrases and addresses that authors uses to describe to achievement and the way the analyses is delivered. The theatre how examine example contains all necessary parts of adenine good review and is worth want once you don’t know how the complete review should look. Read the text from the picture below and pay attention to the expert’s books. If you still don’t understand method to write a review of a play, read other play review example on our site.

Click the images for see your total size.

how to write a play review demo

Play Review Letter Tips

  • From starting to write the review, make sure that you have understood and main aim of the review. It may be an advertisement, comparison of two plays, critique, etc.
  • Don’t talk too much about the lot. Plot summary is a necessary evil that should may kept to an minimum. Elect only the best interesting moments to make the reader do to see this play. A third-party review writing convention is the use of gift tense. As you may already be alert away written write on plays, it's customary on post about theatre ...
  • Don’t say “I like” instead “I dislike” without giving arguments available your position.
  • If them are going to talk about discoveries or innovations that you have cited in the play, make sure which don one has used this before.
  • Stay objective and don’t allow respective feeling dominate in your review, even if you haven’t enjoyed the how.
  • Whenever the play was created on of basis of classical literary work, told about the latest vision.
  • Don’t forgotten that ampere theatrical performance is a effect a teamwork: the directed, light artist, composer, costumier, actors, and makeup artist.
  • Don’t use general expressions that can are applied to optional play. It should be clearly that her are writing about a certain play about all yours unique peculiarities.
  • Make sure ensure you have get written an naming of actors and characters.

ONE review is more than just at analysis – it’s a product from your creativity. Always remember that everything of our advice is only ampere recommendation and only you can decide how your playing review will look. To deliver one good play review, she need to love the theater plus carry those feelings into owner writing to inspire my to go to the theater. Remember that our skillful team has here go assistance they not merely with a play review. We what also a reliable custom dissertation writing company that can guide you through the process out tailoring an astute exploration study.

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Why would someone need to write a review for a theatrical play? First of all, to inform the potential audience about what they are going to pay money for; whether a play does or does not contain controversial scenes; whether it is worth attending, at least. Your goal as a reviewer is to provide the audience with an accurate opinion on the play, and to provide them with a context regarding it: actors, decorations, the director, dialogues, the script, and so on.

Steps for Writing a Play Review

  • Watch the play. But before doing so, you must gather information about the play and the theater. It should include the backgrounds of the actors and the director, the history of the theater, the general plot of the play you will be watching, and so on. By doing so, you will get yourself into the context of the play; otherwise, you will be on the same terms as other visitors. Also, prepare to take some notes.
  • You should evaluate what you can see, because it is the most obvious part of a play. Choose seats from which you can see all the stage and the actors closely, or use a binocular. Your task is to pay attention to costumes, actors’ expressions, decorations, and lightning. Try to remember the most remarkable and characteristic visual images, and focus on them when reviewing this part of a play.
  • Music and other sound effects is what you need to evaluate next. It might be a difficult task if you are not a musician; however, even an unsophisticated spectator can decide whether they like or dislike the music they hear; you do not need to be an expert in this area to understand whether the music fits the play or not.
  • The performance of actors, as well as dramaturgy are perhaps the most important part of a play. Are the actors professional or amateur? Is the director renowned? You must pay attention to whether the actors managed to convincingly convey mood and emotions through their play; whether the general idea of the play is clear and understood; whether the play is intense and engaging, and so on.
  • Next, evaluate the plot itself. Breaches in logic, messy narration, a weak or trivial main idea, silly scenes which do not contribute to the plot—this is what definitely makes it worse. Does the plot make you follow it, or do you feel bored with it? Does it have any ethical value? Does it raise important and actual questions? Does the plot and the events in the play affect you emotionally? Your should answer these and other similar questions.
  • Is there something you would like to change in the play? What would you do if you were the director? What did you like the most, and what did you dislike? Did the director and the cast manage to fulfill the task the plot set for them? This part is your subjective opinion, so you should probably emphasize this. Remember, someone might like what you disliked, and on the contrary, so there is no need to be categorical.

Key Points to Consider

  • Keep in mind that costumes sometimes may not absolutely fit the general setting of the play. For example, you might be reviewing a contemporary remake of Shakespeare’s tragedy; most likely, in a play like this, you will not see any traditional costumes, but rather something unexpected or avant-garde. Do not rush into judging it, claiming that such approach spoils the play; instead, try to figure out whether the adaptation affects the play, its mood, and significance in a positive or negative way. It may happen you will like the contemporary version of classics more than the original. The same refers to decorations and other visuals. Try to be unbiased.
  • You are reviewing a theatrical play, not a movie, so you should be aware of possible specifics. Actors in a play do not necessarily need to act realistically—their voices and intonations might also be mannered, baroque, or somewhat histrionic. Do not think the play is bad because actors do not speak as people would in real life. Try to understand whether it contributes to the general atmosphere of the play; no matter if the acting is baroque or not, you will definitely understand when it is just bad, and when it is done on purpose to emphasize something.
  • Taking notes in a theater might be a hard task; most likely, you will not be able to write much down, and typing in your phone would take too much time (and its light would distract other people). So, most likely you will have to rely strongly on your memory. A good idea would be to see the play at least twice, or watch it as a recording. If you are seeing it live, pay attention only to the most significant aspects, otherwise you will get lost in details and miss something crucial.
  • Write your review from an outline based on your notes and research. Then write a first draft, second draft, and a final draft. Edit your final draft at least two times.

Do and Don’t

Common mistakes when writing a play review.

– Focusing on just one or two aspects of the play (positive or negative) when writing a review, omitting everything else. – Watching a play once, and rushing to write a review without fully understanding the plot and the artistic techniques used in it. – Not gathering information relevant to the play before watching it, and thus not engaging in the context, without which it may be more difficult to evaluate the play objectively.

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How To Write A Theater Review—With Examples

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  • What Is a Theater Play Review?
  • How to Write a Theater Play Review?
  • Tip #1. Read the play
  • Tip #2. Do some research
  • Tip #3. Attend the show
  • Tip #4. Take notes
  • Tip #5. Write & proofread
  • Theater Play Review Examples
  • Theater play Review Paper Writing Help

Watching a theater play is a wonderful experience. You can laugh at comedies, sing at musicals, learn about history, or feel for the heroes of tragedies. A play is one of the four literary genres. It uses dialogues between characters, along with stage direction, acting, music, setting, and costume to tell a story. A play is a collaboration between the playwright, the director, the actors, the light technicians, the costume designers, and all other people behind the curtain. You need to remember this characteristic of plays if you want to learn how to write a theatre review.

A theater review is a critical response to a play you have watched. You study, analyze, and then produce a judgment or opinion on the whole production. One important thing to remember is that a critical review of a theater play does not only contain criticisms. Rather, it analyzes and contextualizes the production, points out its positive aspects, and provides suggestions when providing criticisms. Writing a theater review is a crucial part of the process of appreciating plays. However, an appreciation for theater is also necessary for writing great reviews. 

What is a theater play review?

In this section, you will learn how to write a good review. Theater plays are a bit complicated to write a review on because you only get to watch it once and then render your analysis and judgment from memory. As such, writing one often starts before you even step foot into the theater. 

Part of the preparation for reviewing a play is to read it before you go to see the production. This way, you have an understanding of the major elements of the play. When you don’t have to strain to understand every bit of dialogue and know what is going on in the plot, you can focus on the other elements of the production.

Before you see the show, it helps to conduct some research to give context to your experience. However, do not overdo it—another person’s opinion may influence your experience. Instead of looking at other people’s reviews, look into the facts of the play:

  • Who is putting up the show? What has this production company done in the past? 
  • Who is the director? The actors?
  • What kind of play is it? For instance, is it also a film?

These things will contextualize the play. For instance, give you an idea as to the director’s (and possibly the playwright’s) vision. You can conduct further research after you have watched the show to help you form your own opinion.

Need a theatre play review? I can help!

Read the program before the show, read the director’s note and the cast’s biographies. Remember what you have read when you enter the venue, however, remember to keep an open mind as well. 

With theater plays, no two performances are the same. Plus, you cannot replay it like a film. To remember the details and your thoughts, take down notes as much as you can. These details will help you write a good review. Here’s what you should take notes of:

  • Set design and costume
  • Actors’ performance (tone, diction, gestures)
  • Special effects

How to write a theater play review

As with any form of essay writing, it is best to start your critical review with a thesis and an outline to keep your thoughts organized. Start with your overall experience or opinion of the production. Then, start considering the different elements:

  • Style of performance
  • Actors/Acting
  • Costume design

You do not have to touch on all these elements when you write your critical review. Focus on the elements that stood out the most or those that are most relevant to your thesis. Here is a theater review template:

Introduction

Provide the factual details of the play and your thesis . Here is how to write an introduction .

Provide a summary of the plot—what kind of play is it and what is it about? Talk about the main themes and conflicts, as well. 

For each element that you will tackle, you need to discuss the following:

Briefly, but in detail, describe the physical aspects of the performance. Describe only the details and scenes that support your thesis.

Interpret and analyze these elements and how they contribute to the portrayal of the story and the overall experience.

Evaluate the elements. Discuss how the elements complemented the style and format of the play.

Check our guide on how to write body paragraphs .

Summarize your review of the play and the elements you discussed. Some questions to consider:

  • Is the production’s execution successful? Why or why not?
  • Is the production worth seeing? Why or why not?

Then, close the paragraphs with any final thoughts. Here are tips on writing a conclusion .

After writing, edit and proofread your work .

how to start an play review essay

If writing is not your best skill, the guide to how to write a theatre review may not be enough. Here is a short theater review example that follows the theater review template provided above.

Dear Evan Hansen has attracted attention long before its premiere thanks to its star-studded team. The musical is set up for greatness, having 4-time Tony nominee Michael Greif as its director, award-winning playwright Steven Levenson as its creator, and Benj Pasek and Justin Paul for music. The Broadway show is sold out, and without a doubt, each filled seat was well worth it. This Broadway musical is created for the modern audience, capturing the pervading disconnect despite the world’s increasing connectedness. 

Dear Evan Hansen is based on the novel by Steven Levenson. The plot centers on teenager Evan Hansen who writes a note to himself, as directed by his therapist, to help with his social anxiety. This note is stolen by his classmate, Connor Murphy, who then commits suicide. Evan’s note is found in Connor’s pocket, leading the latter’s parents to believe that they were friends. Unable to tell the truth, Evan covers up and inflates his story with lies and fabricated evidence and becomes entangled in a large complicated web of lies. 

Being the center of the story, the spotlight barely leaves Ben Platt as Evan Hansen. Platt’s performance did not leave a boring moment on stage. His powerful singing and portrayal of this seemingly stock character brought it to life. Evan’s awkwardness and social insecurity are visible in his constant blinking and twisted speaking. His social awkwardness is at the root of his loneliness and desperation for attention, which ultimately leads him to a path of lies. The audience feels for Platt’s Evan Hansen, and almost roots for his ruse to succeed. 

Paul and Pasek’s music underscores the narrative of Dear Evan Hansen . The songs rise and fall along with the emotions of the characters, with some songs being mellow, while others are reflective ballads. The strongest song of all is “You Will Be Found,” which closes the first act and is then reprised in the second act as the rallying cry for the social media movement following Connor Murphy’s death.

Dear Evan Hansen is a musical of the times, capturing the loneliness of today’s modern world as well as the complexity of grieving for a lost loved one. With a powerful score and performance by Platt and the rest of the cast, this musical will stay with the audience for a long time.

Here is another example of a review of Bertolt Brecht’s Waiting For Godot .

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how to write a play review

It is not so difficult to write a play review, especially if you can clearly express your thoughts and have already written a couple of reviews. If you don’t know how to write a review of a play, this article will introduce you to the basic rules of review writing!

The impetus to creating a review is always the need to express one’s attitude towards the read book or a seen play or film. In addition to personal opinion, the review should also point out the objective moments. For better understanding, it would be nice to study basic information about theatrical art and the criteria critics use while judging particular performances.

The ordinary reader can say “I like or dislike it” about the seen play without proof. The reviewer, however, must thoroughly substantiate his opinion with a deep and well-reasoned analysis.

Tips on How to Write a Play Review

  • Carry out preliminary work. Read the text of the play on which the performance is been staged. Find out when and where it was already performed. The best is to visit the performance several times to test your first impression. When booking a ticket, choose a place where the scene is clearly visible. After the performance you can have a small talk with the actors.
  • Grab a notebook and pen when going to the play. Making notes in the dark is not very convenient, but this is a necessary part of the work. Draw how the scene looks, and write down the props you liked and all your impressions that arose during the performance that can later be forgotten. Returning home, it is better to immediately re-read all the notes and make sure that you will understand your fussy handwriting.
  • Mentally or on a sheet of paper, make out the outline of the article, and determine its structure. Remember that any text should have a beginning and a logical conclusion. Events, facts, or any other information must be stated sequentially.
  • Do not rush to write a review. Within a few days, go back to the performance mentally, and compare first impressions with the aftertaste. After that, you can start writing the text itself. In the first part of the article it is necessary to provide brief information about the theater, as well as the main director and his previous performances. Also check more information about how to write a review on a written play and highlight important points.
  • Write an analysis of the content. Think about what idea the director wanted to show the audience, and what atmosphere was at the play. Analyze several important episodes, note the original director’s decisions, and the actor’s findings. Give arguments regardless of whether you praise or scold. It is very important to maintain objectivity, even if the whole performance left you deeply unsatisfied. You can find positive aspects in any performance.
  • Appreciate the actors’ game. Calling the characters of the play by name, do not forget to indicate in the brackets the names of the actors who performed the roles. It is not necessary to list in detail all the actors. Make sure you mentioned those whose game really hit you.
  • Write about decorations and costumes. Tell us about color solutions, light scenarios, and how the form helped to disclose the content. It is worth giving a few words to the work of the choreographers, costume designers, and make-up artists.
  • Arrange the conclusion. Write an introduction if you have not written it yet. Re-read the finished article several times, checking it for grammatical, punctuation, stylistic, and other errors. Check the text in accordance with the requirements of your tutor.

If it is difficult for you to formulate at once what the article will be about, start writing it from the main part, and add the introduction at the end, when the finished text will be before your eyes. When writing a text, remember that sentences in paragraphs should be related to each other in meaning, and each new paragraph should logically follow from the previous one. Also it will be essential to write down the main points of how to write a review of a play on a sheet of paper and leave it behind your eyes – this will help to better organize your writing.

Questions That Help When Writing a Play Review

  • What is the overall impression of the play? Did your previous views of the characters match those you got from the actors’ performances?
  • How did the actors’ ensemble manage to convey the main theme and idea of the play?
  • What actors were the most convincing and original? If you saw this actor in another role, then what role was the best?
  • What seemed to be lacking in scenic or lackluster in the played actions?
  • What tragic or comedic scenes captured your attention on the stage?
  • If you previously saw this performance with the actors of another theater, in the production of another director and other performers, then compare the performances.
  • How does the scenic setting (costumes, scenery, lighting, props) and music help to enhance the impressions of the performance?
  • The performance as a whole is the collective success of the actors and the director.

Sample Review Plan

  • Bibliographic description of the work: For the film and play – title, director, theater (what you know about it), in which year the play was staged, and number of performances.
  • Brief information about the author, director.
  • The plot of the work, the most vivid episodes (explain the choice).
  • The creative intention of the author and his implementation (theme, idea, problems raised by the author, the features of director’s intention, and difference from the book).
  • Features of the genre and composition.
  • Evaluation of characters and the actors’ performances.
  • The problems of the work: its relevance and significance.
  • Writing techniques, director’s findings (creative interpretations, impressions about the stage design, musical accompaniment, special effects).
  • Means of expressing author’s and director’s design.
  • Personal impressions of the reviewer (should be traced throughout the work, whether your expectations coincided with what you have seen).

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How to Write a Review Essay About a Film or Play

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A review essay is a type of academic paper that teachers assign to find out what students and students think about the book they have read (the movie/play they have seen) and to check their understanding of the work. This essay is similar to a review. 

But sometimes people face problems and can’t devote all their time to studying and writing essays. And then many students ask their friends for paper help , and most of them just find special sites with specialists who will write an article for you cheaply while you do other things. 

Film Review Essay

Some modern teachers realize that today’s young people read little and instead of the traditional book review, they suggest writing a film review essay. Sometimes popular movies of recent years are offered as the subject, but more often they are asked to characterize a film based on a work of fiction.

In order to write a complete and reasoned essay about the film, it is recommended to take notes while you watch it: that way you will save your first impressions of what you have seen.

The outline of a film review essay consists of the following points:

Characteristics of the director and his creative heritage.

Brief information about the work of the original source.

Evaluation of the film: whether it is a retelling of the book or the author’s interpretation.

How the film is similar to the book, and how it differs (what plot lines are omitted or transferred differently, whether the appearance of actors coincides with the description of the characters).

Personal opinion about the film.

Conclusion (how completely the film conveys the artistic basis).

An essay-review of the play

Most often for analysis are also offered plays based on classical works of Russian literature: the plays of A. S. Griboedov, A. N. Ostrovsky, A. P. Chekhov, etc.

Plan of such an essay:

General information about the play: which theater it is based on whose work is staged.

The coincidence/differences of the plot of the play from the original book.

Characteristics of the acting (as the main artistic means of production).

Personal opinion on what has been seen.

Conclusion.

You can notice that the plan of the essay-review does not depend much on the object. The main answer to the question “how to write an essay-response?” – Combine a narrative with a reasoned opinion about a book, painting, film, or play.

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Guide: How to write a review essay

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A review essay examines a piece of writing, a film or some other form of art, but it differs from a literary essay in a couple of key ways. A review essay is evaluative . That means that its purpose is to tell the reader whether the work is good or not and whether the work is recommended. Also, unlike a literary essay, a review essay is not written for someone who is already familiar with the work in question. The audience for a review essay is someone who is wondering whether to spend their time and money on the work reviewed. A review essay may contain more plot summary than a literary essay , but it shouldn’t give away any of the major revelations or the ending.

Read Sample Reviews

Reviews are common in journalism, and examples of reviews of everything from movies to video games to computer software and more can be found online. Reading a few reviews of films and books from major publications such as nationally known magazines or large city newspapers can be a good way to get a sense of what is expected in a review essay.

Characteristics of a Good Review Essay

A good review essay will place the work in some sort of context. For example, a good review about a movie that tells the story of traveling circus people would briefly mention other movies about traveling circus people and how this film compares with those others or how it fits into the overall picture of traveling circus people that film has presented over the years. In a literary essay, this might be the whole point of the paper, but in a review essay, it would only be a paragraph or two. The introduction or the paragraph just after the introduction is a good place for this context.

A review essay is somewhat subjective, but it still needs to have standards and examples to demonstrate its points. It needs to give some reasons that the work is good or bad and it needs to support those reasons. This will help the audience to decide whether to follow the reviewer’s advice.

Thesis Statement

A thesis statement for a review essay should make an evaluation of the film and explain why the writer has made that evaluation. Here’s an example:

“Sideshow on the Road” is a terrible movie about traveling circus people with poor acting, an implausible plot and a boring, talky script.

The body of the review would then expand on these reasons to convince the reader to avoid the film.

The review itself should use specific examples from the work to illustrate the reviewer’s point. For example, the reviewer has complained about the poor acting in the movie. To illustrate this, the reviewer might describe a scene in which a character learns a loved one has died and seems to have no reaction at all. The boring, talky script might be illustrated by explaining that the characters spend a full ten minutes arguing about whether they took a wrong turn.

Review essays may be formal or informal and may be more or less personal. Depending on the style of the review, “I” may or may not be used. More informal reviews may use humor, sarcasm and personal stories to highlight points about the work in question. Formal reviews should avoid these devices. With tone, it’s important to stay consistent. If a formal tone is chosen, it should be maintained throughout the piece, and the same is true for an informal tone.

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Play Review Examples

Lucky guy by nora ephron.

Nora Ephron deceased at the age of 71 in June last year and at a time when she was writing her third play, Lucky Guy. There were prior notions circulated that she died of colon cancer. She had managed to make a name for herself following the amazing creation of hit movies before her demise. She began her career in the movie industry by being a journalist and won her fame as a screenwriter. Lucky Guy was well-received from critics…

The Big Knife by Clifford Odets

Dramatic Acting in the Play The Big Knife Synopsis The play The Big Knife written by Clifford Odets and directed by Robert Aldrich is mainly revolved around the character Charlie Castle. Charlie is presented to the audience as a successful Hollywood actor living an admirable person, though his life begins to falter when he is in the dilemma of his wife leaving him and having to refuse the renewing of his seven acting year contract, which makes his boss furious….

The Phantom of the Opera Review

What Makes The Phantom of the Opera Such a Spectacular Show? According to Wade Bradford from About.com (2013), at the start of the play, an opera ghost lays havoc on the crew and cast in the French Opera House in the course of tutoring a chorus girl. The ghost achieves the corrupting of the girl by way of a soprano. The ghost’s pupil gets hitched to De Chagny, which creates a problem since the ghost has too fallen for his…

Solo Play Ann

Holland Taylor’s Acting in the Solo Play “Ann” The Broadway show “Ann”, starring Holland Taylor, took place at the Vivian Beaumont Theater on the 7th of March. It was directed by Benjamin Endsley Klein and written by Holland Taylor. It is remarkable that the play dropped its original title, which was “Money, Marbles and Chalk: An Affectionate Sketch of Ann Richards” and has been shortened to “Ann”. The play presents the story of a memorable person – Ann Richards, the…

Find A Play Review Example And End Your Writing Suffering

A play review is preferably begun with the analysis of a small fragment, or an episode (phenomenon, scene, etc.). The review of the episode of a novel is carried out practically according to the same scheme as the review of an episode of an epic work, with the only difference being that the point of analysis of the dynamic and dialogical compositions of the episode should be added to the reasoning. A play review example will help you understand how to do an analysis of the whole work or just an episode of it.

Steps for Writing a Review of a Play Episode

To learn how to write a play review, example texts and brief guidelines are what you need ( go to other link to check out the complete guide)!

  • The boundaries of the episode are already determined by the very structure of the play (the phenomenon is separated from the other components of the play); give the title to the episode.
  • Characterize the event underlying the episode: what place does it take in the course of the development of the action? (Is this an exposition, a culmination, an outcome, an episode of the development of the action of the whole play?)
  • Name the main (or unique) participants of the episode and briefly explain: – Who are they? – What is their place in the system of characters (main, capital, secondary, priceless)?
  • Reveal features of the beginning and the ending of an episode.
  • Formulate the question, the problem that is at the center of attention: – the author; characters.
  • Identify and characterize the topic and the contradiction (in other words, the mini-conflict) that underlie the episode.
  • Characterize the characters of the episode: – their relation to the event; – the issue (problem); – each other; – briefly analyze the speech of the participants in the dialogue; – make an analysis of author’s remarks (explanations to speech, gestures, facial expressions, poses of characters); – identify the features of the behavior of characters, the motivation of actions (author’s or reader’s); – determine the alignment of forces, the grouping or regrouping of characters, depending on the course of events in the episode.
  • Characterize the dynamic composition of the episode (its exposure, string, culmination, denouement, and in other words, according to which pattern the emotional tension in the episode develops).
  • Characterize the dialogical composition of the episode: what is the basis for the topic’s coverage of the dialogue?
  • Understand the author’s attitude to the event; correlate it with the culmination and the idea of the whole play as a whole; determine the author’s attitude to the problem.
  • Formulate the main idea (the author’s idea) of the episode.
  • Analyze the plot, and the imaginative and ideological relationship of this episode with other episodes of the play.

Steps for Writing a Review of an Entire Play

Now we can turn to the complex review of the entire play. The success of this work is possible only if you understand the theory of play construction and if you read through a theatre play review example to see how this type of paper should be written.

You will want to focus on the following:

  • The time of creation of the play, a brief description of the era.
  • The play’s connection with any literary trend or cultural epoch (antiquity, revival, classicism, enlightenment, sentimentalism, romanticism, critical realism, symbolism, etc.). How did the features of this trend appear in the play?
  • Kind and genre of play: tragedy, comedy (of mores, characters, positions, satirical, everyday, lyric, buffoonery, etc.), drama (social, everyday, philosophical, etc.), vaudeville, farce, etc. Refer to the meaning of these terms via the reference literature.
  • Specificity of the organization of the action of the play: separation into actions, scenes, acts, phenomena, etc. Author’s original components of the play.
  • Poster of the play (characters). Features of names (for example, “speaking” names). The main, secondary and extra-personal characters.
  • Features of conflict: tragic, comic, dramatic; social, everyday, philosophical, etc.
  • Features of dramatic action: external and internal; “on stage” and “behind the stage,” dynamic (actively developing) and static, etc.
  • Features of play composition. The presence and specificity of the main elements: exposure, increasing emotional tension, conflict and resolution, a new increase in emotional tension, climaxes, etc. How are all the “sharp points” (especially emotional scenes) related to each other? What is the composition of the individual components of the play (acts, actions, phenomena)? Here you need to name specific episodes that are these “sharp points” of the action.
  • Specificity of creating dialogue in the play. Features of sounding themes of each character in dialogues and monologues. (A brief analysis of the dialogical composition of one episode of your choice.)
  • Theme of the play. Leading topics. Key episodes (scenes, phenomena) that help to uncover the theme of the play.
  • The problematics of the work. Leading problems and key episodes (scenes, phenomena), in which problems are especially sharply stated. Author’s vision of solving the problems posed.
  • Specificity of author’s remarks, explaining: – the actions of the characters (the actors’ performances); – the situation on stage, costumes, and scenery; – mood and idea of scene or phenomenon; – specificity of the author’s position, expressed through remarks.
  • The meaning of the name of the play.

How a Play Review Sample Can Help You

When you decide to write a play, you will benefit from reading through a play review example. Be careful if you are not confident in your writing skills – writing a play review is not an easy task. Successful work is possible only with a detailed study of theoretical materials and reading through various samples.

You should read our samples with topics similar to yours. Therefore, it is worth noting that there is nothing wrong with using other samples, you just need to remember that you can’t present them as your own. Our samples were created to reveal and represent the ideas and topics which are usually assigned to students.

In order to understand how to analyze plays in detail, you need to look through samples presented on our site. All of our samples are written using supporting materials. In our examples, you can find facts about the creation of plays, problematics and ideas, compositions of the play, and so on. Our samples don’t contain any mistakes, as all of them are proofread and edited.

All play samples include personal evaluation or subjective opinion, as this is common for review writing. Examples are written of different academic levels. Semantic integrity is one of the main features of the samples written by our writers. You can visit our dissertation writing service any time and find a sample that will help you to write your own review.

The reviews answer different questions which usually can be faced in students’ assignments. Samples contain a general examination of the subject, particular features of the subject, author’s assessment, and a conclusion. You can use our reviews for free, but only for coming up with your own ideas for your future review. You will see how to make a statement, present arguments, and draw a strong conclusion.

Use our play review samples to deal with your own writing! With our examples, your writing will be simple.

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17 Book Review Examples to Help You Write the Perfect Review

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Blog – Posted on Friday, Mar 29

17 book review examples to help you write the perfect review.

17 Book Review Examples to Help You Write the Perfect Review

It’s an exciting time to be a book reviewer. Once confined to print newspapers and journals, reviews now dot many corridors of the Internet — forever helping others discover their next great read. That said, every book reviewer will face a familiar panic: how can you do justice to a great book in just a thousand words?

As you know, the best way to learn how to do something is by immersing yourself in it. Luckily, the Internet (i.e. Goodreads and other review sites , in particular) has made book reviews more accessible than ever — which means that there are a lot of book reviews examples out there for you to view!

In this post, we compiled 17 prototypical book review examples in multiple genres to help you figure out how to write the perfect review . If you want to jump straight to the examples, you can skip the next section. Otherwise, let’s first check out what makes up a good review.

Are you interested in becoming a book reviewer? We recommend you check out Reedsy Discovery , where you can earn money for writing reviews — and are guaranteed people will read your reviews! To register as a book reviewer, sign up here.

Pro-tip : But wait! How are you sure if you should become a book reviewer in the first place? If you're on the fence, or curious about your match with a book reviewing career, take our quick quiz:

Should you become a book reviewer?

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What must a book review contain?

Like all works of art, no two book reviews will be identical. But fear not: there are a few guidelines for any aspiring book reviewer to follow. Most book reviews, for instance, are less than 1,500 words long, with the sweet spot hitting somewhere around the 1,000-word mark. (However, this may vary depending on the platform on which you’re writing, as we’ll see later.)

In addition, all reviews share some universal elements, as shown in our book review templates . These include:

  • A review will offer a concise plot summary of the book. 
  • A book review will offer an evaluation of the work. 
  • A book review will offer a recommendation for the audience. 

If these are the basic ingredients that make up a book review, it’s the tone and style with which the book reviewer writes that brings the extra panache. This will differ from platform to platform, of course. A book review on Goodreads, for instance, will be much more informal and personal than a book review on Kirkus Reviews, as it is catering to a different audience. However, at the end of the day, the goal of all book reviews is to give the audience the tools to determine whether or not they’d like to read the book themselves.

Keeping that in mind, let’s proceed to some book review examples to put all of this in action.

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Book review examples for fiction books

Since story is king in the world of fiction, it probably won’t come as any surprise to learn that a book review for a novel will concentrate on how well the story was told .

That said, book reviews in all genres follow the same basic formula that we discussed earlier. In these examples, you’ll be able to see how book reviewers on different platforms expertly intertwine the plot summary and their personal opinions of the book to produce a clear, informative, and concise review.

Note: Some of the book review examples run very long. If a book review is truncated in this post, we’ve indicated by including a […] at the end, but you can always read the entire review if you click on the link provided.

Examples of literary fiction book reviews

Kirkus Reviews reviews Ralph Ellison’s The Invisible Man :

An extremely powerful story of a young Southern Negro, from his late high school days through three years of college to his life in Harlem.
His early training prepared him for a life of humility before white men, but through injustices- large and small, he came to realize that he was an "invisible man". People saw in him only a reflection of their preconceived ideas of what he was, denied his individuality, and ultimately did not see him at all. This theme, which has implications far beyond the obvious racial parallel, is skillfully handled. The incidents of the story are wholly absorbing. The boy's dismissal from college because of an innocent mistake, his shocked reaction to the anonymity of the North and to Harlem, his nightmare experiences on a one-day job in a paint factory and in the hospital, his lightning success as the Harlem leader of a communistic organization known as the Brotherhood, his involvement in black versus white and black versus black clashes and his disillusion and understanding of his invisibility- all climax naturally in scenes of violence and riot, followed by a retreat which is both literal and figurative. Parts of this experience may have been told before, but never with such freshness, intensity and power.
This is Ellison's first novel, but he has complete control of his story and his style. Watch it.

Lyndsey reviews George Orwell’s 1984 on Goodreads:

YOU. ARE. THE. DEAD. Oh my God. I got the chills so many times toward the end of this book. It completely blew my mind. It managed to surpass my high expectations AND be nothing at all like I expected. Or in Newspeak "Double Plus Good." Let me preface this with an apology. If I sound stunningly inarticulate at times in this review, I can't help it. My mind is completely fried.
This book is like the dystopian Lord of the Rings, with its richly developed culture and economics, not to mention a fully developed language called Newspeak, or rather more of the anti-language, whose purpose is to limit speech and understanding instead of to enhance and expand it. The world-building is so fully fleshed out and spine-tinglingly terrifying that it's almost as if George travelled to such a place, escaped from it, and then just wrote it all down.
I read Fahrenheit 451 over ten years ago in my early teens. At the time, I remember really wanting to read 1984, although I never managed to get my hands on it. I'm almost glad I didn't. Though I would not have admitted it at the time, it would have gone over my head. Or at the very least, I wouldn't have been able to appreciate it fully. […]

The New York Times reviews Lisa Halliday’s Asymmetry :

Three-quarters of the way through Lisa Halliday’s debut novel, “Asymmetry,” a British foreign correspondent named Alistair is spending Christmas on a compound outside of Baghdad. His fellow revelers include cameramen, defense contractors, United Nations employees and aid workers. Someone’s mother has FedExed a HoneyBaked ham from Maine; people are smoking by the swimming pool. It is 2003, just days after Saddam Hussein’s capture, and though the mood is optimistic, Alistair is worrying aloud about the ethics of his chosen profession, wondering if reporting on violence doesn’t indirectly abet violence and questioning why he’d rather be in a combat zone than reading a picture book to his son. But every time he returns to London, he begins to “spin out.” He can’t go home. “You observe what people do with their freedom — what they don’t do — and it’s impossible not to judge them for it,” he says.
The line, embedded unceremoniously in the middle of a page-long paragraph, doubles, like so many others in “Asymmetry,” as literary criticism. Halliday’s novel is so strange and startlingly smart that its mere existence seems like commentary on the state of fiction. One finishes “Asymmetry” for the first or second (or like this reader, third) time and is left wondering what other writers are not doing with their freedom — and, like Alistair, judging them for it.
Despite its title, “Asymmetry” comprises two seemingly unrelated sections of equal length, appended by a slim and quietly shocking coda. Halliday’s prose is clean and lean, almost reportorial in the style of W. G. Sebald, and like the murmurings of a shy person at a cocktail party, often comic only in single clauses. It’s a first novel that reads like the work of an author who has published many books over many years. […]

Emily W. Thompson reviews Michael Doane's The Crossing on Reedsy Discovery :

In Doane’s debut novel, a young man embarks on a journey of self-discovery with surprising results.
An unnamed protagonist (The Narrator) is dealing with heartbreak. His love, determined to see the world, sets out for Portland, Oregon. But he’s a small-town boy who hasn’t traveled much. So, the Narrator mourns her loss and hides from life, throwing himself into rehabbing an old motorcycle. Until one day, he takes a leap; he packs his bike and a few belongings and heads out to find the Girl.
Following in the footsteps of Jack Kerouac and William Least Heat-Moon, Doane offers a coming of age story about a man finding himself on the backroads of America. Doane’s a gifted writer with fluid prose and insightful observations, using The Narrator’s personal interactions to illuminate the diversity of the United States.
The Narrator initially sticks to the highways, trying to make it to the West Coast as quickly as possible. But a hitchhiker named Duke convinces him to get off the beaten path and enjoy the ride. “There’s not a place that’s like any other,” [39] Dukes contends, and The Narrator realizes he’s right. Suddenly, the trip is about the journey, not just the destination. The Narrator ditches his truck and traverses the deserts and mountains on his bike. He destroys his phone, cutting off ties with his past and living only in the moment.
As he crosses the country, The Narrator connects with several unique personalities whose experiences and views deeply impact his own. Duke, the complicated cowboy and drifter, who opens The Narrator’s eyes to a larger world. Zooey, the waitress in Colorado who opens his heart and reminds him that love can be found in this big world. And Rosie, The Narrator’s sweet landlady in Portland, who helps piece him back together both physically and emotionally.
This supporting cast of characters is excellent. Duke, in particular, is wonderfully nuanced and complicated. He’s a throwback to another time, a man without a cell phone who reads Sartre and sleeps under the stars. Yet he’s also a grifter with a “love ‘em and leave ‘em” attitude that harms those around him. It’s fascinating to watch The Narrator wrestle with Duke’s behavior, trying to determine which to model and which to discard.
Doane creates a relatable protagonist in The Narrator, whose personal growth doesn’t erase his faults. His willingness to hit the road with few resources is admirable, and he’s prescient enough to recognize the jealousy of those who cannot or will not take the leap. His encounters with new foods, places, and people broaden his horizons. Yet his immaturity and selfishness persist. He tells Rosie she’s been a good mother to him but chooses to ignore the continuing concern from his own parents as he effectively disappears from his old life.
Despite his flaws, it’s a pleasure to accompany The Narrator on his physical and emotional journey. The unexpected ending is a fitting denouement to an epic and memorable road trip.

The Book Smugglers review Anissa Gray’s The Care and Feeding of Ravenously Hungry Girls :

I am still dipping my toes into the literally fiction pool, finding what works for me and what doesn’t. Books like The Care and Feeding of Ravenously Hungry Girls by Anissa Gray are definitely my cup of tea.
Althea and Proctor Cochran had been pillars of their economically disadvantaged community for years – with their local restaurant/small market and their charity drives. Until they are found guilty of fraud for stealing and keeping most of the money they raised and sent to jail. Now disgraced, their entire family is suffering the consequences, specially their twin teenage daughters Baby Vi and Kim.  To complicate matters even more: Kim was actually the one to call the police on her parents after yet another fight with her mother. […]

Examples of children’s and YA fiction book reviews

The Book Hookup reviews Angie Thomas’ The Hate U Give :

♥ Quick Thoughts and Rating: 5 stars! I can’t imagine how challenging it would be to tackle the voice of a movement like Black Lives Matter, but I do know that Thomas did it with a finesse only a talented author like herself possibly could. With an unapologetically realistic delivery packed with emotion, The Hate U Give is a crucially important portrayal of the difficulties minorities face in our country every single day. I have no doubt that this book will be met with resistance by some (possibly many) and slapped with a “controversial” label, but if you’ve ever wondered what it was like to walk in a POC’s shoes, then I feel like this is an unflinchingly honest place to start.
In Angie Thomas’s debut novel, Starr Carter bursts on to the YA scene with both heart-wrecking and heartwarming sincerity. This author is definitely one to watch.
♥ Review: The hype around this book has been unquestionable and, admittedly, that made me both eager to get my hands on it and terrified to read it. I mean, what if I was to be the one person that didn’t love it as much as others? (That seems silly now because of how truly mesmerizing THUG was in the most heartbreakingly realistic way.) However, with the relevancy of its summary in regards to the unjust predicaments POC currently face in the US, I knew this one was a must-read, so I was ready to set my fears aside and dive in. That said, I had an altogether more personal, ulterior motive for wanting to read this book. […]

The New York Times reviews Melissa Albert’s The Hazel Wood :

Alice Crewe (a last name she’s chosen for herself) is a fairy tale legacy: the granddaughter of Althea Proserpine, author of a collection of dark-as-night fairy tales called “Tales From the Hinterland.” The book has a cult following, and though Alice has never met her grandmother, she’s learned a little about her through internet research. She hasn’t read the stories, because her mother, Ella Proserpine, forbids it.
Alice and Ella have moved from place to place in an attempt to avoid the “bad luck” that seems to follow them. Weird things have happened. As a child, Alice was kidnapped by a man who took her on a road trip to find her grandmother; he was stopped by the police before they did so. When at 17 she sees that man again, unchanged despite the years, Alice panics. Then Ella goes missing, and Alice turns to Ellery Finch, a schoolmate who’s an Althea Proserpine superfan, for help in tracking down her mother. Not only has Finch read every fairy tale in the collection, but handily, he remembers them, sharing them with Alice as they journey to the mysterious Hazel Wood, the estate of her now-dead grandmother, where they hope to find Ella.
“The Hazel Wood” starts out strange and gets stranger, in the best way possible. (The fairy stories Finch relays, which Albert includes as their own chapters, are as creepy and evocative as you’d hope.) Albert seamlessly combines contemporary realism with fantasy, blurring the edges in a way that highlights that place where stories and real life convene, where magic contains truth and the world as it appears is false, where just about anything can happen, particularly in the pages of a very good book. It’s a captivating debut. […]

James reviews Margaret Wise Brown’s Goodnight, Moon on Goodreads:

Goodnight Moon by Margaret Wise Brown is one of the books that followers of my blog voted as a must-read for our Children's Book August 2018 Readathon. Come check it out and join the next few weeks!
This picture book was such a delight. I hadn't remembered reading it when I was a child, but it might have been read to me... either way, it was like a whole new experience! It's always so difficult to convince a child to fall asleep at night. I don't have kids, but I do have a 5-month-old puppy who whines for 5 minutes every night when he goes in his cage/crate (hopefully he'll be fully housebroken soon so he can roam around when he wants). I can only imagine! I babysat a lot as a teenager and I have tons of younger cousins, nieces, and nephews, so I've been through it before, too. This was a believable experience, and it really helps show kids how to relax and just let go when it's time to sleep.
The bunny's are adorable. The rhymes are exquisite. I found it pretty fun, but possibly a little dated given many of those things aren't normal routines anymore. But the lessons to take from it are still powerful. Loved it! I want to sample some more books by this fine author and her illustrators.

Publishers Weekly reviews Elizabeth Lilly’s Geraldine :

This funny, thoroughly accomplished debut opens with two words: “I’m moving.” They’re spoken by the title character while she swoons across her family’s ottoman, and because Geraldine is a giraffe, her full-on melancholy mode is quite a spectacle. But while Geraldine may be a drama queen (even her mother says so), it won’t take readers long to warm up to her. The move takes Geraldine from Giraffe City, where everyone is like her, to a new school, where everyone else is human. Suddenly, the former extrovert becomes “That Giraffe Girl,” and all she wants to do is hide, which is pretty much impossible. “Even my voice tries to hide,” she says, in the book’s most poignant moment. “It’s gotten quiet and whispery.” Then she meets Cassie, who, though human, is also an outlier (“I’m that girl who wears glasses and likes MATH and always organizes her food”), and things begin to look up.
Lilly’s watercolor-and-ink drawings are as vividly comic and emotionally astute as her writing; just when readers think there are no more ways for Geraldine to contort her long neck, this highly promising talent comes up with something new.

Examples of genre fiction book reviews

Karlyn P reviews Nora Roberts’ Dark Witch , a paranormal romance novel , on Goodreads:

4 stars. Great world-building, weak romance, but still worth the read.
I hesitate to describe this book as a 'romance' novel simply because the book spent little time actually exploring the romance between Iona and Boyle. Sure, there IS a romance in this novel. Sprinkled throughout the book are a few scenes where Iona and Boyle meet, chat, wink at each, flirt some more, sleep together, have a misunderstanding, make up, and then profess their undying love. Very formulaic stuff, and all woven around the more important parts of this book.
The meat of this book is far more focused on the story of the Dark witch and her magically-gifted descendants living in Ireland. Despite being weak on the romance, I really enjoyed it. I think the book is probably better for it, because the romance itself was pretty lackluster stuff.
I absolutely plan to stick with this series as I enjoyed the world building, loved the Ireland setting, and was intrigued by all of the secondary characters. However, If you read Nora Roberts strictly for the romance scenes, this one might disappoint. But if you enjoy a solid background story with some dark magic and prophesies, you might enjoy it as much as I did.
I listened to this one on audio, and felt the narration was excellent.

Emily May reviews R.F. Kuang’s The Poppy Wars , an epic fantasy novel , on Goodreads:

“But I warn you, little warrior. The price of power is pain.”
Holy hell, what did I just read??
➽ A fantasy military school
➽ A rich world based on modern Chinese history
➽ Shamans and gods
➽ Detailed characterization leading to unforgettable characters
➽ Adorable, opium-smoking mentors
That's a basic list, but this book is all of that and SO MUCH MORE. I know 100% that The Poppy War will be one of my best reads of 2018.
Isn't it just so great when you find one of those books that completely drags you in, makes you fall in love with the characters, and demands that you sit on the edge of your seat for every horrific, nail-biting moment of it? This is one of those books for me. And I must issue a serious content warning: this book explores some very dark themes. Proceed with caution (or not at all) if you are particularly sensitive to scenes of war, drug use and addiction, genocide, racism, sexism, ableism, self-harm, torture, and rape (off-page but extremely horrific).
Because, despite the fairly innocuous first 200 pages, the title speaks the truth: this is a book about war. All of its horrors and atrocities. It is not sugar-coated, and it is often graphic. The "poppy" aspect refers to opium, which is a big part of this book. It is a fantasy, but the book draws inspiration from the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Rape of Nanking.

Crime Fiction Lover reviews Jessica Barry’s Freefall , a crime novel:

In some crime novels, the wrongdoing hits you between the eyes from page one. With others it’s a more subtle process, and that’s OK too. So where does Freefall fit into the sliding scale?
In truth, it’s not clear. This is a novel with a thrilling concept at its core. A woman survives plane crash, then runs for her life. However, it is the subtleties at play that will draw you in like a spider beckoning to an unwitting fly.
Like the heroine in Sharon Bolton’s Dead Woman Walking, Allison is lucky to be alive. She was the only passenger in a private plane, belonging to her fiancé, Ben, who was piloting the expensive aircraft, when it came down in woodlands in the Colorado Rockies. Ally is also the only survivor, but rather than sitting back and waiting for rescue, she is soon pulling together items that may help her survive a little longer – first aid kit, energy bars, warm clothes, trainers – before fleeing the scene. If you’re hearing the faint sound of alarm bells ringing, get used to it. There’s much, much more to learn about Ally before this tale is over.

Kirkus Reviews reviews Ernest Cline’s Ready Player One , a science-fiction novel :

Video-game players embrace the quest of a lifetime in a virtual world; screenwriter Cline’s first novel is old wine in new bottles.
The real world, in 2045, is the usual dystopian horror story. So who can blame Wade, our narrator, if he spends most of his time in a virtual world? The 18-year-old, orphaned at 11, has no friends in his vertical trailer park in Oklahoma City, while the OASIS has captivating bells and whistles, and it’s free. Its creator, the legendary billionaire James Halliday, left a curious will. He had devised an elaborate online game, a hunt for a hidden Easter egg. The finder would inherit his estate. Old-fashioned riddles lead to three keys and three gates. Wade, or rather his avatar Parzival, is the first gunter (egg-hunter) to win the Copper Key, first of three.
Halliday was obsessed with the pop culture of the 1980s, primarily the arcade games, so the novel is as much retro as futurist. Parzival’s great strength is that he has absorbed all Halliday’s obsessions; he knows by heart three essential movies, crossing the line from geek to freak. His most formidable competitors are the Sixers, contract gunters working for the evil conglomerate IOI, whose goal is to acquire the OASIS. Cline’s narrative is straightforward but loaded with exposition. It takes a while to reach a scene that crackles with excitement: the meeting between Parzival (now world famous as the lead contender) and Sorrento, the head of IOI. The latter tries to recruit Parzival; when he fails, he issues and executes a death threat. Wade’s trailer is demolished, his relatives killed; luckily Wade was not at home. Too bad this is the dramatic high point. Parzival threads his way between more ’80s games and movies to gain the other keys; it’s clever but not exciting. Even a romance with another avatar and the ultimate “epic throwdown” fail to stir the blood.
Too much puzzle-solving, not enough suspense.

Book review examples for non-fiction books

Nonfiction books are generally written to inform readers about a certain topic. As such, the focus of a nonfiction book review will be on the clarity and effectiveness of this communication . In carrying this out, a book review may analyze the author’s source materials and assess the thesis in order to determine whether or not the book meets expectations.

Again, we’ve included abbreviated versions of long reviews here, so feel free to click on the link to read the entire piece!

The Washington Post reviews David Grann’s Killers of the Flower Moon :

The arc of David Grann’s career reminds one of a software whiz-kid or a latest-thing talk-show host — certainly not an investigative reporter, even if he is one of the best in the business. The newly released movie of his first book, “The Lost City of Z,” is generating all kinds of Oscar talk, and now comes the release of his second book, “Killers of the Flower Moon: The Osage Murders and the Birth of the FBI,” the film rights to which have already been sold for $5 million in what one industry journal called the “biggest and wildest book rights auction in memory.”
Grann deserves the attention. He’s canny about the stories he chases, he’s willing to go anywhere to chase them, and he’s a maestro in his ability to parcel out information at just the right clip: a hint here, a shading of meaning there, a smartly paced buildup of multiple possibilities followed by an inevitable reversal of readerly expectations or, in some cases, by a thrilling and dislocating pull of the entire narrative rug.
All of these strengths are on display in “Killers of the Flower Moon.” Around the turn of the 20th century, oil was discovered underneath Osage lands in the Oklahoma Territory, lands that were soon to become part of the state of Oklahoma. Through foresight and legal maneuvering, the Osage found a way to permanently attach that oil to themselves and shield it from the prying hands of white interlopers; this mechanism was known as “headrights,” which forbade the outright sale of oil rights and granted each full member of the tribe — and, supposedly, no one else — a share in the proceeds from any lease arrangement. For a while, the fail-safes did their job, and the Osage got rich — diamond-ring and chauffeured-car and imported-French-fashion rich — following which quite a large group of white men started to work like devils to separate the Osage from their money. And soon enough, and predictably enough, this work involved murder. Here in Jazz Age America’s most isolated of locales, dozens or even hundreds of Osage in possession of great fortunes — and of the potential for even greater fortunes in the future — were dispatched by poison, by gunshot and by dynamite. […]

Stacked Books reviews Malcolm Gladwell’s Outliers :

I’ve heard a lot of great things about Malcolm Gladwell’s writing. Friends and co-workers tell me that his subjects are interesting and his writing style is easy to follow without talking down to the reader. I wasn’t disappointed with Outliers. In it, Gladwell tackles the subject of success – how people obtain it and what contributes to extraordinary success as opposed to everyday success.
The thesis – that our success depends much more on circumstances out of our control than any effort we put forth – isn’t exactly revolutionary. Most of us know it to be true. However, I don’t think I’m lying when I say that most of us also believe that we if we just try that much harder and develop our talent that much further, it will be enough to become wildly successful, despite bad or just mediocre beginnings. Not so, says Gladwell.
Most of the evidence Gladwell gives us is anecdotal, which is my favorite kind to read. I can’t really speak to how scientifically valid it is, but it sure makes for engrossing listening. For example, did you know that successful hockey players are almost all born in January, February, or March? Kids born during these months are older than the others kids when they start playing in the youth leagues, which means they’re already better at the game (because they’re bigger). Thus, they get more play time, which means their skill increases at a faster rate, and it compounds as time goes by. Within a few years, they’re much, much better than the kids born just a few months later in the year. Basically, these kids’ birthdates are a huge factor in their success as adults – and it’s nothing they can do anything about. If anyone could make hockey interesting to a Texan who only grudgingly admits the sport even exists, it’s Gladwell. […]

Quill and Quire reviews Rick Prashaw’s Soar, Adam, Soar :

Ten years ago, I read a book called Almost Perfect. The young-adult novel by Brian Katcher won some awards and was held up as a powerful, nuanced portrayal of a young trans person. But the reality did not live up to the book’s billing. Instead, it turned out to be a one-dimensional and highly fetishized portrait of a trans person’s life, one that was nevertheless repeatedly dubbed “realistic” and “affecting” by non-transgender readers possessing only a vague, mass-market understanding of trans experiences.
In the intervening decade, trans narratives have emerged further into the literary spotlight, but those authored by trans people ourselves – and by trans men in particular – have seemed to fall under the shadow of cisgender sensationalized imaginings. Two current Canadian releases – Soar, Adam, Soar and This One Looks Like a Boy – provide a pointed object lesson into why trans-authored work about transgender experiences remains critical.
To be fair, Soar, Adam, Soar isn’t just a story about a trans man. It’s also a story about epilepsy, the medical establishment, and coming of age as seen through a grieving father’s eyes. Adam, Prashaw’s trans son, died unexpectedly at age 22. Woven through the elder Prashaw’s narrative are excerpts from Adam’s social media posts, giving us glimpses into the young man’s interior life as he traverses his late teens and early 20s. […]

Book Geeks reviews Elizabeth Gilbert’s Eat, Pray, Love :

WRITING STYLE: 3.5/5
SUBJECT: 4/5
CANDIDNESS: 4.5/5
RELEVANCE: 3.5/5
ENTERTAINMENT QUOTIENT: 3.5/5
“Eat Pray Love” is so popular that it is almost impossible to not read it. Having felt ashamed many times on my not having read this book, I quietly ordered the book (before I saw the movie) from amazon.in and sat down to read it. I don’t remember what I expected it to be – maybe more like a chick lit thing but it turned out quite different. The book is a real story and is a short journal from the time when its writer went travelling to three different countries in pursuit of three different things – Italy (Pleasure), India (Spirituality), Bali (Balance) and this is what corresponds to the book’s name – EAT (in Italy), PRAY (in India) and LOVE (in Bali, Indonesia). These are also the three Is – ITALY, INDIA, INDONESIA.
Though she had everything a middle-aged American woman can aspire for – MONEY, CAREER, FRIENDS, HUSBAND; Elizabeth was not happy in her life, she wasn’t happy in her marriage. Having suffered a terrible divorce and terrible breakup soon after, Elizabeth was shattered. She didn’t know where to go and what to do – all she knew was that she wanted to run away. So she set out on a weird adventure – she will go to three countries in a year and see if she can find out what she was looking for in life. This book is about that life changing journey that she takes for one whole year. […]

Emily May reviews Michelle Obama’s Becoming on Goodreads:

Look, I'm not a happy crier. I might cry at songs about leaving and missing someone; I might cry at books where things don't work out; I might cry at movies where someone dies. I've just never really understood why people get all choked up over happy, inspirational things. But Michelle Obama's kindness and empathy changed that. This book had me in tears for all the right reasons.
This is not really a book about politics, though political experiences obviously do come into it. It's a shame that some will dismiss this book because of a difference in political opinion, when it is really about a woman's life. About growing up poor and black on the South Side of Chicago; about getting married and struggling to maintain that marriage; about motherhood; about being thrown into an amazing and terrifying position.
I hate words like "inspirational" because they've become so overdone and cheesy, but I just have to say it-- Michelle Obama is an inspiration. I had the privilege of seeing her speak at The Forum in Inglewood, and she is one of the warmest, funniest, smartest, down-to-earth people I have ever seen in this world.
And yes, I know we present what we want the world to see, but I truly do think it's genuine. I think she is someone who really cares about people - especially kids - and wants to give them better lives and opportunities.
She's obviously intelligent, but she also doesn't gussy up her words. She talks straight, with an openness and honesty rarely seen. She's been one of the most powerful women in the world, she's been a graduate of Princeton and Harvard Law School, she's had her own successful career, and yet she has remained throughout that same girl - Michelle Robinson - from a working class family in Chicago.
I don't think there's anyone who wouldn't benefit from reading this book.

Hopefully, this post has given you a better idea of how to write a book review. You might be wondering how to put all of this knowledge into action now! Many book reviewers start out by setting up a book blog. If you don’t have time to research the intricacies of HTML, check out Reedsy Discovery — where you can read indie books for free and review them without going through the hassle of creating a blog. To register as a book reviewer , go here .

And if you’d like to see even more book review examples, simply go to this directory of book review blogs and click on any one of them to see a wealth of good book reviews. Beyond that, it's up to you to pick up a book and pen — and start reviewing!

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How to Write a Stage Play

Last Updated: March 7, 2024 Fact Checked

Developing the Story

Outlining the play, writing & formatting a script, sample scripts, expert q&a.

This article was co-authored by Melessa Sargent and by wikiHow staff writer, Sophie Burkholder, BA . Melessa Sargent is the President of Scriptwriters Network, a non-profit organization that brings in entertainment professionals to teach the art and business of script writing for TV, features and new media. The Network serves its members by providing educational programming, developing access and opportunity through alliances with industry professionals, and furthering the cause and quality of writing in the entertainment industry. Under Melessa's leadership, SWN has won numbers awards including the Los Angeles Award from 2014 through 2021, and the Innovation & Excellence award in 2020. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 548,611 times.

Do you want to join the ranks of Shakespeare, Ibsen, and Arthur Miller? You'll need to write a play with bold characters, a dynamic plot, and that special touch that makes it fit for center stage. With a good vision, a strong format, and a little luck, you'll get to experience the thrill of seeing your finished play performed. Whether you're writing a play for theatre or just for fun, use this guide to start writing your script and bringing it to life.

Things You Should Know

  • Decide the genre, theme, and setting of your story. Craft your characters and what challenges and conflicts they will overcome throughout the story.
  • Outline the beginning, middle, and end of your story. Roughly organize the plot points of your story into scenes and acts.
  • Write your first draft and then another, following the playwriting format. Keep revising and asking for outside opinions before settling on a final version.

Step 1 Determine the genre and theme of your play.

  • For example, common themes in Shakespeare's plays include love, power, identity, madness vs. sanity, and fate vs. free will. [2] X Research source
  • Consider the key takeaways you want your audience to walk away with or the question you want to plant in their mind.
  • Choose themes that are relevant to present-day society and people, since that’s who will be watching and reading your plays.

Step 2 Develop your characters.

  • Understand your character’s motivations and what drives their behaviors: what does your character want? What will they do to get it?
  • Make sure your character demonstrates growth throughout the story and has changed in some way by the play’s conclusion.
  • Avoid using stereotypes or common character tropes when developing your characters .
  • Your antagonist doesn’t have to be a person. Instead, it could be a struggle within the character’s own self (e.g., a soldier dealing with post-traumatic stress) or a conflict between the character and society (e.g., a woman fighting for her right to vote in 1918). [4] X Research source

Step 3 Craft your setting and plot.

  • In playwriting, these stages of a story are better known as the exposition, rising action, conflict, climax, and resolution.
  • The exposition should establish your play's setting, characters, and basic conflict.
  • The rising action should present a deepening conflict or challenge until you reach the climax of the play, which is the tensest moment in which conflicts are fully addressed.
  • The conflict of the play should underscore the theme and relate to the protagonist and antagonist: e.g., two brothers battling over their parents' will may highlight a theme of how grief may obscure what’s truly important.
  • The play’s resolution should release the tension after the climax and show characters overcoming or learning to live with their conflicts.

Step 4 Understand the limitations of the stage.

  • Alternatively, break from traditional theatre and write a play with impossible-to-stage scenes as a way of exploring the writing itself.
  • If you have no plans to actually stage the play, treat it as a different form of writing a poem .
  • Bertolt Brecht, Samuel Beckett, and Antonin Artaud were all innovators of experimental avant-garde plays who incorporated audience participation and other absurdist or surreal elements into their drama.

Step 1 Outline your story.

  • In addition to your main plot, add plot points for subplots that help develop the characters or keep the audience engaged.

Step 2 Break up your plot into scenes and acts.

  • Acts are like mini-plays within themselves, each made up of several scenes.
  • The three-act play is most common, but one-act and five-act plays are also widely used. [9] X Research source
  • As you develop your scenes, give time for scene or costume changes and for actors to get to their places.

Step 1 Write an exploratory draft.

  • Get into the habit of writing every day, even if only for 5-10 minutes.
  • For the exploratory draft, don't worry about formatting the play or writing it "correctly." Just let out everything that needs to get out.

Step 2 Make revisions to your script.

  • Go back through your drafts with a pencil. Circle any moments that pause the drama, and underline moments that move the drama forward. Cut out everything that's circled.
  • If you end up cutting out 90% of what you've written, so be it. Fill it back in with things that move the story forward.
  • Write as many drafts as it takes. There's no right number of drafts. Keep going until the play feels finished and satisfies your expectations.

Step 3 Format your script properly.

  • Center act and scene headings.
  • Center and capitalize character names .
  • Italicize stage directions and indent them by one tab.
  • Write small actions and minor stage directions in parentheses.

Step 4 Arrange a table read or other opportunity for outside feedback.

  • Reread your play from a different perspective. As an actor, would you understand your character’s motivations? As an audience member, would you be able to follow the plot of the play if you had no background knowledge?
  • Get a fresh pair of eyes on your script. Ask a friend, family member, or fellow artist to read the script and give you constructive notes.
  • Use these pieces of feedback to revise your script and move toward your final draft.

What is playwriting?

Playwriting creates a dramatic narrative to be used in a live production.

  • As opposed to writing scripts for movies or television shows, writing stage plays allows playwrights to connect with and interact with the audience immediately.

how to start an play review essay

  • Read and watch plays as you develop your own. This research will give you a better understanding of the format for playwriting and how plays typically progress. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
  • You can write moments when characters come into the audience to make viewers feel more involved. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
  • If you feel like you’re having writer’s block, just free write. Open up a text document and start typing whatever comes into your head—don’t worry about it being completely perfect or sensical. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0

Tips from our Readers

  • Consider how your setting will impact your plot and character voice. If your characters live in a forest, they shouldn't be using urban slang or have easy access to shops and restaurants.
  • Don't be afraid to put yourself out there. If you have a story to share and a drive to create, then follow that!
  • Writing a play should be fun. If it isn't a huge success, learn from this experience and try again.
  • For the plot and premise of the play, start off with topics or settings that interest you.

how to start an play review essay

You Might Also Like

Write a Script

  • ↑ https://liberalarts.oregonstate.edu/wlf/what-theme
  • ↑ https://studymind.co.uk/questions/what-are-the-typical-recurring-themes-in-shakespeare-s-plays/
  • ↑ https://www.theguardian.com/stage/theatreblog/2008/nov/25/theatre-writing-plays-playwright-royal-court
  • ↑ https://www.servicescape.com/blog/120-story-conflict-ideas-and-examples#
  • ↑ https://thewritepractice.com/story-arcs/
  • ↑ https://www.studiobinder.com/blog/how-to-write-a-play-script-format/
  • ↑ https://penandthepad.com/outline-play-8541400.html
  • ↑ https://www.writopialab.org/programs/specialty-programs/worldwide-plays-festival/the-competition/standard-playwriting-format
  • ↑ https://dramatics.org/how-to-run-a-productive-table-read/
  • ↑ https://writingcommons.org/article/overview-of-playwriting/

About This Article

Melessa Sargent

To write a play, start each scene with a location and time of day, like INT. RESTAURANT — NIGHT. Below that, write stage directions that describe what, and who, is onstage. When writing dialogue, indent the character’s name at least 4 inches, write it in all caps, then write what they’re saying below their name. Once you’re comfortable with formatting, start your first draft by putting characters together somewhere significant to them, and giving them a minor challenge to confront. Keep writing until you find an external plot that allows them to confront their internal conflicts. To learn how to come up with interesting, realistic characters, keep reading! Did this summary help you? Yes No

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how to start an play review essay

Quick Guide on How to Write a Movie Review Essay

how to start an play review essay

What Is a Movie Review

The internet has revolutionized the realm of film criticism. No matter a movie's level of quality, it is always worth analyzing. Despite the growing number of individuals attempting to write about movies, few are successful. Most people do not provide insightful analysis, instead simply state how much they liked or disliked the film.

A movie criticism, usually composed by a professional in film studies, takes a comprehensive look at the film from a historical, social, political, or theoretical standpoint. This is unlike the opinion or suggestion given in a movie review, which is shorter and more concise.

A remarkable aspect of a good film review is that it doesn't just rate the movie but provides explicit views that form the critique's basis. This form of writing, like crafting essays, research papers, and term papers, should be insightful and draw the reader in quickly. It's important to discuss the reputation of the lead actors and directors and to write about what you expected and if they were met. The reviewer must explain a story's development without recalling major plot points and endings. The review must be concise, engaging, and should involve metaphors, specific words, analogies, etc.

Movie Review Purpose

Most film reviews are intended to guide readers in deciding whether to view, rent, or purchase the film. They should provide the necessary information to aid readers in deciding without divulging any fundamental details, such as the storyline or any surprises. This paper is common in schools because the lecturer wants to evaluate the student's ability to think critically and report the event easily for others to understand.

Movie reviews typically present a brief summary of the film's storyline. They provide readers with an overview of the characters, relationships, and scenarios but do not convey the complete narrative. Perusing the review should be different from seeing the movie. Nonetheless, feel free to highlight the essential moments or pivotal points that make the film worthwhile viewing.

Our college essay writing service has put together some advice on composing a movie review essay like a real critic, so let's explore the article further!

How to Write a Movie Review: Movie Review Outline

The structure is key when it comes to the quality of your paper. Don't neglect the power of a good outline, no matter what paper you're writing. Outlines help you stay on track and make sure your paper flows well.

Taking the time to arrange your ideas before starting to write is an effective way to save time further down the line. With a well-structured plan already in place, you won't have to worry about other elements. This will also make the writing process less stressful. Here is a guide on how to organize your movie review outline:

Writing a Movie Review_ Step-by-Step Guide

How Do You Start a Movie Review Essay: Introduction

The introductory paragraph is the first obvious step in crafting a movie review essay outline. Here, you want to quickly captivate the reader. Deliver your viewpoint instantly and make it unambiguous. Don't leave the audience wondering whether you enjoyed the film. Tell them right off the bat so you have time to justify your assessment throughout the remainder of the process.

In the introduction movie review should also describe your thesis. Develop the main concept for your essay that you can support using your perceptions of the movie's various aspects. The reader should be able to tell from this statement if you thought the film was fantastic, awful, or simply alright. By including a thesis statement, you may move your analysis beyond the plot synopsis phase into the movie critique category, which is considered a separate creative process.

Crafting Your Essay Movie Review Analysis

According to our research paper service , film analysis is similar to building a case. You're attempting to influence the reader to follow your recommendation to watch or disregard the film. So, you must ensure your essay movie review will be convincing. Giving instances that demonstrate the validity of your personal opinion is the only method to do this. If you find any dialogue in the movie that you think best exemplifies whether the work is strong or not, utilize quotes. This also applies to all of the movie's artistic decisions. But, just because a movie's narrative isn't strong or engaging doesn't indicate the rest of the film is worthless. Carefully highlight how some factors might undermine the movie in your explanation.

The movie's plot is only one component and shouldn't dominate the overall piece. The following are the important aspects to include in your movie review structure:

Cinematography - Cinematography covers much more than simply camera angles. It includes how the picture is lit, how it moves, appears, and what lenses are used. Here you can try the following analysis: 'Warm, gentle colors are used throughout the film, combined with soothing whites and grays, to simultaneously create and gradually tear away the characters' romantic sentiments for one another. There is a painting-like quality to each image.'

Editing - The editing is arguably the absolute star of what creates a good movie review example. It affects both the duration and the flow of a movie. Without effective editing, there would be uncomfortable gaps between pictures and many errors.

Costuming - The clothing the characters wear is called a costume, but there are a number of things to consider while evaluating movie costumes. You should be able to decide if the outfits suit the characters and the movie's atmosphere.

Casting and Acting - Finding the ideal performers to bring characters to life is the goal of casting. This sometimes entails seeing performers portray both familiar personas and figures who are entirely at odds with who they are. Casting, therefore, involves more than just finding talented performers. You can assess the acting in the following way: 'Even though he excels while on the go, his stoic behaviorism causes him to fall short of his co-star during calm scenes where he keeps a blank look on his face.'

Once you have finished analyzing the acting, directing, cinematography, setting, etc., wrap up with concise, stimulating wording to sustain readers' attention. Don't forget to provide a few examples to support your statements about the film.

Concluding Your Essay Movie Review

Finalize your review by coming full circle. Close the review by returning to your introductory fact or thesis. Give your readers a refresher on the movie's most intriguing aspects. It's important to remember that before choosing a movie, viewers check reviews. Finish with a statement indicating whether it is worthwhile for them to view. Be specific about who this movie will be more fascinating to and why in your suggestions. Remember that your ending is your last shot at influencing your audience, so use it wisely.

No matter the kind of movie review you have to complete, our professional specialists are willing to help you. Directly forward your needs to our research paper service and get it done quickly.

Need Help With MOVIE REVIEW WRITING?

No matter what type of movie review you want, our qualified specialists are ready to assist you.

Short Movie Review Form

If you are currently working on a new or old movie review, reading our suggestions should be sufficient to help you earn an A. So what if you'll be writing many reviews in the future? In this situation, we advise you to develop a uniform movie review template, which will enable you to save time and complete your upcoming projects successfully.

So, how to write a movie review template, you may ask? Well, our essay helper prepared a simple yet great movie review template you may use as a foundation for your own writing if you need some help getting started:

movie review form

Example Papers

Once you know how to review a movie and learn the most valuable tips to handle this assignment, it is time to look at some movie review examples to get you on the right track.

Check out the following pieces to see which of these movie review essay examples you might want to keep at hand when working on your own assignment:

Helpful Tips on Writing Movie Reviews

Here are some extra helpful tips to keep in mind when unsure how to write a movie review essay:

Mistakes to Avoid While Making a Movie Review

  • Add Your Own Personal Feel to Your Movie Critique - You might not have much spare time for your pastime of reviewing. You won't be able to write a movie review, though, if you just wing it without reading what others have said. Make a note of the things that intrigued you, alarmed you, made you uncomfortable, or caused you to pause and consider something, and then use that list as the basis for your research.
  • Develop a Distinctive Writing Style - Have an idol—it's good for you. You must be careful not to just paraphrase and duplicate what they say without adding your own original viewpoint. Instead, in order to stand out from the throng, you must discover your own voice. When writing movie reviews, you should also have a distinct writing style.
  • Include Extensive Information -Mention the film's photographer, special effects designer, and director. Your review might be significantly impacted by this. Then you may list all the memorable movie moments that also stuck with you.
  • Voice Your Views and Back Up Your Criticism - Give your own assessment of the film. Make sure you have evidence to support your criticisms. Use the movie's details that most shocked or humiliated you. Review genuine information rather than merely expressing your opinions without supporting details.

Final Thoughts

Composing a good movie review essay sample is easy if you follow this article's main steps and techniques. Furthermore, we strongly believe that this guide will assist you in achieving remarkable outcomes and ease your writing process. The staff at EssayPro is always available to provide a helping hand if you need a little additional push with movie review examples or even if it's simply coming up with a catchy essay title .

Order an essay and await excellent results! Contact our expert writers and ask them to ' write my essay for me ' – and they will ensure your academic success!

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Our writers take extra measures to make sure that your essay is created precisely in accordance with your specifications.

FAQs on Writing an Essay Movie Review

Here are the most frequently asked questions on how to write a movie review. We provided extra details on movie analysis to simplify writing film reviews.

What are the 6 Important Things to Include in a Film Review?

How long should a movie review be, what are the 5 c's in film, related articles.

research paper conclusion

Why are the Fortnite servers down? What we know about the update for a new season

Fortnite Battle Royale Chapter 5 Season 2: Myths & Mortals loading screen

Fortnite servers are down as Epic Games prepares the next chapter in the popular franchise, and aren't expected to return until this afternoon after the company has encountered some issues with the update.

Here's what we know about the outage delaying Chapter 5, Season 2 of Fortnite.

When will Fortnite servers be back up? New season delayed as maintenance outage lasts longer than expected

Fortnite servers were still undergoing scheduled maintenance for the version 29.00 update as of 10 a.m. EST Friday. DownDetector had a peak of 1,259 reports of Fortnite outages at 9 a.m. The upgrade was expected to be complete by 4 p.m. EST, according to the status page.

On X/Twitter, Fortnite reported encountering issues that would require another 8 hours of downtime.

When does Fortnite Chapter 5 Season 2: Myths and Mortals start?

Once the upgrades are complete, Fortnite users should be able to launch into Chapter 5 Season 2: Myths & Mortals .

Epic Games says in the chapter, Pandora’s Box has been opened on the Fortnite Battle Royale Island, bringing Olympus to the battlefield. Olympian legends — including Hades and the thunder god Zeus — now rule the Island in otherworldly rage. To make matters worse, they’ve brought their powers and weapons with them. Use their mythological means against them.

The new season of Fortnite: Here's how to play Myths and Mortals

Why is there a queue for Fortnite today?

It's common when a new season launches or a bit event is scheduled for users to wait in a queue to login. It happens when the servers are overwhelmed by an overload of players trying to log in at once, according to Gameleap

To avoid the error, the site suggests players:

  • Avoid Peak Hours : Opt to play during off-peak hours like weekday evenings.
  • Don't Log Off : Continuous play ensures you won't get stuck in a queue later.
  • Check For Updates : Pending game updates can prevent logging in.
  • Contact Support : Contact Epic support to see if they're aware of server problems.
  • Wait It Out : As a last resort, wait for your queue to expire.

How many people play Fortnite?

Fortnite averaged about 230 million monthly users between January and February 2024, according to Gameleap . The game had its biggest single day in November, according to Fortune , with 44.7 million players in one day.

How To Write A Research Paper

Research Paper Methods Section

Nova A.

How To Write The Methods Section of a Research Paper Step-by-Step

13 min read

Published on: Mar 6, 2024

Last updated on: Mar 5, 2024

research paper methods section

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The method and material section stands as the cornerstone of any research paper. Crafting this section with precision is important, especially when aiming for a target journal. 

If you're navigating the intricacies of research paper writing and pondering on how to ace the methodology, fear not – we've got you covered. Our guide will walk you through the essentials, ensuring your methodology shines in the eyes of your target journal. 

Let's jump into the basics of the method section!

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What is the Methods Section of a Research Paper?

The methods section of a research paper provides a detailed description of the procedures, techniques, and methods employed to conduct the study ( American Psychological Association, 2020 ). It outlines the steps taken to collect, analyze, and interpret data, allowing other researchers to replicate the study and assess the validity of the results. 

This section includes information on the study design, participants, materials or apparatus used, data collection procedures, and statistical analyses. Typically, the methodology section is placed after the introduction and before the results section in a research paper.

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Importance of Methods Section

The methods section of a research paper holds significant importance. Here is why: 

  • Replicability: The methods section ensures the replicability of the study by providing a clear and comprehensive account of the procedures used.
  • Transparency: It enhances transparency, allowing other researchers to understand and evaluate the validity of the study's findings.
  • Credibility: A well-documented methods section enhances the credibility of the research, instilling confidence in the study's design and execution.
  • Guidance for Future Research: It serves as a guide for future research, offering insights into methodologies that can be applied or modified in similar studies.
  • Ethical Considerations: The section highlights ethical considerations, promoting responsible and accountable research practices.

Structure of Methods Section of a Research Paper

There are some important parts of the method section of a research paper that you will need to include, whether you have done an experimental study or a descriptive study. 

Provided structured approach below ensures clarity and replicability of the research methodology:

Formatting of the Methods Section 

Make the main " Methods " heading centered, bold, and capitalized. For subtopics under "Methods," like participant details or data collection, use left-aligned, bold, and title cases. 

Feel free to include even sub-headings for more specifics. This formatting helps readers easily follow your study steps.

Next, we will address the most common query, i.e., how to write the methodology section of a research paper. Let’s explain the steps for writing the methodology section of a research paper:

Step 1: Start with Study Design

The initial step in the method section of a research paper is to provide a clear description of the study type. This involves outlining the overall plan and structure of the research. 

Different types of studies, such as cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional, may be employed based on the research objectives.

For instance:

Starting with the study design sets the stage for understanding the methodology. It provides readers with a foundation for subsequent sections in the methods portion of the research paper.

Step 2: Describe Participants

In the methods section, the second step involves providing a detailed account of the participants involved in the study. Start by describing the characteristics of both human and non-human subjects, using clear and descriptive language.

Address specific demographic characteristics relevant to your study, such as age, sex, ethnic or racial group, gender identity, education level, and socioeconomic status. Clearly outlining these essential details ensures transparency, replicability, and a comprehensive understanding of the study's sample.

Sampling Procedures:

  • Clearly outline how participants were selected, specifying any inclusion and exclusion criteria applied.
  • Appropriately identify the sampling procedure used, such as random sampling, convenience sampling, or stratified sampling.
  • If applicable, note the percentage of invited participants who actually participated.
  • Specify if participants were self-selected or chosen by their institutions (e.g., schools submitting student data).

Sample Size and Power:

  • Detail the intended sample size estimation per condition and the statistical power aimed for in the study.
  • Provide information on any analyses conducted to determine the sample size and power.
  • Emphasize the importance of statistical power for detecting effects if present.
  • State whether the final sample size differed from the originally intended sample.
  • Base your interpretations of study outcomes solely on the final sample, reinforcing the importance of transparency in reporting.

Step 3: State Materials or Apparatus

In the third step, thoroughly describe the materials or apparatus used in your research. In addition, gives detailed information on the tools and techniques employed to measure relevant outcome variables.

Primary and Secondary Measures:

  • Clearly define both primary and secondary outcome measures aligned with research questions.
  • Specify all instruments used, citing hardware models, software versions, or references to manuals/articles.
  • Report settings of specialized apparatus, such as screen resolution.

Reliability and Validity:

  • For each instrument, detail measures of reliability and validity.
  • Include an explanation of how consistently (reliability) and precisely (validity) the method measures the targeted variables.
  • Provide examples or reference materials to illustrate the reliability and validity of tests, questionnaires, or interviews.

Covariates and Quality Assurance:

  • Describe any covariates considered and their relevance to explaining or predicting outcomes.
  • Review methods used to assure measurement quality, such as researcher training, multiple assessors, translation procedures, and pilot studies.
  • For subjectively coded data, report interrater reliability scores to gauge consistency among raters.

Step 4 Write the Procedure

Next is the procedure section of the research paper, which thoroughly details the procedures applied for administering the study, processing data, and planning data analyses.

Data Collection Methods and Research Design

  • Summarize data collection methods (e.g., surveys, tests) and the overall research design.
  • Provide detailed procedures for administering surveys, tests, or any other data collection instruments.
  • Clarify the research design framework, specifying whether it's experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, correlational, and/or longitudinal.
  • For multi-group studies, report assignment methods, group instructions, interventions, and session details.

Data Analysis 

  • Clearly state the planned data analysis methods for each research question or hypothesis.
  • Specify descriptive statistics, inferential statistical tests, and any other analysis techniques.
  • Include software or tools used for data analysis (e.g., SPSS, R).
  • Provide a brief rationale for choosing each analysis method.

Step 5: Mention Ethical Approvals

In the fifth step of the methods section, explicitly address the ethical considerations of your research, ensuring transparency and adherence to ethical standards. Here are some key ethical considerations: 

  • IRB Approval:

Clearly state that the research received approval from the Institutional Review Board (IRB) or an equivalent ethical review body.

  • Informed Consent:

Specify the process of obtaining informed consent, including the provision of information sheets to participants.

  • Confidentiality:

Describe measures taken to maintain confidentiality, such as assigning unique identification numbers and securing data.

  • Participant Rights:

Emphasize participants' right to withdraw from the study at any point without consequences.

  • Debriefing:

Mention if debriefing procedures were implemented to address any participant concerns post-study.

Methods Section of Research Paper Examples

Exploring sample methodology sections is crucial when composing your first research paper, as it enhances your understanding of the structure. We provide PDF examples of methodology sections that you can review to gain inspiration for your own research paper.

Methods Section of A Qualitative Research Paper

Methods Section of Research Paper Template

Methods Section of Research Proposal Example

Methods Section of Research Paper APA

How To Write A Method For An Experiment

Journal Guidelines to Consider

When writing the methods section, be mindful of the specific guidelines set by your target journal. These guidelines can vary, impacting the structure, word limitations, and even the presentation of your methodology. 

Here's a detailed explanation, along with an example:

Structure & Word Limitations

If a journal follows APA guidelines, it might allow flexibility in structuring the method section. However, some journals may impose strict limitations on the manuscript's length and the number of subsections. 

For instance, a journal might specify a maximum of 3000 words for the entire paper and limit the method section to 500 words. In such cases, ensure you adhere to these constraints, potentially submitting supplemental files for additional details.

Standardized Checklists

Journals often request authors to use standardized checklists for various study types to ensure completeness. 

For a randomized clinical trial, the CONSORT(Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) checklist might be required. If your research involves observational studies, the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) checklist may be applicable. 

For diagnostic accuracy studies, adherence to the STARD (Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies) checklist is common. These checklists serve as a systematic way to include essential details in your manuscript, aligning with the journal's preferred reporting standards.

Blind Review Procedures

Some journals implement single- or double-blind review procedures. If a double-blind review is in place, authors need to remove any information that might reveal their identity or institutional affiliations. 

For instance, the method section cannot explicitly mention the institution's name, researchers' identities, or the institutional ethics committee. This ensures an unbiased evaluation of the research without reviewers being influenced by the authors' affiliations.

The Dos And Don’ts Of Writing The Methods Section

While it's important to be thorough, certain elements are better suited for other sections of the paper. Here are some Do’s and Don’ts of writing the methods section:

Dos of Writing the Methods Section

Here are what to include in the methods section: 

  • Clarity and Precision: Clearly and concisely describe the procedures used in your study. Ensure that another researcher can replicate your work based on your explanation.
  • Chronological Order: Present the methods in a logical and chronological sequence. This helps readers follow the flow of your research.
  • Detail and Specificity: Provide sufficient detail to allow for replication. Specify equipment, materials, and procedures used, including any modifications.
  • Consistency with Study Design: Align your methods with the overall design of your study. Clearly state whether it's experimental, observational, or another design.
  • Inclusion of Participants: Detail participant characteristics, including demographics and any inclusion/exclusion criteria. Clearly state the sample size.
  • Operational Definitions: Define and operationalize key variables. Clearly explain how each variable was measured or manipulated.
  • Transparency in Data Collection: Describe the data collection process, including the timing, location, and any relevant protocols followed during the study.
  • Statistical Information: Outline the statistical methods used for analysis. Specify the software, tests employed and significance levels.
  • Ethical Considerations: Discuss ethical approvals obtained, informed consent procedures, and measures taken to ensure participant confidentiality. Address any potential conflicts of interest.

Don'ts of Writing the Methods Section

  • Extraneous Details: Unlike the discussion section avoid including unnecessary details or information that does not contribute directly to understanding the research methods.
  • Results Discussion: Refrain from discussing or interpreting the results in the methods section. Focus solely on describing the methods employed.
  • Ambiguity and Vagueness: Steer clear of vague or ambiguous language. Be precise and specific in your descriptions.
  • Overemphasis on Background: While some background information is relevant, avoid turning the methods section into an extensive literature review . Keep the focus on the research methods.
  • Personal Opinions: Do not include personal opinions or anecdotes. Stick to factual and objective descriptions.
  • Excessive Jargon: Minimize the use of technical jargon that may be confusing to readers who are not experts in your field. If necessary, provide clear explanations.
  • Inadequate Explanation of Modifications: If you deviate from standard procedures, clearly explain the modifications and justify why they were made.
  • Inconsistency with Design: Ensure that your methods align with the study design. Avoid inconsistencies that could create confusion for readers.

In conclusion , learning the art of writing the methods section is pivotal for any research paper. Following a step-by-step approach, from defining the study design to detailed data collection and analysis, ensures clarity and replicability. 

Remember, precision matters. If you find yourself grappling with the intricacies of your methodology, don't hesitate to reach out to CollegeEssay.org.  

Our professional writing service is ready to assist you in crafting a robust and well-structured methods section. 

Connect with our research paper writing service for expert guidance and conquer the challenges of research paper writing.

Nova A. (Literature, Marketing)

As a Digital Content Strategist, Nova Allison has eight years of experience in writing both technical and scientific content. With a focus on developing online content plans that engage audiences, Nova strives to write pieces that are not only informative but captivating as well.

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State of the Union replay: Joe Biden hits hard; Katie Britt gives intense response

President Joe Biden delivered his State of the Union address on Thursday, his last before the 2024 presidential election .

The president addressed a sweeping range of issues facing the nation and the world, from providing aid for Ukraine to expanding abortion rights. Overall, Biden told Americans from coast to coast that "The state of our union is strong and getting stronger.”

But as the president seeks another term in office, he also repeatedly hit former President Donald Trump, whom he only referred to as his "predecessor."

Sen. Katie Britt, R-Ala., delivered the Republican response to Biden's remarks after he wrapped up his speech, highlighting conservative priorities during a close election year.

Catch up with the USA TODAY Network's coverage of the State of the Union .

Prep for the polls: See who is running for president and compare where they stand on key issues in our Voter Guide

Takeaways from Biden’s State of the Union

President Joe Biden called on Americans to look to "the future" and not return to the politics of his predecessor in a State of the Union address that served as the kickoff to a general election rematch against Donald Trump.

He began his address with an immediate attack on Trump by casting the fight ahead as one to preserve "freedom and democracy" − the central theme of his candidacy . Biden made restoring abortion rights a major theme of his speech, blaming Trump for the Supreme Court's overturning of Roe v. Wade in 2022 by appointing three justices who tilted the court's conservative majority.

He also addressed challenges both at home and abroad, getting into a heated confrontation with Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene, R-Ga., over the border and calling on Israel to “do its part” in sending humanitarian aid to Gaza.  

-- Joey Garrison

Joe Biden, Donald Trump troll each other during SOTU speech

He never mentioned Donald Trump by name. But President Joe Biden was quick to go after his “predecessor” and “the last administration” Thursday during the State of the Union address, hammering Trump on everything from Russia policy to abortion, taxes and the Jan. 6, 2021 storming of the U.S. Capito l.

Trump started jabbing Biden hours before he entered the House chamber, where he delivered his speech. Trump complained about Biden being late when the event didn’t start on time and kept up his “Play by Play” throughout much of the speech.

For instance, at one point in the speech, Biden accused Trump of trying to “bury the truth about Jan. 6” to which Trump defended Jan. 6 participants on Truth Social and repeated unfounded claims of election fraud. 

-- Zac Anderson and Michael Collins

‘Remember Abbey Gate’ man yelling interrupts SOTU speech

Approximately one hour into the speech, in which Joe Biden drew sharp contrasts between himself and the Republican Party , a person began shouting causing the President to pause briefly. “Remember Abbey Gate! US Marines!” the protester shouted.

Abbey Gate is a reference to a 2021 suicide bombing during the evacuation of Afghanistan.

The protester was handcuffed and arrested after being escorted out by security from the House gallery as seen in a photo shared with USA TODAY.

-- James Powel, Jeanine Santucci, Tom Vanden Brook, Ken Tran

House Republican: Joe Biden's energy was 'high' despite age

Rep. Ryan Zinke, R-Mont., said he was impressed by Joe Biden's energy on Thursday night, despite his age. The Montana lawmaker remarked that the president's energy was notably "high."

Zinke's reaction to his address is a stark contrast to Republicans who have repeatedly attacked Biden, 81, over his age. Prior to Biden's address, several House Republicans joked they wanted to see a "coherent" message from the president.

'We want families to grow'

Katie Britt addressed a number of conservative priorities on Thursday, from addressing inflation to curbing TikTok.

But the Alabama lawmaker also discussed IVF in the wake of her home state's Supreme Court decision earlier this year.

The Alabama Supreme Court ruled last month  that frozen embryos are children  and that people can be held legally responsible if they are destroyed. The decision rocked families and medical providers across the country.

"We want families to grow" Britt said of herself and her Republican colleagues. "It's why we strongly support continued, nationwide access to invitro fertilization. We want to help loving moms and dads bring precious life into this world."

– Marina Pitofsky

Katie Britt zeroes in on Joe Biden's border policy

Katie Britt on Thursday said the American dream "has turned into a nightmare for so many families."

"President Biden's border policies are a disgrace. This crisis is despicable. And the truth is, it is almost entirely preventable," she said.

Britt told the story of a Texas woman who was trafficked by drug cartels. She also referenced Laken Riley, a Georgia woman who was killed. An undocumented immigrant has been charged following her death.

"Mr. President, enough is enough. Innocent Americans are dying, and you only have yourself to blame."

Katie Britt hits Joe Biden in Republican SOTU response

Katie Britt kicked off her response to Joe Biden's State of the Union address by calling the president a "permanent politician," referring to him as "out of touch."

"Under his administration, families are worse off," Britt said.

Joe Biden addresses concerns about his age  

Joe Biden ended his speech by addressing Americans' well-documented concerns about his age, cracking a joke.  

“I know I may not look like it, but I’ve been around a while,” he quipped. 

The president said he is still up to the task, citing his experience and wisdom. He seemed to draw a direct comparison to his predecessor and opponent, alluding to his belief that he and Donald Trump think different core values define America. 

“My lifetime has taught me to embrace freedom and democracy... Honesty. Decency. Dignity. Equality,” he said. “Now some other people my age see a different story. An American story of resentment, revenge, and retribution.” 

Biden also highlighted his decades of experience in politics, reminding viewers that there was a time in his career when people told him he was “too young.” 

“Whether young or old, I’ve always known what endures,” he said. “The very idea of America, that we are all created equal and deserve to be treated equally throughout our lives.” 

– Rachel Barber 

Standing up to China

Relations with China have stabilized – for now. But competition with the rival nation remains a top priority for the Biden administration.

“America is rising,” Joe Biden said Thursday. “We’re standing up against China’s unfair economic practices. We’re standing up for peace and stability across the Taiwan straits.”

Biden said Thursday that he had revitalized U.S. alliances in the region and taken steps to protect American investments in advanced technologies, including artificial intelligence.

“Frankly, for all his tough talk on China, it never occurred to my predecessor to do any of that,” Biden said.

Moments later, as Biden said that issues such as the reduction of fentanyl production and trafficking should be bipartisan, he chafed at Republicans seated in the chamber. 

“You don’t want to do that huh,” he said.

– Francesca Chambers

Who yelled 'Liar!' at Joe Biden?

Rep. Derrick Van Orden, R-Wis., was the first Republican to accuse Joe Biden of being a 'liar' during the state of the union, according to reports.

When reached for comment, Van Orden told USA TODAY in a text message: "Who?"

Containing the “threat posed by Iran”

Joe Biden warned Houthi rebels in Yemen that the U.S. will take any means necessary to protect commercial vessels in the Red Sea and minimize disruptions to global trade. 

An attack by the Iranian-backed group on a shipping vessel killed three crew members on Wednesday.

The U.S. and its coalition partners are wary of escalating the conflict. They have responded to previous episodes of violence with limited airstrikes.

But the president said Thursday, that “containing the threat posed by Iran” is key to achieving stability in the region. 

“As commander-in-chief, I will not hesitate to direct further measures to protect our people and our military personnel,” Biden said.

Joe Biden calls for temporary cease-fire in the Middle East

Biden rebuked Israel for the high death toll in Gaza and called for a temporary cease-fire in its war with Hamas.

“Humanitarian assistance cannot be a secondary consideration or a bargaining chip,” Biden said. “Protecting and saving innocent lives has to be a priority.”

He added: “As we look to the future, the only real solution to the situation is a two-state solution over time.”

The bloody conflict began five months ago, to the day, when Hamas fighters kidnapped, killed and most likely engaged in “sexualized torture” of Israeli civilians, according to a U.N. report, during the militant group’s Oct. 7 attack.

Biden pledged to the families of hostages that he would not rest until their loved ones return home. The commitment drew a standing ovation from Republican House Speaker Mike Johnson and Vice President Kamala Harris.

And while the U.S. firmly supports Israel’s right to defend itself, Biden said, the price that innocent Palestinian women and children are paying is too high.

“It’s heartbreaking,” Biden said.

Biden pressed both sides to accept the terms of a six-week ceasefire that would bring about the release of hostages, including an unknown number of Americans, and help get higher amounts of aid into the Gaza strip.

Joe Biden demands assault weapon ban, touts lower crime rates.

Joe Biden told the joint session that he is demanding a ban on assault weapons and high-capacity magazines and urged lawmakers to pass universal background checks.

“None of this violates the Second Amendment or vilifies responsible gun owners,” he said.

He acknowledged Jasmine, whose nine-year-old sister Jackie was murdered with 21 classmates and teachers at a school shooting in Uvalde, Texas, last year. Biden said families who lost their children urged him to “do something” to address gun violence.  

“Meanwhile, my predecessor told the NRA he’s proud he did nothing on guns when he was president,” he said.

Biden claimed America is safer today than when he took office and touted his American Rescue Plan's investment in public safety.   

– Rachel Looker 

Protestor who interrupted Joe Biden handcuffed and arrested

The protestor who interrupted Joe Biden, yelling about Abbey, Gate was handcuffed and arrested after being escorted out by security from the House gallery as seen in a photo shared with USA TODAY.

Joe Biden interrupted by a protestor

A protestor loudly interrupted Biden's speech from the House gallery overlooking the House floor, yelling about Abbey Gate. It's a reference to the chaotic U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan, which saw 13 military members killed.

The protestor was escorted out by security.

Joe Biden says his "predecessor" is playing politics with border

Joe Biden talked about introducing a comprehensive plan to fix the immigration system, secure the border, and provide a pathway to citizenship for Dreamers.

The bipartisan bill, he said, would be the toughest set of border security reforms and would hire 1,500 more border security agents and officers. But Republicans killed the legislation earlier this month, even after GOP lawmakers participated in negotiations.

“But unfortunately, politics have derailed it so far,” he said. “I’m told my predecessor called Republicans in Congress and demanded they block the bill. He feels it would be a political win for me and a political loser for him."

–Swapna Venugopal Ramaswamy

Republicans are leaving Biden's State of the Union early

In a sign of disinterest and disdain at the president's address, a handful of Republicans have slowly been trickling out of the House chamber as Joe Biden has been speaking.

Biden calls for expanded voting rights

In recognition of a dark moment in U.S. history, Biden pressed Congress to strengthen voter protections.

His speech fell on the 59th anniversary of “Bloody Sunday,” when Alabama police clubbed and attacked civil rights advocates with tear gas during a peaceful demonstration.

The incident was a catalyst for passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 several months later, which banned literacy tests and introduced other measures intended to help African Americans exercise their constitutional right to vote.

Biden held hands and marched with civil rights activists last year in Selma; Vice President Kamala Harris delivered a speech at this year’s commemorative event.

"There are forces taking us back in time. Voter suppression. Election subversion. Unlimited dark money. Extreme gerrymandering," Biden said Thursday. "It's time do to more than talk. Pass the Freedom to Vote Act, the John Lewis Voting Rights Act!"

Joe Biden pushes for a return of the expanded Child Tax Credit  

Biden said he would like to see a return of the expanded Child Tax Credit he approved during the pandemic. The credit enacted as part of his American Rescue Plan was only active in 2021. 

That year, the Child Tax Credit increased from $2,000 to $3,000 per child over six and from $2,000 to $3,600 for children under six. It also raised the age limit from 16 to 17. Working families received the full credit if they made less than $150,000 for a couple or $112,500 for families with a single parent. 

“Restore the Child Tax Credit because no child should go hungry in this country,” he said. 

Democrats to Marjorie Taylor Greene: 'Shut up!'

As Joe Biden railed against Republicans for killing a bipartisan border and migrant deal earlier this year, Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene got into a testy back and forth with the president and yelled "It's about Laken Riley!" 

Riley was found dead last month, and an undocumented migrant is accused of killing her.

Democrats immediately stood up to boo at Greene, and Rep. Zoe Lofgren, D-Calif., was seen yelling at her to "Shut up!"

“Strong and getting stronger”

Biden sought to boost confidence in America’s future, saying on Thursday that when the country gets knocked down, it gets back up.

“We keep going. That’s America,” Biden said. 

It’s because of the tenacity of the American people that Biden said he could say in his address, “The state of our union is strong and getting stronger.”

The line drew loud cheers and applause from Democrats in the chamber, who erupted in chants of “Four more years!” Republicans stayed seated.

Republicans jeer as Biden accuses them of cutting Social Security

Biden accused Republicans of supporting cuts to Social Security and vowed to protect the social safety net, provoking jeers and a handful of GOP members yelling "Liar!" back at the president.

"If anyone here tries to cut Social Security or Medicare or raise the retirement age I will stop them," Biden said.  

If the dynamic sounds familiar, that's because it is. Biden made the same point at last year's State of the Union address, and Republicans responded the same way.

Joe Biden vows to lower housing costs 

To address the increasing cost of housing, Joe Biden said he wants to provide an annual tax credit that will give Americans $400 a month for the next two years as mortgage rates come down.

“I know the cost of housing is so important to you,” he said.

He said the administration is also eliminating title insurance fees for federally backed mortgages so that when a homeowner refinance their home, they can save you $1,000 or more.

He also urged Congress to pass his housing plan to build and renovate 2 million affordable homes and bring rents down.

– Swapna Venugopal Ramaswamy

Joe Biden: ‘I want to make college more affordable’ 

Biden pushed for making college more affordable and urged lawmakers to continue increasing Pell grants for working and middle class families.

He acknowledged Keenan Jones, a public school educator from Minnesota, who was a guest sitting near the first lady Thursday evening.

“While we’re at it, I want to give public school teachers a raise,” he said.

Biden told the joint session that he wants to give every child a good start by providing access to preschool for three and four year olds as well as expand high quality tutoring and summer learning to increase reading levels.

“To remain the strongest economy in the world, we need to have the best education system in the world,” he said.

Marjorie Taylor Greene: 'Tell Hunter to pay his taxes!'

When Biden spoke about raising the corporate tax rate, Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene, R-Ga., interrupted and yelled, "tell Hunter to pay his taxes!" referring to the president's son, Hunter Biden and his federal tax evasion charges. 

Joe Biden calls for Medicare to negotiate lower prices on 500 prescription drugs

Joe Biden touted his administration’s steps to lower the cost of insulin and other prescription drugs, noting that “for years, people have talked about it, but finally we got it done.”

The Inflation Reduction Act, which Biden signed into law in 2022, gave Medicare the power to negotiate prescription drug prices directly with drug companies. As a result, Biden said, Medicare is negotiating lower prices for some of the costliest drugs on the market.

Now it’s time to go further, he said, and give Medicare the authority to negotiate lower prices for 500 different drugs over the next decade.

–Michael Collins

George Santos, during the State of the Union, announces he's running for reelection

During Biden's speech, embattled former Rep. George Santos, R-N.Y., who was expelled from the House for his extravagant lies and slate of criminal charges, announced he was running for reelection, challenging his fellow New Yorker, Rep. Nick LaLota, R-N.Y.

"Tonight, I want to announce that I will be returning to the arena of politics and challenging Nick," Santos said in a post on X, formerly Twitter.

IVF and Roe v. Wade take center stage

Joe Biden during his speech highlighted Latorya Beasley of Birmingham, Alabama, who was going through a round of IVF treatment when her embryo transfer was abruptly stopped after the Alabama Supreme Court’s decision treating embryos as children. 

“She was told her dream would have to wait,” Biden said. “Let’s stand up for families like hers," said Biden.

He also pointed to Kate Cox, who was denied an abortion in Texas.

“Here are state laws banning the right to choose, criminalizing doctors, and forcing survivors of rape and incest to leave their states as well to get the care they need,” said Biden. “Clearly those bragging about overturning Roe v. Wade have no clue about the power of women in America. But they found out when reproductive freedom was on the ballot and won in 2022, 2023, and they will find out again in 2024.”

UAW President Shawn Fain warms up to Joe Biden

United Auto Worker President Shawn Fain mouths "it's you," in response to accolades from Joe Biden. 

It's a big turnaround: Fain and the UAW withheld an endorsement for Biden for months as the United Auto Workers pressured the administration to strengthen union rules. The union openly criticized the administration for failing to tie generous federal funding to strong labor requirements. 

They finally endorsed Biden earlier this year after big contract wins in the fall.

– Riley Beggin

Donald Trump's Truth Social website is down

While Joe Biden has attacked Donald Trump at length, the former president has not responded as often as expected.

His Truth Social website went down shortly after Biden began his speech.

Trump aides are weighing in often on Biden on other social media, but the candidate himself is silenced …. for now.

– David Jackson

Joe Biden: ‘My predecessor failed’ handling COVID-19 pandemic

Biden said America is on the comeback from the worst pandemic and economic crisis in the century.

“My predecessor failed the most basic presidential duty that he owes to American people—the duty to care,” Biden said. “I think that’s unforgivable.”

Biden said the COVID-19 pandemic no longer controls our lives. And while the U.S. economy was on the brink, it’s now the “envy of the world.” He cited unemployment at record lows, an increase in small business owners, new manufacturing jobs, a decrease in inflation and increase in exporting American products.

“It doesn’t make news, but in 1,000 cities and towns, the American people are writing the greatest comeback story never told," he said. 

- Rachel Looker 

Joe Biden condemns Jan. 6 mob attack in SOTU address

Warning that democracy is under assault, Joe Biden cited the attack on the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021, by a mob of Donald Trump's supporters trying to stop the certification of the 2020 election.

“The insurrectionists were not patriots,” Biden said. “They came to stop the peaceful transfer of power.”

Lies about the 2020 election and the plot to steal the election posed the greatest threat to democracy since the Civil War, Biden said, “but they failed.”

Trump and some Republicans in Congress “seek to bury the truth about Jan. 6,” Biden alleged. “I will not do that.”

“Here’s the truth,” he said. “You can’t love your country only when you win.”

– Michael Collins

'Lies!' one House GOP lawmaker yells

As Joe Biden was speaking, one House Republican interjected and yelled "Lies!" 

House Speaker Mike Johnson, R-La., instructed GOP members to remain cordial throughout the address, but that message evidently didn't get through to some lawmakers.

Who is sitting behind Joe Biden

Vice President Kamala Harris and House Speaker Mike Johnson, R-La., are sitting behind the president on Thursday. It's traditional for the vice president and speaker of the House to sit behind the president during the State of the Union.

Joe Biden criticizes Donald Trump's attacks on NATO

One of Biden’s few foreign policy successes since last year: the addition of Sweden to the NATO alliance.

Sweden cleared the final obstacle on Tuesday when, after more than a year of delays, the Hungarian government finally approved the nation’s membership. Swedish Prime Minister Ulf Kristersson submitted the accession paperwork in Washington, D.C. hours before Biden’s evening address.

The ceremony made it convenient for Kristersson to attend the State of the Union as a guest of the White House. And it gave Biden a ready-made opportunity to juxtapose his support for the alliance that is about to celebrate its 75th anniversary with the position of likely Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump.

Trump last month claimed he once told the leader of a NATO nation that Russia can do “whatever the hell” it wants countries to countries that spend less than they should on their national defense.

“We will not walk away. We will not bow down,” Biden said Thursday. “I will not bow down!”

Joe Biden opens remarks with call to support Ukraine aid

President Joe Biden opened his speech by declaring loudly that America stands with Ukraine, with Russian President Vladimir Putin continuing to wage war on the sovereign nation.

Biden said he hoped to "wake up the Congress" and alert the American people "this is no ordinary moment" with democracy under threat in the U.S. and abroad.

"If anybody in this room thinks Putin will stop at Ukraine, I assure you he will not," Biden said from the House chamber. “But Ukraine can stop Putin if we stand with Ukraine and provide the weapons that it needs to defend itself. That is all Ukraine is asking."

"They are not asking for American soldiers," Biden said. "And I'm determined to keep it that way."

A national security bill that included assistance for Ukraine cleared the Senate with bipartisan support. Facing potential blowback from conservative members of his conference, House Speaker Mike Johnson has not brought the bill for a vote.

Kyiv’s ambassador to Washington, Oksana Markarova, and a Ukrainian soldier, Andrii Chevozorov, were present for the remarks.

Biden kicks off speech with a joke

As Biden reaches the podium, he quips: "If I were smart I'd go home now." House Speaker Mike Johnson, standing over Biden's left shoulder, cracks a smile.

Democrats chant 'four more years'

As President Joe Biden made his way down the aisle in the House chamber, Democrats erupted in chants of "four more years!" dispelling at least any public perception of Democratic concerns about the president's reelection prospects.

Republicans, meanwhile, looked on silently.

– Riley Beggin and Ken Tran

Education Secretary Miguel Cardona is SOTU designated survivor

Education Secretary Miguel Cardona is the designated survivor for this year’s State of the Union.

A designated survivor is a Cabinet official appointed to go to a secure, undisclosed location in case a catastrophic event kills the president, vice president and other Cabinet members. The practice ensures that someone in the line of presidential succession is always available to assume the presidency if the worst-case scenario happens.

Joe Biden has arrived to applause from both sides of the aisle

Joe Biden is now on the House floor to raucous applause from Democrats – and at least some from Republicans. 

Upon entering the chamber, Biden greeted Republicans and was seen in a long conversation with ultraconservative Rep. Tim Burchett, R-Tenn.

Joe Biden's cabinet has arrived

President Joe Biden's cabinet has entered the House floor, to a lot of cheering from Democrats.

Unsurprisingly, the reception wasn't as warm from Republicans, who stood in silence besides the few who did applaud.

Joe Biden bypasses protesters en route to Capitol

Biden’s motorcade arrived at the Capitol at 8:59 p.m., just 10 minutes after departing the White House.

Pro-Palestinian protesters blocked parts of Pennsylvania Avenue, a major street that connects the White House to the Capitol and is the route usually taken by the presidential motorcade when heading to the Capitol.

Reporters traveling with Biden said the motorcade took a different route that bypassed the protests.

SCOTUS arrives at State of the Union

The Supreme Court justices have arrived on the House floor ahead of Joe Biden's speech, to bipartisan applause. 

Noticeably not as many Democrats opted to cheer compared to Republicans as the justices walked down the aisle. The court's 6-3 conservative majority has been a frequent point of criticism from Democratic lawmakers, especially after the court overturned Roe v. Wade, which guaranteed the constitutional right to an abortion, in 2022.

Joe Biden en route to Capitol

Joe Biden’s motorcade departed the White House at 8:49 p.m. for the short ride to the Capitol, where he will deliver his State of the Union address.

GOP lawmaker wears Donald Trump T-shirt

Rep. Troy Nehls, R-Texas, one of former President Donald Trump's most outspoken supporters on Capitol Hill, is wearing a T-shirt sporting Trump's booking photo with the caption "NEVER SURRENDER" along with a bowtie with an American flag pattern.

Trump took the photo in association with the criminal charges he faces in Georgia. The former president is accused of trying to steal the 2020 election from Joe Biden in the Peach State.

Protestors host “People’s State of the Union”  

A group of protesters calling for a cease-fire in the Middle East gathered outside the U.S. Capitol ahead of Biden’s speech for an event dubbed the “People’s State of the Union.” 

Protestors attempting to block Biden’s motorcade in Washington chanted “free, free Palestine,” some wearing t-shirts that read “Biden’s legacy = genocide.” 

IfNotNow, an organization made up of Jewish American activists, took credit for displaying banners calling for a cease-fire on nearby freeways earlier in the day on X , formerly known as Twitter. 

Kamala Harris, senators arrive ahead of Joe Biden's State of the Union

Vice President Kamala Harris, joined by senators, have arrived to the House floor after House Speaker Mike Johnson, R-La., called the lower chamber into order to introduce them.

Joe Biden vs. Donald Trump polls

Now that Joe Biden and Donald Trump are expected to face off in November, where do the rivals stand in the polls?

In a hypothetical general election match-up, Trump leads Biden by 1.8 percentage points, according to a Real Clear Politics average of nationwide polls. But keep in mind that's within the margin of error of many surveys.

What does SOTU mean?

If you're keeping up with Joe Biden's State of the Union address tonight, you're probably going to see four letter a lot: SOTU. If you need a primer, SOTU stands for State of the Union.

Another acronym you might see tonight: POTUS. That stands for president of the United States.

Why are women wearing white at the State of the Union?

In the House chamber, where Biden is expected to speak in less than an hour, several female House Democratic lawmakers are dressed in all-white to commemorate the 19th Amendment granting women the right to vote.

Joe Biden expected to slam Republicans for rejecting bipartisan border deal

Joe Biden is likely to criticize Republican lawmakers on Thursday for rejecting a bipartisan border security deal that Senate conservatives killed earlier this month. 

Republicans initially demanded that border security policies be attached to additional foreign aid for Ukraine, Israel and Taiwan that Biden requested last year. After months of negotiations, a bipartisan group of senators released an agreement that would have significantly restricted asylum and created a new emergency mechanism to stop migrants from illegally entering the country.

But former President Donald Trump came out against the provisions, and many Republicans followed suit. House leaders declared it “dead on arrival” in their chamber, and Senate Republicans abandoned it when it became clear it wouldn’t get the support of a majority of their conference.

Democrats have since seized on the turnaround, arguing Republicans aren’t serious about their claims of urgency at the border. Republicans, however, are also expected to bite back: Sen. Katie Britt, R-Ala., is expected to say Biden “invited” the border crisis and describe it as “despicable” and “a disgrace” in prepared remarks of the formal GOP response.

What time does the State of the Union address start?

The State of the Union address is set to begin at 9 p.m. ET on Thursday.

Joe Biden will begin addressing lawmakers and Americans across the country after he enters the halls of Congress alongside officials from all three branches of America's government.

Joe Biden set to address IVF after Alabama Supreme Court ruling

As Joe Biden addresses the nation Thursday in his State of the Union speech, hopeful parents and medical experts will be looking for signs that access to IVF, or  in vitro fertilization  is not in jeopardy.

The Alabama Supreme Court ruled last month  that frozen embryos are children  and that people can be held legally responsible if they are destroyed. The court’s ruling alarmed prospective parents and IVF clinics, and the real-world consequences were immediate. At least three Alabama medical facilities halted in vitro fertilization treatments.

The issue is sure to take center stage during Biden's speech. Among the guests joining first lady Jill Biden is Latorya Beasley of Birmingham, Alabama, who was going through a round of IVF treatment when her embryo transfer was abruptly stopped after the court's decision.

There is a good chance that Biden will emphasis her experience as yet another example of how the overturning of Roe v. Wade disrupted access to reproductive health care for women and families across the country. 

George Santos is back on Capitol Hill for State of the Union

Former Rep. George Santos, R-N.Y., who was expelled from the House last year for fabricating his background and his sweeping criminal charges, is back on Capitol Hill today for the State of the Union address.

One House Republican told USA TODAY that Santos “should stay away.”

But, the Republican joked, his return is fitting since “he’s already delivered a State of the Union address,” referencing the embattled for lawmaker's lies.

What notable guests are attending the State of the Union?  

Every year, invited guests are an important part of the messaging strategy for the president’s State of the Union speech. This year, the First Lady Jill Biden's guest list reflects key themes Joe Biden is expected to address, including the conflict in the Middle East, the student debt crisis, reproductive rights, and other top issues. 

Among her 20 invitees are: 

  • Shawn Fain of Detroit, Michigan. Fain is President of the United Auto Workers, the union Biden walked the picket line with last September. 
  • Kate Cox of Dallas, Texas. Cox is a mother of two who was thrust into the national spotlight when she was denied an abortion following the overturning of Roe v. Wade.  
  • Ulf Kristersson of Sweden. Kristersson is the Prime Minister of Sweden, which became the latest country to formally join the NATO Alliance . 

House Speaker Mike Johnson, R-La., and Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y. have also invited guests. 

Johnson's list includes the family members of an American IDF soldier held by Hamas, the parents of a Wall Street Journal reporter imprisoned in Russia , and conservative athletes.

Schumer's list includes a wounded Ukrainian soldier, a person who has sought IVF, and union members.

— Rachel Barber 

Where to watch the State of the Union

The State of the Union will be carried by ABC, NBC, CBS and FOX on network television.

CNN, FOX News, MSNBC and NewsNation will air the address on cable.

− Gabe Hauari

Fact check: Is there a State of the Union intermission?

A March 7 Instagram post claims an adjustment was made to the schedule for President Joe Biden’s State of the Union address.

“White House announces there will be 2 ‘intermissions’ during tonight’s State of the Union,” reads the post, which is a screenshot of a post on X, formerly known as Twitter, from former White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer.

But the White House has made no such announcement, and Spicer said the post was a joke. USA TODAY reached out to users who shared the post for comment but did not immediately receive a response.

Read more: A State of the Union intermission? False claim circulates ahead of address

– BrieAnna J. Frank

Republican response to focus on economy, border

Katie Britt will call Joe Biden “a dithering and diminished leader” during the Republican response to the State of the Union this evening, according to advance excerpts from her speech. 

“America deserves leaders who recognize that secure borders, stable prices, safe streets, and a strong defense are the cornerstones of a great nation,” she says in prepared remarks.

The 42-year-old first-term senator also plans to touch on border security, the economy and crime, painting a picture of the country “at a crossroads,” choosing between a bright future or “an America in decline.”

Britt will speak shortly after Biden’s remarks conclude.

Biden's crucial SOTU: Addressing age, the economy, and Donald Trump

President Joe Biden  faces a pivotal State of the Union address Thursday as he looks to silence skeptics about his ability to keep serving ,  convince restless Americans  of a strong economy and reestablish the stakes of a likely  rematch against Donald Trump .

In what could be his final State of the Union address, the moment could not be much bigger for Biden, who is saddled with challenges at home and abroad.

Biden hears heckling  regularly from pro-Palestinian protesters as he tries to navigate the U.S. role in the Israel-Hamas war without further alienating his liberal base.

He's been unable to  assuage concerns about his age  and ability to effectively serve another four years. Despite a booming stock market and historically low unemployment,  Biden isn't getting credit  for an economic rebound. His approval rating, already hovering in the low 40s for two years,  dipped even lower in recent weeks .

– Joey Garrison

Joe Biden housing plan set for State of the Union

Times are tough for homebuyers and renters. Between high mortgage rates, lack of availability,  skyrocketing home prices  and dire rental prices, housing costs are devouring the American pocketbook.

With the dismal housing outlook weighing on family budgets,  President Joe Biden  will use his  State of the Union speech Thursday  to showcase plans to help Americans obtain mortgages and to push down monthly rents, according to the White House.

Biden will call on Congress to pass a mortgage relief credit that would provide first-time middle-class homebuyers an annual tax credit of $5,000 for two years.

This would effectively reduce the mortgage rate by more than 1.5 percentage points, the White House said ,  and will help more than 3.5 million middle-class families purchase their first home over the next two years.

Joe Biden will address abortion rights, economy in SOTU

According to excerpts released ahead of his speech, Biden will highlight election wins in states in favor of restoring abortion rights since the 2022 Supreme Court decision overturning Roe v. Wade and a constitutional right to an abortion. Biden plans to campaign aggressively on abortion rights against Trump. 

According to excerpts, Biden will also highlight election wins in states in favor of restoring abortion rights since the 2022 Supreme Court decision overturning Roe v. Wade and a constitutional right to an abortion. Biden plans to campaign aggressively on abortion rights, vowing to codify abortion rights if given a Democratic-controlled Congress.

“Clearly those bragging about overturning Roe v. Wade have no clue about the power of women in America,” Biden will say. “But they found out when reproductive freedom was on the ballot and won in 2022, 2023, and they will find out again in 2024.”

Biden will also tout the “greatest story never told” as he talks about the nation’s economic rebound following the pandemic.

“Let’s tell that story here and now,” Biden will say. “America’s comeback is building a future of American possibilities, building an economy from the middle out and the bottom up – not the top down, investing in all of America – in all Americans – to make sure everyone has a fair shot and we leave no one behind.”

Joe Biden to reject ‘an American story of resentment, revenge and retribution’ in State of the Union

Joe Biden will say he rejects “an American story of resentment, revenge, and retribution” during Thursday’s State of the Union address as he frames a general election rematch against Donald Trump.

Biden, according to excerpts released by the White House, will say his life has taught him to “embrace freedom and democracy” and values such as honesty, equality and giving everyone a fair shot.

“Now some other people my age see a different story: an American story of resentment, revenge, and retribution. That’s not me,” Biden is expected to say.

– Joey Garrison 

What is a designated survivor?

Members of Joe Biden’s Cabinet are expected to attend tonight’s speech at the U.S. Capitol, but one of them – a “designated survivor” – will be watching from a secret location.

The White House hasn’t said who this year’s designated survivor will be. During last year’s address, the designee was Labor Secretary Marty Walsh. In 2022, it was Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo.

Tonight's State of the Union is happening later in the year than usual  

Tonight’s State of the Union address is only the second to take place during March since 1964. The first was Biden’s speech in 2022. Last year, Biden delivered his address on Feb. 7. 

Presidents have mostly delivered their State of the Union speeches in January, but some have taken place in February in recent years, according to the American Presidency Project. 

This year’s scheduling allows Biden to address the American public two days after winning several state primary elections on Super Tuesday . In contrast, Trump delivered his State of the Union speech a month before Super Tuesday took place in 2020. 

– Rachel Barber

House Republicans donning badges with Laken Riley's name

Ahead of Biden's State of the Union address, House Republicans are wearing pins and badges bearing Laken Riley's name. Riley was found dead last month, and an undocumented migrant is accused of killing her.

Rep. Andy Ogles, R-Tenn., and Rep Marjorie Taylor Greene, R-Ga., are handing out pins and badges to their fellow Republican colleagues as the GOP continues to focus on the crisis on the southern border as a messaging point against Biden.

How long have previous State of the Unions lasted?

State of the Union speeches typically range from about 45 minutes to an hour and 15 minutes. Biden’s previous addresses each lasted more than an hour. In 2022, he spoke for just over an hour and in 2023 he spoke for an hour and 13 minutes, according to the American Presidency Project. 

Former President Richard Nixon delivered the shortest State of the Union address in 1972, speaking for under 29 minutes. Former President Bill Clinton holds the record for the longest State of the Union speech. During his 1995 and 2000 addresses, he spoke for close to an hour and a half. 

Biden is the most talkative president in recent memory in terms of the actual number of words spoken in his speeches. 

How can I stream the State of the Union?

The State of the Union address will be streamed on the USA TODAY YouTube channel and through the USA TODAY channel on your  smart television .

– James Powel

State of the Union bingo: Everything you need to play during Joe Biden's speech

It's time to play State of the Union bingo! You know − the game where you play along as Joe Biden gives his annual address to the nation.

In his  State of the Union  address, Biden is expected to speak about domestic and international challenges. We've done our best guess to compile a list, or rather bingo cards, of talking points or phrases Biden probably will use.

Pick a card and cross off a square every time Biden brings up one of the statements or terms to claim political victory over your opponents.

Who is Katie Britt?

Sen. Katie Britt, R-Ala.,  will deliver the Republican response to  President Joe Biden's State of the Union address  Thursday evening.

But who is the first-term lawmaker? Britt, 42, is the youngest Republican woman to ever be elected to the upper chamber and is considered a rising star among a party dominated by older men. On Thursday night, she'll also offer a contrast to President Joe Biden, the oldest sitting president in American history.

She has two children still in middle and high school and said in a statement ahead of the speech that the Republican Party is the party of "hard-working parents and families."

Britt's speech will come just over two weeks after the Supreme Court in her home state issued a decision that rocked families across the country: The Alabama high court determined that  frozen embryos used in IVF are children  and have legal protections under state law.

Joe Biden’s State of the Union address to focus on four themes

The White House briefed Democratic congressional aides on Thursday morning about Joe Biden’s address and outlined key themes of his speech, according to a person in the briefing. A slideshow, shared with USA TODAY, was presented to staffers read out four themes:

  • Progress and possibility
  • Defend democracy and freedom
  • Economy from middle out, bottom up
  • Move the country forwards, not backwards

The presentation also alluded to the presidential election and former President Donald Trump. Another slide in the presentation read that the “key message” after Biden’s address will be that “there’s a clear contrast” and “competing visions for the country.”

Donald Trump to prod Joe Biden during State of the Union

Rest assured: The 2024 Republican frontrunner will not stay silent during Biden's speech tonight.

Donald Trump says he and his staff will provide running (critical) commentary on social media as Biden delivers the State of the Union.

"We did this once before to tremendous success," Trump said on his Truth Social platform. The former president on Thursday also put out a "prebuttal" video statement, mostly hitting Biden over immigration and border security.

− David Jackson

How long is SOTU?

Last year, President Biden spoke for one hour and 13 minutes according to UC Santa Barbara's "American Presidency Project." The shortest State of the Union address (00:28:55) was given by President Richard Nixon in 1972. Bill Clinton gave the longest-ever State of the Union address (01:28:49) in 2000. 

More than a speech: 5 things Biden really needs to do in the State of the Union

It's not just what he'll say to a joint session of Congress Thursday. It's also how he looks and sounds to perhaps his biggest TV audience of the year.

− Carli Pierson

What is the State of the Union? Why is it important?  

The State of the Union address isn’t just a tradition in the nation’s capital. It's rooted in the Constitution.  

Article II of  the Constitution  says the president shall “from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union." 

That doesn’t mean the president has to give a speech – as they often do today.  

"From that very general mandate in the Constitution has evolved into what we recognize today as a yearly event, with lots of pomp and circumstance," Claire Jerry, a curator of political history at the National Museum of American History, previously told USA TODAY. 

Jerry said the State of the Union often provides a spotlight for the president to reference values such as unity or American innovation. She said it also provides a "unique opportunity for Americans and people around the world to see how this checks and balances system of our government works." 

The colorful, graphic illustration portrays a woman in a red top, eating from a head on the table below.

A Food Writer Whose Essays Go Heavy on the Salt and Fire

Geraldine DeRuiter’s “If You Can’t Take the Heat” expands on her viral, award-winning blog posts.

The author of the popular Everywhereist blog, DeRuiter has skewered fine dining and food-world sexism. Credit... Kimberly Elliott

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By Jennifer Reese

Jennifer Reese is the author of the blog The Tipsy Baker .

  • March 9, 2024

IF YOU CAN’T TAKE THE HEAT: Tales of Food, Feminism, and Fury, by Geraldine DeRuiter

Geraldine DeRuiter, the pungent voice behind the Everywhereist blog , knows how to rant.

You may have read her fiery rejoinder to the cinnamon roll recipe that the chef Mario Batali appended to his 2017 apology for sexual misconduct . Not only was attaching a recipe risibly tone-deaf, DeRuiter concluded in her James Beard Award-winning piece, but the recipe itself was sexist, a time waster foisted on the group likeliest to bake the “oddly savory” rolls: women.

Or perhaps you caught DeRuiter’s viral takedown of an abysmal dinner at a Michelin-starred restaurant. Haughty waiters served meat molecules squirted from an eye dropper and “rancido” ricotta. (“You mean … fermented? Aged?” she asked. “No,” her server told her. “Rancid.”) DeRuiter’s assessment: “This was single-handedly one of the worst wastes of money in my entire food and travel writing career bwah ha ha ha ha ha oh my God.”

The pink cover of “If You Can’t Take the Heat” by Geraldine DeRuiter features a hand with red nail polish squeezing a pink-iced, cherry-topped pastry. The text is red and white.

Brimming with venom and verve, these two pieces — both of which appear in her new book, “If You Can’t Take the Heat: Tales of Food, Feminism, and Fury” — showcase DeRuiter’s mastery of irony, profanity and stream-of-consciousness indignation. The essays that fill out the collection, a grab bag of the autobiographical and polemical, are characteristically lively, though they highlight significant gaps in DeRuiter’s skill set.

DeRuiter’s parents divorced when she was young and she grew up with her Italian mother (“like a tiny, loud leopard-print-clad carnival”) in Seattle and Florida. Her mother features here as an agent of mostly benign chaos. She accidentally burns her house down and, perhaps more shockingly, suggests DeRuiter eat an 18-inch-long hair that turns up in a slice of pie.

DeRuiter devotes one essay to her father, a spy whose cover was to present himself as boring, “the human equivalent of a tasseled loafer.” “Do you know how hard it was for 5-year-old me to convince a man like that that I needed the 1984 Loving You Barbie (with mini stationery set included!) or I would absolutely die ?” DeRuiter writes with typical theatricality. She attempts to understand this opaque man by studying the history of beef stroganoff — one of the few dishes he cooked — and mastering the recipe. The experiment draws shaky parallels between the Eastern European origins of both stroganoff and her father and yields no satisfying conclusions.

The bedrock relationship of DeRuiter’s life is her long marriage to her genial husband, Rand, who “does not run away in horror when he sees me tear connective tissue from bone like a raptor while eating.” Nor does Rand run away in horror when she screams, snaps and shouts at him, something she describes herself doing on the regular. She reports “screaming” whenever they pass a Red Lobster “with the urgency of someone who has been stabbed with something very sharp” because she loves the chain just that much. Sometimes Rand tells her she’s “great.” Her retort: “‘WHY?? WHAT IS BROKEN ABOUT YOU THAT MAKES YOU THINK THAT?’ I often scream back.”

The reader begins to wonder the same thing. DeRuiter has an “all eyes on me” narrative persona — ravenous, pugnacious, irrational, loud. Unmodulated, her voice is ideal for delivering a rant, but it can overwhelm less flammable material.

One of her overarching gripes — a rightful gripe — is about the way women blunt their anger and soften their voices in order to placate and please. But women can also soften their voices in order to persuade and illuminate. There are some wonderful observations in DeRuiter’s paean to the reader responses you find on cooking sites, “that tender section of user-generated comments beyond the end of a recipe.” She has discovered poignant personal tales and beguiling humanity there, hiding in plain sight in the maelstrom of the internet.

But rather than exploring this tranquil space with delicacy and gentle wit, she swamps it with salty all-caps asides and sarcastic mini-diatribes. An essay on her decision not to have children is larded with nonsensical observations, including a meditation on the dearth of successful childless women — baffling given how many such women DeRuiter mentions elsewhere in the book. She pads the piece with elaborations, both serious and fanciful, on the benefits of not becoming a parent. Here’s one particularly lazy, unfunny line, geared toward showing how “wacky” she is: “I regularly make cake at 9 p.m. and eat it by 9:30 p.m. knowing that I don’t need to set a good example for anyone.” There are hundreds of great reasons to forgo children. This isn’t a great reason. It’s not even a reason. Mothers also eat cake at 9:30 p.m.

Describing her childhood food preferences, which ran to raw potatoes, toothpaste and entrails, DeRuiter writes, “If it caused someone to raise their eyebrows in a measure of alarm or admiration or exasperation, I would eat it.” The same craving for attention shapes her writing. Reading this book my eyebrows were sometimes raised in admiration; too often, sadly, in exasperation.

IF YOU CAN’T TAKE THE HEAT : Tales of Food, Feminism, and Fury | By Geraldine DeRuiter | Crown | 336 pp. | $27

Explore More in Books

Want to know about the best books to read and the latest news start here..

Tessa Hulls’s “Feeding Ghosts” chronicles how China’s history shaped her family. But first, she had to tackle some basics: Learn history. Learn Chinese. Learn how to draw comics.

James Baldwin wrote with the kind of clarity that was as comforting as it was chastising. His writing — pointed, critical, angry — is imbued with love. Here’s where to start with his works .

After nationwide protests over racial inequality led publishers to promise they would reshape their overwhelmingly white industry, a survey showed they made little progress toward a more diverse publishing work force .

Aaron Lansky spent a lifetime building the Yiddish Book Center, one of the country’s leading Jewish cultural institutions. He’s ready to hand over the reins .

Do you want to be a better reader?   Here’s some helpful advice to show you how to get the most out of your literary endeavor .

Each week, top authors and critics join the Book Review’s podcast to talk about the latest news in the literary world. Listen here .

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Utility provider says its facilities appeared to play role in igniting Texas wildfire

Xcel energy released a statement on its findings thursday..

A truck and house destroyed by the Smokehouse Creek Fire are seen, Friday, March 1, 2024, in...

By Lana Ferguson

9:27 AM on Mar 7, 2024 CST

Utility provider Xcel Energy said in a Thursday statement that its facilities appeared to have been involved in igniting the Smokehouse Creek fire in the Texas Panhandle.

The fire, which began in Hutchinson County before engulfing more than 1 million acres, is the largest wildfire in state history and among the largest in U.S. history .

Hundreds of firefighters have been battling a cluster of wildfires for more than a week, and officials confirmed at least two people have died in the blazes. Gov. Greg Abbott said in a recent news conference that an estimated 400 to 500 structures had been destroyed . Tens of thousands of cattle were also killed in the fires.

“Xcel Energy has been cooperating with the investigations into the wildfires and has been conducting its own review,” the statement said.

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Related: Texas Panhandle fire chief dies in line of duty responding to call amid historic wildfires

The energy company disputed that it acted negligently in maintaining and operating its infrastructure, the statement said , but it encouraged people who had property destroyed or lost livestock in the Smokehouse Creek fire to submit a claim .

“We will review and respond to any such claims in an expeditious manner, with a priority on claims from any person that lost their home in the Smokehouse Creek fire,” it said.

Related: ‘We aren’t going anywhere.’ Texas ranchers committed to recovering from wildfires

The company said it does not believe its facilities played a part in igniting the Windy Deuce fire, however, which burned more than 140,000 acres and impacted many structures in and around Fritch.

Xcel Energy pledged to work with regulators and policymakers to evaluate the evolving nature of the wildfire risk and to advance wildfire mitigation strategies "to keep the public safe and our systems resilient,” the statement said.

“Xcel Energy, through our Southwestern Public Service Company subsidiary, has operated in the Texas Panhandle for more than 100 years,” Bob Frenzel, chairman, president and CEO of Xcel Energy, said in the statement. “The people in this region are our friends, neighbors and relatives. We are deeply saddened by the losses incurred in this community, and we are committed to supporting its renewal and recovery.”

The company said based on information provided to them Tuesday, 47 occupied homes in Hemphill County and up to 17 in Roberts County were destroyed in the Smokehouse Creek fire. Some homes were also lost in Hemphill County.

A Hemphill County resident recently filed a lawsuit against the Minnesota-based company saying a wooden utility pole located about a mile north of Stinnett, in Hutchinson County, “broke” and fell Feb. 26, “igniting” the Smokehouse Creek wildfire.

The wooden utility pole is allegedly owned and operated by Southwestern Public Service Company, a subsidiary of Xcel Energy, a publicly traded company, according to the suit.

The Smokehouse Creek fire was estimated to be 1,059,570 acres and 44% contained as of a Wednesday update from the Texas A&M Forest Service. The Windy Deuce fire was roughly 142,206 acres and 81% contained, and the Grapevine Creek fire was about 34,882 acres and 77% contained.

Lana Ferguson

Lana Ferguson , Breaking News Reporter . Lana Ferguson joined The Dallas Morning News after reporting in South Carolina's Lowcountry for The Island Packet & Beaufort Gazette newspapers. She graduated from the University of Mississippi where she studied journalism and Southern studies. She's a Virginia native but her work has taken her all over the U.S., southern Africa, and Sri Lanka.

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Texas ag sues state fair, meow wolf alleging off-duty officers barred from carrying guns, southbound dallas north tollway to close for bridge repairs this weekend in dallas, daylight saving time 2024: when does it start in the dallas-fort worth area, texas can enforce new age-verification law for porn sites, court rules.

IMAGES

  1. How to Write a Play Review Step by Step

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  2. How to Write a Music Review

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  3. An Exampl Of A Play Critique / (PDF) Role Play as a Teaching Strategy

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  4. 10 Easy Steps: How to Start a Critique Essay Example in 2023

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  5. How to Write a Play Review: 14 Steps (with Pictures)

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  6. 5 Tips on How to Write a Theatre Play Review

    how to start an play review essay

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COMMENTS

  1. How to Write a Play Review: 14 Steps (with Pictures)

    Paragraph 3: Discuss the acting and directing. React to the performers playing the characters in the play. Paragraph 4: Describe the design elements of the production, such as the lighting, sound, costumes, make up, and set and props. Paragraph 5: React to the play as a whole.

  2. How to Review a Play

    The review assignment asks you to analyze in an objective manner the relative success or failure of a given production. Note that you are not asked simply to summarize the plot or give an opinion regarding the text of the play being mounted; your review must be grounded in the production itself. Your job is to describe the production accurately ...

  3. How to Write a Play Review

    After the Show. Write a rough draft of your review as quickly after the curtain comes down as possible. The longer you wait, the less you'll remember of the experience. Check, check and double check anything you claim as fact in your review - names you quote, backgrounds of individuals, plot points. Make sure you know the difference between ...

  4. How to Write a Play Review Step by Step

    Start Review Writing Steps. Step 1. Start your review including an attention grapple the will manufacture that reader believe that your review is worth reading. Then, write to description of to play: the titles, director, theater, year of staging, and author of the play.

  5. How to Writ a Play Critique

    NAME OF PLAY *You need to use a classic 5-6. section structure. *Introduction (1 section): • Include the title of the play, name of the playwright, the Theater where the play was held, the name of the director, and the date of the performance. • Two sentence thematic summary of what the play was trying to say.

  6. How to Write a Play Review Step by Step

    The play reviews is more about evaluation of production than the text of the play. That reviewer have use acumen and balanced reflection to be able to give beneficial video as a part of the viewers. To indite a good review, the author should watch the play and try to understandable the director's main idea that was transferred through staged ...

  7. How to Write a Play Review Step by Step

    Play Review Writing Steps. Step 1. Start your review with an attention grabber that will make the reader believe that your review is worth reading. Then, write the description of the play: the title, director, theater, year of staging, and author of the play.

  8. Play Review Examples 2024: Free Play Review Samples

    It is important to structure your review to include an introduction, a plot summary, an analysis of the production, a critique of the performances, a commentary on the staging, and a conclusion. In the introduction, give the basic information about the play - the title, the playwright, the director, the place and time of the performance.

  9. How to Write a Play Review Step by Step

    To write a good review, an author should watch the play and try to comprehend the director's hauptstrecke idea that be transferred through staging, the actors, and musical accompaniment. And know exactly methods to write a review of a play. The Object of a Start Overview

  10. How to Write a Play Review

    Steps for Writing a Play Review. Watch the play. But before doing so, you must gather information about the play and the theater. It should include the backgrounds of the actors and the director, the history of the theater, the general plot of the play you will be watching, and so on. By doing so, you will get yourself into the context of the ...

  11. How To Write a Review

    1 A thesis. Before you write, make sure you know the general message you want to convey. A simple thesis will help keep your review from straying off-topic. This could be as straightforward as "I really liked this meal!" or as complex as "These shoes took a while to wear in." Think to yourself: If I were telling a friend about this ...

  12. 5 Tips on How to Write a Theatre Play Review

    Tip #3. Attend the show. Tip #4. Take notes. Tip #5. Write & proofread. Watching a theater play is a wonderful experience. You can laugh at comedies, sing at musicals, learn about history, or feel for the heroes of tragedies. A play is one of the four literary genres.

  13. How to Write a Play Review Step by Step

    A play review be one of the genres that is used for theatrical critique. The basics for any review is a kritisieren analysis a a performance, movie, or fine. The play review exists more about evaluation of production more the writing of that playing. The reviewer should use acumen and balanced reflection to be able to gift valuable feedback ...

  14. Review Essay Guide

    A well-structured essay not only guides the reader through your arguments but also enhances the impact of your analysis. To achieve this, a review essay should be clear, concise, focused, and analytical. Clear and Concise Communication: The hallmark of a good review essay is its clarity.

  15. Guide on How to Write a Play Review

    Tips on How to Write a Play Review. Carry out preliminary work. Read the text of the play on which the performance is been staged. Find out when and where it was already performed. The best is to visit the performance several times to test your first impression. When booking a ticket, choose a place where the scene is clearly visible.

  16. How to Write a Play Review: 14 Steps (with Pictures)

    To write a play review, begin by taking notes with the show and writing a rough draft right-hand afterward to capture your strongest thoughts both impressions. Craft a strong opening sentence that makes a bold statement concerning the play, and follow it with a paragraph for the who, what, where, and when a the play. Next, describe the play's setting, characters, furthermore plot before ...

  17. How to Write a Review Essay About a Film or Play

    The outline of a film review essay consists of the following points: Characteristics of the director and his creative heritage. Brief information about the work of the original source. Evaluation of the film: whether it is a retelling of the book or the author's interpretation. How the film is similar to the book, and how it differs (what ...

  18. Guide: How to write a review essay

    The review itself should use specific examples from the work to illustrate the reviewer's point. For example, the reviewer has complained about the poor acting in the movie. To illustrate this, the reviewer might describe a scene in which a character learns a loved one has died and seems to have no reaction at all.

  19. Play Review Examples for You to Ease Your Writing

    Steps for Writing a Review of an Entire Play. Now we can turn to the complex review of the entire play. The success of this work is possible only if you understand the theory of play construction and if you read through a theatre play review example to see how this type of paper should be written. You will want to focus on the following:

  20. 17 Book Review Examples to Help You Write the Perfect Review

    A review will offer a concise plot summary of the book. A book review will offer an evaluation of the work. A book review will offer a recommendation for the audience. If these are the basic ingredients that make up a book review, it's the tone and style with which the book reviewer writes that brings the extra panache. This will differ from ...

  21. How to Write a Movie Review (with Sample Reviews)

    Find a place to mention the director's name and the full movie title. If you feel you must discuss information that might "spoil" things for readers, warn them first. 2. Start to talk about the film's technical and artistic choices. Plot is just one piece of a movie, and shouldn't dictate your entire review.

  22. How to Write a Play: Simple Steps from Script to Stage

    Just let out everything that needs to get out. 2. Make revisions to your script. Reread and revise the script as many times as you need to. Cut scenes that meander, cut characters that don't move the plot forward, and make the play as tight and quick as possible. Go back through your drafts with a pencil.

  23. Guide on Movie Review with Free Samples and Tips

    A remarkable aspect of a good film review is that it doesn't just rate the movie but provides explicit views that form the critique's basis. This form of writing, like crafting essays, research papers, and term papers, should be insightful and draw the reader in quickly. It's important to discuss the reputation of the lead actors and directors ...

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  25. How To Write The Methods Section of a Research

    Importance of Methods Section. The methods section of a research paper holds significant importance. Here is why: Replicability: The methods section ensures the replicability of the study by providing a clear and comprehensive account of the procedures used. Transparency: It enhances transparency, allowing other researchers to understand and evaluate the validity of the study's findings.

  26. State of the Union replay: Biden's fiery SOTU, Britt's response

    Trump complained about Biden being late when the event didn't start on time and kept up his "Play by Play" throughout much of the speech. For instance, at one point in the speech, Biden ...

  27. 'Dune: Part Two': Here's Everything You Need to Know

    Before you see the second film in Denis Villeneuve's adaptation of the sci-fi epic, try this refresher on spice, the Imperium and the Kwisatz Haderach. By Danielle Dowling Since the weird, wild ...

  28. Book Review: 'If You Can't Take the Heat,' by Geraldine DeRuiter

    Brimming with venom and verve, these two pieces — both of which appear in her new book, "If You Can't Take the Heat: Tales of Food, Feminism, and Fury" — showcase DeRuiter's mastery of ...

  29. Utility provider says its facilities appeared to play role in igniting

    Utility provider Xcel Energy says its facilities appeared to play a part in starting the Smokehouse Creek fire, the largest wildfire in Texas history.