Essay on Child Labour for Students and Children

500+ words essay on child labour.

Child labour is a term you might have heard about in news or movies. It refers to a crime where children are forced to work from a very early age. It is like expecting kids to perform responsibilities like working and fending for themselves. There are certain policies which have put restrictions and limitations on children working.

Essay on Child Labour

The average age for a child to be appropriate to work is considered fifteen years and more. Children falling below this age limit won’t be allowed to indulge in any type of work forcefully. Why is that so? Because child labour takes away the kids opportunity of having a normal childhood, a proper education , and physical and mental well-being. In some countries, it is illegal but still, it’s a far way from being completely eradicated.

Causes of Child Labour

Child Labour happens due to a number of reasons. While some of the reasons may be common in some countries, there are some reasons which are specific in particular areas and regions. When we look at what is causing child labour, we will be able to fight it better.

Firstly, it happens in countries that have a lot of poverty and unemployment . When the families won’t have enough earning, they put the children of the family to work so they can have enough money to survive. Similarly, if the adults of the family are unemployed, the younger ones have to work in their place.

essay on child labour for class 1

Moreover, when people do not have access to the education they will ultimately put their children to work. The uneducated only care about a short term result which is why they put children to work so they can survive their present.

Furthermore, the money-saving attitude of various industries is a major cause of child labour. They hire children because they pay them lesser for the same work as an adult. As children work more than adults and also at fewer wages, they prefer children. They can easily influence and manipulate them. They only see their profit and this is why they engage children in factories.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Eradication of Child Labour

If we wish to eradicate child labour, we need to formulate some very effective solutions which will save our children. It will also enhance the future of any country dealing with these social issues . To begin with, one can create a number of unions that solely work to prevent child labour. It should help the children indulging in this work and punishing those who make them do it.

Furthermore, we need to keep the parents in the loop so as to teach them the importance of education. If we make education free and the people aware, we will be able to educate more and more children who won’t have to do child labour. Moreover, making people aware of the harmful consequences of child labour is a must.

In addition, family control measures must also be taken. This will reduce the family’s burden so when you have lesser mouths to feed, the parents will be enough to work for them, instead of the children. In fact, every family must be promised a minimum income by the government to survive.

In short, the government and people must come together. Employment opportunities must be given to people in abundance so they can earn their livelihood instead of putting their kids to work. The children are the future of our country; we cannot expect them to maintain the economic conditions of their families instead of having a normal childhood.

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Essay on Child Labour – 10 Lines, Short and Long Essay for Children

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Key Points to Remember For Writing An Essay On Child Labour For Lower Primary Classes

10 lines on child labour for kids, short essay on child labour in 200 words, long essay on child labour in english for kids, what will your child learn from an essay on child labour.

Childhood is the most cheerful time in a person’s life. Children should spend this time of their life with ease. They should play, study, eat good food, learn how to be good citizens and have a nice time without worries. Unfortunately, not all children get to enjoy their childhood the way they should. Poverty, lack of resources, family problems and many such issues force children to struggle with the responsibility of working for wages. While some children have all the comforts in life, some have to worry about the next meal. They start to work and earn from a tender age. They may have to face dire conditions and work beyond their physical capacity and miss out on the opportunity of education and maintaining good health. They are victims of child labour.

Children are sensitised about this issue so that they can understand the value of education and appreciate the opportunities they have got. They will understand the problems of the world and think about ways in which they can help. Teachers ask children to write an essay on the topic of child labour to evaluate their knowledge about this subject. When your child writes about child labour in India, they understand the severity of this problem. They will also get an opportunity to express their ideas on how to curb this social evil. Let us help your child write a wonderful essay on this topic.

Your child needs to remember a few important points while writing an essay on child labour. Let us discuss it below.

  • Children need to think of some ideas about the life of children in general as compared to child labour in the first step.
  • The second step includes creating an outline of all the points kids have structured in their minds.
  • Crafting short and simple sentences from the pointers comes under the third step.
  • Guide your child not to elaborate too much on any single idea.
  • Encourage your child to write with the flow, as they should enjoy the process.
  • Your little one can write about what childhood should be like and how some children are deprived of their happy early days and become victims of child labour.

Child labour is a cause of concern that cripples the life of children. It may be a difficult concept for very young children to understand for essay writing. Let’s help your children of classes 1 & 2 with some facts and ideas that they can learn for writing an essay on child labour:

  • Child Labour means making children work for money instead of studying and enjoying childhood.
  • This issue is prevalent not only in India but has a global presence.
  • Children should spend their days playing, studying, and eating healthy food.
  • Child labour stops children from exercising their basic rights like education.
  • Poverty triggers child labour worldwide.
  • Children from families that don’t have adequate income are forced to work and earn wages.
  • The payment is very less, and sometimes, they are not even paid for their hard work.
  • Working under laborious conditions affects a child’s mental, physical, emotional, and social well-being.
  • Little kids have to work in fields, mines, factories, workshops and other such establishments as cheap labourers while some kids also work in households as domestic helpers.
  • The social peril of child labour must end and every child should attend school, play with friends and live a happy life without worrying about work.

Child labour is a major issue that damages the life of children. Helping your child write an essay for class 3 will help them get aware of this major issue.

Child Labour occurs when children are made to work for money, taking away the glorious days of their childhood. It is a big issue in our country, and also many other developing nations and underdeveloped countries. A child should rightfully spend their days playing, studying, eating nutritious food, and having a nice time. The main cause of child labour is poverty. Children are pushed to work by their families to earn money. Little kids are made to work in shops, fields, mines, factories as daily wagers or even households to work as domestic helpers. These children work to earn some money when they should be attending school or playing with their friends. The payment in these places is less and the working environment is often unsafe and harmful for children. Child labour affects a child’s mental, physical, emotional, and social well-being. The children lose their childhood days and suffer in silence. The government has introduced many laws against Child Labour to put a check on this problem. We too must try to encourage every child to go to school and get educated and make sure they are not involved in child labour.

As kids progress in academics, teachers will ask them to write long essays. Let us help your child write a long composition on child labour:

What Is Child Labour?

Child labour means making children work and earn. Such kids work in shops, fields, mines, factories or as domestic helpers. These kids have to spend their days earning wages when they should be studying and playing.

What Are The Types Of Child Labour

  • Domestic Child Labour:  Many children are made to work as domestic help for rich families, for very little wages.
  • Industrial Child Labour:  Children are employed to work in factories, industries, plantations, and coal mines, as cheap labourers. They are underpaid and are made to work under hazardous conditions. The poor working conditions affect their health in the long run.
  • Debt Bondage:  This happens when a child works to pay off the inherited debt of their parents. These children are exploited extremely, without any measure of how long they need to serve their employers.
  • Child Trafficking:  In many instances, children are traded off for money against their will and are uprooted from their families and homelands. They are made to work in terribly unsafe conditions and are exploited. They are even forced to beg on the streets.

What Are The Causes Of Child Labour?

The reasons for child labour are:

  • Poverty and unemployment.
  • Lack of educational institutions nearby.
  • Unavailability of free education.
  • Violation of laws imposed on Child Labour.
  • Suppression of workers’ rights.

Effects Of Child Labour

Child labour is a major issue. It deprives children of their childhood days of innocence, and it robs them of the opportunity of going to school and studying or playing. These children never get to exercise their basic rights. They are made to work in dire conditions, which negatively affects their mental and physical health. They often develop long-term health issues due to working in poor and hazardous conditions.

Child Labour Is A Crime

Child labour is an inhuman crime, and it is illegal. Moreover, the Right To Education is every child’s fundamental right. So, sending a child off to work for wages denies children of this right, which is a legal offence. Most of these children are not aware of labour laws so they are exploited at the workplace by having to work in hazardous conditions without any safety, medical security or even something as basic as a high salary.

Government Policies And Laws On Child Labour

The law of our country has taken steps to curb child labour. Many laws have been introduced against child labour to put a check on this problem. Let us discuss some of the laws against child labour.

  • The Factories Act of 1948:  According to this Act, children below 14 years cannot work in any industrial factory.
  • The Mines Act of 1952:  Mining is a very hazardous occupation. According to this Act, any child below the age of 18 is not allowed in underground mining activities.
  • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986:  The Act bans the employment of any child under 14 and 15 years of age in certain sectors. It also enforces strict regulations on any employment of children, including numbers of working hours, wages and prohibited work.
  • The Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009:  According to this law, children between 6-14 years of age must get free and compulsory education. It also states that 25% of seats will be reserved for underprivileged children in every private school.

Eradication Of Child Labour

Different measures need to be taken to put an end to child labour. For this, our country has framed some laws to protect children from child labour. Citizens, volunteers, and NGOs have come forward to ensure that government policies are strictly imposed and all forms of corruption allowing child labour to continue are exposed. Education drives and workshops are regularly conducted in rural areas to raise awareness about children’s right to free and compulsory schooling. There are numerous seminars that raise awareness about the adverse effects of child labour on children’s mental health. Local government bodies also take several measures to encourage parents to send their children to school. Provision of nutritious meals, regular health check ups of children, prizes for scholarly students and provision of clean classrooms, toilets and other such facilities in school encourage children to continue school without dropping out. Parents need to think of the long-term benefits of educating their children, without gender discrimination. The size of a family can also contribute to child labour, as larger families are more likely to be stressed for providing money and resources for every member. Under such conditions, parents resort to sending their children to work to contribute to the family income. So having a small family is important. These are some of the steps that need to be taken for the prevention of child labour.

When your child writes an essay on child labour, they become aware of this crucial issue. They understand this problem more closely and learn about its causes and how they can be resolved. Essay writing develops their creative writing skills and enhances their vocabulary.

We hope the above sample essays about child labour help your child write an interesting and informative essay on this issue. We have made sure to keep the language and the words simple so that it’s very easy for them to understand. Essay writing is one activity that will help your little one till much later in life, even after they grow up.

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Essay on Child Labour

essay on child labour

Here we have shared the Essay on Child Labour in detail so you can use it in your exam or assignment of 150, 250, 400, 500, or 1000 words.

You can use this Essay on Child Labour in any assignment or project whether you are in school (class 10th or 12th), college, or preparing for answer writing in competitive exams. 

Topics covered in this article.

Essay on Child Labour in 150 words

Essay on child labour in 200-300 words, essay on child labour in 500-1000 words.

Child labour is a global issue that deprives children of their childhood, education, and well-being. It involves exploitative work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally harmful. Children engaged in labour-intensive jobs face hazardous conditions and miss out on opportunities for education and personal development. Poverty, lack of access to education, and inadequate enforcement of laws contribute to the persistence of child labour. Efforts to eliminate child labour require a comprehensive approach, including policy implementation, social protection measures, and awareness campaigns. Global initiatives and conventions aim to eradicate child labour and promote quality education for all children. It is crucial to create an environment where children can thrive, receive proper education, and break free from the cycle of poverty. Every child deserves the right to a childhood filled with learning, growth, and protection.

Child labour is a pressing issue that continues to plague societies around the world. It refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives them of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular schools, and is mentally, physically, socially, or morally harmful.

Child labour deprives children of their basic rights and hampers their overall development. It denies them the opportunity to receive proper education, resulting in limited opportunities for future growth. Children engaged in labour-intensive work are exposed to hazardous conditions, risking their physical and mental well-being.

The root causes of child labour are complex and multifaceted, including poverty, lack of access to education, social and cultural norms, and inadequate enforcement of laws and regulations. Eradicating child labour requires a holistic approach, involving the implementation of effective policies, social protection measures, and increased awareness.

Efforts are being made globally to combat child labour, including the enactment of laws, international conventions, and initiatives aimed at eliminating this practice. It is crucial to create an environment where children can receive a quality education, enabling them to break free from the cycle of poverty and contribute to the development of their communities.

In conclusion, child labour is a grave violation of children’s rights and a hindrance to their overall well-being and development. It is imperative for governments, organizations, and individuals to work together to address the root causes and eliminate child labour. Every child deserves a childhood filled with learning, growth, and opportunities for a brighter future.

Title: Child Labour – A Stolen Childhood

Introduction :

Child labour is a grave global issue that robs children of their childhood, dignity, and fundamental rights. It refers to the exploitative employment of children in work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally harmful. Child labour is a complex problem with deep-rooted causes, including poverty, lack of access to education, social norms, and weak enforcement of laws. This essay examines the causes, consequences, and efforts to combat child labour, emphasizing the urgent need for collective action to protect the rights and well-being of children.

Causes of Child Labour

Child labour is often driven by economic factors, with families living in poverty compelled to send their children to work in order to supplement household income. Limited access to quality education, lack of affordable schooling, and inadequate social support contribute to the prevalence of child labour. In some cases, cultural and social norms perpetuate the idea that children should work, depriving them of their right to education and nurturing childhood.

Consequences of Child Labour

Child labour has severe consequences for children’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Children engaged in hazardous work face significant health risks, including injuries, illnesses, and developmental delays. They are often denied the opportunity to attend school, hindering their educational development and limiting future opportunities. Child labour perpetuates the cycle of poverty, as illiteracy and limited skills trap individuals in low-wage, exploitative employment in adulthood.

Exploitative Industries

Child labour is prevalent in various industries, including agriculture, manufacturing, mining, construction, and domestic work. In agriculture, children are often engaged in hazardous tasks such as pesticide application, heavy lifting, and long hours of work. In manufacturing and mining, children are exposed to dangerous machinery, toxic substances, and exploitative working conditions. Domestic work exposes children to long hours, physical abuse, and isolation.

Legal and Ethical Perspectives

International conventions, such as the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions, condemn child labour and call for its elimination. Many countries have enacted laws to protect children’s rights and prohibit child labour. However, weak enforcement, limited resources, and gaps in legislation hinder the effective eradication of the problem. Ethical considerations highlight the importance of corporations and consumers in ensuring responsible supply chains that are free from child labour.

Efforts to Combat Child Labour

Various organizations, governments, and civil society groups are actively working to combat child labour. They focus on initiatives such as providing access to quality education, vocational training for adults, poverty alleviation programs, and social protection measures. Advocacy campaigns raise awareness about the harmful consequences of child labour and mobilize support for its eradication. International collaborations and partnerships aim to address the systemic issues that perpetuate child labour, fostering sustainable solutions.

Conclusion :

Child labour remains a grave violation of children’s rights and a barrier to their development. It is a global problem that requires collective action to address its root causes. By addressing poverty, improving access to education, enforcing protective legislation, and promoting responsible business practices, we can create a world where children are protected, educated, and free from exploitation. Efforts must be intensified to ensure that every child enjoys their right to a childhood, education, and a future filled with hope and opportunity. Together, we can work towards a world where child labour is eradicated, and all children have the chance to thrive and realize their full potential.

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Essay on Child Labour

 Essay on Child Labour: We are here to share with you an essay on child labour for class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,10,11 & 12 students. Child labour is a serious concern for us on an international level. It means to force children to work for the meal or food.

Essay on Child Labour

Latest Essay on Child Labour for School Students.

Table of Contents

10 Line Essay on Child Labour

(1) Child labour is a serious concern for us on an international level.

(2) Child Labour means any employment of children at a lower age in any Industry, shops, workshop, etc.

(3) Children do it due to lack of food, or forcefully by their parents.

(4)  According to a study of UNICEF, it is clear that almost 13 to 15% of children are working as a labour and the age group working is between 5 to 15 years only.

(5) Child Labour indirectly affects their mental and physical development.

(6) Working non-stop for many hours can cause physical and mental diseases to children.

(7) In India, there are different industries and several products which involve child labour like a bangle, firework, in most of them are working in textile industries.

(8) Rather than this, children are also sold by their parents for the money.

(9) The main reason for the increasing number of child labour is “Poverty” and “Unemployment” in every country where this is the main problem.

(10) According to the Child Labour Act, it is a punishable offense. So, Government and we should ensure that nobody will go against it and the one who does should be punished.

Essay on Child Labour | 100 Words

Child labour is a serious concern for us on an international level.

Child Labour means any employment of children at a lower age in any Industry, shops, workshop, etc.

Children do it due to lack of food, or forcefully by their parents.

Child Labour indirectly affects their mental and physical development.

According to a study of UNICEF, it is clear that almost 13 to 15% of children are working as a labour and the age group working is between 5 to 15 years only.

The main reason for the increasing number of child labour is “Poverty” and “Unemployment” in every country where this is the main problem.

And the cure for this problem is that the government should make strict laws and make the people follow them. And we all should also join hands together and raise our voices against it.

Essay on Child Labour in English | 200 Words

Child labour means the practice of involving children into any business activity either by force or by their will. It just takes away the opportunity for children to grow and learn.

Child labour means any employment of children at a lower age in any industry, shops, workshops, etc.

Child labour indirectly affects the mental and physical development of children.

Working non-stop for many hours can cause physical and mental diseases to children.

And according to UNICEF, child labour is most prominent in states like U.P., Bihar, Rajasthan, M.P., and Maharashtra.

In India, there are different industries and several products which involve child labour like a bangle, firework, in most of them are working in textile industries.

Rather than this, children are also sold by their parents for the money.

The problem of child labour is more critical in underdeveloped and developing countries.

To eradicate this problem, we should tell the parents about the advantages of giving proper education to their children and not force them to work.

According to the Child Labour Act, it is a punishable offense. So, Government and we should ensure that nobody will go against it and the one who does should be punished.

Best Essay on Child Labour | 300 Words

Child labour means the practice of involving children into any business activity either by force or by their will.

Working nonstop for several hours makes children prone to physical or mental diseases.

According to a study of UNICEF, it is clear that almost 13 to 15% of children are working as a labour and the age group working is between 5 to 15 years only and child labour is most prominent in the states like U.P., Bihar, Rajasthan, M.P., and Maharashtra.

Parents sell them to work as a servant; the parents abuse their girl child.

They sell her to an employer in the city to work at their home, and many also sell her as a bride to an older man.

Except their children’s parents force them to go on the streets as a beggar, flower seller, newspaper seller, etc.

And sometimes they are also made to go hungry for several days together, which lets people feel sorry for them and give them money or food.

According to the constitution of India, child labour is a serious crime and a punishable offense.

The government should also look together about this problem according to their child labour act, which clearly says that child labour is a serious and punishable offense.

Long Essay on Child Labour | 500 Words

Introduction

Child labour is a serious concern for us on the international level.

Causes of Child Labour

And to reach the cause of the problem will help us to fight it better.

Due to several reasons, child labour happens in India, while some of the reasons neighbor common in some countries and others which are specific in particular areas and religions.

The main reasons for child labour in any country are poverty and unemployment.

Because of not having enough earning for the family, they put their children to work today can have enough money for survival.

Adults of the family are unemployed, which is another reason poverty and let their children work with them.

Effects of Child Labour on Children’s

Leading States in Child Labour

According to a study of UNICEF, it is clear that almost 13 to 15% of children are working as a labour and the age group working is between 5 to 15 years only, and child labour is most prominent in the states like U.P., Bihar, Rajasthan, M.P., and Maharashtra.

Industries Involve Child Labour

How Parents Use Their Child For Money

Parents sell them to work as a servant, the parent’s abuse girl child they sell her to an employer in the city to work at their home, and many also sell her as a bride to an older man.

Reason for Increasing Child Labour

Eradication of Child Labour

Predicate child labour, every individual should also take responsibility for reporting about the employment of a child below the age of 14 years.

And the must step to eradicate child labour is to steadily provide a well deserved healthy and normal childhood to every child of the country, which will decrease this problem slowly and surely.

Child labour is n serious offense which let the small children’s work for their daily need in the age of studying and playing.

India has the second-highest number of child labour after Africa.

In India, most of the children’s work in different industries like glass industry bangle industry which lead to severe damage to the health of the children.

Eradicate this issue; each individual should take responsibility for reporting about any employment of a child below the age of 14 years, which helps the government in the eradication of child labour from the society and the country.

It is not a problem to be solved by only the government.

Extended Essay on Child Labour | 1000 Words

Childhood is the most innocent phase of human life.

It is a stage of life when the human foundations laid for successful adult life.

Many children, instead of spending it in a carefree and fun-loving manner while learning and playing are scarred and tormented.

Behave that would do anything to get out of the prison of being children and controlled & tortured by others.

They would love to break free from this world but continue to be where they are not out of choice but force. This is the true story of the child labour

Child labour is a term you might have heard about in news or movies.

It refers to a crime where if children are forced to work from a very early age, it is like expecting kids to perform responsibility is like working and fending for themselves.

There are specific policies and laws which have to put restrictions and limitations on children working.

Industries and individuals employ children to put them to work under blooming circumstances.

They are made to work for long hours and dangerous factories minutes and sometimes need to carry loads even more massive than their body weight.

Then some individuals’ households hire children is domestic help and beat them and torture them physically when they make a mistake.

The children are, at times, made to starve and given worn-out clothes to wear.

Such is the story of millions of children in India painful and yet real.

The average age for a child to be appropriate to work is considered 15 years or more.

Children falling below this age limit won’t be allowed to indulge in any work forcefully.

Child labour takes away the kid’s opportunity of having a normal childhood a proper education and physical and mental wellbeing in some countries

It is illegal, but still, it is far away from being completely eradicated.

The two primary reasons for the ever-growing social malice of child labour are poverty and lack of education.

For parents give birth to children’s thinking them as money-making machines, they carry infants to earn more on the street from begging.

Then as they grow, they take them beggars and eventually sell them to employers.

This sickness is rampant across the length and breadth of India.

Rather than poverty and lack of education, there are many other reasons responsible for child labour.

Some of the reasons may be common in some countries there are some reasons which are specific in particular areas, and some are specific. Firstly, it happens in countries that have a lot of unemployment rather than poverty.

When the families won’t have enough earning, they put the children of the family to work so they can have enough money to survive.

Similarly, if the adults of the family are unemployed, the younger ones have to work in their place.

Moreover, when people do not have access to education, they will ultimately put their children to work.

Being uneducated they only care about a short term result, which is why they put children to work so that they can survive their present, . Then the future of children will also be the same as their parents uneducated and let their children work at an early age.

Worst condition faced by Child Labour

India stands for the second-highest number of child labour after Africa.

Bonded child labour or slavery is one of the worst types of employment for children.

This system continues in spite of the Indian parliament in acting the bonded labour system in 1976.

It estimates that approximately 10 million bonded children labour working as domestic servants in India, there are almost 55 million bonded child labours hired across various other countries.

The children are sold to money lenders to home borrowed money cannot be returned.

Street children are another type of child labour where children work on the streets as a beggar, flower sellers, etc. instead of going to school.

Sometimes they are made to go hungry for days together so that people feel sorry for them and give alms.

Child labour couple with child abuse has today become one of the greatest maladies that have spread across the world.

Each year statics show an increasing number of child abuse more so on the case of the girl child.

When a girl is probably abused by someone at home to hide this fact, she is sold to an employer from a city as domestic help or then as a bride to an older man.

According to United Nation stipulation in article 32 of the Convention on the Rights Of The Child and the International Labour Organisation child labour is to considered if state parties recognized the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous to interfere with the children’s education ought to be harmful to the child’s health of physical mental and spiritual-moral or social development.

If you wish to eradicate child labour we need to formulate some efficient solutions which will save our children.

It will also enhance the future of any country dealing with these social issues to bring with one can create several unions that solely work to prevent child labour it should help the children indulging in this work and punish those who make them do it.

Furthermore, we need to keep the parents in the loops as to teach them the importance of education.

If you make tuition-free and the people aware, we will be able to educate more and more children, who don’t have to do child labour.

Moreover, making people aware of the harmful consequences of child labour is a must to do.

To eradicate in addition to that we have to take family control measures to.

This will reduce the family’s burden, so when you have less amount to feed, the parents will be enough to work for them instead of the children.

Every family must be promised a minimum income by the government to survive.

Best critical information regarding child labour cannot be taken to the tree size as there are Areas where no accounting has done on how many children are working or forced to work against the child labour act .

There are number workshop and factories that have dreamt of rooms where children’s work eat and sleep. Noone from the outside world would even know that they are working there how are people working towards the Welfare of the child labour with the tip of from insiders have been able to rescue several children from such units.

The national policy on child labour formulated in 1987 seeks to adopt a gradual and sequenced approach with a focus on rehabilitation of children working in the hazardous occupation the action plan outlined the legislative Action Plan for strict enforcement of child labour act and other labour laws

To ensure that children not employes in dangerous implements and that the working conditions of the children working are a known critical area regulated in a dance with the provisions of child labour act.

Addition, each individual should also take responsibility for the Shoulders reporting about any one employee with children below the age of 14 years, however, considering the magnitude and extent of the problem, concerted efforts from all sections of the society are needed to make a dent.

Measures need to be taken not only to stop this crime against children but also to slowly, steadily and surely provide every child with a well deserved healthy and normal childhood.

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Child Labour Essay

Many children are forced to labour in a variety of dangerous and non-hazardous occupations, including agriculture, glass manufacturing, the carpet and brass industries, matchbox manufacturing, and household labour. Here are some sample essays on child labour.

  • 100 Words Essay On Child Labour

Child labour is defined as the employment of children for any type of work that interferes with their physical and mental growth and denies them access to the fundamental educational and recreational needs. A child is generally regarded as old enough to work when they are fifteen years old or older. Children under this age limit are not permitted to engage in any sort of forced employment. Because child labour denies children the chance to experience a normal upbringing, receive a quality education, and appreciate their physical and emotional wellbeing. Although it is prohibited in certain nations, it has still not been totally abolished.

200 Words Essay On Child Labour

500 words essay on child labour.

Child Labour Essay

Children are preferred for employment in many unorganised small industries because they are less demanding and easier to handle. Sometimes the children's own families force them into child labour because they lack the funds or are unable to provide for them.

These kids frequently live in poor, unsanitary circumstances with little access to school or medical care. These kids are also forced to live in seclusion and aren't permitted to play, engage socially, or make friends. Such a toxic workplace is difficult for kids and frequently contributes to mental illnesses like depression. These kids frequently use drugs and other substances, which worsens their physical and mental health.

Why Is Child Labour Prohibited?

The employment of children in a manner that denies them the chance to enjoy childhood, receive an education, or experience personal growth is known as child labour. There are many strong laws against child labour, and many nations, like India, have standards of imprisonment and fines if a person or organisation is found to be engaging in child labour.

Even while there are rules in place to prevent child labour, we still need to enforce them. Children are compelled to work as children owing to poverty and to help support their families.

Child labourers are either trafficked from their home countries or originate from destitute backgrounds. They are fully at the power of their employers and have no protection.

Causes Of Child Labour

Here are some reasons that lead to child labour:

Poverty | Child labour is a problem that is greatly influenced by poverty. Children in low-income households are viewed as an additional source of income. These kids are expected to help out with their parents' duties when they get older.

Illiteracy | One significant component that fuels this issue is illiteracy. Because they must invest more than they receive in return in the form of wages from their children, the illiterate parents view education as a burden. Children who work as labourers are subjected to unsanitary circumstances, late hours, and other hardships that have an immediate impact on their cognitive development.

Bonded Labour | Unethical businesses like using children as labourers over adults since they can get more work done from them and pay them less per hour. Children are forced to work in this sort of child labour in order to pay off a family loan or obligation. Due to bonded labour, poor children have also been trafficked from rural to urban areas to work as domestic help, in tiny manufacturing houses, or simply to live as street beggars.

How To Protect Children From Child Labour?

Multiple facets of society will be required to support efforts to abolish child labour. The effectiveness of government initiatives and its personnel is limited. Therefore, we ought to come together and channelize our efforts in the right direction to stop child labour. Here are some of the ways to stop child labour–

Notice | Be cautious when eating at a neighbouring restaurant or shopping at a neighbourhood market. Inform local authorities or call CHILDLINE 1098 if you see any children working as child labourers.

Know The Law | The first step in preventing child labour is to understand the constitution's role in child protection. Knowing the laws gives you the knowledge you need to combat the threat and alert those who use child labour.

Educate And Aware | Child labour may be avoided by educating others about its negative impacts, especially business leaders and employers. Discuss with them how child labour affects children's physical and emotional health, and tell them what the laws and punishments are.

Conversation With Parents | If you are aware of a parent in your area who is forcing his or her child to work as a youngster, speak with that parent and explain the dangers that child labour poses to the future of their offspring and highlight how education and skill building may protect their child's future.

Enrolment In Schools | In your community, you may establish a setting that encourages learning for street kids. You may assist disadvantaged youngsters in learning and self-education by raising money to create libraries and community learning centres in your area. Additionally, you may help the parents enrol their kids in school.

A country cannot advance if its children are living in abject poverty. To stop the exploitation and employment of children in certain industries, it is essential to identify these sectors and create the required legislation and laws. This should be society's and the government's shared duty.

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Essay on Child Labour: Meaning, Causes, Effects, Solutions

Category: Essays and Paragraphs , Social Issues On February 19, 2019 By Victor

Introduction:  A child should not be subjected to work at the expense of his or her education and dreams. Child labour robs minors of the opportunity to enjoy their childhood, go to school, and have a decent shot at success.

It condemns them to a life of limited opportunities. It is, therefore, necessary to ensure that every child is protected and not exploited for cheap labour.

It is not just the responsibility of the parents to eliminate child labour but also that of the government and the society. In India, the total number of child labourers, aged between 5 and 14, is estimated to be at 10.1 million. (source: wikipedia )

Child labour refers to the use of children as a source of labour while depriving them of their fundamental rights in the process. Such rights include the opportunity to enjoy their childhood, attend school regularly, have peace of mind, and live a dignified life.

Child labour can also refer to the practice of exploiting children for financial gain. Some industries employ children in order to cut down on labour costs since their wage demand is low.

Work that places children in a situation that is socially, mentally, physically, or morally harmful and dangerous is also defined as child labour because it ignores the well-being of such children.

When children are made to perform work that is legally prohibited to be performed by children of a certain age group, such type of work is also referred to as child labour.

According to wikipedia , Child Labour is the practice of having children engage in economic activity, on a part- or full-time basis. The practice deprives children of their childhood, and is harmful to their physical and mental development.

Child labour is caused by several factors. Some of them include:

1. Poverty:  This is the single biggest factor contributing to the children working hard in factories or shops or construction sites rather than playing and getting an education. Families do not have enough resources and children often become the means for more income, even if it means having to forego the privileges of childhood. Children who come from poor families may be forced to work to support their siblings and parents or supplement the household income when expenses are more than the parents’ earnings. It is a huge problem especially in developing countries where parents are unable to generate income due to the lack of employment opportunities or education. Children can be found employed in mines or hawking in the streets to earn money that is used to provide basic necessities such as food and clothing for the family. Children may also be employed in factories to generate income for the family instead of attending school. Some children have left orphans or abandoned due to poverty. Such children do not have anyone to take care of them and end up working to feed themselves unless taken up by orphanages. Such a practice is a common phenomenon in poverty-stricken regions with large factories set up by international companies.

2. Low Aspiration: It is important for parents and children to understand that they can work hard and make something great of themselves. Low aspirations by parents and children is a major cause of child labour because in such a situation, being employed in a local factory, or selling grocery in the streets is the normal way of life. To these types of children and parents, success only belongs to a certain region or group of people. They do not aspire to become professionals in the society or great entrepreneurs. It is a mindset that forms the very foundation of child labour.

3. Huge demand for unskilled labourers: The demand for unskilled labourers is another cause of child labour. Children are mostly unskilled and provide a cheap source of labour, making them an attractive option for many greedy employers. Child labour, by virtue of being cheap, increases the margin of profits for such entrepreneurs whose only objective is profit maximization even if it comes at the expense of ethics and good business practices. These types of employers can also force children to work under unfavorable conditions through manipulation or blatant threats.

4. Illiteracy: A society with many educated people understands the importance of going to school and pursuing dreams. Children have the ability and time to become whatever they aspire to be. Illiteracy , on the other hand, makes it difficult for many people to understand the importance of education. Illiterate people view education as a preserve of the privileged in the society. They will therefore not provide support to children so that they can go to school and build solid foundations for future success. The same view of life is seen among illiterate parents who prioritize children contributing to the upkeep of the family over going to school.

5. Early Marriages: Marrying at an early age is a major contributing factor to overpopulation. Having many children with little or no resources to support them leads to child labour. Older children are forced to work in order to help their parents support the family.

6. High cost of education: Quality education is expensive. To many parents who live in abject poverty, priority is given to providing food for the family because education is too expensive to afford especially when there are many children to pay school fees for. Instead of letting children stay at home because there is lack of money to send them to school, parents opt to have them working as unskilled labourers to help support the family. Some parents can also only afford basic education which means that children will be forced to look for work since they cannot pursue their education further.

7. Gender discrimination:  Often girls are required to quit school and take up work to supplement family income until they are suitably married off. This too is an observation in typically vulnerable classes.

8. Family tradition:  Many families with businesses or traditional occupations like arts, etc. expect the children to work to be able to pass on the traditional arts or business only by experience.

Consequences / Effects:

Child labour has several negative impacts. Some of them include:

1. Loss of Quality childhood: It is important for human beings to enjoy every stage of their development. A child should play with friends and make memories for a lifetime. Youths should explore life and form strong foundations that would define their adult lives. Child labour, therefore, leads to loss of quality childhood as children will be deprived of the opportunity to enjoy the amazing experiences that come with being young. Children are often encouraged to play because it helps in their growth and development. A child forced to work will miss many of the good things associated with childhood.

2. Health issues: Child labour can also lead to health complications due to undernourishment and poor working conditions. It is highly unlikely that people who employ children also have the moral capacity to ensure that they have good working conditions. Working in places such as mines and badly conditioned factories may result in lifetime health issues for children employed to work in these places. A child assigned physically demanding duties may suffer physical trauma that may scar him or her for life.

3. Mental trauma: It is not a pleasant experience to be kept working as a child while your age-mates are out playing and going to school. Children also lack the ability to shield themselves from most of the challenges that occur in the workplace. Issues such as bullying, sexual exploitation, and unfavorable working hours may result in mental trauma in these children. They will find it hard to forget the past and may become societal misfits because of bad childhood experiences. Child labour may also result in the lack of emotional growth and thus insensitivity.

4. Illiteracy: Children that are employed do not have the time to go to school. They spend a lot of time in their workstations as the days and years go by. The lack of education and illiteracy makes them individuals with limited opportunities as far as employment is concerned. Education also prepares a person for several challenges in the society and without it, one may turn out to lack the basic skills required to overcome many of life’s problems. An individual who has gone to school may be aware of how to approach certain situations in life without resorting to brute force. An illiterate person, on the other hand, considers force to be the only answer to nearly all of the challenges experienced.

How can child labour be reduced or completely eradicated?  Every child born has the right to have dreams and pursue those dreams. Even though the realization of some of these aspirations may be limited by several challenges, it is still possible to overcome them and achieve the highest levels of success.

There is need to involve various stakeholders to realize this objective. These are some of the ways in which the problem of child labour can be addressed:

1. Free education: Free education holds the key to eliminating child labour. Parents that do not have money for school fees can use this as an opportunity to provide their children with education. It has already proved to be a success in many places around the globe and with more effort, the cases of child labour will greatly reduce. Mid-day meals schemes can also be used as a motivating factor for children whose parents can barely afford a meal to learn. Even if they will be attending school because of the free meals, they will still be able to learn and create a good education foundation for themselves.

2. Moral Polishing: Child labour should not be entertained at all. It is legally and morally wrong. Children should not be allowed to provide labour at the expense of getting an education and enjoying their childhood. Factory owners, shopkeepers, and industries among others should not employ children. The society should be educated on the negative impacts of child labour so that it becomes an issue that is frowned upon whenever it occurs. This type of moral polishing would act as a deterrent to people who intend to employ children and use them as a source of cheap labour. Many of the ills that go on in the society do so because people turn a blind eye or fail to consider their moral impacts. With this kind of approach, cases of child labour will greatly fall among our communities.

3. Create demand for skilled and trained workers: By creating the demand for skilled and trained workers, child labour cases will reduce since almost all child labourers fall under the unskilled worker category. It will lead to adult employment as the demand for skilled labour rises. Establishing skill-based learning centers, vocational training centers, and technical training institutions improves literacy and contributes to the availability of skilled and trained workers in the job market. Creation of job opportunities by the government is also another way that cases of unemployment can be reduced and household income for the population increased. Such government policies improve living standards and eliminate the need for children to seek work in order to support their families.

4. Awareness: Creating awareness about the illegality of child labour can also help in stemming the practice. Parents should be made aware that sending their children to work has legal ramifications and the law would take its course if they are found to be aiding and abetting this vice. It is the ignorance among many parents and members of the society that makes them participate in child labour practices. Conducting a campaign to create awareness about its harmful effects would eliminate the practice. The government, together with non-governmental organizations and the civil society, can create a strategy to make such an initiative a success.

5. Empowerment of poor people: Poor people are the most affected by child labour. The poor living standards and financial constraints sometimes make them unwilling participants in this vice. Empowering poor people through knowledge and income generating projects would go a long way in reducing cases of child labour. Parental literacy also plays an important role in ensuring that the rights of children are upheld, and minors are not used as a source of labour. Empowering parents with this kind of knowledge can create a positive change in the society and encourage the shunning of child labour practices in communities.

Indian Laws relating to Child Labour

  • As per the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, amended in 2016 (“CLPR Act”), a “Child” is defined as any person below the age of 14, and the CLPR Act prohibits employment of a Child in any employment including as a domestic help. It is a cognizable criminal offence to employ a Child for any work. (source: wikipedia )
  • In addition, various laws in India, such as the Juvenile Justice (care and protection) of Children Act-2000, and the Child Labour (Prohibition and Abolition) Act-1986 provide a basis in law to identify, prosecute and stop child labour in India. (source: wikipedia )
  • : The Factories Act of 1948  prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory. The law also placed rules on who, when and how long can pre-adults aged 15–18 years be employed in any factory. (source: wikipedia )
  • The The Mines Act of 1952  prohibits the employment of children below 18 years of age in a mine. (source: wikipedia )

Child labour should never exist. However, it is still noticeable that people around the country hire children so that they will have the benefit of paying low wages to them. One should do not encourage child labour, and neither one should let any other to hire a child to any job.

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Child Labour Essay

Child Labour refers to the employment of children of the age group of 5 to 17 years, so as to deprive them of their childhood and force them into a life of deprivation and illiteracy. The main factor behind child labour is poverty; therefore, it is more rampant in developing or under developed countries. Children in these countries are often forced into labour to supplement the everyday income of their families.

Short and Long Essay on Child Labour

We have provided below short and long essay on Child Labour in English for your information and knowledge. These Child Labour essays have been written in simple yet effective English language for you to make it easy to remember them as well as to present them when required.

After going through the essays you will know a lot of information about child labour and its vital statistics. You will also know about the industries employing child labour in India; negative effects of child labour on the children; ways to tackle child labour; how child labour is related to poverty; history of child labour; types of child labour in India and statistics of child labour in India 2019.

These Child Labour essay will be extremely useful to you in your school/college assignments and various competitions like speech giving, debate and essay writing competitions.

Child Labour Essay 1 (100 Words)

Child labour is defined as the employment of children, often belonging to the age group of 5 to 17 years. At such a young age children are a lot less demanding and could be very easily managed by the employees. For this reason many unorganized sectors around the world prefer to work with child labors.

There are nearly 152 million child labors the world over; most of them are driven by poverty. Poor families unable to meet their everyday requirements of nourishment are forced to send their children to manual work in different sectors. This way the children could also supplement their family’s income apart from fending for their own vital requirements.

Child Labour

Child Labour Essay 2 (150 Words)

Child labour is defined as the employment of children in such a way so as to deprive them of their childhood, education and growth opportunities. Many unorganized small sectors around the world prefer to employ children for they are less demanding and easily manageable.

Sometimes, the families of the children, themselves push the children into child labour for want of money or they find it unable to feed the children. Such children often live in unhygienic and deprived conditions, with no medical aid at all as well as no education opportunity.

Child labour forces a child into the vicious cycle of deprivation, illiteracy and poverty. Such children are not able to find a reputed and suitable job as adults and are often regarded as socially backward. They live a solitary life of isolation and often take to unwanted and unethical means.

Child Labour Essay 3 (200 Words)

Child Labour refers to the employment of children in various sectors around the world. It includes sectors like mining, production industries, farming and other unorganized sectors. Children are often employed in these sectors for they are paid less and easy to manage.

Child labour is widely practised throughout the world and deprives the children of their childhood, education and other growth opportunities. Children are forced to engage in hazardous working conditions to support their families by supplementing its income.

They work under a verbal or written contract between their employer and parents. Sometimes, it is to repay a debt taken by their families from the employer. Child labour is more common in developing and under developed nations. Poverty is the main driving factor behind the child labour as the children are forced into child labour by their own families in order to fend for their everyday requirements for food and other necessities.

There are many strict laws against child labour in the world and many countries including India have norms of imprisonment and fine if a person and organization is found involved in child labour. Despite all the laws, still there is a need to forcibly implement them if we want the child labour to be eliminated.

Child Labour Essay 4 (250 Words)

The term “Child Labour” is used to refer to the employment of young children into various sectors like industries, hotels, farming etc. The term is used mainly to denote the employment of children falling in the age group of 5 – 15 years.

Child labour deprives the children of their childhood and proper physical and mental growth opportunities. It also considerably reduces a child’s possibility to get educated and progress in life.

Worldwide around 218 million children in the age group of 5 to 17 years are employed as child labour. These children are subjected to live in poor hygienic conditions and are deprived of very basic necessary amenities of life.

They never get an opportunity to go to school, thereby forcing them into decades of poverty and labour. Working in poor health conditions they also become susceptible to various kinds of diseases and their conditions are rarely addressed.

Such children are also subjected to live a life of isolation and are not allowed to socially interact with people and to make friends to play. Such poor work environment is stressful for a child and often results in several mental conditions like depression etc. Such children often tend to take drugs and other substances, consequently resulting in further physical and mental damages.

There is a need to strictly supervise the sectors prone to employing children and impose harsh penalties with money and imprisonment on them for doing so.

Child Labour Essay 5 (300 Words)

Introduction

The employment of children for different works, so as to interfere with their normal mental, physical and social growth opportunities is termed as child labour.  It also deprives the children of the much-needed education.

Industries Employing Child Labour in India

There are five major sectors in India, employing the children as child labors. They are as described below-

1) Garment Industry

Child labour constitutes a considerable workforce in the Indian garment industry. These industries operate in small owner-managed setups mainly operated from homes. Thousands of children in Delhi are employed by the garment industry and are subjected to loud noise, extensive working hours and sharp tools.

2) Unorganized Sectors

This sector is one of the greatest employers of children in India. It is very easy to spot a child working in dhabas, roadside eateries, tea shops and other businesses. The children are also employed in small shops as servants or help. Family based businesses prefer to employ children as they are easily manageable and cost less.

3) Brick Kilns

The brick kiln industry of India has long been witnessing child labour. Often the children in brick kilns, work for long hours along with their parents. Children working in brick kiln are subjected to hazardous conditions and are exposed to toxic fumes and heated temperatures.

4) Fireworks

Fire sector is one of the biggest employers of children in India. Children in this sector often work in cramped spaces and are exposed to dangerous chemicals and hazardous substances, posing a risk to their health and life. They are also forced to work for longer hours in festive season.

5) Agriculture

Agriculture sector might be the biggest employer of children in India. Children are hired in cotton industries, sugarcane industries, paddy fields and other agriculture related fields. The children working in agriculture sectors have to work for longer hours are paid less and have to work in unhygienic conditions.

Children are forced into child labour as a result of poverty and in order to supplement their family’s income. There is a need to identify these sectors and make necessary policies and laws to prevent the employment and exploitation of children in these sectors.

Child Labour Essay 6 (350 Words)

The engagement of children as manual labors in different organized and unorganized sectors is termed as child labour. It deprives the children of their educational opportunities, opportunity to growth, socialize and health. Child labour is physically and mentally harmful to the students.

Negative Effects of Child Labour

Child labour has many negative impacts on the children. Children working as child labour often work in challenging and life threatening conditions with no one to take care of them. They are paid less as compared to an adult doing the same job; moreover, they are also underfed.

Their employers do everything to keep them cut-off from the other parts of the world, forcing them to live a life of isolation and labour. They are even not allowed to talk or meet anyone. Situations like these often results in mental disorders like depression and leads to drug addiction and substance abuse etc.

How can we Help to Stop Child Labour?

There are few simple steps that we can take to help stop child labour. One should be aware of the child labour laws in the country and must always diligently follow them.

Also by keeping an eye for the businesses employing children and by reporting the same to the competent authorities will also prove helpful in elimination child labor.

A risk assessment of the workplace for the dangers it poses to the children must also be carried out. Also, hiring children for wok should be immediately stopped at any cost.

Child Labour and Poverty

One of the main factors behind the child labour is poverty. Children are forced in labour mainly to supplement their families’ income. Either they are given as contractual labour by family to the employer in exchange of money, or they are employed by the family itself in any of its traditional businesses of occupation.

For instance, poor farmers in India are forced to use their own children as labour as it would be difficult to pay for adult labors.

Child labour is one of the serious threats that impede the growth of a nation and the world as well. Moreover, it deprives the children of childhood, love and education and forces them into arduous, hazardous, non sociable and pathetic conditions.

Child Labour Essay 7 (400 Words)

Child Labour refers to the employment of children in various sectors so as to deprive them of their childhood, education and other growth opportunities and causing physical and mental harassment to them. The prime reason behind child labour is poverty and more often than not the children are employed to supplement their family’s income.

History of Child Labour

During the preindustrial societies the concept of childhood was inexistence. Children as young as 10-13 years were engaged in works like hunting, wood cutting and farming etc. Though, it wasn’t child labour in true sense and the children did these jobs to facilitate the survival of their group or family.

Low productivity and low life expectancy were two of the main characteristics of preindustrial area. Hence, preventing the children from engaging in productive work would mean to stalling their progress and lowering their survival chances. Education in those days wasn’t considered necessary for survival than the skills.

The exploitation of children as child labour began in the late 18 th century with industrial revolution. Cities like Birmingham and Liverpool in Britain fast grew into big industrial cities, attracting millions from villages and other rural areas. The situation was same in other developing economies.

The Victorian era in Britain that ranged from 20 th June 1837 to 22 January 1901 was the most infamous for child labour in its period. Children as young as four years are known to have employed in factories and mines in the Victorian era. They worked in unimaginably arduous and life threatening conditions.

World Statistics on Child Labour

World Statistics reveal that nearly 218 million children all over the world are employed. These children fall in the age group of 5 to 17 years and approximately 152 million are in true sense employed as child labour.

Statistics also reveal than nearly 73 million children worldwide, work in hazardous and life threatening conditions.

Going by the numbers, Africa has around 72.1 million children employed as child labour, which is nearly half of the world’s figure of 152 million. Asia and the pacific have 62.1 million child labors; America has 10.7 million child labors while Central Asia, Europe and Arab states have 5.5 million and 1.2 million respectively.

Child Labour has been in existence for centuries even in some of the developed economies of the world. Sometimes the reason is to make the child employable and sometime it is to supplement their family’s income, nevertheless, in both of the cases, it interferes with the child’s ability to grow, get educated and be happy.

Child Labour Essay 8 (500 Words)

Child Labour refers to physical exploitation of the children by engaging them into any form of work that deprives them of their childhood, education, growth and development and is physically and mentally harmful. Strict laws prohibiting child labour are in place in countries around the world including India, but there is a need to implement them more effectively than before.

Causes of Child Labour in India

The UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund), a United Nations agency responsible for providing humanitarian and developmental aid to the children around the world, states poverty as the biggest cause of child labour in India as well as in the other developing and under developed countries around the globe.

Due to poverty, children are subjected to labour, in order to supplement their family’s income. Also, the absence of adequate educational infrastructure in rural India along with a lack of awareness is also a reason behind child labour in India.

Types of Child Labour in India

There are two types of Child Labour existent in India, one is the debt bondage child labour and other form includes the employment of children to supplement their family’s income. Nevertheless, in both kinds of child labour, the will of others is partially or fully forced upon the child.

In debt bondage child labour, a child is employed for work, through a verbal assurance or written agreement, specifically to clear the debt taken by his parents from the creditor. Though, the solicitation of child labour is banned by legislature in India, the instances of bonded child labour continue even today.

Another form of child labour is where the parents of a child have an agreement with the employer, for employing their child in order to supplement the family’s income. However, poverty is the main factor behind all the types of child labour in India as well as in other parts of the world.

Child Labour in India Statistics 2019

Statistics provided by the UNICEF reveal that nearly 10.1 million children in India are engaged as child labour. These children fall in the age group of 5 to 14 years and consist of 4.5 million girls and 5.6 million boys. Over 90% of child labors are employed in rural India.

Child Labour in India is more prevalent in Uttar Pradesh (2.1 million), Bihar (1 million), Madhya Pradesh (0.7 million), Maharashtra (0.72 millions) and Rajasthan (0.84 millions).

Indian industries employing a major share of child labors in India are cotton industry, match box making industry, agriculture sector and other small unorganized sectors.

Child Labour Laws in India

There are several laws enacted in India those prohibit engagement of children in workforce. Two of the major laws are Juvenile Justice (care and protection) of Children Act -2000 and Child Labour (Prohibition and Abolition) Act -1986. These acts form the basis of all other child labour laws in India.

Child Labour is a serious hindrance in the growth of a nation and its social and economical development. Though there are many laws to eliminate child labour, yet they are required to be effectively implemented.

A range of students studying in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, etc classes can use any of the above given essay on child labour. All are simply worded to let students understand without any difficulty. Apart from child labour essay, you can get other related essays and information such as:

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Essay On Child Labour [+Facts] For Students

Essay On Child Labour- The term “child labour” needs no definition. It snatches the childhood and dignity of children. It simply refers to a crime where children have to work at very early ages. Various reasons drive children to work with or without consent.

No Doubt, child labour is a heinous crime that deprives children of their childhood and hinders their physical and mental development. But a lot of employers employ children for the sake of cheap labour. According to law, employing a child in any kind of work is a criminal offence

Definition [Inroduction]

Child labour is a term that everyone is well aware of. It simply refers to a crime where children have to work at very early ages. It snatches the childhood and dignity of children. It is something like burdening them with huge responsibilities of which they are not capable enough.

It is a cause of underdevelopment of their physical and mental health. Poor or economically weak families in India push their children to work for money instead of educating them. It is a shameful practice that is needed to be thrown out of the country so that children can retrieve their real rights.

Causes of child labour

Many major causes promote this evil practice. Poverty is the biggest reason that drives it to a high level. Poor Families have no choice but to put their children into this hell because of fewer earnings to meet the basic needs of the family.

One of the other primary causes is The lure of cheap labour. As they are cheap to hire than a regular adult worker, industries prefer child labours.

Unaffordable education is another reason for it. As economically weak families can not afford to send their children to school, they force them to earn money. Moreover, The poor mentality of families that education has no value at all made them engage their children in work.

Effects on Children

The first and foremost effect of child labour is children lose their childhood and basic rights to education. They are deprived of enjoying their innocence and naughtiness. At an age when they are supposed to play with toys, they have to play with dangerous tasks.

Children involved in child labour have to face several challenges during work time. They bear the load beyond their capabilities and so they get fractures and physical damage. In construction industries, they come across cuts, burns and wounds.

Moreover, they are beaten and abused for minor mistakes. Even they are made to consume narcotics to get more work done. Apart from it, Children become victims of sexual abuse. especially sexual exploitation of girls by adults, rape etc.

Elimination of child labour

If we wish to remove child labour, we require to develop some very practical solutions which will defend our children. It will also improve the future of any country dealing with these social problems. To start with, we must build several organisations that undividedly work to stop child labour.

Besides, we need to keep the parents in the loop to educate them on the value of education. If we offer education free and make people aware, we will be capable to educate more children. Moreover, making people informed of the harmful results of child labour is a need.

additionally, family control measures should also be taken. This will diminish the family’s weight so when you have lesser mouths to feed, the only parents will be suitable to work for them, rather than the children.

Challenges in Controlling Child Labour

Weak Laws: While the laws to diminish child labour have been executed, they are pretty dim. For instance, most of the laws are incapable to deliver strict guidelines for the unorganized sectors.

Lack of Awareness: Awareness in rural and urban areas is required to be spread out. this will help a lot to fight the curse of child labour.

Child Trafficking: This is another challenge in to fight against child labour. Children are sent far from their habitat that is unknown to them. They have the only choice but to step into this hell.

Final words (Conclusion)

In conclusion, Child labour is a curse for our children that is needed to trash out of society as soon as possible. It is not only damaging the future of young ones but also our nation because future generations determine the development of a country. We all have to take measures against this terrible practice so that our adolescent generation can get their true rights .

Essay On Child Labour | Conclusion

Stats and Facts about Child Labour

  • The global surveys show that 152 million children – 64 million girls and 88 million boys are in child labour globally, accounting for about one in ten of all children worldwide.
  • 70% of children in child labour work in the agricultural sector and 69% perform unpaid work within their families.
  • According to the census 2011, there were 255 million economically active children in the age group of 5-14 years.
  • 1 out of 11 children in India works to earn a living for their family.
  • The top 5 States in child labour are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh constitute nearly 55% of the total working children in India.
  • Nearly half of the child labour (72.1 million) is to be located in Africa. 62.1 million in Asia and the Pacific. 10.7 million in America. 1.2 million in the Arab States and 5.5 million in Europe and Central Asia.

What is child labour ?

The definition of child labour usually indicates work done by children under the age of 15 that is full-time and hence prevents them to get an education.

Why do children work?

There are numerous reasons why children have to work. An uptick in the number of child labour is caused by poverty.

What are the current stats about child labour?

The International Labour Organisation (ILO) figures out that 250 million children work in factories, plantations and fields and down mines.

Why do factories hire Child labours?

Because children are cheap to hire. Children have little power to demand better health and safety conditions or fair wages.

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Essay on Child Labour for Students in English [500 Words Essay]

December 10, 2020 by Sandeep

Essay on Child Labour: Illegal exploitation of a child for financial or other gains is known as Child labour. It is a crime to employ children below the age of 14 years. According to UNICEF, 13% of the total workforce in India are children. Child labour is not only illegal but also detrimental & unfortunate for a society.

Essay on Child Labour 500 Words in English

Below we have provided Child Labour Essay in English, written in easy and simple words for class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 school students.

“Child slavery is a crime against humanity. Humanity itself is at stake here. A lot of work still remains, but I will see the end of child labour in my lifetime”. – Kailash Satyarthi, Nobel Peace Laureate

Child Labour is defined as “work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development,” by Article 1 of the United Nations Convention on Rights of the Child. It refers to the illegal exploitation of a child for financial or other gains. Data from UNICEF shows that more than 10 million children in India are part of the workforce. This constitutes 13% of the total workforce.

The term is often used by news channels or movies to talk about children who are forced to work from a budding age.  Children from poor families are forced to work and fend for themselves and their families. It is a crime to send or employ children below the age of 14 in any industry or factory. Thus, various restrictions and limitations have been put on children who work. The legally acceptable age for employing children is 15.

Child Labour is not only unfortunate but also detrimental to society. It robs from children, the opportunity to go to school, and getting an education. The right to education is a fundamental right of every child. It also prevents them from growing up in a conducive environment. Further, such children are burdened by responsibilities and hence cannot have a proper childhood. Research has also proven that their physical and mental development is hampered. Though illegal, the menace is far from being eradicated.

Causes of Child Labour

It is important to identify the causes of child labour to be able to deal with it effectively. Some causes are region-specific, while others are universal. Here are a few common causes of child labour:

  • Increasing levels of unemployment and poverty, especially in developing countries, are the primary causes of child labour. About 1/4th of the world’s population is currently categorised under the global poverty line. When families do not have enough money to sustain, they force children into work. If adults cannot find work or are sick, the responsibility of earning a livelihood comes down to children.
  • Lack of social security pushes people into a cycle of poverty, which inevitably leads to child labour. The increasing rich-poor divide and privatisation of the organisation have led to the concentration of wealth in the hands of few. Small children are in situations where they must work in order to earn two meals a day.
  • The lack of awareness about the importance of education and very little accessibility has also played a role in contributing to child labour. Without the opportunity to obtain an education, children are pushed into working. Uneducated parents think of short-term benefits and send their children to work so they can survive in the present.
  • Industries are not efficiently regulated. Multiple factories prefer children as labourers because they have to pay lesser to children than to adults for the same work. This decreases labour expenses for those industries. Many factories which possess significant health hazard, like the firecrackers industry also prefer children. Children are also easier to manipulate and influence. Thus, factory owners often take advantage of children’s circumstances for their profit.
  • Children are also sent to work for non-monetary payments like rice or wheat. This is due to the vicious nature of hunger. Often, after the death or illness of a parent, the eldest children are forced to take up the burden of the rest of the family. Most of the social welfare schemes in developing and developed countries do not reach the poor due to factors like corruption. Thus, the poor are often left directionless, with child labour being necessary for their survival.
  • Another major reason is the lack of effective implementation of child labour related laws. Many industries openly indulge in employing children without fear of law. The police and law enforcement agencies have failed miserably at being able to create fear about the use of children for labour. Even if the state tracks down child labour rackets, it is unable to provide an alternative to child labour for those families. This pushes children back to work.
  • Due to the increased demand for child labourers, child trafficking rackets often sell children to people who will extract work from them. Begging is yet another form of child labour that is often forced and ignored.

Measures to Eradicate Child Labour

As a society, it is our collective responsibility to find methods by which we can get closer to eradicating child labour. This requires significant support and effort from the government, law enforcement agencies, NGOs, and the general public. Here are some ideas to think about:

  • Creation of communities or unions that are specifically aimed at eradication of child labour can be effective. This can be a citizen initiative supported by the government. These communities’ sole objective will be to identify child labourers and find ways to rehabilitate them. It can also further indulge in involving law enforcement agencies to ensure that the guilty are punished.
  • Creating social awareness about the presence and downfalls of child labour is necessary. Once people understand the problems of child labour, they can be instigated to boycott any shop or establishment that hires children. This way, these industries can be discouraged from employing child labourers.
  • Education should be a nation’s priority. Economic and military development should not come at the cost of social wellness schemes. The poor should be made aware of the benefits of education, along with ensuring that every village and town has access to free and compulsory education.
  • Creation of employment opportunities is also essential to combat child labour. If an adult can earn sufficient income for the family, the need to send the children to work is reduced. This involves, in particular, the creation of unskilled labour. A country must also take measures to reduce the rich-poor divide.
  • Population control measures are also necessary in order to ensure that we reduce family sizes. This leads to a family having lesser mouths to feed. NGOs and the government must give family planning attention.
  • Effective and strict implementation of laws is necessary to ensure that factory owners do not try to hire child labourers. Measures to combat child trafficking are also significant. The government must focus on the depth and long-term impact of the problem and create practical and enforceable laws.

“When the lives and the rights of children are at stake, there must be no silent witnesses,” said Carol Bellamy. It is true that we cannot estimate the real number of child workers in the country. But it is important that we, as a society, take responsibility to acknowledge, identify, and combat the problem.

10 Lines on Child Labour Essay

  • Child labour refers to the exploitation of children by forcing them to work or taking advantage of poor children.
  • It interferes with their ability to have a normal happy childhood and can lead to trauma.
  • A lot of child labourers are victims of child trafficking and are also exposed to abuse.
  • Although child labour is illegal, it still takes place in sectors that are unmonitored or left unregulated.
  • A lot of the work that child labourers are forced to do can be dangerous and detrimental to their physical and mental health .
  • In such cases, businesses are basically taking advantage of helpless and engaging in immoral acts.
  • A lot of these businesses choose child labourers because they either have to pay them very less or sometimes not at all.
  • The people put in charge of making sure the children work are often very cruel to them and hand out punishments if they do not work according to their requirements.
  • Because it is unmonitored, the children are forced to work for long hours without breaks and are fed very little food.
  • Child labour is still a prevalent issue in society today, and that’s why it is important to monitor business practices carefully.

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A Heart Touching Short Story on Child Labour in English For Kids

This story has a heart touching and emotional impact of struggles and child labour on a kid’s life. 

The story will help readers know about how some unprivilgied kids are forced to work in order to fulfill their basic needs and dreams in life. 

They will also learn to appreciate what they have in life and be more thoughtful about others.

Introduction to a Heart Touching Short Story on Child Labour- A Boy’s Struggle Against Child Labour in India

“A Boy’s Struggle Against Child Labour in India” is one of the heart-touching child labour short stories that every kid should read. The story has described a little boy who was forced to work and his struggle to fulfill his dream. There are many child labour stories real life stories in India and this article attempt to portray one of them.

Origin of A Boy’s Struggle Against Child Labour in India

The story was written by Suhani Agarwal from India. The story was written in the 1st biannual international story contest of 2017.

A Boy’s Struggle Against Child Labour in India Story 

There was a little boy named Ram, who lived in a small village named Nigmakar. Ram has a family of four. Due to health issues, his father was not able to go to work or care to feed his family. Ram’s mother used to beg in the streets for money. As a result, Ram had to work in a Dhaba near his village. Ram had a little sister too, who was very fond of studying but couldn't go to school as they didn’t have enough money. Ram worked hard to feed her family and never lost hope to have a good life.

Ram worked day and night to feed her family but couldn’t fulfill the other needs of his family. Still, he didn’t lose hope and continued working. Years and years passed but his condition remained the same. One day he was going to his work and on the street, he saw an old man coughing in the street- the old man was very weak to walk. Ram helped the old men to walk. Seeing his kindness the old man suddenly turned into God and he said to Ram that he will be gifted with a wish if he will pass in other tests of kindness. The old man suddenly disappeared.

The very next day Ram went to his work and saw a little girl who was very upset. Ram asked the girl why she was so unhappy. The girl said to him that she wanted to buy some chocolate but couldn’t do so as she didn’t have enough money. That day was Ram’s salary day, so he bought chocolate for the little girl. Suddenly the old men again appeared and congratulated Ram for passing the first test. The old man also told him to be ready for his next test.

A few days later Ram saw a little child lying in the street as he was starving for a long time and needed food to survive. Seeing the child Ram felt very bad for the child. He had to pay the electricity bill that day- so he hurried to pay the bill and save the rest of the money for buying food for the starving child. He fed the child with his hand. The old men again appeared in front of him and blessed Ram for his kindness and asked Ram to make a wish. Ram wished that no child had to work and could study in schools.

The very next morning, Ram found all of his friends who were working in the hotels, shops, and factories started to go to school as their fathers started to go to work, and ill parents suddenly became healthy and fit to go to school. The Government of India also declared that there would be no child workers and that every child needed to go to school. After years of struggles, Ram finally went to school with his friends.

Ram going to school with his friend

Ram Going to School with His Friend

Moral of the “A Boy’s Struggle Against Child Labour in India” Story 

The story teaches us that we should always work and never lose hope to achieve our goals. Hard work always brings success. We should work hard and be kind to everyone and it will result in our success.

Note To Parents 

Such child labour stories real life stories are the best way to teach kids good morals, be kind to others around them and appreciate the little things in life.

FAQs on A Heart Touching Short Story on Child Labour in English For Kids

1. Where did Ram work?

Ram worked in a Dhaba near his village.

2. Why didn't Ram go to school?

Ram’s father didn’t go to work and drink all day. So, Ram had to work to feed his family.

3. How was Ram able to start to go to school?

Ram was kind to needy people and as a gift of his kindness God helped him to start his schooling by taking his wish. Within a day of his wish, all the parents of child workers started to go to work and the Government of India declared that every child would go to school.

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Speech on Child Labour

Child labour is a troubling issue that affects millions of kids worldwide. It forces children into work, robbing them of their innocence and education.

You might have seen images of kids toiling in factories or fields. This is child labour, a practice that is sadly common in many parts of the world.

1-minute Speech on Child Labour

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Good day to you all. I am here today to address a pressing issue that affects millions of children worldwide, “Child Labour”. This is not just a term, it is a scar on society that we need to heal with love, care, and education.

Child labour refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work. It deprives them of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular schools, and mentally, physically, socially, and morally harms them. The issue is not confined to developing or underdeveloped countries, it is a global concern.

The major cause of child labour is poverty. Parents unable to make ends meet force their children to work in hazardous conditions for meagre wages. Instead of studying, playing, and dreaming, millions of children are working in factories, mines, and fields. This is a gross violation of their rights and a theft of their innocent childhood.

We all have a responsibility towards these children. It’s a societal duty to ensure that children grow in a nurturing environment where they can pursue education and discover their potential. The government, non-profit organizations, and us, the citizens, have the power to eradicate child labour.

Let’s raise our voices against child labour, report incidents that we witness, and spread awareness about the harmful effects of child labour. Let’s promote education, as it is the most powerful tool that can help break the vicious cycle of poverty and child labour.

Remember, children are not meant to earn their living, they are meant to learn, play and grow. Let’s join hands to give every child the childhood they rightfully deserve.

Also check:

  • Essay on Child Labour
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2-minute Speech on Child Labour

Good morning! Today, I stand before you to discuss an issue that continues to plague our society despite modern advancements and progress. The issue is child labour.

Child labour is a crime against humanity that directly infringes the rights of over 152 million children worldwide. It deprives these innocent souls of their childhood, their potential, their dignity. It is a form of physical and mental torture that no child deserves. Child labour is a social evil that we need to eradicate from our society.

Why do children work? It’s a question we should all be asking. The primary reason is poverty. In many parts of the world, families are forced to send their children to work in order to supplement the family income. Lack of access to quality education is another significant factor. Many children are deprived of their basic right to education due to the unavailability of schools and teachers, or because their families can’t afford the associated costs.

These children work in absolutely inhumane conditions. They work in hazardous industries, factories, mines and fields, often handling dangerous tools and toxic substances. They work long hours, are subjected to physical and emotional abuse and are paid pittance. This robs them of their innocence and joy, and leaves them scarred for life.

Child labour is not just a problem for the countries where it’s most prevalent – it’s a global issue. Many of the goods we consume every day – from the coffee we drink to the clothes we wear – are produced through child labour. We, as consumers, have a moral responsibility to ensure that our purchases do not contribute to this awful exploitation.

The solution to child labour lies in a common effort. Governments must enforce strict laws against child labour and ensure quality education for all children, irrespective of their economic status. Businesses must adopt fair trade practices and ensure their supply chains are free of child labour. As individuals, we can raise awareness about the issue, support organisations working to combat child labour, and make informed buying decisions.

Imagine a world where every child can enjoy their childhood, where every child has the opportunity to learn and grow, where every child is free from exploitation. This is not an impossible dream. It’s a reality that we can create, if we all work together.

In conclusion, child labour is a horrendous practice that continues to persist in the modern world, and it’s our collective responsibility to abolish it. Let us all pledge to contribute towards this cause in whatever way we can. Remember, every effort counts, and every child saved is a step towards a brighter and better world.

Thank you for your time and attention. Let us all become the change we wish to see in the world, for the sake of our children, and for the future of our society.

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77 Child Labour Essay Topics & Examples

Researching the subject of child labour for an essay, you will see that it’s quite challenging to write about. That’s why we’ve listed useful topics here.

🏆 Best Child Labour Topic Ideas & Essay Examples

🎓 good child labour project topics, 👍 interesting child labour essay topics, ❓ research questions on child labour.

Even today, in our progressive world, this is a pressing issue that you can discuss in detail, relying on region and global statistics. We would love to facilitate this task for you by providing good child labour essay topics. Our experts have collected this list on the causes, solutions, and other aspects of the issue. So, check our essay ideas and research questions on child labour and start writing!

  • Labor Economics: Child Labor In another observation, Chau believes that the practice may be developed by the myth that children’s’ way of doing things better than adults would make them the appropriate substitute in the labor market.
  • Child Labour: Ethical Aspects of Employment In spite of its rich history, the question of child labour cannot be answered in a proper way; a number of issues like personal desire, necessity, and living conditions have to be taken into consideration; […]
  • Role of Codes of Conduct in Child Labour Practice As it will be observed in the following case, the issue of child labour is among the many challenges that have continued to affect the management of modern global supply chains.
  • Child Labour Policies in Business While the US and many other European nations accept that the banning of any illegal form of child labour is vital for enhancing observance of the rights for children, some nations, especially in the developing […]
  • Globalization and the Economics of Child Labor In his article “Globalization and the Economics of Child Labor”, Edmond Eric advances that globalization has resulted in a significant reduction in child labor throughout the world.
  • Problem of Child Labor in Modern Society According to the International Labor Organization, these are the worst forms of child labor. There are emerging cases of child labor in the third world nations.
  • Business Ethics and Child Labour According to the case, business ethics is the observance of rules and regulations that have been put in place. Child labour is one of the serious ethical issues that businesses have to deal with in […]
  • Child Labour: An Illegal Practise This paper seeks to elaborate the reasons behind the use of child labour in some corporations and the general ways child labour affects the conditions of the children involved.
  • Businesses Engaging in Child Labour They claimed that child labor practices were against the precepts of their company and international labor laws. Fairtrade International admitted that they were informed of the allegations of child labor in the cotton farms.
  • Child Labour in India and Intervention Measures The Union government of India need to earnestly take the initiative of conducting civic education, particularly for the Indian scheduled castes and Tribes as these categories provide wellspring for the vulnerable and susceptible Gender.
  • Nestlé Company and Child Labour Exploitation In the following 15 years, the issue of child labour on African cocoa farms would become a cause celebre and Nestle would struggle to improve its image amid constant child labour scandals.
  • Child Labour and Rights in the United Kingdom From child labor to child abuse, there are certainly different government and non-government agencies all over the world that support and are keenly watching the child’s rights and protection programs of every country. The cases […]
  • A Review of the Child Labour, Its Perspectives Child labour can be described any form of economic improving activity for children under the age of 12 depending on the individual state that compromises the child’s right to health, quality education and all work […]
  • Child Labour in the Late 1800s to the Early 1900s The children of the poor families were forced to find out the livelihood for their families and were deprived of education, his sweet adolescence and other necessities of the world.
  • Arguments for and Against Banning All Forms of Child Labour It is essential to examine the border between safe and dangerous labor and compare arguments for and against the prohibition of all forms of child labor in manufacturing.
  • Intermittent Child Employment and Its Implications for Estimates of Child Labour
  • Understanding Child Labour Beyond the Standard Economic Assumption of Monetary Poverty
  • Climate Vulnerability, Communities’ Resilience and Child Labour
  • Child Labour and the Industrial Revolution
  • Child Labour Is Not Always Bad for Society
  • An Analysis of the Child Labour in the Nineteenth Century England
  • Child Labour and Its Effects on Children and Their Families
  • An Introduction to the Child Labour in Third World Countries
  • Banning Child Labour in Developing Countries
  • International Migration and Child labour in Developing Countries
  • Child Labour: A Historically Important Role with Future Repercussions
  • International Migration and Child Labour in Developing Countries
  • The Trade-Off Between Child Labour and Schooling in India
  • The Role of Trade and Offshoring in the Determination of Child Labour
  • Human Rights for Child Labour
  • Mortality Risks, Education and Child Labour
  • Child Labour in Developing Countries: The Role of Education, Poverty and Birth Order
  • Educational Programme for Child Labour
  • Breaking Mainstream Thinking: Legalizing Child Labour
  • The Intriguing Relation Between Adult Minimum Wage and Child Labour
  • Unintended Effects of Microfinance: An Increase in Child Labour in Some Contexts
  • Child Labour, School Attendance and Performance
  • Victorian England Child Labour
  • Child Labour Is a Human Rights Violation
  • Child Labour and Its Effect on Children Essay
  • Agricultural Dualism, Incidence of Child Labour and Subsidy Policies
  • Voting with Your Children: A Positive Analysis of Child Labour Laws
  • Rescuing Children from the Hands of Child Labour
  • An Overview of Child Labour in the 19th Century
  • Child Labour and Trade Liberalization in a Developing Economy
  • Impact of Trade Vs. Non-trade Policies on the Incidence of Child Labour
  • Social Responsibility and Child Labour
  • What Are Child Labour and Possible Prevention?
  • Does Globalisation Increase Child Labour?
  • Why Banning the Worst Forms of Child Labour Would Hurt Poor Countries?
  • Was Victorian England Child Labour?
  • The Income Elasticity of Child Labour: Do Cash Transfers Impact on the Poorest Children?
  • Are Fair Trade Labels Effective Against Child Labour?
  • How to Find the Trade-Off Between Child Labour and Human Capital Formation?
  • Does Child Labour Still Exist Today?
  • Was Child Labour Necessary During the Industrial Revolution?
  • Child Labour and How Does It Happen?
  • What Is the Connection Between Child Labour and Mothers’ Work?
  • Is There Subterranean Child Labour Force?
  • What Should You Know About Child Labour?
  • Can the WTO Member States Rely on Citizen Concerns to Prevent Corporations from Importing Goods Made from Child Labour?
  • Child Labour Measurement: Whom Should We Ask?
  • What Is the Universally Acceptable Reason for Child Labour?
  • Child Labour and What Is It?
  • Should Child Labour Be Banned Globally?
  • What Are the Trade-Off Between Human Capital and Child Labour?
  • Does Child Labour Displace Schooling?
  • Why Did Child Labour Decline in Britain in the 19th and 20th Centuries
  • What Was the Child Labour?
  • Does Health Insurance Reduce Child Labour and Education Gaps?
  • What Is the Effect of Child Labour on Learning Achievement?
  • Is Overpopulation the Main Cause of Child Labour?
  • Does Child Labour Harm Child Education and Health?
  • Does Child Labour Affect School Attendance and School Performance?
  • What Is the Connection Between Child Labour and Trade Liberalization?
  • What are the Un’s Preventative Measures Against Child Labour?
  • Child Labour: Core Labour Standards and FDI: Friends or Foes?
  • Chicago (A-D)
  • Chicago (N-B)

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Child Labour Essay – Infinity Learn

essay on child labour for class 1

Table of Contents

Child Labour Essay: Child Labour refers to the employment of children aged 5 to 17 years to deprive them of their childhood and force them into a life of deprivation and illiteracy. The main factor behind child labour is poverty; therefore, it is more rampant in developing or underdeveloped countries. Children in these countries are often forced into labour to supplement the daily income of their families.

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Short and Long Essay on Child Labour

For your information and knowledge, we have provided a short and long essay on Child Labour in English. These Child Labour essays have been written in simple yet effective English for you to make it easy to remember them and present them when required.

After going through the essays, you will learn a lot about child labour and its vital statistics. You will also know about the industries employing child labour in India; the negative effects of child labour on children; ways to tackle child labour; how child labour is related to poverty; the history of child labour; types of child labour in India, and statistics of child labour in India 2019.

These Child Labour essays will be extremely useful in your school/college assignments and competitions like speech giving, debate, and essay writing competitions.

Child Labour Essay 1 (100 Words)

  • Child labour is the employment of children, often aged 5 to 17 years. At such a young age, children are a lot less demanding and could be very easily managed by the employees. For this reason, many unorganized sectors worldwide prefer to work with child laborers.
  • There are nearly 152 million child labors worldwide, most driven by poverty. Low-income families unable to meet daily nourishment requirements are forced to send their children to manual work in different sectors. This way, the children could supplement their family’s income apart from fending for their vital requirements.

Child Labour Essay 2 (150 Words)

  • Child labour is defined as the employment of children in such a way as to deprive them of their childhood, education, and growth opportunities. Many unorganized small sectors worldwide prefer to employ children for they are less demanding and easily manageable.
  • Sometimes, the families of the children themselves push them into child labour for want of money, or they cannot feed the children. Such children often live in unhygienic and deprived conditions, with no medical aid and no education opportunity.
  • Child labour forces a child into the vicious cycle of deprivation, illiteracy, and poverty. Such children cannot find a decent and suitable job as adults and are often regarded as socially backward. They live solitary lives of isolation and often take to unwanted and unethical means.

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Child Labour Essay 3 (200 Words)

  • Child Labour refers to the employment of children in various sectors worldwide. It cludes mining, production industries, farming, and other unorganized sectors. Chil ren is often employed in these sectors for they are paid less and easy to manage.
  • Child labour is widely practiced worldwide and deprives children of their childhood, education, and other growth opportunities. Chil ren is forced to engage in hazardous working conditions to support their families by supplementing their income.
  • They work under a verbal or written contract between their employer and parents. Sometimes, it is to repay a debt taken by their families from the employer. Chil labour is more common in developing and underdeveloped nations. Love ty is the main driving factor behind child labour as the children are forced into child labour by their own families to fend for their everyday requirements for food and other necessities.
  • There are many strict laws against child labour, and many countries, including India, have norms of imprisonment and fine if a person and organization is found involved in child labour. Deep te all the laws, we still need to forcibly implement them if we want child labour to be eliminated.

Child Labour Essay 4 (250 Words)

  • The term “Child Labour” refers to the employment of young children in various sectors like industries, hotels, farming, etc. The time is used mainly to denote the employment of children falling in the age group of 5 – 15 years.
  • Child labour deprives the children of their childhood and proper physical and mental growth opportunities. It a so considerably reduces a child’s possibility of getting educated and progressing in life.
  • Worldwide, around 218 million children aged 5 to 17 years are employed as child labour. The children are subjected to live in poor hygienic conditions and are deprived of the basic necessities of life.
  • They never get an opportunity to go to school, forcing them into decades of poverty and labour. Working in poor health conditions, they also become susceptible to various diseases, and their conditions are rarely addressed.
  • Such children are also subjected to living in isolation and are not allowed to interact with people socially and make friends or play. Such a poor work environment is stressful for a child and often results in several mental conditions like depression. Such children often take drugs and other substances, resulting in further physical and mental damage.
  • There is a need to strictly supervise the sectors prone to employing children and impose harsh penalties with money and imprisonment on them for doing so.

Child Labour Essay 5 (300 Words)

Introduction

Child labor is the employment of children for different works to interfere with their normal mental, physical, and social growth opportunities. T al o deprives the children of the much-needed education.

Industries Employing Child Labour in India

There are five major sectors in India employing children as child labors. ey an e as described below-

  • Garment Industry – Child labour constitutes a considerable workforce in the Indian garment industry. E industries operate in small owner-managed setups mainly operated from homes. Ads of children in Delhi are employed by the garment industry and are subjected to loud noise, extensive working hours, and sharp tools.
  • Unorganized Sectors – This sector is one of India’s greatest employers for children. It every easy to spot a child working in dhabas, roadside eateries, tea shops, and other businesses. Children are also employed in small shops as servants or help. Based businesses prefer to employ children as they are easily manageable and cost less.
  • Brick Kilns – The brick kiln industry of India has long been witnessing child labour. E children in brick kilns work for long hours with their parents. Working in the brick kiln are exposed to hazardous conditions and toxic fumes, and heated temperatures.
  • Fireworks – The fire sector is India’s most significant employer for children. N this sector often work in cramped spaces and are exposed to dangerous chemicals and hazardous substances, posing a risk to their health and life, and so forced to work for long hours during the festive season.
  • Agriculture – The agriculture sector might be the biggest employer of children in India. E hired in cotton, sugarcane, paddy, and other agriculture-related fields. C il e working in agriculture have to work for longer hours, are paid less, and work in unhygienic conditions.

Children are forced into child labour due to poverty and to supplement their family’s income. E s d to identify these sectors and make necessary policies and laws to prevent the employment and exploitation of children in these sectors.

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Child Labour Essay 6 (350 Words)

The engagement of children as manual labors in different organized and unorganized sectors is termed child labour. Derives t children of their educational opportunities, growth opportunities, socialization, and health. D bo I physically and mentally harmful to the students.

Adverse Effects of Child Labour

  • Child labour has many negative impacts on children. D e wo n as child labour often works in challenging and life-threatening conditions with no one to care for them. Re pai e than an adult doing the same job; moreover, they are underfed.
  • Their employers do everything to keep them cut off from the other parts of the world, forcing them to live a life of isolation and labour; re not n allowed to talk to or meet anyone. An io like this often results in mental disorders like depression, drug addiction, substance abuse, etc.

How can we Help to Stop Child Labour?

We can take a few simple steps to help stop child labour. s ould be an Sf the child labour laws in the country and must always diligently follow them.

Also, keeping an eye on the businesses employing children and reporting the same to competent authorities will prove helpful in eliminating child labor.

A workplace risk assessment for the dangers it poses to the children must also be carried out. Hiring chi e for work should be immediately stopped at any cost.

Child Labour and Poverty

One of the main factors behind child labour is poverty. D en e forc i o labor mainly to supplement their families’ income. e the are gi c actual labour by the family to the employer in exchange for money, or the family employs them in any of its traditional businesses.

For instance, poor farmers in India are forced to use their children as labor because it would be difficult to pay for adult laborers.

Child labour is a severe threat that impedes a nation’s growth and the world. O er, i depriv t child deprives childhood, love, and education and forces them into arduous, hazardous, nonsociable, and pathetic conditions.

Child Labour Essay 7 (400 Words)

Child Labour refers to the employment of children in various sectors to deprive them of their childhood, education, and other growth opportunities and cause physical and mental harassment. p ime reason beh Pild labour is poverty, and more often than not, the children are employed to supplement their family’s income.

History of Child Labour

  • During the preindustrial societies, the concept of childhood was in existence. Den as ung as 1 year was engaged in hunting, woodcutting, farming, etc. though it wasn’t child labour in the true sense, the children did these jobs to facilitate the survival of their group or family.
  • Low productivity and low life expectancy were two of the main characteristics of the preindustrial area. e preven ng the l en from engaging in productive work would mean stalling their progress and lowering their survival chances. An ion in t se days s t considered necessary for survival than skills.
  • The exploitation of children as child labour began in the late 18 th century with the industrial revolution. Br tain, cities like Birm gham and Liverpool fast grew into big industrial cities, attracting millions from villages and other rural areas. S situation was the same S the develop same economies.
  • The Victorian era in Britain ranged from 20 June 1837 to 22 January 1901. It was the most infamous for child labor as you as your ar are employed in factories and mines in the Victorian era and worked in unimaginabl rd us and life-threatening conditions.

World Statistics on Child Labour

World Statistics reveal that nearly 218 million children worldwide are employed. E children f l in the g of 5 to 17 years, and approximately 152 million are, in the true sense, employed as child labour.

Statistics also reveal that nearly 73 million children worldwide work in hazardous and life-threatening conditions.

By the numbers, Africa has around 72.1 million children employed as child labour, nearly half of the world’s figure of 152 million. The Pacific has 62 million child labors; America has 10.7 million child labors, while Central Asia, Europe, and Arab states have 5.5 million and 1.2 million, respectively.

Child Labour has existed for centuries, even in some of the world’s developed economies. t mes the rea n is to ma the child employable, and sometimes it is to supplement their family’s income; nevertheless, in both cases, it interferes with the child’s ability to grow, get educated, and be happy.

Child Labour speech 8 (500 Words)

Child Labour refers to the physical exploitation of children by engaging them in work that deprives them of their childhood, education, growth, and development and is physically and mentally harmful. c laws prohib ing child ou are in place in countries worldwide, including India, but there is a need to implement them more effectively than before.

Causes of Child Labour in India

The UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund), a United Nations agency responsible for providing humanitarian and developmental aid to children around the world, states poverty is the biggest cause of child labour in India and other developing and underdeveloped countries around the globe.

Due to poverty, children are subjected to labour to supplement their family’s income. the absence of good e at nal infrastructure in rural India and a lack of awareness are reasons behind child labour in India.

Types of Child Labour in India

Two types of Child Labour exist in India: debt bondage child labour and the employment of children to supplement their family’s income. r less, in bo kin of c d bour, the will of others is partially or fully forced upon the child.

In debt bondage child labour, a child is employed for work through a verbal assurance or written agreement, specifically to clear the debt taken by his parents from the creditor. g the legislation bans the s ci tion of child labour in India, the instances of bonded child labour continue even today.

Another form of child labour is where the parents of a child agree with the employer to employ their child to supplement the family’s income. v r, poverty is t main facto eh d all the types of child labour in India and other parts of the world.

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Child Labour in India Statistics 2019

Statistics provided by UNICEF revealed that nearly 10.1 million children in India engaged in child labour. Children fall in the age 14 years 4.5 million girls and 5.6 million boys. 0% of child labors employed n ral India.

Child Labour in India is more prevalent in Uttar Pradesh (2.1 million), Bihar (1 million), Madhya Pradesh (0.7 million), Maharashtra (0.72 million), and Rajasthan (0.84 million).

Indian industries employing a major share of child labors in India are the cotton industry, matchbox making industry, agriculture sector, and other small unorganized sectors.

Child Labour Laws in India

Several laws enacted in India prohibit the engagement of children in the workforce. m jor laws are the Juvenile Justi (c e and protection) of Children Act -2000 and the Child Labour (Prohibition and Abolition) Act -1986. e acts form the basis of all other il labour laws in India.

Child Labour a serious hindrance to the growth of a nation and its social and economic development. There are many la to eliminate il labour, they must effectively implemented.

A range of students studying in 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, etc., classes can use any of the above-given essays on child labour. a e worded to let students understan wit ut any difficulty. t from the child labo essay, you ca et ther related essays and information such as:

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Largest Compilation of Structured Essays and Exams

Essay on Child Labour Causes, Effects, Solution & Prevention

July 24, 2020 by Study Mentor 7 Comments

Table of Contents

Child Labour – Essay 1

Introduction.

Life of the little ones is destroyed when they work in their childhood. Child labour is a common term that you hear in your everyday life. It is defined as work that deprives a child of his/her childhood and harms their mental and physical wellbeing.

According to ILO, any child below the age of 14 should not be involved in work for remuneration. It is a matter of concern in developing countries, like India, where there is a lack of awareness and education about a child’s health. They neglect the fact that children are the hope of their future.

It is a common practice to employ those children as domestic helper, shopkeeper’s assistants, etc. Child labor in the agriculture sector is common. Of course, it would be great when children could graduate a college and even keep in touch with a writer from  ib extended essay writing service  but, unfortunately, according to the conditions, their parents make them work in the fields instead of studying.

According to them, studying is not beneficial in any way, and their children should help them earn money. Their parents implant this mindset in their children also, and the child also believes the same thing. This mindset hampers the growth opportunity and development of the country.

Causes of Child Labour

The main reason for child labor to prevail in India is poverty. More than half of the country’s population belongs to the poor class. It usually happens when parents cannot afford the studies of their children, so they make them earn from a very tender age. It becomes a need to survive. Because in its absence, they won’t have enough money to have their daily bread.

Lack of Proper Education

Even after years of Independence, the children in our country are deprived of the fundamental right of education. It is a problem in the rural areas where there is no facility of education, and if something is available, it is miles away from their home.

Due to such administrative issues, child labor is so prevalent in India. At times children are forced to opt-out of school and end their studies because of financial problems. The worse affected are low-income families.

The Lure of Cheap Labour

There are shopkeepers, factory owners, and companies who employ these children so that they can pay them less. In this way, they hire labor and make a profit as well. They make these children work more than an adult would do as they can be easily manipulated and influenced, which leads to their exploitation.

Disease or Disability

There are families where the child is a sole earner as either his parents are dead or they are too sick to work. In such a situation, the parents have no other option but to send their child to work and earn the bread for the family. So, the children, instead of going to school, go to factories to work and financially support their family.

Consequences of Child Labour

Poor mental and physical health.

Children are very vulnerable at a young age. It affects their mental and physical health. Some studies show due to these works, children have stunted growth.

They also lose their innocence at an early age. The kind of care and attention a child needs growing up disappears because of the demands made from them.

Sexual Abuse-

There is sexual exploitation of both girls and boys. Some girls end up taking drugs, infected by HIV, STDs sometimes early and unwanted pregnancy. They get into the trap of prostitution or gets raped. In low-income families, girls are sold or married to older men by parents for some money.

No Education-

According to statistics, in developing countries, one-third of the child population fails to complete four years of their education. With the short-term benefits, they miss the educational qualifications and skills, which makes them lead the life of poverty. It is the lack of training that hinders their growth opportunity.

Physical Abuse-

There are various types of physical abuse, which involve cuts, burns, fractures, excessive fears, and nightmares. These consistent injuries leave an everlasting impact on a child’s mind.

To cope up with these fears and pressures, they end up abusing drugs. Ir tends to make them mature faster than usual. Childhood dreams get replaced by bitter realities.

Challenges in Controlling Child labor

Unclear laws-.

Child labor is not uniform. It takes place in many forms and types, depending on the kind of work a child has to do. The laws are vague, which does not help in combating the crime of child labor.

There are no strict guidelines that would protect the children from such horror. It is due to such complexity and no clear instructions that it becomes difficult to save a child from the grip of this crime.

Rehabilitation Problem-

The issue faced by the government and NGOs is that they lack the rehabilitation facility which the child might need. With no proper facilities available, they can fall on the grips of labor again.

For them to have a fresh start, those children need to feel the control of their new lives. These children need proper guidance and counseling to get better and achieve things in life.

Lack of Awareness-

Education will be the key to combat child labor. It is because of the lack of proper education and awareness; the families fall in this trap. There is a need for a proper awareness campaign to educate parents about the pitfalls of child labor.

The importance should be given on giving quality and relevant education. The mindset has to be changed in training young children to stop child labor.

Child labor act as a hindrance to the economic and social development of the country. It has to be resolved to have a better future. People and governments should come together to fight this evil.

Every child has a right to grow and prosper. It is the age of enjoyment and getting proper schooling. The children should not just be a mere means of having economic benefits for their family. It has many ill effects on a child’s mental health.

It leaves an impact which will haunt them all their adult life. So, to free our children from such evil, we need to make every effort to shape the future of children better. One has to create ways to help those kids upskill and support them to make sure the transition happens.

Child Labour – Essay 2

Child labour has been gripping the world at a very fast pace. But in India , this rate is quite alarming. This rate needs to be controlled as soon as possible not only in India but globally.

What is Child Labour?

In a broad sense, child labour simply means employing children illegally at workplaces. This is strictly prohibited under law and those who are caught employing children who have not attained working age will be treated by law.

A small girl is working at construction area

Image Credit: Source

Though rules and regulations are not strict in India, the day is not far off when we would see our country working towards bringing an Empanelment that work for the rights of children.

Meaning & Definition of Child Labour

The actual definition of child labour can be technically explained as the fearless violation of the child rights act, wherein the act provides protection for the child and safeguards him by providing him with safeguards he is entitled to.

When child rights are not followed properly and the society misuses them to employ them in conditions unfit for their working, it is grossly equivalent to child abuse.

Child abuse and violation of child rights at workplace lead to a scenario that is discussed in the later part of this article.

Children under the age of 17 are strictly prohibited to take part in any kind of economic activity that will provide those wages.

In many cases they may be employed under worst conditions and may not even receive wages. So being part of a work environment, even if it’s for a few hours under the age of 17 is grossly treated as child labour.

Different types of Child Labour

In India, child labour occurs in various forms. Some of the most common types of child labour include bonded child labour , child labour in the mining industries , in manufacturing sectors, in domestic jobs, in fireworks industries and the worst of all, in the trafficking menace.

If we employ a small girl to work as a maid in our house and the girl happens to be under the age of 17, then that is treated as child abuse and we would be booked under Child Labour Act .

We can find many young boys and girls working in the fireworks and perfumed incense stick industries.

These kinds of tasks are easily performed by young boys and girls and they don’t have to be paid too much.

So, cheap labour is a cause of child labour in India.

In the manufacturing sector, children can be easily employed to do not-so-tough jobs like packaging work. These are identified as simple and can be done by small age groups with a little training.

Hence, not very high skills are required to employ children in this category. It works in both ways for the industries.

Firstly, the cost of employing a child would be definitely less compared to employing an adult, secondly, there is no training cost involved in teaching a child how to package things.

In the fireworks industry, particularly in the southern regions of India, there are huge factories employing children to work on fireworks.

Children are employed to coat the fireworks with a chemical substance that is not just harmful for their skin but may be hazardous to their health too.

In case of scented incense sticks, children employed in these types of industries tend to inhale the chemical coated on top of the incense sticks. Long term inhaling of these substances can cause injury to the respiratory system.

The bonded labour system is a banned system, for both adults and children. But in many remote parts of our country, these practices continue to exist and even children are made part of the inhuman practise.

A certain less known fact lies in employing children in cigarette industries. This is not talked about openly in the public since smoking itself is considered injurious to health.

Smoking ads have been banned by the government recently. Due to these strict norms, nobody discusses in the open about children being employed in their industries.

Rolling nicotine rolls and placing a tobacco may seem easy for any child to do, but the detrimental effects on thousands of children is hardly ever thought of.

So, these are some of the types of child labour that we commonly see in India. There are many more depending on the type of industry a particular child is associated with.

Child Labour in India

In India, child labour is a major problem because of the many reasons.

The fact that child labour is easily available and cost-effective puts it at the top most criteria for people to employ children blindly without taking note of their future.

For example, if we go to any suburban hotel in any part of our country, we are sure to spot at least one helper or cleaner being a guy under the age of 17.

Rules are made to prevent child labour acts. But the correct implementation of these rules is far from reality. There is no check in place. There are no officials who would check if these rules are strictly enforced.

So in India, the situation is more likely that rules and laws made are only for purposes of printing on paper and not beyond that.

The correct implementation of these rules would come to light when people start thinking about the children they have employed.

If we take our car to a service centre, we can find a whole lot of boys doing service work for the cars, cleaning them up, checking up the parts of the vehicles, etc.

The cheap labour these small guys are entitled to works as a double whammy for both the employer as well as the working guys. The employer makes a profit by employing small guys at cheap rates.

Guys whose families are stooped in misery and financial breakdowns are forced to go to work for making an earning to run the family.

Poverty and financial imbalances in society are therefore, trouble creators and their effects are seen directly on children.

Child labour laws in India

Some of the rules and acts enforced against carrying out child labour are given below:-

Free and fair education to all citizens of India in the age group of 6 to 14. Education for children in this bracket is declared compulsory too. (This is mentioned in the fundamental rights and directives of state policy.)

Child labour (Prohibition and regulation act) was formed in 1986 to protect children against working in factories under the age group of 14.

Persons found to be employing such children will be imprisoned for 3 months (extendable up to a year) and a fine imposed for INR 20,000.

A national policy on child labour was formulated in the year 1987.

The article 24 of the Indian constitution prohibits child labour in India.

The factories and Mines act also have special provisions to protect the rights of children.

These are just some of the rules and regulations present in India to protect children against child labour.

But the issue is about the effective implementation of these acts and ordinances which has not taken place as yet. If there were strict enforcement, children would not be employed so easily in various work forces.

People do not tend to the rules with fear, they know very well about the lenient nature of these regulations. Hence, approval or disapproval of these entitlements do not come into the picture in most of the cases.

Child Labour

Child Labour – A Big Social Menace in India

India is plagued by many social evils that bring a very bad picture to the nation and people belonging to the country.

Due to a certain section of the population that involves children in such activities, the entire society faces threat from becoming part of illegal activities.

Since long, there have always been cases of child labour thronging the country and have been a very bad impact on the society.

Today, looking at the facts and figures we can still claim that the situation hasn’t improved much in spite of strict enforcement of law and the judicial grounds.

It is high time we look into these aspects with deeper perspectives and set our thinking forces into action.

Child labour is a practice where children engage in economic activities on a full time basis. The practice deprives children of their childhood and is harmful to their physical and mental development.

The constitution of India, in its fundamental rights and Directive principles of state policy prohibits child labour below the age of 14 years. (Source Wikipedia )

Young children are enrolled in many business activities, house hold activities or forced to work in industries, totally ruining their future.

At a time when they should be attending school and play with other children, they are being enrolled in activities that deprive them of the very essence of childhood.

Many colors of child labour

There are countries which are facing worst form of child labour in the form of child slavery.

In such cases, they use children for illicit activities such a drug trafficking, exposing them to much hazardous work that is likely to harm the health, safety and morals of children.

It has been noticed that many industries such as coal mines and others that prepare chemicals like silicon, aluminum etc. employ children to carry out harmful tasks in their work areas.

This turns out to be even worse for the children as they end up suffering non curable disease and contract infections that may sometimes prove fatal also.

Child labour is not just an issue, it’s a social menace, right from the law makers to the normal citizen, everyone is involved in helping this social issue grow from its seeds to a big tree.

It has plagued India since time immemorial when strict enforcement’s were not prevalent.

Today, we find many people openly involving people in child labour activities and being proud of it as they are not afraid of lawmakers and are quite happy about doing so.  

There are several reasons behind the causes of child labour and over population being one of the biggest and major factors.

Other possible causes could be poverty, lack of social security, lack of proper education or no education, no visible alternative measures to make a livelihood.

Worst of all, the high prevalence of low income groups in a developing economy like India where rigid labour laws and numerous strict regulations are rampant make it even easier for the growth of child labour in the organized sector.

Girls are the ones who are the most deprived and underprivileged among all children.

Descriptive reasons for child labour in India

Overpopulation.

The population of India has been growing at an alarming stage and will soon cross China , which is currently holding the top position in terms of most populous country of the world.

In such a scenario where an underprivileged family has a minimum of three to four children, there is not much scope for people to earn well.

Hence, they make their children their own desirable medium to earn daily wages for the family.

It’s a normal scenario that people having more than two children (in fact people are preferring just one kid these days) are facing difficulties in planning for their kids’ education, clothing and jobs.

Children who belong to the poorer sections are forced to help their parents and siblings financially for their livelihood.

In developing countries unemployment is a major problem and on account of this, they cannot afford even the basic of facilities like food, shelter, clothes etc.

Children can be found employed in mines and industries, apart from other skilled areas like artisan jobs, etc. They have to work to make a livelihood out of it and to generate income for their family.

People who belong to the underprivileged sections of society tend to believe that the more number of off springs they produce, the more the working hands they receive to fulfill their daily needs.

In an educated society, the scenario is quite different. People understand the importance of attending school and the primary reason for getting employed in government jobs or in other good firms and MNCs.

On the other, illiterates undermine the value of education and do not realize the importance of going to school and further seek employment in a government job or in other good positions.

To see their children come out in flying colors in the future, they do not have big dreams or aspirations, hence they are limited to their own cringing world.

Early marriage

Being unemployed are one of the major issues in India, one of the major reasons being early marriage and also contributing to the factor of overpopulation.

It is practically impossible to create jobs or offer employment opportunities to all citizens of the country. On account of this, children are forced to help parents for their income and seek out on child labour.

Expensive higher education

For providing quality education , parents have to spend more money to get their children enrolled in good schools.

Today, many children don’t attend school for the sake of education, but rather stay at home losing out on precious time, simply because they cannot afford expensive education and the lack of important degrees and skill sets makes them unskilled in job fronts.

This could also play a major role in increasing child labour cases.

Lack of primary education

The Government of India has provided right to education to every child of India till the child reaches the fifth grade in school.

Government schools offer education at low and affordable rates to make education reach every child, so that child labour can be handled till a certain level and to avoid them in indulging in any economic activities.

But still poor people don’t understand the value of education and make their children working unsafe zones. These factors are depriving them from their basic compulsory education.

Effects of Child Labour

Letting children to get involved in age inappropriate activities leads to many bad influences on the child.

Some children suffer a bad childhood because their parents create a hostile environment for them, some others are unprivileged because they cannot afford good education and a basic livelihood, and some curse their own being as they are handicapped off their very existence by a section of anti-social elements in the country.

Unknown Facts of Child Labour

A quick peek into some of the damaging effects will provide a better idea:

Loss of quality childhood

Life does not offer a smooth ride at every stage. It is said that childhood is the golden period of one’s life and we cannot afford to get it back whenever we want it back.

Children should be allowed to play with their friends and make their childhood memorable.

Child labour, as a deadly evil, deprives children of a quality childhood as children engage themselves in hazardous work areas like mines and industries for their livelihood and to generate income for their family.

If children start working at such an early age they can in no way enjoy their childhood or have pleasant memories of a good childhood.

Health issues

If young children are forced to work at their tender ages in mines and industries, they are prone to various health issues and hazards, while they won’t even be having stamina to face mental and physical problems.

Working in mines and factories can lead to serious respiratory problems and can become lifelong victims of such dreaded diseases.

If children work in the mines and industries for their livelihood and to help their parents and siblings for generating money, they obviously cannot go to school for their education.

Education can help them to be self dependent and walk on their own feet in the society. Sadly, if we are not educated and are unskilled, we would not be employed by any good hirer and have to lead a life full of struggles.

Indulging in criminal cases / activities

As children remain uneducated they lose out on their sense of what is good and what is bad and many of them naturally tend to indulge in criminal activities.

This is a serious issue and of late, government is taking up strict measures to deal with it.

Many juvenile cases have been reported and are increasing at a very fast rate. It’s the moral responsibility of parents and teachers to take care of their children, guide them properly and monitor them.

Emotional harassment

When children who are not very privileged to be part of a larger civilized society see other children in a better picture playing, making merry and enjoying them, they are filled with thousands of stress creating questions about their existence and economic situation.

They are emotionally disturbed. And these emotionally disturbed children easily get influenced by criminal activities and take to anti-social elements very early in life.

Possible Solutions for Child Labour

Every problem has a possible solution. Yes and even a big menace like child labour can be stopped and prevented in a large country like India. It all depends on changing mindsets and evaluating situations from time to time.

Strict enforcement’s of laws together with rapid action committees to bring about execution of laws will be torch bearers for a better tomorrow and can throw light in the aspect of changing many innocent lives.

Let us now explore some possible solutions here:

Free education

If free education for one and all is made mandatory by the government, then to some extent it helps to check child labour.

This is especially helpful for parents who have very poor financial aids to allow their children to seek education and in the long run, benefit the society at large, especially the impoverished and underprivileged groups.

Mid-day meal schemes can also can be provided to children for their daily food needs. Good educational support creates an independent standing for a person in his community and in the society he belongs to.

If a good awareness is created among citizens for eliminating child labour then it can be stopped to a large extent.

Parents should be aware of the benefits of education and should send their children to school for their formal educational process.

In this way, they can become self dependent and on par with others in the society, landing them in good jobs for their sustenance and livelihood.

To bring about awareness, social campaigns should be created and inform citizens about the problems of child labour and related health issues.

Empowerment to poor people

Children from poor families are most likely to get involved in child labour cases. They are exploited by rich and influential people for managing their household work.

It’s not right on the part of affluent people to bring in helpless people from their communities and involve them in age inappropriate chores.

It goes against laws and if we also take up initiatives to empower them enough, then they cannot be exploited by such persons .

Strict Child Labour law

Indian Government on their part has done a fascinating work in carrying on their mission of eliminating child labour from India.

They have made strict rules such as Factory act and mines act which prohibit any children to work in such hazardous environments.

Plus they have also made rules for free education and mid-day meals in various states of India which has currently garnered an overwhelming response from all sections of society.

Moral education to parents and children

  There is an urgent need for making education mandatory, not only for children but equally for parents to bring in a bigger perspective regarding the upbringing of their children.

They should be well aware of the consequences of child labour and how it can affect their child’s life.

Social Awareness

The citizens, on moral grounds should not rope in younger children less than age of 14 and force them into household activities or other workshop related work.

In fact if anyone sees any person misbehaving with children or forcefully employs them, they should be immediately taken under the action of law and such persons should be immediately reported to the authorities.

Children are god’s most precious gifts to human being. It’s not good to ruin their lives by employing them at inappropriate ages.

We should allow them to enjoy their childhood to the fullest. A well groomed child will become a responsible citizen of the country and will respect others and same will be carried forward to the coming generations.

People should come forward and join hands in removing child labour from India completely. It’s not a single day job but if we all work together towards the cause, then nothing is Impossible.

Let’s hold our hands together and take pride in making our nation child-labour free and take our nation a step forward from developing to a developed stage.

Child Labour Facts & Statistics 

child labour statistics pie chart

Some of the facts and figures revealed under the latest census are

  • Over 27 million children do not attend school in India. Some are school drop outs, some of them do not attend school because their families don’t encourage them, and some of them are forcibly made to seek employment to support families.
  • Out of this huge number, around 10 million children spend every day in their lives by being employed in some or the other factory or industry.
  • Almost 70% of children employed in child labour activities are in the age group of 5 to 14.
  • Almost 20 to 30% of these children are from below poverty line families.
  • Almost 43% of the 27 million children are employed as domestic helps in houses.

How to Stop Child Labour

Some of the possible steps that help in creating improved awareness about child labour and its prevention is discussed below:

By educating the public about the ill effects of child labour. Child labour is illegal. This statement should be etched in the minds of people who propose to employ children at their workplaces.

People should not only be told that child labour is illegal, but they should be enlightened about the fine and imprisonment that they attract if they happen to enforce child labour in their companies.

If we really want to stand up against child labour, then we must join hands with an NGO or a social service center that fights for the rights of children.

We must make effective use of child lifelines and if we spot children anywhere being employed for work, we must immediately call up the help center and aid them in rescuing such children.

Child labour quotes 

Children are the most precious gifts from God. We have to nurture them and provide them opportunities to fly with bright colors.

We have to help them shape their future. We must secure their future by giving them good education. Below are some quotes against child labour:

  • “Child labour is not just a menace; it is the result of a weakened thought process.”
  • “Eradicate child labour else the country may soon see a degradation of rich talent going in for a waste”.
  • “Child labour destroys the future of children; the future of the country is at stake due to this”.
  • “Employing children for free and cheap labour is equivalent to moral destruction of many innocent lives of the country”.
  • “Think of your own children being part of a child labour act, wouldn’t that make you arise and awake to bring about a new change in the society?”

Child Labour slogans

These days there are many public campaigns carried out by various organizations and volunteers to act against child labour.

People come out in the open and are no longer confined to the comfort of their rooms to voice their concerns. They use effective tools of technology to validate their thoughts and act accordingly.

We can see many organizations shouting slogans to make people aware about this deadly menace:

  • “Stop Child labour at once, children need better lives.”
  • “Why child labour, why not child education?”
  • “ Freedom for children illegally involved in child labour”
  • “Children need freedom for their development, bonding them under child labour is a crime”.
  • “Child rights and child freedom are gifts from god; let us not invade their territories”.

A Case study on child labour

In a particularly interesting case, a small town boy from West Bengal accidentally came into the hands of an agent who used children for easy money making.

He would stealthily catch hold of children or take them away from their parents and cheat them. He would actually steal children and once children are in his clutches, he would harass them and leave them homeless.

He was operating in a big network and his circles were present in south Indian regions.

He grabbed this particular boy named Ranjith who was just 14 years then and took him over from a small town in West Bengal all the way to Kerala. In Kerala, he had connections with a small time gold shopkeeper and handed over this guy to him. Ranjith saw the worst times of his life.

The shopkeeper made him work for almost 14 hours a day. He was left with no food and no sleep for days together.

He was physically and mentally abused at many times. The shop owner brutally hit him if he disagreed to doing his tasks.

He was morally disgraced and the boy entered depression gradually. But, he mustered courage and on the pretext of going out for some other reason, he found a way to escape from the clutches of the shop keeper.

Not familiar with the place in Kerala, he ended up somewhere at Kozhikode. The police at Kozhikode saw this particular guy wandering homeless and planned to rehabilitate him properly.

The personnel acted with concern and took him to a rehabilitation center where he was further referred to a child care center at Calicut.

During his stay at Calicut, the child began to feel better and started improving. With company of other children and friendly staff, he began to open up on his past experiences.

During one of his counseling sessions with an expert in child care, he briefly talked about his abusive master in the form of gold shop owner. He further threw light about the agent operating in circles and how he was nabbed by him.

The personnel at the child care center took up this matter seriously and soon informed the police about it. The police acted swiftly.

They sat out to nab the agent. 3 police personnel forming a group, including a lady sub inspector hatched out a plan to nab the agent.

The agent was found out by police sources and was contacted by the lady sub inspector who told him that she was actually a teacher.

She made the agent believe her that she wanted money. In return for money, she was ready to hand over Ranjith who was under his custody till some time ago.

The tricks of the police had worked. They contacted the agent again and told him the venue from where he could come and collect Ranjith.

The agent gave in. Instead of him, he sent one of his men to the pre-discussed spot. The police personnel, all three of them, arrived at the spot in plain clothes and successfully nabbed the agent’s man.

The agent’s man, upon strict interrogations, revealed his own identity and gave vital clues about the agent’s whereabouts.

Finally, the agent was tracked down and nabbed. Technology also played a major role in tracing the agent and nabbing him. The culprit was given his due punishment and booked under law.

The gold shop owner was also booked under the child labour act and was fined severely.

Thorugh several interrogations, it was finally revealed that around 6 children were trapped by the agent in total and he was part of a bigger network.

The network was traced down and all the six children were freed from their clutches. They were provided proper rehabilitation under the child care center in Calicut.

Ranjith was luckily sent back home and re-united with his family in the small town at West Bengal.

Implications drawn from the case study

Not everybody is as lucky as Ranjith. In most of the cases, children go unnoticed in crimes and become part of bigger networks that deport them to different parts of the world.

They can hardly be traced back or re-united with their families. Many of their identities would be erased and they would be totally blacked out.

In Ranjith’s case, it was the police which played the most crucial role in not just rescuing his life, but also providing a new life to six other children who were part of the trap.

The right attitude towards rescuing children and giving them their due rights provided the right steps in the right direction.

The case had many turning points but the police handled them with their intelligence. We salute such people and applaud them in our society. They are a true asset to the country and its citizens.

We may also come across similar child care centers operating in different parts of the country in various different ways for the welfare of children.

Some of the noteworthy mentions include CRY (Child Rights and YOU), Child line India foundation, Save the Children Foundation , etc.

We should understand that child labour is a problem, not just in developing countries like India but exists in developed countries as well.

The police cannot arrive at every workplace to check if there is existence of child labour. People and their mentalities should change to put an overall end to this issue.

People should be educated; they should be enriched with morals and values to stop this menace. They should be morally made responsible for their own acts and they should be made to own their mistakes.

http://www.childlineindia.org.in/1098/CaseOfChildLabour.htm

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Essay on Child Labour for Students and Children in 1000 Words

Essay on Child Labour for Students and Children in 1000 Words

In this article, you will read a persuasive essay on child labour for students and children in 1000 words. It includes causes, effect and solution of child labour.

Table of Contents

Essay on Child Labour for Students (1000 Words)

Do you know child labour is a major social issue in every country? Really It’s true. Child Labour is a severe problem for children. Let us understand more about this.

Causes of Child Labour

There are lots of happy people in this world. There are also many sad people in this world. A lot of sad people are sad because they have many problems in their life.

Sometimes, the father loses his money. The mother cannot get a job. The children get hungry. They have not enough money to live peacefully.

Instead, they have to think about working more than necessary. An average person only has to work 8 hours a day. Even 8 hours is too much! Because after 8 hours, there is still homework to do, and that makes it 10 or sometimes 12 hours a day.

So stupid. That is how adults are. Anyway, when a family becomes poor, they also have to do the same. Instead of working for 8 hours, they have to do extra homework every day.

Otherwise, the rest of the world thinks that they do not deserve to have money. Without money, the father and mother cannot bring food for their children.

This feeding is a problem with kids. The world is not a comfortable place. You must always earn money and have an excellent reputation to live on this earth. Otherwise, people will not give food and shelter to any person.

Maybe one day, one of our children can show us how to live differently. Until then, follow the rules that are already in place. So when a family becomes financially weak to have food and shelter, they will start thinking about how to change their lives.

They will begin begging and asking strangers for help. Their family does not talk to them anymore, because they are too poor. How truly sad.

There will not be any other way to earn money except by working all the time, even to make little money. Any money, anything to buy some food. That happens with the father and mother.

Their children will see their parents working many jobs to get some money. Some of these jobs are not even good for their parents’ health, but they still have to do it to get some money.

Sometimes, even this work is not enough. The father might suddenly fall ill from working too hard . As we talked before, we are only supposed to work for a few hours every day.

A sick person works all day, which can be very unhealthy . If the father in a family falls ill, then there is nothing left to do. The mother works as much as she can, but she also has to look after the father and the children, cooking food and looking after the house.

That is also too much work. All this work makes the mother think of how else to get money. She talks to her husband about this. They will talk for hours about how to get money, but there is no real way to change anything. So then one of them will think maybe our children can work.

They are not happy about this. Imagine crying night after night, in deep sorrow about sending one child to work. This is the common cause of child labour all over the world.

Do you think going to school is wrong?

No friend, work is much, much worse. It is just full of adults. I want to tell you something about adults: they are afraid. They are afraid of too many things.

So, they will keep lying and deceiving each other, just so that others will also become as afraid as they are. That is just sad, I know. It takes a lot of honesty and courage to fight against it.

That is why children may not work; they are not ready for the big challenge, but what can this low-income family do? Their father is too ill, and their mother is already working too much. Now, even children have to work.

Childrens Actual Life and Labour

So, we see children going to work. When children work somewhere, it is called child labour. I dislike this name, but it is the name of this crime and social problem.

The child who is working at a job, you remember the child is in child labour. It is not a good thing. That child has many things to do. She wants to dress up and run around the house.

Sometimes, a child wants to sing a song. Think about all the things which every child likes to do, for example playing computer games, playing football , cricket on the ground.

No way, I love computer games too! We can play all we want. That is because we have free time. After school, after homework, we still have some free time to watch some TV or play some games.

However, some kids never have that time. They have to go to work. It will not even be a job that they enjoy. Just some work that children have to do for many hours, in order to feed themselves. Slowly, this work becomes very tiring.

These kids will stop going to school and go to work. They do not have the energy to go to school and work, that is just too much. Playing games, forget it.

A Big Problem Child Labour

Child labour is a huge problem; kids across our state, country, and world. Some children should work toward their dreams, working jobs instead.

They are doing the work that adults should be doing. It is just that adults do not want to work so much, and they do not want to give food and shelter to these small sick children.

So they force them to work instead. It is a sad situation, but it can be changed. If we do not change it, many children will be forced to keep working.

The jobs will get worse; the places they work at will get worse. Those children can have better lives if we stop forcing them to live based on the money they have or the reputation their family has.

These things do not matter. They are children, just like us. I hope you like this Essay on Child Labour.

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Child Labour Essay | 1400 Words

Outlines of the english essay on child labour.

  • Introduction

Culture of Poverty

Illiterate parents.

  • Over Population

Government Negligence

  • More Illiteracy
  • A rise in Social Crimes & Terrorism
  • Impacts on Social Development & Progress
  • Malnourishment & Health Issues among Children

More Child Labour in Future

Role of government, role of media, child labour essay.

Child labour means ‘perforce work carried out by children for sustenance that deprives them of their childhood and their basic rights such as education, mental and physical nourishment, etc.’ According to the United Nations, children employed under the age of 18 would fall under the definition of child labour.

This phenomenon is very common in third-world or developing countries. It is very common to see small children (young boys) working at workshops, restaurants, industries, mills, shops, service stations, etc. in such countries. On the other hand, young girls are mostly involved in domestic work.

According to the 2011 census, 10.1 million children are working in India. Similarly, around 12.5 million children are working in Pakistan. As per global estimates , 152 million children – out of which 64 million girls and 88 million boys – are in child labour globally.

There are multiple reasons and factors that give rise to child labour. As it is considered an evil in society that gives rise to multiple social issues in the long run; child labour must be curbed from society otherwise it will continue wreaking havoc in multiple ways.

Reasons & Factors Behind Child Labour

There are multiple factors responsible for child labour. However, we will discuss some most prominent factors in this essay.

Poverty is one prominent reason behind child labour. Many poor parents, who cannot afford their daily-based expenses, force their children to do labour and earn money at a very young age.

According to United Nations’ Millennium Development Goal Programme, 6.7 per cent of India’s total population is living below the poverty line. Similarly, according to Asian Development Bank’s report , 24.3 per cent of the total population in Pakistan is living below the poverty line.

Such a huge chunk of the population is unable to provide food, clothes, and shelter to their children; ultimately forcing them to work and earn for the family.

The culture of poverty is also a major factor behind child labour. For example, those parents who are raised doing labour in their childhood implement the same practice in their children too in future.

Poverty culture is a vicious circle that keeps generations to come in the poverty loop. Hence, such parents bring up their children the way they themselves are brought up.

Another major factor behind child labour is uneducated or illiterate parents. An illiterate person does not understand the worth of education. So he abstains from spending money on his children’s education.

According to Statista , illiteracy in Pakistan stands at 41 per cent. Similarly, in India, circa 26 per cent of the total population is illiterate. Illiteracy is further breeding illiteracy in the countries like these by keeping children away from education and forcing them to work at a very early age.

An illiterate person does not know the rights of his child and his responsibilities to him. Rather, he thinks of himself as a master and his child as his servant who is bound to work and earn for him. Similar thinking patterns exist mostly in third-world countries among illiterate people.

Over-Population

Illiteracy and overpopulation go hand in hand. Without any prior thought to future implications, illiterate parents pay no heed to proper family planning. Hence, when it becomes difficult for them to raise or sustain their many children; they force their children to work and earn.

Moreover, the government also fails to make effective policies for a growing population. Owing to budgetary constraints, it fails to provide free education or allowances to all children.

English Essay on Child Labour

Last but not least, government negligence towards this menace is adding insult to injury. While it is growing, the respective governments seem to be quite oblivious to it. No effective laws or policies exist that could curb child labour. The administration does not even consider it something serious to deal with.

Having discussed the potential reasons for child labour, it is pertinent to discuss its potential consequences.

Consequences of Child Labour

Following are some prominent impacts of child labour on society.

A Rise in Illiteracy Rate

An increase in child labour is akin to an increase in illiteracy in society. Child labour deprives children of their basic right to education.

When these children grow up, they become a burden on society. They lack the fundamental knowledge and skills to play their role in the progress of society.

A Rise in Terrorism and Social Crimes

Such children are vulnerable and can easily play in the hands of terrorist organizations. These terrorist groups use them for their own ulterior motives. Mostly, this class of society is involved in most of the terrorist activities performed. Usually, criminal gangs are always in search of such vulnerable people.

Moreover, this class is the most deprived class in society. Afflicted with this sense of exploitation and deprivation, they utilize every illegal way to obtain money and fulfil their wishes. This gives rise to more heinous crimes in society. Snatching, burglary and theft become common. This is what Social Disorganization Theory and Merton’s Strain Theory in Criminology talk about.

Furthermore, such children are more prone to learn criminal behaviour from their peers. Social Learning Theory in Criminology sheds light on this phenomenon.

Impact on Social Progress & Development

Any country that has a high child labour rate will always be low on the progress scale. As education is the key to progress and development; when children are deprived of education, they fail to become responsible citizens of the country. Rather than playing a positive role in a country’s development, they hamper the progress of the country.

Malnourishment and Health Issues

Child labour impacts the physical and mental health and growth of children. Mostly, such children have to face malnourishment and multiple health issues. In most cases, these children easily become drug addicts which further deteriorates their mental and physical conditions.

A child who has done labour at an early age, when grows up and becomes a father; tends to follow the example of his father. This is what the culture of poverty is all about. This is a vicious circle that continues for ages.

Mostly, that child when becomes a father forces his own children to work and earn for him in most cases. Thus, child labour keeps breeding more child labour in society.

Suggestions/Way Out

Following are some suggestions to root out child labour from society.

First and foremost, it is the responsibility of the government to make effective laws and policies that can uproot child labour. It must make child labour a punishable offence. For that, the government must make laws to punish all those who employ children under 18 years of age.

Moreover, the government must provide free and compulsory education to all children. It should also make arrangements to provide free treatment and health services to children.

Furthermore, the government must also provide allowances to poor parents to support their children.

Role of NGOs

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) can also play a significant role in curbing child labour. They can accumulate funds for all such poor children. On their part, they can establish educational and skill development institutes for poor children.

Moreover, these organizations can also do door-to-door campaigns to raise awareness among parents. They can also educate/guide parents on the rights of children and their proper nourishment.

Last but not least, the media can play a very effective role in eliminating child labour from society. As the media has the largest outreach and can effectively mould the thinking of the public; it can easily make the public aware of the curse of child labour.

To cap it all, child labour must be put on the front burner and dealt with on an urgent basis. As an adage goes, ‘Child is the father of the man’; hence, proper attention must be paid to the upbringing of the children. Children are the future of the nation. Water them today and they will bear fruits for society tomorrow.

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essay on child labour for class 1

Spring Budget 2024: Personal Tax Factsheet

  • HM Treasury

Published 6 March 2024

essay on child labour for class 1

© Crown copyright 2024

This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: [email protected] .

Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.

This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/spring-budget-2024-personal-tax-factsheet/spring-budget-2024-personal-tax-factsheet

Because of the progress the government has made, the economy is beginning to turn a corner and the government has been able to afford tax cuts for workers as part of its plan to reward work and grow the economy.  Spring Budget 2024 shows it is sticking with this economic plan.

What is National Insurance?

National Insurance is paid by people between age 16 and State Pension age who are either an employee earning more than £242 per week from one job or self-employed and making a profit of more than £12,570 a year.

What is the High Income Child Benefit Charge (HICBC)?

The High Income Child Benefit Charge (HICBC) is a tax charge that applies to higher earners who receive Child Benefit, or whose partner receives it.

National Insurance has been cut again

Building on changes made at Autumn Statement the government has cut taxes again for 29 million working people.

The government is cutting the main rate of employee National Insurance by 2p from 10% to 8% from 6 April 2024.

The government is also cutting a further 2p from the main rate of self-employed National Insurance on top of the 1p cut announced at Autumn Statement and the abolition of Class 2.

This means that from 6 April 2024 the main rate of Class 4 NICs for the self-employed will now be reduced from 9% to 6%. Combined with the abolition of the requirement to pay Class 2, this will save an average self-employed person on £28,000 £650 a year

Today’s tax cuts, combined with the tax cuts announced at the Autumn Statement 2023, mean:

  • A hard-working family with two earners on the average salary of £35,400 each will be better off by £1,826. [1]
  • An average full-time nurse on £38,900 will be better off by £1,053. [2]
  • A senior nurse with five years experience on £42,618 will be better off by £1,202. [3]
  • The average police officer on £44,300 will be better off by £1,270. [4]
  • A cleaner working night shifts on £21,058 will be better off by £340. [5]
  • A typical junior doctor on £65,000 will be better off by £1,508. [6]
  • A typical self-employed plumber on £34,361 will be better off by £846. [7]
  • The typical teacher on £44,300 will be better off by over £1,270 [8]

Reforms to HICBC

The government is also increasing the income threshold at which HICBC starts to be charged from £50,000 to £60,000 from April 2024.

In addition, the rate at which the HICBC is charged will also be halved from 1% of the Child Benefit payment for every additional £100 earnt above the threshold, to 1% for every £200. This means Child Benefit will not be withdrawn in full until individuals earn £80,000 or higher.

Overall, the government estimates almost half a million (485,000) hard-working families will gain an average of £1,260 towards the costs of raising their children in 2024/25. 170,000 families will be taken out of paying the tax charge.

The government recognises issues that have been raised around the unfairness in how the HICBC is currently charged on an individual basis. For instance, dual income families on £49,000 each (with a household income of £98,000) may not be liable to the HICBC, but a single parent earning over £50,000 could.

In response, the government plans to administer the HICBC on a household rather than individual basis by April 2026, and government will consult in due course.

As a result of National Insurance cuts at the last two fiscal events combined with the government’s cuts to the High-Income Child Benefit Charge:

  • A couple with 2 school aged children, both working full-time, one on £60,000 and one earning the average salary (£35,000) will receive an annual gain of £4,600.
  • A couple with 2 school aged children, both working full-time, one on £80,000 and one earning the average salary (£35,000) will receive an annual gain of £2,400.
  • A single earner couple with 2 school aged children, where one is working full-time on £62k will receive an annual gain of £3,500

Source: ONS and HM Treasury calculations. Mean earnings taken from ONS Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) for 2022-23.

Lowering the average tax rate on income

The effective personal tax rate is defined as the Employee National Insurance and Income Tax paid as a proportion of an individual’s income.

For the median earner this has fallen since 2010, and in 2024-25 will be the lowest it has been since 1975. [9]

The changes made at Autumn Statement 2023 and Spring Budget 2024 mean that for single individuals on average salaries, personal taxes would be lower in the UK than every other G7 country, based on the most recent OECD data. [10]

In 2024-25, the median full-time employee will pay less tax as a share of their earnings than they did in 2010-11 by 4.6ppts. [11]

In 2028-29, the median full-time employee will pay less in tax as a share of their earnings than they did in 2010-11 by 4ppts. [12]

Impacts of the National Insurance cuts

Combined with the 2p cut announced at Autumn Statement 2023, this is a tax cut worth over £900 for the average employee on £35,400 in 2024-25 – a one third reduction in the main rate of National Insurance.

This means that from 6 April 2024 the main rate of Class 4 NICs for the self-employed will now be reduced from 9% to 6%. Combined with the abolition of the requirement to pay Class 2, this will save an average self-employed person on £28,000 £650 a year.

Taken together with changes at Autumn Statement, this is a tax cut worth over £20bn per year, the largest ever cut to employee and self-employed National Insurance.

The OBR forecast that, because of the 2p National Insurance cut announced at Spring Budget 2024, total hours worked will increase by the equivalent of almost 100,000 additional full-time workers by 2028/29.

The OBR further expect that, as a result of these further cuts, just over 30,000 people will move into work (over 15,000 in full-time equivalent terms) by 2028-29, with a further increase in hours worked by those already in jobs equivalent to just over 80,000 full-time workers.

Due to the successive cuts to employee and self-employed NICs announced by the government at AS23 and SB24, the OBR forecast that total hours worked will increase by the equivalent of almost 200,000 full-time workers by 2028-29.

Net Impacts of Personal Tax Changes

This table demonstrates the gain to workers on different income levels compared to what they otherwise would have paid, in 2028-29, thanks to the NICs cuts at Autumn Statement and today, and to above inflation increase to tax thresholds since 2010. [13]

Thanks to the NICs cuts at Autumn Statement and today, and to above-inflation increases to thresholds since 2010, an average worker on £35,400 in 2024-25 will pay over £1,500 (£1,548) less in personal taxes than they otherwise would have done. [14]

Impacts of HICBC reform

The OBR estimates that as a result of both reforms to HICBC those already working will increase their hours by a total equivalent to around 10,000 additional full-time individuals by 2028-29.

Impacts of National Insurance cuts and HICBC reforms

Due to both the Autumn Statement 2023 and Spring Budget 2024 cuts to National Insurance, and changes to the High Income Child Benefit Charge, the OBR forecast that total hours worked will increase by the equivalent of around 210,000 full-time workers by 2028-29.

Impacts of National Insurance cuts, HICBC reforms and wider labour market policies

Accounting for policies announced at this Spring Budget and the previous two fiscal events, the OBR forecasts that tax and labour market measures will increase total hours worked by the equivalent of more than 300,000 full-time workers by 2028-29.

Key National Insurance Rates and Thresholds from 6 April 2024

[1] All employee mean from Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE), 2023.

[2] Median annual earnings for full-time nurse (“Nursing Professionals”), from Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) 2023.

[3] A Band 6 nurse with 5 years experience earning £42,618, NHS Employers payscales ( source ).

[4] Sergeant and below, ASHE 2023.

[5] Median annual earnings of £21,058 for full-time cleaners (“Elementary Cleaning Occupations: Cleaner and domestics”), ASHE 2023.

[6]   NHS Staff Earnings Estimates , NHS, September 2023.

[7] Median annual earnings for (“Plumbers & heating and ventilating installers and repairers”), ASHE 2023.

[8] School Workforce in England survey, June 2023.

[9] New Earnings Survey and Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics, November 2023. Historic Income Tax and NICs Rates and Thresholds, HMT Analysis of Tax Liabilities. This refers to the Income Tax and NICs paid by a single full time median earner with no children and no interaction with the benefits system, as a proportion of their income. The latest earnings figures are grown in line with the OBR’s SB24 forecast in 2023-24 and 2024-25.

[10] OECD Taxing Wages 2023. Calculated as the total personal tax liability for an average earning single employee with no children divided by salary. Assumes an average salary of £44,300 for the UK, based on the OECD’s measure of average earnings.

[11] Source: Office for National Statistics, Office for Budget Responsibility and HMT calculations. Total income tax and NICs liability for a single full-time employee with no interaction with the benefit system over gross earnings based on the ONS’ Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) November 2023 data between 2010-11 and 2022-23. From 2023-24 onwards, the latest ASHE figures are grown in line with the OBR’s SB24 forecast for average earnings’ growth

[12] Source: Office for National Statistics, Office for Budget Responsibility and HMT calculations. Total income tax and NICs liability for a single full-time employee with no interaction with the benefit system over gross earnings based on the ONS’ Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) November 2023 data between 2010-11 and 2022-23. From 2023-24 onwards, the latest ASHE figures are grown in line with the OBR’s SB24 forecast for average earnings’ growth

[13] Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics, November 2023 and OBR, March 2024. HM Treasury analysis of tax liabilities. The calculations are on a same-year basis against a counterfactual, to isolate the effect of policy changes on tax liabilities.

[14] Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, Office for National Statistics, November 2023 and OBR, March 2024. HM Treasury analysis of tax liabilities. The calculations are on a same-year basis against a counterfactual, to isolate the effect of policy changes on tax liabilities.

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