how to write a good research proposal ppt

Princeton Correspondents on Undergraduate Research

How to Make a Successful Research Presentation

Turning a research paper into a visual presentation is difficult; there are pitfalls, and navigating the path to a brief, informative presentation takes time and practice. As a TA for  GEO/WRI 201: Methods in Data Analysis & Scientific Writing this past fall, I saw how this process works from an instructor’s standpoint. I’ve presented my own research before, but helping others present theirs taught me a bit more about the process. Here are some tips I learned that may help you with your next research presentation:

More is more

In general, your presentation will always benefit from more practice, more feedback, and more revision. By practicing in front of friends, you can get comfortable with presenting your work while receiving feedback. It is hard to know how to revise your presentation if you never practice. If you are presenting to a general audience, getting feedback from someone outside of your discipline is crucial. Terms and ideas that seem intuitive to you may be completely foreign to someone else, and your well-crafted presentation could fall flat.

Less is more

Limit the scope of your presentation, the number of slides, and the text on each slide. In my experience, text works well for organizing slides, orienting the audience to key terms, and annotating important figures–not for explaining complex ideas. Having fewer slides is usually better as well. In general, about one slide per minute of presentation is an appropriate budget. Too many slides is usually a sign that your topic is too broad.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Limit the scope of your presentation

Don’t present your paper. Presentations are usually around 10 min long. You will not have time to explain all of the research you did in a semester (or a year!) in such a short span of time. Instead, focus on the highlight(s). Identify a single compelling research question which your work addressed, and craft a succinct but complete narrative around it.

You will not have time to explain all of the research you did. Instead, focus on the highlights. Identify a single compelling research question which your work addressed, and craft a succinct but complete narrative around it.

Craft a compelling research narrative

After identifying the focused research question, walk your audience through your research as if it were a story. Presentations with strong narrative arcs are clear, captivating, and compelling.

  • Introduction (exposition — rising action)

Orient the audience and draw them in by demonstrating the relevance and importance of your research story with strong global motive. Provide them with the necessary vocabulary and background knowledge to understand the plot of your story. Introduce the key studies (characters) relevant in your story and build tension and conflict with scholarly and data motive. By the end of your introduction, your audience should clearly understand your research question and be dying to know how you resolve the tension built through motive.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

  • Methods (rising action)

The methods section should transition smoothly and logically from the introduction. Beware of presenting your methods in a boring, arc-killing, ‘this is what I did.’ Focus on the details that set your story apart from the stories other people have already told. Keep the audience interested by clearly motivating your decisions based on your original research question or the tension built in your introduction.

  • Results (climax)

Less is usually more here. Only present results which are clearly related to the focused research question you are presenting. Make sure you explain the results clearly so that your audience understands what your research found. This is the peak of tension in your narrative arc, so don’t undercut it by quickly clicking through to your discussion.

  • Discussion (falling action)

By now your audience should be dying for a satisfying resolution. Here is where you contextualize your results and begin resolving the tension between past research. Be thorough. If you have too many conflicts left unresolved, or you don’t have enough time to present all of the resolutions, you probably need to further narrow the scope of your presentation.

  • Conclusion (denouement)

Return back to your initial research question and motive, resolving any final conflicts and tying up loose ends. Leave the audience with a clear resolution of your focus research question, and use unresolved tension to set up potential sequels (i.e. further research).

Use your medium to enhance the narrative

Visual presentations should be dominated by clear, intentional graphics. Subtle animation in key moments (usually during the results or discussion) can add drama to the narrative arc and make conflict resolutions more satisfying. You are narrating a story written in images, videos, cartoons, and graphs. While your paper is mostly text, with graphics to highlight crucial points, your slides should be the opposite. Adapting to the new medium may require you to create or acquire far more graphics than you included in your paper, but it is necessary to create an engaging presentation.

The most important thing you can do for your presentation is to practice and revise. Bother your friends, your roommates, TAs–anybody who will sit down and listen to your work. Beyond that, think about presentations you have found compelling and try to incorporate some of those elements into your own. Remember you want your work to be comprehensible; you aren’t creating experts in 10 minutes. Above all, try to stay passionate about what you did and why. You put the time in, so show your audience that it’s worth it.

For more insight into research presentations, check out these past PCUR posts written by Emma and Ellie .

— Alec Getraer, Natural Sciences Correspondent

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Writing a Research Proposal

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Writing a Research Proposal

Critical Reading Strategies: Overview of Research Process

how to write a good research proposal ppt

RESEARCH CLINIC SESSION 1 Committed Officials Pursuing Excellence in Research 27 June 2013.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Constructing Hypotheses

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WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS Puvaneswary Murugaiah. INTRODUCTION TO WRITING PAPERS Conducting research is academic activity Research must be original work.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Dissertation Writing.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Writing for Publication

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Application, 9 th edition. Gay, Mills, & Airasian © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

8. Evidence-based management Step 3: Critical appraisal of studies

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: any public.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

The Research Problem PE 357. Selecting the problem Can be for research or a literature review -To break the problem down more … -needs to be of interest.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Problem Identification

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Research Proposal Development of research question

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Business research methods: data sources

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Topics - Reading a Research Article Brief Overview: Purpose and Process of Empirical Research Standard Format of Research Articles Evaluating/Critiquing.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Winnie Mucherah Ball State University Indiana, U.S.A.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Confirmation of Candidature Writing the research proposal Helen Thursby.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Guidelines to Publishing in IO Journals: A US perspective Lois Tetrick, Editor Journal of Occupational Health Psychology.

how to write a good research proposal ppt


how to write a good research proposal ppt

The Dissertation/Research Proposal Guidelines are adapted from Yildirim’s “Student Handbook for Ph.D. Program”.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Chapter One of Your Thesis

About project

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Grad Coach

How To Write A Research Proposal

A Straightforward How-To Guide (With Examples)

By: Derek Jansen (MBA) | Reviewed By: Dr. Eunice Rautenbach | August 2019 (Updated April 2023)

Writing up a strong research proposal for a dissertation or thesis is much like a marriage proposal. It’s a task that calls on you to win somebody over and persuade them that what you’re planning is a great idea. An idea they’re happy to say ‘yes’ to. This means that your dissertation proposal needs to be   persuasive ,   attractive   and well-planned. In this post, I’ll show you how to write a winning dissertation proposal, from scratch.

Before you start:

– Understand exactly what a research proposal is – Ask yourself these 4 questions

The 5 essential ingredients:

  • The title/topic
  • The introduction chapter
  • The scope/delimitations
  • Preliminary literature review
  • Design/ methodology
  • Practical considerations and risks 

What Is A Research Proposal?

The research proposal is literally that: a written document that communicates what you propose to research, in a concise format. It’s where you put all that stuff that’s spinning around in your head down on to paper, in a logical, convincing fashion.

Convincing   is the keyword here, as your research proposal needs to convince the assessor that your research is   clearly articulated   (i.e., a clear research question) ,   worth doing   (i.e., is unique and valuable enough to justify the effort), and   doable   within the restrictions you’ll face (time limits, budget, skill limits, etc.). If your proposal does not address these three criteria, your research won’t be approved, no matter how “exciting” the research idea might be.

PS – if you’re completely new to proposal writing, we’ve got a detailed walkthrough video covering two successful research proposals here . 

Free Webinar: How To Write A Research Proposal

How do I know I’m ready?

Before starting the writing process, you need to   ask yourself 4 important questions .  If you can’t answer them succinctly and confidently, you’re not ready – you need to go back and think more deeply about your dissertation topic .

You should be able to answer the following 4 questions before starting your dissertation or thesis research proposal:

  • WHAT is my main research question? (the topic)
  • WHO cares and why is this important? (the justification)
  • WHAT data would I need to answer this question, and how will I analyse it? (the research design)
  • HOW will I manage the completion of this research, within the given timelines? (project and risk management)

If you can’t answer these questions clearly and concisely,   you’re not yet ready   to write your research proposal – revisit our   post on choosing a topic .

If you can, that’s great – it’s time to start writing up your dissertation proposal. Next, I’ll discuss what needs to go into your research proposal, and how to structure it all into an intuitive, convincing document with a linear narrative.

The 5 Essential Ingredients

Research proposals can vary in style between institutions and disciplines, but here I’ll share with you a   handy 5-section structure   you can use. These 5 sections directly address the core questions we spoke about earlier, ensuring that you present a convincing proposal. If your institution already provides a proposal template, there will likely be substantial overlap with this, so you’ll still get value from reading on.

For each section discussed below, make sure you use headers and sub-headers (ideally, numbered headers) to help the reader navigate through your document, and to support them when they need to revisit a previous section. Don’t just present an endless wall of text, paragraph after paragraph after paragraph…

Top Tip:   Use MS Word Styles to format headings. This will allow you to be clear about whether a sub-heading is level 2, 3, or 4. Additionally, you can view your document in ‘outline view’ which will show you only your headings. This makes it much easier to check your structure, shift things around and make decisions about where a section needs to sit. You can also generate a 100% accurate table of contents using Word’s automatic functionality.

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Ingredient #1 – Topic/Title Header

Your research proposal’s title should be your main research question in its simplest form, possibly with a sub-heading providing basic details on the specifics of the study. For example:

“Compliance with equality legislation in the charity sector: a study of the ‘reasonable adjustments’ made in three London care homes”

As you can see, this title provides a clear indication of what the research is about, in broad terms. It paints a high-level picture for the first-time reader, which gives them a taste of what to expect.   Always aim for a clear, concise title . Don’t feel the need to capture every detail of your research in your title – your proposal will fill in the gaps.

Need a helping hand?

how to write a good research proposal ppt

Ingredient #2 – Introduction

In this section of your research proposal, you’ll expand on what you’ve communicated in the title, by providing a few paragraphs which offer more detail about your research topic. Importantly, the focus here is the   topic   – what will you research and why is that worth researching? This is not the place to discuss methodology, practicalities, etc. – you’ll do that later.

You should cover the following:

  • An overview of the   broad area   you’ll be researching – introduce the reader to key concepts and language
  • An explanation of the   specific (narrower) area   you’ll be focusing, and why you’ll be focusing there
  • Your research   aims   and   objectives
  • Your   research question (s) and sub-questions (if applicable)

Importantly, you should aim to use short sentences and plain language – don’t babble on with extensive jargon, acronyms and complex language. Assume that the reader is an intelligent layman – not a subject area specialist (even if they are). Remember that the   best writing is writing that can be easily understood   and digested. Keep it simple.

The introduction section serves to expand on the  research topic – what will you study and why is that worth dedicating time and effort to?

Note that some universities may want some extra bits and pieces in your introduction section. For example, personal development objectives, a structural outline, etc. Check your brief to see if there are any other details they expect in your proposal, and make sure you find a place for these.

Ingredient #3 – Scope

Next, you’ll need to specify what the scope of your research will be – this is also known as the delimitations . In other words, you need to make it clear what you will be covering and, more importantly, what you won’t be covering in your research. Simply put, this is about ring fencing your research topic so that you have a laser-sharp focus.

All too often, students feel the need to go broad and try to address as many issues as possible, in the interest of producing comprehensive research. Whilst this is admirable, it’s a mistake. By tightly refining your scope, you’ll enable yourself to   go deep   with your research, which is what you need to earn good marks. If your scope is too broad, you’re likely going to land up with superficial research (which won’t earn marks), so don’t be afraid to narrow things down.

Ingredient #4 – Literature Review

In this section of your research proposal, you need to provide a (relatively) brief discussion of the existing literature. Naturally, this will not be as comprehensive as the literature review in your actual dissertation, but it will lay the foundation for that. In fact, if you put in the effort at this stage, you’ll make your life a lot easier when it’s time to write your actual literature review chapter.

There are a few things you need to achieve in this section:

  • Demonstrate that you’ve done your reading and are   familiar with the current state of the research   in your topic area.
  • Show that   there’s a clear gap   for your specific research – i.e., show that your topic is sufficiently unique and will add value to the existing research.
  • Show how the existing research has shaped your thinking regarding   research design . For example, you might use scales or questionnaires from previous studies.

When you write up your literature review, keep these three objectives front of mind, especially number two (revealing the gap in the literature), so that your literature review has a   clear purpose and direction . Everything you write should be contributing towards one (or more) of these objectives in some way. If it doesn’t, you need to ask yourself whether it’s truly needed.

Top Tip:  Don’t fall into the trap of just describing the main pieces of literature, for example, “A says this, B says that, C also says that…” and so on. Merely describing the literature provides no value. Instead, you need to   synthesise   it, and use it to address the three objectives above.

 If you put in the effort at the proposal stage, you’ll make your life a lot easier when its time to write your actual literature review chapter.

Ingredient #5 – Research Methodology

Now that you’ve clearly explained both your intended research topic (in the introduction) and the existing research it will draw on (in the literature review section), it’s time to get practical and explain exactly how you’ll be carrying out your own research. In other words, your research methodology.

In this section, you’ll need to   answer two critical questions :

  • How   will you design your research? I.e., what research methodology will you adopt, what will your sample be, how will you collect data, etc.
  • Why   have you chosen this design? I.e., why does this approach suit your specific research aims, objectives and questions?

In other words, this is not just about explaining WHAT you’ll be doing, it’s also about explaining WHY. In fact, the   justification is the most important part , because that justification is how you demonstrate a good understanding of research design (which is what assessors want to see).

Some essential design choices you need to cover in your research proposal include:

  • Your intended research philosophy (e.g., positivism, interpretivism or pragmatism )
  • What methodological approach you’ll be taking (e.g., qualitative , quantitative or mixed )
  • The details of your sample (e.g., sample size, who they are, who they represent, etc.)
  • What data you plan to collect (i.e. data about what, in what form?)
  • How you plan to collect it (e.g., surveys , interviews , focus groups, etc.)
  • How you plan to analyse it (e.g., regression analysis, thematic analysis , etc.)
  • Ethical adherence (i.e., does this research satisfy all ethical requirements of your institution, or does it need further approval?)

This list is not exhaustive – these are just some core attributes of research design. Check with your institution what level of detail they expect. The “ research onion ” by Saunders et al (2009) provides a good summary of the various design choices you ultimately need to make – you can   read more about that here .

Don’t forget the practicalities…

In addition to the technical aspects, you will need to address the   practical   side of the project. In other words, you need to explain   what resources you’ll need   (e.g., time, money, access to equipment or software, etc.) and how you intend to secure these resources. You need to show that your project is feasible, so any “make or break” type resources need to already be secured. The success or failure of your project cannot depend on some resource which you’re not yet sure you have access to.

Another part of the practicalities discussion is   project and risk management . In other words, you need to show that you have a clear project plan to tackle your research with. Some key questions to address:

  • What are the timelines for each phase of your project?
  • Are the time allocations reasonable?
  • What happens if something takes longer than anticipated (risk management)?
  • What happens if you don’t get the response rate you expect?

A good way to demonstrate that you’ve thought this through is to include a Gantt chart and a risk register (in the appendix if word count is a problem). With these two tools, you can show that you’ve got a clear, feasible plan, and you’ve thought about and accounted for the potential risks.

Gantt chart

Tip – Be honest about the potential difficulties – but show that you are anticipating solutions and workarounds. This is much more impressive to an assessor than an unrealistically optimistic proposal which does not anticipate any challenges whatsoever.

Final Touches: Read And Simplify

The final step is to edit and proofread your proposal – very carefully. It sounds obvious, but all too often poor editing and proofreading ruin a good proposal. Nothing is more off-putting for an assessor than a poorly edited, typo-strewn document. It sends the message that you either do not pay attention to detail, or just don’t care. Neither of these are good messages. Put the effort into editing and proofreading your proposal (or pay someone to do it for you) – it will pay dividends.

When you’re editing, watch out for ‘academese’. Many students can speak simply, passionately and clearly about their dissertation topic – but become incomprehensible the moment they turn the laptop on. You are not required to write in any kind of special, formal, complex language when you write academic work. Sure, there may be technical terms, jargon specific to your discipline, shorthand terms and so on. But, apart from those,   keep your written language very close to natural spoken language   – just as you would speak in the classroom. Imagine that you are explaining your project plans to your classmates or a family member. Remember, write for the intelligent layman, not the subject matter experts. Plain-language, concise writing is what wins hearts and minds – and marks!

Let’s Recap: Research Proposal 101

And there you have it – how to write your dissertation or thesis research proposal, from the title page to the final proof. Here’s a quick recap of the key takeaways:

  • The purpose of the research proposal is to   convince   – therefore, you need to make a clear, concise argument of why your research is both worth doing and doable.
  • Make sure you can ask the critical what, who, and how questions of your research   before   you put pen to paper.
  • Title – provides the first taste of your research, in broad terms
  • Introduction – explains what you’ll be researching in more detail
  • Scope – explains the boundaries of your research
  • Literature review – explains how your research fits into the existing research and why it’s unique and valuable
  • Research methodology – explains and justifies how you will carry out your own research

Hopefully, this post has helped you better understand how to write up a winning research proposal. If you enjoyed it, be sure to check out the rest of the Grad Coach Blog . If your university doesn’t provide any template for your proposal, you might want to try out our free research proposal template .

Literature Review Course

Psst… there’s more!

This post is an extract from our bestselling short course, Research Proposal Bootcamp . If you want to work smart, you don't want to miss this .

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Mazwakhe Mkhulisi

Thank you so much for the valuable insight that you have given, especially on the research proposal. That is what I have managed to cover. I still need to go back to the other parts as I got disturbed while still listening to Derek’s audio on you-tube. I am inspired. I will definitely continue with Grad-coach guidance on You-tube.

Derek Jansen

Thanks for the kind words :). All the best with your proposal.


First of all, thanks a lot for making such a wonderful presentation. The video was really useful and gave me a very clear insight of how a research proposal has to be written. I shall try implementing these ideas in my RP.

Once again, I thank you for this content.

Bonginkosi Mshengu

I found reading your outline on writing research proposal very beneficial. I wish there was a way of submitting my draft proposal to you guys for critiquing before I submit to the institution.

Hi Bonginkosi

Thank you for the kind words. Yes, we do provide a review service. The best starting point is to have a chat with one of our coaches here: .

Erick Omondi

Hello team GRADCOACH, may God bless you so much. I was totally green in research. Am so happy for your free superb tutorials and resources. Once again thank you so much Derek and his team.

You’re welcome, Erick. Good luck with your research proposal 🙂


thank you for the information. its precise and on point.

Nighat Nighat Ahsan

Really a remarkable piece of writing and great source of guidance for the researchers. GOD BLESS YOU for your guidance. Regards

Delfina Celeste Danca Rangel

Thanks so much for your guidance. It is easy and comprehensive the way you explain the steps for a winning research proposal.

Desiré Forku

Thank you guys so much for the rich post. I enjoyed and learn from every word in it. My problem now is how to get into your platform wherein I can always seek help on things related to my research work ? Secondly, I wish to find out if there is a way I can send my tentative proposal to you guys for examination before I take to my supervisor Once again thanks very much for the insights

Thanks for your kind words, Desire.

If you are based in a country where Grad Coach’s paid services are available, you can book a consultation by clicking the “Book” button in the top right.

Best of luck with your studies.


May God bless you team for the wonderful work you are doing,

If I have a topic, Can I submit it to you so that you can draft a proposal for me?? As I am expecting to go for masters degree in the near future.

Thanks for your comment. We definitely cannot draft a proposal for you, as that would constitute academic misconduct. The proposal needs to be your own work. We can coach you through the process, but it needs to be your own work and your own writing.

Best of luck with your research!

kenate Akuma

I found a lot of many essential concepts from your material. it is real a road map to write a research proposal. so thanks a lot. If there is any update material on your hand on MBA please forward to me.

Ahmed Khalil

GradCoach is a professional website that presents support and helps for MBA student like me through the useful online information on the page and with my 1-on-1 online coaching with the amazing and professional PhD Kerryen.

Thank you Kerryen so much for the support and help 🙂

I really recommend dealing with such a reliable services provider like Gradcoah and a coach like Kerryen.


Hi, Am happy for your service and effort to help students and researchers, Please, i have been given an assignment on research for strategic development, the task one is to formulate a research proposal to support the strategic development of a business area, my issue here is how to go about it, especially the topic or title and introduction. Please, i would like to know if you could help me and how much is the charge.

Marcos A. López Figueroa

This content is practical, valuable, and just great!

Thank you very much!

Eric Rwigamba

Hi Derek, Thank you for the valuable presentation. It is very helpful especially for beginners like me. I am just starting my PhD.


This is quite instructive and research proposal made simple. Can I have a research proposal template?

Mathew Yokie Musa

Great! Thanks for rescuing me, because I had no former knowledge in this topic. But with this piece of information, I am now secured. Thank you once more.

Chulekazi Bula

I enjoyed listening to your video on how to write a proposal. I think I will be able to write a winning proposal with your advice. I wish you were to be my supervisor.

Mohammad Ajmal Shirzad

Dear Derek Jansen,

Thank you for your great content. I couldn’t learn these topics in MBA, but now I learned from GradCoach. Really appreciate your efforts….

From Afghanistan!

Mulugeta Yilma

I have got very essential inputs for startup of my dissertation proposal. Well organized properly communicated with video presentation. Thank you for the presentation.

Siphesihle Macu

Wow, this is absolutely amazing guys. Thank you so much for the fruitful presentation, you’ve made my research much easier.


this helps me a lot. thank you all so much for impacting in us. may god richly bless you all

June Pretzer

How I wish I’d learn about Grad Coach earlier. I’ve been stumbling around writing and rewriting! Now I have concise clear directions on how to put this thing together. Thank you!


Fantastic!! Thank You for this very concise yet comprehensive guidance.

Fikiru Bekele

Even if I am poor in English I would like to thank you very much.

Rachel Offeibea Nyarko

Thank you very much, this is very insightful.

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How to Prepare Research Proposal

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The slides outline the key essential components in a good research proposal for Master or PhD

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Home » How To Write A Proposal – Step By Step Guide [With Template]

How To Write A Proposal – Step By Step Guide [With Template]

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How To Write A Proposal

How To Write A Proposal

Writing a Proposal involves several key steps to effectively communicate your ideas and intentions to a target audience. Here’s a detailed breakdown of each step:

Identify the Purpose and Audience

  • Clearly define the purpose of your proposal: What problem are you addressing, what solution are you proposing, or what goal are you aiming to achieve?
  • Identify your target audience: Who will be reading your proposal? Consider their background, interests, and any specific requirements they may have.

Conduct Research

  • Gather relevant information: Conduct thorough research to support your proposal. This may involve studying existing literature, analyzing data, or conducting surveys/interviews to gather necessary facts and evidence.
  • Understand the context: Familiarize yourself with the current situation or problem you’re addressing. Identify any relevant trends, challenges, or opportunities that may impact your proposal.

Develop an Outline

  • Create a clear and logical structure: Divide your proposal into sections or headings that will guide your readers through the content.
  • Introduction: Provide a concise overview of the problem, its significance, and the proposed solution.
  • Background/Context: Offer relevant background information and context to help the readers understand the situation.
  • Objectives/Goals: Clearly state the objectives or goals of your proposal.
  • Methodology/Approach: Describe the approach or methodology you will use to address the problem.
  • Timeline/Schedule: Present a detailed timeline or schedule outlining the key milestones or activities.
  • Budget/Resources: Specify the financial and other resources required to implement your proposal.
  • Evaluation/Success Metrics: Explain how you will measure the success or effectiveness of your proposal.
  • Conclusion: Summarize the main points and restate the benefits of your proposal.

Write the Proposal

  • Grab attention: Start with a compelling opening statement or a brief story that hooks the reader.
  • Clearly state the problem: Clearly define the problem or issue you are addressing and explain its significance.
  • Present your proposal: Introduce your proposed solution, project, or idea and explain why it is the best approach.
  • State the objectives/goals: Clearly articulate the specific objectives or goals your proposal aims to achieve.
  • Provide supporting information: Present evidence, data, or examples to support your claims and justify your proposal.
  • Explain the methodology: Describe in detail the approach, methods, or strategies you will use to implement your proposal.
  • Address potential concerns: Anticipate and address any potential objections or challenges the readers may have and provide counterarguments or mitigation strategies.
  • Recap the main points: Summarize the key points you’ve discussed in the proposal.
  • Reinforce the benefits: Emphasize the positive outcomes, benefits, or impact your proposal will have.
  • Call to action: Clearly state what action you want the readers to take, such as approving the proposal, providing funding, or collaborating with you.

Review and Revise

  • Proofread for clarity and coherence: Check for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.
  • Ensure a logical flow: Read through your proposal to ensure the ideas are presented in a logical order and are easy to follow.
  • Revise and refine: Fine-tune your proposal to make it concise, persuasive, and compelling.

Add Supplementary Materials

  • Attach relevant documents: Include any supporting materials that strengthen your proposal, such as research findings, charts, graphs, or testimonials.
  • Appendices: Add any additional information that might be useful but not essential to the main body of the proposal.

Formatting and Presentation

  • Follow the guidelines: Adhere to any specific formatting guidelines provided by the organization or institution to which you are submitting the proposal.
  • Use a professional tone and language: Ensure that your proposal is written in a clear, concise, and professional manner.
  • Use headings and subheadings: Organize your proposal with clear headings and subheadings to improve readability.
  • Pay attention to design: Use appropriate fonts, font sizes, and formatting styles to make your proposal visually appealing.
  • Include a cover page: Create a cover page that includes the title of your proposal, your name or organization, the date, and any other required information.

Seek Feedback

  • Share your proposal with trusted colleagues or mentors and ask for their feedback. Consider their suggestions for improvement and incorporate them into your proposal if necessary.

Finalize and Submit

  • Make any final revisions based on the feedback received.
  • Ensure that all required sections, attachments, and documentation are included.
  • Double-check for any formatting, grammar, or spelling errors.
  • Submit your proposal within the designated deadline and according to the submission guidelines provided.

Proposal Format

The format of a proposal can vary depending on the specific requirements of the organization or institution you are submitting it to. However, here is a general proposal format that you can follow:

1. Title Page:

  • Include the title of your proposal, your name or organization’s name, the date, and any other relevant information specified by the guidelines.

2. Executive Summary:

  •  Provide a concise overview of your proposal, highlighting the key points and objectives.
  • Summarize the problem, proposed solution, and anticipated benefits.
  • Keep it brief and engaging, as this section is often read first and should capture the reader’s attention.

3. Introduction:

  • State the problem or issue you are addressing and its significance.
  • Provide background information to help the reader understand the context and importance of the problem.
  • Clearly state the purpose and objectives of your proposal.

4. Problem Statement:

  • Describe the problem in detail, highlighting its impact and consequences.
  • Use data, statistics, or examples to support your claims and demonstrate the need for a solution.

5. Proposed Solution or Project Description:

  • Explain your proposed solution or project in a clear and detailed manner.
  • Describe how your solution addresses the problem and why it is the most effective approach.
  • Include information on the methods, strategies, or activities you will undertake to implement your solution.
  • Highlight any unique features, innovations, or advantages of your proposal.

6. Methodology:

  • Provide a step-by-step explanation of the methodology or approach you will use to implement your proposal.
  • Include a timeline or schedule that outlines the key milestones, tasks, and deliverables.
  • Clearly describe the resources, personnel, or expertise required for each phase of the project.

7. Evaluation and Success Metrics:

  • Explain how you will measure the success or effectiveness of your proposal.
  • Identify specific metrics, indicators, or evaluation methods that will be used.
  • Describe how you will track progress, gather feedback, and make adjustments as needed.
  • Present a detailed budget that outlines the financial resources required for your proposal.
  • Include all relevant costs, such as personnel, materials, equipment, and any other expenses.
  • Provide a justification for each item in the budget.

9. Conclusion:

  •  Summarize the main points of your proposal.
  •  Reiterate the benefits and positive outcomes of implementing your proposal.
  • Emphasize the value and impact it will have on the organization or community.

10. Appendices:

  • Include any additional supporting materials, such as research findings, charts, graphs, or testimonials.
  •  Attach any relevant documents that provide further information but are not essential to the main body of the proposal.

Proposal Template

Here’s a basic proposal template that you can use as a starting point for creating your own proposal:

Dear [Recipient’s Name],

I am writing to submit a proposal for [briefly state the purpose of the proposal and its significance]. This proposal outlines a comprehensive solution to address [describe the problem or issue] and presents an actionable plan to achieve the desired objectives.

Thank you for considering this proposal. I believe that implementing this solution will significantly contribute to [organization’s or community’s goals]. I am available to discuss the proposal in more detail at your convenience. Please feel free to contact me at [your email address or phone number].

Yours sincerely,

Note: This template is a starting point and should be customized to meet the specific requirements and guidelines provided by the organization or institution to which you are submitting the proposal.

Proposal Sample

Here’s a sample proposal to give you an idea of how it could be structured and written:

Subject : Proposal for Implementation of Environmental Education Program

I am pleased to submit this proposal for your consideration, outlining a comprehensive plan for the implementation of an Environmental Education Program. This program aims to address the critical need for environmental awareness and education among the community, with the objective of fostering a sense of responsibility and sustainability.

Executive Summary: Our proposed Environmental Education Program is designed to provide engaging and interactive educational opportunities for individuals of all ages. By combining classroom learning, hands-on activities, and community engagement, we aim to create a long-lasting impact on environmental conservation practices and attitudes.

Introduction: The state of our environment is facing significant challenges, including climate change, habitat loss, and pollution. It is essential to equip individuals with the knowledge and skills to understand these issues and take action. This proposal seeks to bridge the gap in environmental education and inspire a sense of environmental stewardship among the community.

Problem Statement: The lack of environmental education programs has resulted in limited awareness and understanding of environmental issues. As a result, individuals are less likely to adopt sustainable practices or actively contribute to conservation efforts. Our program aims to address this gap and empower individuals to become environmentally conscious and responsible citizens.

Proposed Solution or Project Description: Our Environmental Education Program will comprise a range of activities, including workshops, field trips, and community initiatives. We will collaborate with local schools, community centers, and environmental organizations to ensure broad participation and maximum impact. By incorporating interactive learning experiences, such as nature walks, recycling drives, and eco-craft sessions, we aim to make environmental education engaging and enjoyable.

Methodology: Our program will be structured into modules that cover key environmental themes, such as biodiversity, climate change, waste management, and sustainable living. Each module will include a mix of classroom sessions, hands-on activities, and practical field experiences. We will also leverage technology, such as educational apps and online resources, to enhance learning outcomes.

Evaluation and Success Metrics: We will employ a combination of quantitative and qualitative measures to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. Pre- and post-assessments will gauge knowledge gain, while surveys and feedback forms will assess participant satisfaction and behavior change. We will also track the number of community engagement activities and the adoption of sustainable practices as indicators of success.

Budget: Please find attached a detailed budget breakdown for the implementation of the Environmental Education Program. The budget covers personnel costs, materials and supplies, transportation, and outreach expenses. We have ensured cost-effectiveness while maintaining the quality and impact of the program.

Conclusion: By implementing this Environmental Education Program, we have the opportunity to make a significant difference in our community’s environmental consciousness and practices. We are confident that this program will foster a generation of individuals who are passionate about protecting our environment and taking sustainable actions. We look forward to discussing the proposal further and working together to make a positive impact.

Thank you for your time and consideration. Should you have any questions or require additional information, please do not hesitate to contact me at [your email address or phone number].

About the author

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Muhammad Hassan

Researcher, Academic Writer, Web developer

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Research Proposal for College Students

It seems that you like this template, research proposal for college students presentation, free google slides theme, powerpoint template, and canva presentation template.

Research proposals can be both exciting and overwhelming for college students. It's an opportunity to explore a topic they are passionate about and potentially make a valuable contribution to their field of study! If you have some tips and recommendations for college students so that they learn the best way to present a research proposal, here's a template that might help. It's quite eye-grabbing thanks to its multiple shapes on the backgrounds and an overall modern style.

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Top 10 Research Proposal Introduction Templates With Examples and Samples (Free PDF Attached)

Top 10 Research Proposal Introduction Templates With Examples and Samples (Free PDF Attached)

Nawsheen Muzamil


“Why should I read it, let alone invest in it?”

That is a question benefactors will have on their minds when presented with your research proposal. For researchers, the objective is to get a grant. Any business-minded individual who is approached for investment is bound to have questions on the effectiveness of the research. A good way for the benefactor to do this is going through the introduction to the research proposal with a fine-tooth comb. 

Imagine, however, the introductory part of your proposal is erroneous, includes jargon, and the tone is condescending.

It’s safe to assume that there will be no turning of pages or no reason for you to expect a callback.

To avoid this, understand that your research is dependent on funds they will provide. Please make sure that your introduction to the research proposal is memorable. Make it creative and interesting and you increase the chances of hearing a Yes. Limit it to under 500 words for the optimal result; you may, however, take additional leeway. Remember, however, that this is a risk you are taking.

With the right introduction framework in place, you will now be able to grasp your readers' attention and get the much-needed green signal for your research. At SlideTeam, we have collated the best research proposal presentation templates to achieve these objectives. Let’s explore these. 

Template 1: Dissertation Project Proposal Introduction PPT PowerPoint Presentation File Example

This framework is meant to guide you through the introductory part of your dissertation project proposal. In this presentation template,we provide main elements that must be elaborated in the follow-up slide, such as the background of the study, list of issues tackled, main research question, etc. Use this pilot slide to inform your evaluators on what they will derive from your introductory paragraph(s) Download this layout now!

Dissertation Project Proposal Introduction PPT PowerPoint Presentation File Example

Download this template

Template 2: Introduction of Study for Academic Research Proposal PPT PowerPoint 

Give your introduction an organized look, especially if it is related to academic research. Highlight the key topics of discussion, such as the title, your knowledge of the research area, the study background, previous research in this field, etc, with this PPT Slide. Download now!

Introduction of Study for Academic Research Proposal PPT PowerPoint Icon Ideas

Template 3: Introduction of Study for Research Paper Proposal PPT Presentation Guide

This is another design to enumerate the sub-topics of discussion for your research’s introduction. Let your work emerge as a breath of fresh air for the industry. In addition,this presentation template also helps you highlight the main elements that your research will tackle. Download now!

Introduction of Study for Research Paper Proposal Beginning Topic PPT Presentation Guide

Template 4: Introduction of Study for Academic Research Proposal One-Pager Sample Example Document

Here is another introduction index slide for your research proposal in portrait format. Highlight the main ideas of discussion that will have your audience, wanting to hear more. Remember to talk about the study background, its present relevance, and the past work done in this field. Use this pilot slide to anchor your informative session. Download now!

Introduction of Study for Academic Research Proposal One Pager Sample Example Document

Template 5: Introduction of Study for Research Project Proposal PPT PowerPoint Presentation

Here is another creative design to enumerate the main discussion points from your proposal introduction. Use this PPT Layout as the guide for your discussion that covers topics like knowledge of the research area, background to the study, its significance, etc. Then, justifiably address all these topics step by step in the pages to follow-up slides. Download now.

Introduction of Study for Research Project Proposal PPT PowerPoint Presentation Icon

Template 6: Introduction of Study for Thesis Research Paper Proposal PPT 

Here is another PPT Design to enlist the major pointers of your research proposal and, therefore, its introduction. Use this editable template to inform the reader about the upcoming information on the topic of discussion, its background, its significance, and the previous work in this direction. Explain these aspects in the detailed version of your introduction. Download now!

Introduction of Study for Thesis Research Paper Proposal PPT Icon

Download this template 

Template 7: Academic Student Research Proposal PowerPoint Presentation Slides

If you have enough index slides to choose from, let’s focus on complete decks starting with this academic research proposal. As a researcher looking for a full-fledged, widely downloaded, and editable set of slides to present your academic research proposal, this is the slide for you! The 34-slide PPT Presentation will do the job for you at impressing your assessors. By providing a standard framework to work upon, you ensure that all major queries related to your research will stand answered, including a captivating introduction to your research. Stop looking elsewhere; download it now!

Academic Student Research Proposal PowerPoint Presentation Slides

Template 8: Market Research Proposal Template PowerPoint Presentation

Our most downloaded PPT Presentation, this meaningful set of 23 slides will charm your stakeholders when it comes to seeking grants or financial assistance for them for your research. Of course, this wonderful PPT set comes with relevant introductory slides to introduce the idea of your research and the impact it will have. Download it now!

Market Research Proposal Template PowerPoint Presentation Slides

Template 9: Research Project Proposal PowerPoint Presentation 

Here is a generic PPT Presentation that professionals and academicians across all fields can use to win finances for their research. This 33-slide PPT Presentation weaves in an impactful cover letter to introduce the purpose. Use this preset to gain approval from everyone in the room. There is no reason to let this PPT Slideshow pass. Download now!

Research Project Proposal PowerPoint Presentation Slides

Template 10: Research Proposal Template PowerPoint Presentation

Here is another PPT Template to propose your market research request. The 24 slides of this PgwerPoint Presentation are vibrant and impactful to attract your stakeholders into giving you the grants. With diagrams, graphs, and infographics part of this PPT Presentation, you can be rest assured that your proposal will stand out. Don’t take the risk of not downloading it. Grab this PPT Compilation now!

Research Proposal Template PowerPoint Presentation Slides

Choose from this collection and give your research the much-needed kickstart.

PS : After devising the project introduction, it’s time to focus on the full-fledged research proposal. We have eased this step for you by suggesting this informative guide replete with editable research proposal templates. Explore now! 

What is the difference between an abstract and an introduction of a research proposal?

An abstract is a concise description of your research that shouldn't be more than 250 words. It addresses the purpose of your research, the methods used, and the primary conclusions drawn from it. Introduction, on the other hand, is a more detailed insight into your research’s background and subject matter. An introduction should not run for more than 500 words. In a research proposal, the introduction follows the abstract.

How to write an introduction for a research proposal?

Introduction to a research proposal is your first attempt to impress your reader and needs to be flawless. It should include the gist of everything that the research proposal is about. It also lays down a roadmap of the end-result that you hope to arrive at. Researchers must also mention if their project is in continuation with any previous work done in their direction. It is also a kind of comprehensive briefing on the research proposal. The WHY of your effort needs to be very clear in the introduction of any research proposal. 

What are the different ways to write a research proposal's introduction?

The opening of a research proposal introduction can take the form of:

  • Established Fact: A fact will attract attention to the topic of your research. It will do its bit to stir engagement in the meeting room and get the relevant parties interested.
  • An analogy from real-life happenings: Anchoring your research introduction to any real-life happening and offering a solution in the research to follow is another great way to introduce your research proposal.
  • Reference from a verified study/report: Extrapolating a verified study to discover its new branches is another great way to get your stakeholders interested in your proposal.
  • A famous quotation or an excerpt: People always remember a famous line from a novel or a movie; it is even better if a famous personality is quoted. Using it will be another great way to attract the attention of your benefactors.

How long should an introduction be in a research proposal?

Generally, it should lie within 500 words but may vary depending on the Terms and Conditions (T&C) that the funding body prescribes. 

What are the important parts of a research proposal?

There are the common components of any research grant proposal :

  • Cover Letter : It’s the cover page for any proposal addressed to the benefactors.
  • Title Page: The title of the research is highlighted here.
  • Table of Contents: It’s the index of all discussions that follow.
  • Abstract: It's the concise summary with an inkling into the conclusion drawn from the study.
  • Introduction: Just as summarized above, it is a more detailed description of the research devised to get stakeholders interested. 
  • Problem Statement: The anchor around which the research is based and is intended to be addressed.
  • Objectives of the study: The primary purpose that the study intends to achieve.
  • Significance of the study: The importance of conducting the study is listed here; that which benefits the researcher, the benefactor, and our daily lives, in general.
  • Glossary: It’s the dictionary comprising jargons that have featured in the proposal.
  • Methodology: Researcher needs to specify the methods including the equipment and the resources to be used because this will determine the funds to be sought.
  • Literature Survey: It’s an insight into the world’s understanding of the topic and all the previous studies done in this direction.
  • Budget: Lastly, a spreadsheet, a chart, or a table that bills out the expected expenses along the way including stipends and salaries of working employees and interns is prudent for any research proposal.

Download the free Project Proposal Introduction PDF .

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How to write a research proposal?

Department of Anaesthesiology, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Devika Rani Duggappa

Writing the proposal of a research work in the present era is a challenging task due to the constantly evolving trends in the qualitative research design and the need to incorporate medical advances into the methodology. The proposal is a detailed plan or ‘blueprint’ for the intended study, and once it is completed, the research project should flow smoothly. Even today, many of the proposals at post-graduate evaluation committees and application proposals for funding are substandard. A search was conducted with keywords such as research proposal, writing proposal and qualitative using search engines, namely, PubMed and Google Scholar, and an attempt has been made to provide broad guidelines for writing a scientifically appropriate research proposal.


A clean, well-thought-out proposal forms the backbone for the research itself and hence becomes the most important step in the process of conduct of research.[ 1 ] The objective of preparing a research proposal would be to obtain approvals from various committees including ethics committee [details under ‘Research methodology II’ section [ Table 1 ] in this issue of IJA) and to request for grants. However, there are very few universally accepted guidelines for preparation of a good quality research proposal. A search was performed with keywords such as research proposal, funding, qualitative and writing proposals using search engines, namely, PubMed, Google Scholar and Scopus.

Five ‘C’s while writing a literature review

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A proposal needs to show how your work fits into what is already known about the topic and what new paradigm will it add to the literature, while specifying the question that the research will answer, establishing its significance, and the implications of the answer.[ 2 ] The proposal must be capable of convincing the evaluation committee about the credibility, achievability, practicality and reproducibility (repeatability) of the research design.[ 3 ] Four categories of audience with different expectations may be present in the evaluation committees, namely academic colleagues, policy-makers, practitioners and lay audiences who evaluate the research proposal. Tips for preparation of a good research proposal include; ‘be practical, be persuasive, make broader links, aim for crystal clarity and plan before you write’. A researcher must be balanced, with a realistic understanding of what can be achieved. Being persuasive implies that researcher must be able to convince other researchers, research funding agencies, educational institutions and supervisors that the research is worth getting approval. The aim of the researcher should be clearly stated in simple language that describes the research in a way that non-specialists can comprehend, without use of jargons. The proposal must not only demonstrate that it is based on an intelligent understanding of the existing literature but also show that the writer has thought about the time needed to conduct each stage of the research.[ 4 , 5 ]


The contents or formats of a research proposal vary depending on the requirements of evaluation committee and are generally provided by the evaluation committee or the institution.

In general, a cover page should contain the (i) title of the proposal, (ii) name and affiliation of the researcher (principal investigator) and co-investigators, (iii) institutional affiliation (degree of the investigator and the name of institution where the study will be performed), details of contact such as phone numbers, E-mail id's and lines for signatures of investigators.

The main contents of the proposal may be presented under the following headings: (i) introduction, (ii) review of literature, (iii) aims and objectives, (iv) research design and methods, (v) ethical considerations, (vi) budget, (vii) appendices and (viii) citations.[ 4 ]


It is also sometimes termed as ‘need for study’ or ‘abstract’. Introduction is an initial pitch of an idea; it sets the scene and puts the research in context.[ 6 ] The introduction should be designed to create interest in the reader about the topic and proposal. It should convey to the reader, what you want to do, what necessitates the study and your passion for the topic.[ 7 ] Some questions that can be used to assess the significance of the study are: (i) Who has an interest in the domain of inquiry? (ii) What do we already know about the topic? (iii) What has not been answered adequately in previous research and practice? (iv) How will this research add to knowledge, practice and policy in this area? Some of the evaluation committees, expect the last two questions, elaborated under a separate heading of ‘background and significance’.[ 8 ] Introduction should also contain the hypothesis behind the research design. If hypothesis cannot be constructed, the line of inquiry to be used in the research must be indicated.

Review of literature

It refers to all sources of scientific evidence pertaining to the topic in interest. In the present era of digitalisation and easy accessibility, there is an enormous amount of relevant data available, making it a challenge for the researcher to include all of it in his/her review.[ 9 ] It is crucial to structure this section intelligently so that the reader can grasp the argument related to your study in relation to that of other researchers, while still demonstrating to your readers that your work is original and innovative. It is preferable to summarise each article in a paragraph, highlighting the details pertinent to the topic of interest. The progression of review can move from the more general to the more focused studies, or a historical progression can be used to develop the story, without making it exhaustive.[ 1 ] Literature should include supporting data, disagreements and controversies. Five ‘C's may be kept in mind while writing a literature review[ 10 ] [ Table 1 ].

Aims and objectives

The research purpose (or goal or aim) gives a broad indication of what the researcher wishes to achieve in the research. The hypothesis to be tested can be the aim of the study. The objectives related to parameters or tools used to achieve the aim are generally categorised as primary and secondary objectives.

Research design and method

The objective here is to convince the reader that the overall research design and methods of analysis will correctly address the research problem and to impress upon the reader that the methodology/sources chosen are appropriate for the specific topic. It should be unmistakably tied to the specific aims of your study.

In this section, the methods and sources used to conduct the research must be discussed, including specific references to sites, databases, key texts or authors that will be indispensable to the project. There should be specific mention about the methodological approaches to be undertaken to gather information, about the techniques to be used to analyse it and about the tests of external validity to which researcher is committed.[ 10 , 11 ]

The components of this section include the following:[ 4 ]

Population and sample

Population refers to all the elements (individuals, objects or substances) that meet certain criteria for inclusion in a given universe,[ 12 ] and sample refers to subset of population which meets the inclusion criteria for enrolment into the study. The inclusion and exclusion criteria should be clearly defined. The details pertaining to sample size are discussed in the article “Sample size calculation: Basic priniciples” published in this issue of IJA.

Data collection

The researcher is expected to give a detailed account of the methodology adopted for collection of data, which include the time frame required for the research. The methodology should be tested for its validity and ensure that, in pursuit of achieving the results, the participant's life is not jeopardised. The author should anticipate and acknowledge any potential barrier and pitfall in carrying out the research design and explain plans to address them, thereby avoiding lacunae due to incomplete data collection. If the researcher is planning to acquire data through interviews or questionnaires, copy of the questions used for the same should be attached as an annexure with the proposal.

Rigor (soundness of the research)

This addresses the strength of the research with respect to its neutrality, consistency and applicability. Rigor must be reflected throughout the proposal.

It refers to the robustness of a research method against bias. The author should convey the measures taken to avoid bias, viz. blinding and randomisation, in an elaborate way, thus ensuring that the result obtained from the adopted method is purely as chance and not influenced by other confounding variables.


Consistency considers whether the findings will be consistent if the inquiry was replicated with the same participants and in a similar context. This can be achieved by adopting standard and universally accepted methods and scales.


Applicability refers to the degree to which the findings can be applied to different contexts and groups.[ 13 ]

Data analysis

This section deals with the reduction and reconstruction of data and its analysis including sample size calculation. The researcher is expected to explain the steps adopted for coding and sorting the data obtained. Various tests to be used to analyse the data for its robustness, significance should be clearly stated. Author should also mention the names of statistician and suitable software which will be used in due course of data analysis and their contribution to data analysis and sample calculation.[ 9 ]

Ethical considerations

Medical research introduces special moral and ethical problems that are not usually encountered by other researchers during data collection, and hence, the researcher should take special care in ensuring that ethical standards are met. Ethical considerations refer to the protection of the participants' rights (right to self-determination, right to privacy, right to autonomy and confidentiality, right to fair treatment and right to protection from discomfort and harm), obtaining informed consent and the institutional review process (ethical approval). The researcher needs to provide adequate information on each of these aspects.

Informed consent needs to be obtained from the participants (details discussed in further chapters), as well as the research site and the relevant authorities.

When the researcher prepares a research budget, he/she should predict and cost all aspects of the research and then add an additional allowance for unpredictable disasters, delays and rising costs. All items in the budget should be justified.

Appendices are documents that support the proposal and application. The appendices will be specific for each proposal but documents that are usually required include informed consent form, supporting documents, questionnaires, measurement tools and patient information of the study in layman's language.

As with any scholarly research paper, you must cite the sources you used in composing your proposal. Although the words ‘references and bibliography’ are different, they are used interchangeably. It refers to all references cited in the research proposal.

Successful, qualitative research proposals should communicate the researcher's knowledge of the field and method and convey the emergent nature of the qualitative design. The proposal should follow a discernible logic from the introduction to presentation of the appendices.

Financial support and sponsorship

Conflicts of interest.

There are no conflicts of interest.

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  • Publication Recognition

How to Make a PowerPoint Presentation of Your Research Paper

  • 4 minute read

Table of Contents

A research paper presentation is often used at conferences and in other settings where you have an opportunity to share your research, and get feedback from your colleagues. Although it may seem as simple as summarizing your research and sharing your knowledge, successful research paper PowerPoint presentation examples show us that there’s a little bit more than that involved.

In this article, we’ll highlight how to make a PowerPoint presentation from a research paper, and what to include (as well as what NOT to include). We’ll also touch on how to present a research paper at a conference.

Purpose of a Research Paper Presentation

The purpose of presenting your paper at a conference or forum is different from the purpose of conducting your research and writing up your paper. In this setting, you want to highlight your work instead of including every detail of your research. Likewise, a presentation is an excellent opportunity to get direct feedback from your colleagues in the field. But, perhaps the main reason for presenting your research is to spark interest in your work, and entice the audience to read your research paper.

So, yes, your presentation should summarize your work, but it needs to do so in a way that encourages your audience to seek out your work, and share their interest in your work with others. It’s not enough just to present your research dryly, to get information out there. More important is to encourage engagement with you, your research, and your work.

Tips for Creating Your Research Paper Presentation

In addition to basic PowerPoint presentation recommendations, which we’ll cover later in this article, think about the following when you’re putting together your research paper presentation:

  • Know your audience : First and foremost, who are you presenting to? Students? Experts in your field? Potential funders? Non-experts? The truth is that your audience will probably have a bit of a mix of all of the above. So, make sure you keep that in mind as you prepare your presentation.

Know more about: Discover the Target Audience .

  • Your audience is human : In other words, they may be tired, they might be wondering why they’re there, and they will, at some point, be tuning out. So, take steps to help them stay interested in your presentation. You can do that by utilizing effective visuals, summarize your conclusions early, and keep your research easy to understand.
  • Running outline : It’s not IF your audience will drift off, or get lost…it’s WHEN. Keep a running outline, either within the presentation or via a handout. Use visual and verbal clues to highlight where you are in the presentation.
  • Where does your research fit in? You should know of work related to your research, but you don’t have to cite every example. In addition, keep references in your presentation to the end, or in the handout. Your audience is there to hear about your work.
  • Plan B : Anticipate possible questions for your presentation, and prepare slides that answer those specific questions in more detail, but have them at the END of your presentation. You can then jump to them, IF needed.

What Makes a PowerPoint Presentation Effective?

You’ve probably attended a presentation where the presenter reads off of their PowerPoint outline, word for word. Or where the presentation is busy, disorganized, or includes too much information. Here are some simple tips for creating an effective PowerPoint Presentation.

  • Less is more: You want to give enough information to make your audience want to read your paper. So include details, but not too many, and avoid too many formulas and technical jargon.
  • Clean and professional : Avoid excessive colors, distracting backgrounds, font changes, animations, and too many words. Instead of whole paragraphs, bullet points with just a few words to summarize and highlight are best.
  • Know your real-estate : Each slide has a limited amount of space. Use it wisely. Typically one, no more than two points per slide. Balance each slide visually. Utilize illustrations when needed; not extraneously.
  • Keep things visual : Remember, a PowerPoint presentation is a powerful tool to present things visually. Use visual graphs over tables and scientific illustrations over long text. Keep your visuals clean and professional, just like any text you include in your presentation.

Know more about our Scientific Illustrations Services .

Another key to an effective presentation is to practice, practice, and then practice some more. When you’re done with your PowerPoint, go through it with friends and colleagues to see if you need to add (or delete excessive) information. Double and triple check for typos and errors. Know the presentation inside and out, so when you’re in front of your audience, you’ll feel confident and comfortable.

How to Present a Research Paper

If your PowerPoint presentation is solid, and you’ve practiced your presentation, that’s half the battle. Follow the basic advice to keep your audience engaged and interested by making eye contact, encouraging questions, and presenting your information with enthusiasm.

We encourage you to read our articles on how to present a scientific journal article and tips on giving good scientific presentations .

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  • 2018/03/18/Making-a-presentation-from-your-research-proposal

Making a presentation from your research proposal

In theory, it couldn’t be easier to take your written research proposal and turn it into a presentation. Many people find presenting ideas easier than writing about them as writing is inherently difficult. On the other hand, standing up in front of a room of strangers, or worse those you know, is also a bewildering task. Essentially, you have a story to tell, but does not mean you are story telling. It means that your presentation will require you to talk continuously for your alloted period of time, and that the sentences must follow on from each other in a logical narative; i.e. a story.  

So where do you start?

Here are some simple rules to help guide you to build your presentation:

  • One slide per minute: However many minutes you have to present, that’s your total number of slides. Don’t be tempted to slip in more.
  • Keep the format clear: There are lots of templates available to use, but you’d do best to keep your presentation very clean and simple.
  • Be careful with animations: You can build your slide with animations (by adding images, words or graphics). But do not flash, bounce, rotate or roll. No animated little clipart characters. No goofy cartoons – they’ll be too small for the audience to read. No sounds (unless you are talking about sounds). Your audience has seen it all before, and that’s not what they’ve come for. They have come to hear about your research proposal.
  • Don’t be a comedian: Everyone appreciates that occasional light-hearted comment, but it is not stand-up. If you feel that you must make a joke, make only one and be ready to push on when no-one reacts. Sarcasm simply won’t be understood by the majority of your audience, so don’t bother: unless you’re a witless Brit who can’t string three or more sentences together without.

Keep to your written proposal formula

  • You need a title slide (with your name, that of your advisor & institution)
  • that put your study into the big picture
  • explain variables in the context of existing literature
  • explain the relevance of your study organisms
  • give the context of your own study
  • Your aims & hypotheses
  • Images of apparatus or diagrams of how apparatus are supposed to work. If you can’t find anything, draw it simply yourself.
  • Your methods can be abbreviated. For example, you can tell the audience that you will measure your organism, but you don’t need to provide a slide of the callipers or balance (unless these are the major measurements you need).
  • Analyses are important. Make sure that you understand how they work, otherwise you won’t be able to present them to others. Importantly, explain where each of the variables that you introduced, and explained how to measure, fit into the analyses. There shouldn’t be anything new or unexpected that pops up here.
  • I like to see what the results might look like, even if you have to draw graphs with your own lines on it. Use arrows to show predictions under different assumptions.

Slide layout

  • Your aim is to have your audience listen to you, and only look at the slides when you indicate their relevance. 
  • You’d be better off having a presentation without words, then your audience will listen instead of trying to read. As long as they are reading, they aren't listening. Really try to limit the words you have on any single slide (<30). Don’t have full sentences, but write just enough to remind you of what to say and so that your audience can follow when you are moving from point to point.
  • Use bullet pointed lists if you have several points to make (Font 28 pt)
  • If you only have words on a slide, then add a picture that will help illustrate your point. This is especially useful to illustrate your organism. At the same time, don’t have anything on a slide that has no meaning or relevance. Make sure that any illustration is large enough for your audience to see and understand what it is that you are trying to show.
  • Everything on your slide must be mentioned in your presentation, so remove anything that becomes irrelevant to your story when you practice.
  • Tables: you are unlikely to have large complex tables in a presentation, but presenting raw data or small words in a table is a way to lose your audience. Make your point in another way.
  • Use citations (these can go in smaller font 20 pt). I like to cut out the title & authors of the paper from the pdf and show it on the slide.
  • If you can, have some banner that states where you are in your presentation (e.g. Methods, or 5 of 13). It helps members of the audience who might have been daydreaming.

Practice, practice, practice

  • It can’t be said enough that you must practice your presentation. Do it in front of a mirror in your bathroom. In front of your friends. It's the best way of making sure you'll do a good job.
  • If you can't remember what you need to say, write flash cards with prompts. Include the text on your slide and expand. When you learn what’s on the cards, relate it to what’s on the slide so that you can look at the slides and get enough hints on what to say. Don’t bring flashcards with you to your talk. Instead be confident enough that you know them front to back and back to front.
  • Practice with a pointer and slide advancer (or whatever you will use in the presentation). You should be pointing out to your audience what you have on your slides; use the pointer to do this.
  • Avoid taking anything with you that you might fiddle with.

Maybe I've got it all wrong?

There are some things that I still need to learn about presentations. Have a look at the following video and see what you think. There are some really good points made here, and I think I should update my example slides to reflect these ideas. I especially like the use of contrast to focus attention. 

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How to Write a Winning RFP Response (Request for Proposal)

How to Write a Winning RFP Response (Request for Proposal)

In the world of sales, particularly for complex B2B transactions, RFPs (Request for Proposals) are vital. An RFP is essentially a formal document issued by a potential client outlining their specific needs and inviting vendors to submit business proposals for fulfilling them. Understanding RFPs and writing winning responses are key steps in securing lucrative contracts.

A well-crafted RFP response can be the difference between landing a dream client and watching the deal slip away. By clearly demonstrating how your offering aligns with the client’s requirements and showcasing the unique value you bring, you can rise above the competition.

This article will dig deeper into the world of RFPs, unpacking the essential elements of a strong response. We’ll explore strategies for understanding the client’s needs, highlighting your strengths, and crafting a persuasive proposal that sets you apart. Also, we’ll provide tips for navigating the RFP process efficiently and maximizing your chances of success.

RFP response Prospero

Understanding the RFP: The Foundation for Success

Before going into writing a response, a thorough understanding of the RFP is critical. This initial investment of time will pay off in a proposal that directly addresses the client’s needs and increases your chances of winning the bid. Here’s how to approach this important step:

  • Become an RFP Expert: Read the document meticulously, multiple times if necessary. Pay close attention to every detail – the language used, the tone, and the specific requirements outlined.
  • Identify the Essentials: Pinpoint the key requirements – the specific needs, challenges, and goals the client is hoping to address. Look for evaluation criteria – the factors the client will use to assess proposals, such as experience, expertise, or cost. Don’t forget deadlines – submission dates and any other time-bound aspects.
  • Shine a Light on Your Strengths: Analyze the RFP with your solution in mind. Identify areas where your product or service demonstrably excels in meeting the client’s needs. This will form the foundation for crafting a compelling response that highlights how your offering provides a perfect fit.

Internal Collaboration: Teamwork Makes the Dream Work

The complexity of RFPs often necessitates a team effort. Here’s how to leverage the strengths of your internal team to write a winning response:

  • Strategic Staffing: Assemble a team with the expertise required to address all aspects of the RFP. This might include sales representatives, technical specialists, subject matter experts, and proposal writers . Clearly define roles and responsibilities for each team member, ensuring everyone understands their contribution to the final product.
  • Knowledge is Power: Gather the necessary information to comprehensively address all points outlined in the RFP. This may involve internal discussions, data collection, or consultations with specific departments. Ensure open communication and knowledge-sharing within your team to guarantee a well-rounded response.

proposal writing management prospero

  • Time is of the Essence: With deadlines looming, a clear timeline is vital. Establish a schedule for drafting different sections of the proposal, assigning ownership, and incorporating feedback rounds. This will keep everyone on track and ensure a timely submission.

Building a Persuasive Response

A. structure and formatting: presentation matters.

The first impression your proposal makes can be just as important as the content itself. Here’s how to ensure your response is not only persuasive but also visually appealing and easy to navigate:

  • Respect the Blueprint: Follow the format and organization outlined in the RFP. This demonstrates your attention to detail and respect for the client’s process. Deviation can raise red flags and make it difficult for evaluators to find the information they need.
  • Clarity is King: Employ a clear and concise writing style. Avoid technical jargon and overly complex sentences. Utilize proper headings, subheadings, and bullet points to structure your content for optimal readability.
  • Visual Appeal: Incorporate visuals strategically, such as charts, graphs, or infographics. These elements can enhance understanding, break up text-heavy sections, and add a touch of professionalism. However, avoid overwhelming the reader with unnecessary graphics.
  • Navigation Made Easy: Design a user-friendly document. Use a clean layout with consistent formatting and consider including a table of contents or page numbers for easy reference. This ensures the evaluators can quickly find the information they’re looking for. You can also consider using a proposal writing software like Prospero for a more professional look.

business proposal software Prospero

B. Compelling Content: The Heart of Your Proposal

Beyond a professional presentation, the core of your response lies in its content. Here’s how to craft compelling content that convinces the client your offering is the perfect solution:

  • Executive Summary: Grab Attention Quickly: The executive summary is your chance to make a powerful first impression. Concisely capture the essence of your proposal, highlighting your value proposition and how you address the client’s specific needs. This is what will convince evaluators to delve deeper into your response.
  • RFP Requirements: A Direct Response is Key: Address each RFP requirement directly. Don’t simply repeat what the client stated; demonstrate your understanding and capabilities. Explain how your product or service fulfills each requirement and showcase relevant features or functionalities that provide a perfect fit.
  • Data Speaks Volumes: Don’t rely solely on claims. Back up your assertions with specific examples, case studies, or data. Highlight successful experiences with similar clients and showcase the positive outcomes you’ve delivered. Quantifiable results add credibility and give the client confidence in your ability to solve their problems.
  • Client-Centric Focus: Throughout your response, maintain a client-centric focus. Don’t get bogged down in simply describing your offering. Instead, explain how your solution directly addresses the client’s needs and challenges. Demonstrate how your proposal translates into solving their problems and achieving their desired goals. By keeping the client at the center of your narrative, you’ll craft a response that resonates with their specific requirements.

Differentiate Yourself from the Competition: Standing Out from the Crowd

A compelling response goes beyond simply addressing the RFP requirements. You need to convince the client why you are the best choice. Here’s how to strategically differentiate yourself from the competition:

  • The Power of Value: Clearly articulate your value proposition. Explain the unique benefits and competitive advantage your offering brings to the table. Why should the client choose you over your competitors?
  • USP: Your Secret Weapon: Highlight your Unique Selling Proposition (USP). What sets you apart from the rest? Do you possess unparalleled expertise, proprietary technology, or an unmatched level of customer service? Focus on the elements that make your offering truly unique and relevant to the client’s specific needs.
  • Industry Expertise Matters: Demonstrate a deep understanding of the client’s industry and the challenges they face. Research their competitors, market trends, and any pain points they might be experiencing. This knowledge allows you to tailor your proposal to their specific context and showcase how your solution addresses their unique industry hurdles.
  • Beyond Features, Focus on Benefits: While highlighting features is important, don’t lose sight of the bigger picture. Focus on the tangible benefits the client will experience by choosing you. Explain how your features translate into solving their problems and achieving their desired outcomes.

Team Expertise and Track Record: Building Trust and Confidence

A strong team is a company’s greatest asset. Here’s how to leverage your team’s expertise to convince the client you have the right people to deliver on your promises:

  • The Powerhouse Team: Showcase the expertise and qualifications of your team members who will be involved in the project. Highlight their relevant experience, educational background, and any certifications or awards that demonstrate their proficiency.
  • Social Proof in Action: Include client testimonials or quotes praising your team’s work and positive outcomes achieved. This social proof builds trust and confidence in your capabilities.
  • Past Performance Predicts Future Success: Showcase your track record by providing examples of successful projects with similar clients in the same industry. Demonstrate how you’ve tackled challenges analogous to theirs and delivered exceptional results. This establishes credibility and positions your team as the go-to solution for their specific needs.

Final Touches and Submission: The Home Stretch

The final stages before submission are important to ensuring a polished and error-free proposal. Here’s how to make a lasting impression:

A. Proofreading and Editing:

Even the most compelling content can be undermined by errors. Meticulously proofread and edit your proposa l for typos, grammatical errors, and formatting inconsistencies. Consider having a colleague with fresh eyes review the document as well. A polished final product demonstrates professionalism and attention to detail, making a positive impact on the evaluators.

B. Submission Considerations:

  • Follow Submission Guidelines: Adhere to the specific submission instructions outlined in the RFP. This may involve file format requirements, deadlines, and preferred submission methods (e.g., online portal, email).
  • Meet Deadlines: Timeliness is essential. Ensure your proposal reaches the client by the designated deadline. A late submission can create a negative impression and potentially disqualify you from consideration.

C. Be Prepared for Follow-Up:

  • Anticipate Questions: Develop clear and concise answers to frequently asked questions related to your proposal. This demonstrates your preparedness and proactiveness.
  • Open Communication: Express your gratitude for the opportunity and reiterate your interest in collaborating with the client. Be prepared to answer any questions they may have during the evaluation process and maintain open communication throughout.

Emphasizing the importance of a well-prepared and strategically written proposal cannot be overstated. A meticulously crafted response not only showcases your company’s professionalism and attention to detail but also demonstrates your commitment to meeting the client’s needs effectively. Investing time and effort in creating a compelling response is very important. It reflects your dedication and can significantly differentiate your proposal from the competition, increasing your chances of winning the contract.

By following these steps and committing to producing a high-quality proposal, you can confidently submit RFP responses that resonate with clients and position your organization as the ideal partner for their projects.


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Damilola Oyetunji

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  1. Writing a research proposal

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